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per conduct to be observed concern. Antiquarians are by no means apt ing worden :-“ Let us neither eat, to pay great attention to the fair-sex ; Dor driok, nor inhabit, nor bave any 6. Their Venus must be old, and want à thing in common with them. If we


Foote. are benighted at a distance from home, And among those who have set them. and are invited by any of

our friends,

selves most warmly against that elegant let is, if possible, lodge with a single 12. But at any raie, let us admit part of the creation, must be reckoned Do roman into our company, but let Aplony à Wood, whose diary affords

some instances of his dislike, so gromas oficiate only with man.

if it happens that there are only women in tesque that they claim attention.

Page 167.

** He" (Sir Thomas Claythe place, let us convene them toge ton) *** and his family, most of them ther, and, after having addressed to

womankind (which before were looked tben an edifying discourse, let us request the oldest and most reserved to dal and abomination thereonto), being

upon, if resident in the college, a scangive us a lodging where there is no sontal, and after having brought us

no sooner settled,” &c. &c.-" The z lamp and other necessaries, to leave trees planted,&c. &c. --all which though

warden's garden must be altered, new u to ourselves. *

uonecessary, yct the poor college must

pay for them, and all this to please a Another recluse mysogynist, J. Rau. woman!" lin, a mouk of Cluni, who died in 1514, P. 168. “Frivolous expenses to pleaand who left behind him four voluines of sure his proud lady." Sermons, expresses bimself thus, in his P. 173. “Yet the warden, by the mothird discourse :—" Si quæritur quare tion of his lady, did put the college to angelus mulieribus et non viris arca- unpecessary charges, and very frivolous nom resurrectionis committit prædi- expenses. Among which were a very candum. Potest dici hoc, duplici de large looking-glass for her to see her causa factura. Primo quia nulieres ugly face and hody to the middle, and bocam habent linguam et vix sciunt perhaps lower." retisere seerela sed ea cito revelant, P. 252 “ Cold entertainment, cold Code cum quæreretur à quodam phi- receplion, cold clownish woman." losopho, quare linguam loquacem magis P. 257. “ Dr. Bathurst took his place babeat quam viris respondit, boc, of vice-chancellor, a man of good parts, ideo esse quia homo, ex limo factus and able to do good things, but he has a sl, mulier ex ossi, scilicet, ex costa wife that scoros that he should be in Adz-si quis autein commoverit sac- print. A scoroful woman! Scorns that cum plenum limo non inde sonabit si he was Dean of Wells! No need of Tero saccum plenum ossibus tunc va- marrying such a woman, who is so rien el grandem sonum emittet.” conceited that she thinks herself fit

to govern a college or a university.". A third writer, who might have found P. 270. “ Charles Lord Herbert, eldbelter employment for bis muse, at- est son of Henry, Marquis of Worcester, tempts also to speer at the fair-sex, for was matriculated as a member of Ch. Ch. their exercise of the most pleasant of all

Ætat 16 natus Lond. I set this down talents, tbat of conversation.

here, because the father and ancestors

were all catholics ; but because the moQuem bene prospiciens generi, nalura, lo- ther is a presbyterian, a Capel, she quaci

(against her father's will, as it is said) Caril ut imberbis fæmina quæque foret! will have him bred a Protestant, so Fimuum linguam compescere nesciu, radi

that by this change the catholics will lliesia possit fæmina nulla genis.

lose the considerabiest family in England,

and the richest subjeet the King has.”+ The task of translating these two gareastical pieces of Latin, is too unplea- + One cannot belp remarking here, that want to be attempted. The editor will the violent dislike which old Antony à Wood Dot be concerned in disseminating ill

had conceived to the idea of a lady's doing eatured reflections oa a sex which may

any thing, whetber good or bad, has drawn

him into the absurdity of blaming the Mar. jostly expect to be honoured, and not

chioness of Worcester for an act which, at vilibed, by any male being, except by that very critical period (1677), was, most these sour récluses, who may, plead certainly, a service of consequence to the ignorance in excuse for their folly. religion and constitution of her country.

The learned Selden had left no good lence; I say, would every man care: examples to antiquarians in the point of fully examiue iuto these matters, and gallantry.

regulate himself

according to the result “ It is a reason,” says he, “a man of his serious rejections, we should no that will have a wife, should be at the behold (which to their sbame be i charge of her trinkets, and pay all the spoken we do) such a multitude o scores she sets on bim. He that will iniserable objects spending their day keep a monkey, it is fit he sbould pay in a continued course of pepury an for the glasses he breaks."

want, and begging that bread, wbic The ladies can, if they please, relac business) call their own : pity it is

they inight (by putting their handst liate severely on those who treat them that no law can be found out to sup not with that respect which they merit. press their numbers, which io this king A gentleman who had married a second down is past credit or belief; or, if suc wife, indulged himself io recurriug too

a law is extant, that it cannot be pro often, in conversation, to the beauty perly applied. and virtues of his first consort. He had,

“ Youth well spent makes old ag however, barely discernment enough to comfortable,” is an indisputable maxim discover that ibe subject was not an

to be idle is the same thing as lo be i agreeable one to his present lady; mischief, for the devil always fiods great * Excuse me, madam," said be, "est opporluvities to allure an yooeet cannot help expressing my regret for the pied wind into his svares, and whe dear deceased."-" Úpou my honour," he can find one suitable to his purpose said the lady, “ I can most heartily he seldom fails of instructing hiin attirm, that I am as sincere a mourner

some action, which, by degrees, ma for her as you can be."

ruin his body in this world, his sot in the next, and his welfare and hap

piness to all eternity. The ant, thoug For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.

a small and insignificant insect to of AN ESSAY ON HUMAN LIFE. eyes, has been laid down, from the ear

liest account of time, as an excellei VHENEVER we rightly consider pattern for the imitation of mankint

and sinister accideots ** Go to the ant, thou sluggard, cons that surround us in the short course of der her ways, and be wise,” were th our transitory life, we cannot possibly words of Solomon to the sluggard be too industrious in striving to avoid and indeed, if we follow the wise saying them. The man that, by a virtuous and we shall oever want for an example i diligent application to the station in regulate our lives by : these little pri whicb Providence has placed him, en. vident arealures, with uncommon can deavours to discharge himself faithfully and diligence, and by an instinct peci therein, and in the prinie of life to lay liar to then selves, labour in the sun up something that may satisfy the' mer in filling their little store house craving demands of old age will not and granaries with food to supply tbè! tail, by the assistance and blessing of in the winter, which they know wi the Almighty, to reap the fruits of his come, and deprive them of all othe honest labour : yet we may err even means of procuring it: if, therefore, thes in this point ; for he who not being irrational creatures, by their exampk contented with a moderate return for reproach us in our want, what can w the pains and labour he has taken) bare lo plead (when we come to rende endeavours to grasp at things above mp an account of all our deeds belor his sphere and nierit, will have the mor. the throne of the Almighty Maker > tification, in the end, to see himself all things) for not employing the tim not only baulked in his desires, but lent us to the best advantage possible also deprived of that happiness which, However despicable a laborious lill from an honest and fair kind of deal. nay appear, yet it must be allowed ing. he inight have reasonably expected. by all men of sense and penetration Would every man, ly a mature delibera. that there can be no delight in society tion, consider within himself what in. without it. Exercise is healthful to the estimable blessings may arise from a body, recreative to the mind, by re prudent frugality and industry ; aod, laxing it from loil and care, and conon the contrary, how many inexpres- ducive of great happiness to the heart sible miscries are produced by indo, whereas idleacss is the bane of the un

W "the mans



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derstanding, and the source of all mise- extremely careful not to load too much ris and misfortunes.

on their tender minds, for that perThere are, at this present time, a plexes them, especially as the imaginaparticular set of people in the world, tion is taken up at this time of life who, not deserving the appellation of with various objects, which strike it rational beings, live in a maaner quite each in their turo. It is likewise very different to the common rule, by squao necessary for the tutor to study the dering away, in a profuse and lavish various dispositions of those he innetbod, at the hoary season of their structs ; by wbich means be is capable years, what they have made shift, by of judging bow to suit his precepts to the seat of their brows, to amass work more upon their minds; for, dering their youth; as if age had such

“ Children, like tender osiers, take the chartas in it, as to provide for itself by a miraculous and immediaté man. And as they first are fashioned, so they ber. This predominant folly reduces grow.' thero, in the end, to a vain and in

Since according to the instructions effectual remorse for their past actions ;

given, so will they regulate their future sbilst others, in their youth, instead of lives. While the parent and master are minding their affairs at home, fiod no

tbus busied in justructing them, those pleasure but when they are pursuing so instructed inust not strive to oblitetheir unseasonable recreations abroad. rate the wholesome precepts communiBut let them be reminded, that they cated unto them by their well wishers, take the wrong course to attain their but endeavour, by a diligent attention, endeavours, and, in a short time, will and earvest application, to lag op in the Esd themselves obliged to take up with volume of their memory all their sage the culpable and detestable occupation admonitions: they will find themselves of begging or stealing, and from thence ampls repaid in the pleasures that arise experience the just panishments due to from a perseverance therein : and let ragabonds and thieves. If we would not any one say to bimself—") am yet taste the comforts and pleasures of life too young to regard these things." Let when we are old, let us, in the time of them remember, by such delays they are south, strive so to manage our affairs, insensibly pushed on, from height to ihat ke may, without reflections on our height, till they arrive at the extreme past conduct, enjoy the fruits of oui verge of ruin and dissipation. Let us labour.

all, therefore, lay up in our youth proAs there are various duties incum- vision both for our temporal and eterbent on us in our youth, which tend to pal welfare; so sball we meet with a eur mundane welfare and happiness, calm composure, and rest assured of a so there are still others more impor- joyful eternity.

T. HILL. tant, which, if happily executed, may reward us in the next world with a Bever-fading crown of immortality and On Modern REFINEMENT in MANNERS. glory. I sball, therefore, turo the thread To the Editor of the European Magazine, of my discourse to tbis interesting affair, and endeavour to point out the most

SIR, effectsal methods whereby we arrive at Hnotice, and being favored with this valuable blessing: and because our fature conduct in life will be according your approbation, by the insertion of to the principles instilled into us (be- my last communication, and also the fore we have any natural sense of ha good wishes of some of your readers, Ten or happiness), either good or bad, I friends and ET CETERA, I shall not detain shall, as preparative to my subject, give you long from the subject on which a les cautions to those entrusted with This essay is to trcat. But as it is inthe education of youth, and then go on variably the practice, both in the with my essay. Parents and masters church and in the law, to preface a should be particálarly observant in subject before coming immediately to forming the youtbful mind to princi. it, I may be excused for following two ples of morality and virtue, and setting such illustrious authorities. I bave po before them such examples, as may not doubt, Sir, that some of your readers fail to draw them on to a diligent are quite of a different opinion to £r attention, by blending pleasure with CETERA with regard to ruy last Essay. knowledge ; and here they should be Tbey bave set me duwu as a querulous, Lurup. Maz Vol. LXXII. April 1918.



antiquated discontented, fool; who my, younger days—society was having seen the world fifty years ago, fully chosen-company was selecte thinks it was then at the summit of scrupulously, and it was impossible t perfection, and that it is now only dete. obtain a place at Lady's, or th riorating in language and manners; Countess of MŚ without thei and who being shut out from fasbion being well assured ofthe general moralit able intercourse through super-annua- of the visitor. A female, then, who ha tion, can only vent his venom by at- deviated from the paths of virtue, o tacking those who are gay and lively. broken her plighted vows, was scorne They bave pictured to themselves a and frowned upon; and from the hou short thin-faced old man, with wrinkles she sinned bade adieu to her forme .worn by age, like furrows in a ploughed associates. (I am glad 'tis so even not field, with body bending beneath the in the middle classes of society, al weigbt of years, hopping to the Stock though sometimes I think the sternness Exchange, or the Rotunda in the mora- and severity of our matrons appears to ing, with a gold-headed bamboo for a waver.). But how is it now?-why we supporter, appropriately caparisoned have rubbed off a few of our antiquated in a three-cornered hat, and close wig ideas in this respect, and iustead of the neatly powdered; a coat of the cut of offenders being obliged to sbun publithe last century, with satin breeches, city, and veil their guilt in retirement, and silver koce-buckles studded with as soon as the dilatory proceedings of fine paste to rsemble diamonds: or the law are settled, the damages an. they have fancied ine to be some re- nounced, and the learned judge at Doc. tired doctor, who having killed enough tors' Commons has signed the needful patients to obtain a competency, passes documents, the offenders re-appearbis time between making comments on cnter into the same society as before, the company who tolerate his presence, without the least stain upon their repuand loitering in the reading-room of tation-all is expiated--the damages one of our public institutions, where were paid, and of course ali was rehe is stupid enough to prefer the dull, paid, and neither the injured party nor dry, abstruse, and old fashioned vo. the well-being of society are at all ag. lumes of Shakspeare and Spenser, to grieved by their return. There is, bow: the brilliant and splendid effusions of ever, one useful lesson this may learu our modern school of poetry. I do to our youog females in bigb life; they not wish to disturb the pleasure such perceive that virtue is a mere same, may feel in the imagivary being they and that it is of a certain value--that have formed, but shall continue my if lost, it is easily regained on the pay: observations on the prevailing absur- ment of its value, and the original dities of the present day, should they name is recovered without any diffibe deemed by you, Sir, worthy of a place culty. What a refinemeot is this, and in your truly excellent Miscellany how truly modern!

Allowing that a great and requisite I am really grieved, Sir, to see ladies refinement has taken place in our man. of unsullied' fame mix with such wanners, yet the degree of it has, in some derers as these; and instead of bearing instances, been carried to excess. Our the indignant remark that such a lady manners are generally the results of our has disgraced herself and sex, and wod-1 morals; and if the one be depreciated, dering at her being io vited to the party, ! the other will be proportionably tri- you hear the whispers behiud the faw, fling and vicious; our refinement in of " that's Lady — whose busband manners is so extensive a range for obtained so many thousand pounds observation, that I scarce kuow where damages for the faux-pas between her to begiu ; however, there are two or and the Colonel ;" and then, Sir, toy three important topics which strike my see the sagacious stare of a noviciale mind, and op which I shall found my in these malters, and the involuntary, remarks. Our ancestors wisely judged, blush which mantles on the check of that our morals and manners were kept a female just entering into life, at obmost pure by avoding everything that serving the vague and loose ideas of might'teud tú contaminate ihem: they feminine excellence and purity such contended, that vicelost half its odious language inplies is truly interesting; ness by being brought into the light, it shows whai ought to be done, and and being suifered to remain exposed what course should be pursued with to view

On this principle we acted in regard to such characters.

However, I bave detained you too collar, and smelling of odoriferous scen's long, bere, Sir, and a friend at my life a perfumer's shop, rises about midelbew suggests that I am in error, and day, then scarcely recovered from the forget the motive which actuates those morning's debauch, and after a dejeur é to encourage these cbaracters. He sauuters iuto Bond-street, till be mrels tels me, that their design is to evince with some brother idler who joins bim their abhorrence of the crime by con- in bis lounge-they enter the Subscrise soling and supporting the criminal; tion Room, and, to show their importhat if they retired from publicity they tauce, lose their money to some sharper meeld be forgotten; but now, by being who is ready to take advantage of their allosed to retain their places in so- folly. Instead of the open and friendly ciety, they serve as beacons to warn salute on the meeting of a friend which obbers; and that the assiduous atten- I used to receive, I now notice that tions paid to them, are only intended profanity and slang which occurs at to convince them of their unworthiness every word; formerly, obscurity and to receive them. For an explanation lewdness hid themselves, and disgust like Izis I am obliged, and on account was manifested if any one attempted to of such motives, of course cancel all introduce tbem publicly; but now, my preceding animadversions, confess- thanks to our French neighbours, from ing my previous dullness and stupidity whoin we have imported no small share that prevented my seeing clearly the of modern refinement, there is no diffi. tendency aud object aimed at; but you culty experienced in bauding round the will remember, that an old man in spuff-box, on whose exterior is pourspectacles, can scarcely be expected to trayed something junocent and pleasing, see so clear as a young man without but whose interior, when developei, them.

displays the grossest indelicacy. In ny The manners of a people are the first younger days, Sir, a man would have things we enquire after, and we do so been ashained to have been caught with ca account of their importance, for such a thing in his possession, but now, they are the only criterion by which O tempore! U more3! there is an anxiety we can accurately judge. Refinement to observe it, and the first question on in manners naturally begins with the the introduction of the snuff box io, Dost refined part of the community, “ Is that all?" and then he who is priand te nust look to them, and take vileged, is favored with a view of the them for our examples. Let us then interior. Surely for the introduction ke what refinement has been acquired, of a refinement like this, we ought to ad look at a fashionable gentleman of fecl no common degree of gratitude ! the present day. Formerly, a Univer- The manner in which our beauxs used sity education, and that of a stricter to pass their hours was comparatively description than the present day) fitted ionocent; but now, alas! how fallen ; them for the world; it is true, that a man of fashion must not only be fully Dow the same course of study is partly initiated into all the arcana of Tatterattended to, but it is all lost by the salls, and versed in all the chicanery of subsequent introduction into society. the Subscription Rooms, but he inust As soon as a young man now enters have an adequate knowledge of the on life, instead of being taught to con- Slang Dictionary, be an adept in sider the station he is to occupy as of quoting its authority, and have an eximportance, and therefore to set a bigb tensive acquaintauce with, and be able value on his character, he commences to discourse upon, the merits of Crib. bis career, he becomes what is called and Belcher, with their pugilistic comau accomplished young man, and enters peers; so that in fact, the gentry og his new pursuits with all the viva. of the present day, are most highly city and ardor of a recruit. At first, deserving of the gratitude of the lower the sovelty of his situation astounds classes, since it is evideot, the condes. and perplexes him; but contact with cension they evince in taking a part in others soos rubs off all scruples, and their rural, polite, uod humane amus he joins with them in all their opera- ments, can only arise from ibc laudable tivas. Now let us mark the refine- and praise worthy desire to attach tbem ment of their manoers. Drest in all to themselves; and as to the old ideas the foppery of fashion, with a coat of of letting themselves down by such the neutral kisd, between a coalee and conduct it is impossible; they nalu. a surtout, a fine worked French sbirt rally anticipaie, by a scripture pervera

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