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men. Nay, this important reformation themselves) ye are they beheld, 1 has been much ascribed to one little politic or penetrating, eyes, as the pamphlet only, which a certain lawyermometers of state, foreshowing t! of Gray's Ino, (obliged to fly into temperature and changes of goveri Germany for baving acted in a play ment, with the calentures approachir which incensed Cardinal Wolsey) com therein; and even preservatives to ! posed there, and conveyed by means had against them, would the acti of Lady Anne Boleyn, to the perusal of be as unanimous to prevent, as tl Henry VIII. at the beginning of this speculists have been industrious to pro rupture; the copies whereof were nosticate the same.” strewed about at the king's procession The writer of this essay proceet to Westminster; the first example, to remark on the great price givi as some think, of that kind of appeal to for pamphlets which were becomescare the public. How the Cardinal was “ There never was a greater estees nettled thereat, how he endeavoured or better market ; never to stifle and secrete the same, how eager scarches after, or extravaga it provoked the pen of the bigotted purchasers of, scarce pamphlets, th. Lord Chancellor (Sir Thomas More), in the present times, which have be how glaringly it was affixed in the made evident either from the sal front of the probibited book, and yet of them in general; as that of To how it captivated the said king's affec. Britton, the celebrated small.coal m tion and esteem, may not only be of Clerkenwell, who, besides his ch presumed froin the purport, but gathered mical and musical collections, had of from the accounts which our ecclesiasti- of choice pamphlets, which he sold tot cal histories have given thereof. It late Lord Somers, for upwards of 5001 would be endless to specify how much and more especially Mr. Anthony Co this province was henceforward cul- lins, the last year, whose library consit tivated by prelates, statesmen, and ing principally of pamphlets, and tho authors of the first rank, not excepting mosily controversial, and mostly m majesty itself, in the several examples dern, is reported to have sold hoth par which might be produced of the said of it for 18001.; or whether we descel Henry VIII., King James, and Charles; into particulars, and consider the e the second of whom thought so honor. orbitant value set upon some sing ably of these pamphlet performances, pieces, as the topographical pamphle that he deemed one of his own writing of John Norden, the surveyor, whic so much above human patronage, as before they were reprinted often sol to make a dedication of it to Jesus for 40s. a-piece; 'the Examinatio Christ.”

of Sir John Oldcastle, which I har England, through its spirit of known sold for three guineas, thoug Jiherly, has been the most fruitful gleaned from Fox's Book of Martyr country for the production of pamph. the Expedition of the Duke of So lets; so the period which has been most merset into Scotland, also has bee fruitful in them, was that of the civil sold for four guineas, though totall wars in the reign of Charles I. Indeed, inserted in Hollipshed. From the gran in all disorders and commotions, it is collection of pamphlets which wa natural to bave recourse to the most ex made by Tomlinson, the bookselle peditious intelligence and redress, lest from the latter end of the year 164 delay should be more dangerous than to the beginning of 1660, it the deficiency of them; or they super there were published in that space nearl anuated before they were born. For thirty thousand several tracts; and tha while some persons are labouring in the these were not the complete issue paroxyms of contention, were others that period there is good presumption pondering, long-winded expedients of and, I believe, proof's in being. Not accommodation, and prescribing vo withstanding it is enriched with nca Jumes for a recipe, the dose would come a buodred manuscripts, which, nobody too late for the disease, and the very then (being written on the side of preparation thereof disable its efficacy. the royalists) would venture to put into Therefore are pamphlets, and such sort print, the whole, however, is progress of tracks, rifest in great revolutions ; sionally and uniformly bound in upwards which though looked upon hy some as of two thousand volumes, of all sizes. p per·lanterns set a-flying to be gazed at The catalogue, 'which was taken by by the multitude, (illumiuating whom, Marmaduke Poster, the auctioncer, cou. they have not always escaped the flames sists of twelve vols. in folio; wherein

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enery piece has such a punctual register who have taken the like method to and reference, that the smallest, even of

assuage the effects of their discredit. svingle leaf, niay be readily repaired to able conduct; among whom are not 19 tereby. They were collected no doubt wanting those who, having penariously

with great assiduity and expense, and made their plaister too scant for the list preserved in those troublesome sore, have ratber multiplied tban tines

, without great danger and dif subtracted from their own disgrace; trady; the books being often shifted and industriously exposed their folly by fra place to place, out of the army's the imperfect concealment of their vice. teach so scarce were many of the These had not the affected tenderness pamphlets, even at their publication, for their own reputations it seems, tnt Charles I. is reported to have even of the Turks and barbarians; not Stea te pounds for only reading one that exquisite apprehension of this over (which be could do where else durable discipline, which may visit the procure at the owoer's house in St. sins of the fathers on their children Paul's Church-yard.

unto the third and fourth generation : ** The extraordinary price of pam- as not the love, so neither the fear phlets already mentioned, would na of men of letters, which is noted in one turally excite our deliberate inquiry of the wisest Roman Emperors, by the into what has been most extraordinary historian of bis life, (Lampridius in in the contents of them ; but so multi. Alexandro Severo) and by one of our farious are the subjects, that it cannot own authors in these words : be expected I should enumerate them

He feared less a hundred lances, then in the narrow limits of an epistolary Th’iinpetuous charges of a single pen: address. What do most attract the well knowing attration of mankiad, are those dreaded KUDres of a mal-administration, com

Parva necat morsu spatiosum vipera taurum. mody, though perhaps sometimes too " I shall leave it for others to discuss, indeeriminately, bearing the contume whether this sort of writing is more koas desominativa of libels. It matters inclinable to fourish, and to take htule wberber it be reasonable or not, deeper ruot, by the ventilations of that such writings as duly expose vilo resentruent; or wither and die away in lasly should themselves be vile; or the shades of disregard: but this we that some persons, who have been may observe, that some charges are Enjectly injurious by any other means, of such a convincing, clinging nature, Day dot be justiy injured by this; but that they are found not only to strike it jo obvious to all who know the all apology or contradiction dumb, but disruportion of riches and power in to stick longer upon the names of the ns forld, that there are crimes pot accused than the flesh upon their bones. to be blaste), and criminals not to Thus Philip the Second's wicked employbe braoded, by other means. And ment, treacherous desertion, and bar. since the lashes of reason will reach barous persecution of his secretary, wbere those of justice cannot; since Antonio Perez, upraids him out of truth will project defamation from the the author's Librillo, through all Europe actioas of oppresive rulers, as uncon to this day. Mary, Queen of Scots, has trolledly as the sun does the shadows not yet got clear of Buchanan's Detecfrom opacous bodies, the redress of the tion. Robert, Earl of Leicester, cannot effect is to be sought for in the cause; shake off Father Parson's Green Coat. ad we should apply the salve to the George, Duke of Buckingham, will minds which received the provocation; not speedily outstrip Doctor Eglisham's tot, eropirie like, seek to staunch thein Fore-runner of Revenge. Nor was by bioding up the weapons which re Oliver Cromwell far from killing him. tursed it. Nay, we read that the self at the pamphlet which argued it Emperor Charles V.; Francis I. of to be No Murder, lest it should perFrance; and even Solyman, the Grand suade others to think so, and he perish Tark; with Barbarossa, the Pirate; by ignobler hands than his own. ard several other potentates, all con “ In this manner did some take the descended to become tributary to the liberty of calling these personages to satyric muse of Pietro Aretino; whom, account for their misdeeds, even while botwithstanding it is not very probable they were living. And with regard they bad any way personally exasperated. to that most memorable usurper last Som also in our story might be damed, mentioned, thus was a celebrated writer

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of ours for immortalizing him : “When description of their mysterious valle we fix any infamy on deceased persons, is faithfully drawn. The adventure o it should not be done out of any hatred the Duke d’Albe, who, hy so wonderfu to the dead, but out of love and charity ap accident, discovered this small co to the living ; that the curses that only Jony, is also an historical fact. All thes reinain in men's thoughts, and dare not details, so curious and interesting, ar come forth against tyrants, because they to be found in the Dictionary of Moréri are tyrants, wbile they are so, may in the travels of M. de Bourgoing (a at last be for ever settled and engraven author of much celebrity from his fide upon their memory, to deter all others lity). Several Spanish writers have als chief of tyranny is too great, even in the accounts perfectly agree. This smal shortest time that it can continue- and fortunate republic existed in a it is endless and insupportable if the the happiness of its obscurily, and wa example be to reigo too. If it were blessed in being unknown to the res possible to cut tyrants out of all history, of the world, even so late as 1806 and to extinguish their very names, but it is doubtful whether, since the I am of opinion it ought to be done; epoch, it hath been disturbed by th but since they bave left behind them sanguinary war which desolated Spaio too deep wouuds to be ever closed One would faio believe, tbat, defende up without a scar, at least let us set by its rocks, preserved by its poverty u murk on their memory, that men ambition did not deign to enslave an of the same wicked inclinations may corrupt it. be no less affrighted with their lasting There is nothing, huwever, historica ignominy, than enticed by their mo in this work, except the details respect mentary glories."

ing the Battuecas; every thing else i “ How little soever these sentiments fiction. The author has endeavoure may be thought to need corroboration, to give some interest to the valley o I datter myself the following reply the Battućcas : but in adıniring the in of our late excellent Queen Mary ought nocence of their mamers, in criticising pot here to be forgotten, when some our own, his object was not to satirizi of her courtiers would have incensed civilization ; on the contrary, his de her against Monsieur Jurien, who in bis sign has been to prove, that heroic vir answer to Father Maimburg, that he tue, which is nothing but the happy ex *** might the belter jastify the reformation ercise of a strong wind, is never to be in Scotland, made a very black represen met with where there is nothing to com. tution of their Queen Mary—Is it not bal, and is never to be found but in the a shame,' said one of the company, midst of every species of seductions,

that ibis man, without anyiconsideration which unite to overcone aud annibi. of your royal person, should dare to late it, and, consequently, must be throw such infamous calumnies on a sought for in a state of civilization. queen from which your Royal Highness Placide, the young Battuécas, and is descended.-Not at all,' replied this the hero of this romance, is not a ingeuuous princess,' for is it not enough savage without reflection or judgment; that, by fulsome praises, kings be lulled nor is he a misanthrope, who sees every asieep all their lives; but must flattery thing on its dark side only. He is ani. accompany them to their graves ? how mated with benevolence to all maokind, shall then princes fear the judgment - enlightened by the truths of Christian. of posterity, if historians were not ity,--he possesses that true cultivation allowed to speak the truth after their of mind, which gives perfection to our death !"

moral ideas. Endowed with the happiest organization, born with an ardent

imagination, and a poble and feeling Plaride : A Spanish Tale. In Two

heart, he is suddenly thrown into the Volumes. Translaled from Les Bultuécas of Madame De Genlis. Of our arts and sciences, and entirely

great world without knowing the secrets By Alexander Jamieson. 12mo.

ignorant of our follies, our customas, and our manners.

He is then alterEvery thing which is said in this work nately astonished and confounded by respecting the Battuécas, their origin, enthusiasm and indignation. His cen. their singular bistory, their character, sures and praises are never exaggerated, their manners, &c. is strictly true. The yet their energy would not be natural in

pp. 434.

i man whose habits have been familia. rational and intelligent being, 'whose ried from his infancy with our fulties judgment bath vever been corrupted, and our vices: but they are strikingly and who, far from being cloyed with the just in the mouth of a Balluécas, for specious appearavce of The world, must rach must be the impressions of a feel and enjoy ils charms with avidity.

THEATRICAL JOURNAL.

DRURY LANE. DPTRY-LAVE THEATRICAL FUND. Charities with which this metropolis IT Theo various occasions been our abounded, none, said bis Royal High

gratifying duty to record in these ness, came more home to their feelings pe the annals of that benevolence than the present. Every Englishmau for orieb England is famed throughout must feel a pride in nurturing and enthe globe, but never have we enjoyed a couraging the genius of his own coun. prouder feeling of exultation ai our try; and they could not effect that country's munificence, than from the object belter ihan by affording a comCoromemoration which these lines are fortable retreat to those who had istrad d to introduce. Our encomi. passed their best years in the service of une of the liberality then displayed, the public.-( Cheering. ) He should pesh indeed be lavish without fattery, not detain the company longer, assem. bu th-y are sot required, -the pur: bled as they were for a convivial as well suite of active charily have a record as a chur:luble purpose, but would pro. eiserhere, and a recompense which will pose as a toast,“ Success to the Thea. todure for ever!

trical Fund of Drury-lane Theatre, and On Wednesday March the illb, ils worthy Master, Mr. Edmund a splendid public festival was given at KEAN.”—This toast was received with the City of London Tavern, for the loud and long continued applause, perpose of increasing the Fund for the unlil Breebt of decayed Actors of the above Mr. Kean rose, and spoke to the fol. Theatre, which was inost numerously lowing effect:-" The generous senti. attended; and bis Royal Highness the ment which your Royal Highness has Date of York baving entered the dine been pleased to express, with reference Det room at a quarter before seven, im. to the Drury-lane Fund, assisted as it Tediately took the Chair, supported bas been by the kind plaudits of this by

company, induces me to undertake a The Earls of Yarmouth and Essex, task, to the just performance of which, Lorde Holland and Montford, Sir John notwithstanding all your kindness, I am Silveler, Bart. Pascoe Grenfell, J. H. inadequate. In the name of my brother Massey Dawson, and John Dent, Esqs. actors, subscribers to this Fund, which, the Hon. Douglas Kinnaird, Richard by your presence, your Royal Highness Wilson, Esq. &c. &c. &c.

will this day greatly assist,--in the Oa the cloth being removed, the usual absence of those whose prayers for your loyal and patriotic toasts were given, welfare arise from the retreat of povere and on Nobis Domine, God save the ty, and from the bed of sickness—in the King, Hail Star of Brunswick, &c. Dame of ibose unfortunate persons, who were song by Messrs. Pyne, Broadhurst, may, hereafter, be indebled for relief to Smith, Taylor, and the other socal per. theDrury-lane Fund, allow me to attempt formers.

an expression of those thanks which The health of the Duke of YORK their hearts must necessarily feel, but kaving been proposed by the Earl of to express which, with the force and Essex, and drank with three times feeling the occasion calls for, demands

powers infinitely greater than those His Roral HiGaness, in returning which I possess. As Master and Treathanks expressed the great pleasure he surer of the Drury lave Fuud, it is felt at seeing so numerous and respec. necessary that I should make some oha table a company assembled ; and, he servations as to the vature of that lastja Was sore, they could not have assembled tution, and the particular causes which in a beller cause. Amoogst the various have occasioned this meeling:--This Europ. Mag. Vol. LXXIll. Mar. 1818.

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three,

duty I will endeavour to discharge, which had previously been the sole si But amongst the many circumstances solace of misery and of wretchedness. which prove how little fitted I am for la 1814, and 1815, prosperity again the task assigned to me, there is one shone on us, and by the kind permis-o. that I must particularly allude to, sion of the Committee of Drury-lane, mean the presence of a Gentleman, a benefit was again resorted to, which whose knowledge of the Drury-lane enabled us to restore to our aonuitants Fund must enable him to speak of it what we had long withheld from them. with more correctness than I can do: Having made this statement, it is now wbose eminent abilities did honour to my duty to express to your Royal his profession; whose private virtues Highness, the deep obligation I feel for lent' a grace to the Institution, and your presence, on this occasion. Allow whose name added a lustre to it.

me to say, that this day will stand (Greal applause.) I allude to my in- proudly distinguished amongst the mediate and most respected predecessor, numerous records of the City of Lon. Mr. John Bannister -a Gentleman, don. Great are her charities, - wealthy wbore long professional career, was con and respectable are her citizens,—and stantly marked by public favour and by it must fill them with sentiments of the private esteem- Applause )—a Gentle most gratifying nature, to reflect, that man, whose retirement from the stage, they have ever found, in your Royal, though it deprived every actor of a Highness, a champion in the cause of brother, did not withdraw from him a virtue-a guide in the pursuit of every friend. His contributions to the Drury thing good and estimable(Cheers.) lane Fund must rank foremost amongst the list of our patrons, on this occasiou, the most useful and disinterested acts of is already before the world-our poshis life. To myself, it is a particular sessions amount to 3201. per annumsourse of regret, that any circumstance and I need scarcely say, that is a sun should have operated to occasion me to manifestly inadequate to meet the claims succeed bim. But, placed in this situa- which the decay of our brethren may tion, I am called on to offer some history expose the Fund to. I am convinced, of the nature of our Institution. The that, were our records known by the name by which our Establishment is not Public, they would afford the best coinuncommonly, nor improperly distin. mentary oo the state of the lostitution guished, at once declares its founder and the best reason for supporting it. and chief benefactor-it being generally Our records disclose a long list of hopes known as “GARRICK'S FUND." It was destroyed, of expectations disappointed! his happiness, ten years after he first set. There is not a page of it that would not this plan on foot, which was io the year draw a tear of pity from the most ob1766, to receive from Parliament it durate-tbat would not afford to the sanction, establishing this as a Corpo- moralist a lesson worthy of the deepest rate Body. From bim, as Patentee of consideration - (Applausc.)

All the Drury-lane Theatre, the Fund derived varieties of distress which the Poet has the greatest advantage. He generously painted are there to be found : devoted one night iu the season to its

“ Ambition this shall tempt to rise, benefit, -and his last will recorded his

Then whirl the wretch from high, posthumous liberality. Up to bis death, · To bitter scorn a sacrifice prosperity attended the lostitution,

And grinning infamy; and, after his decease, his spirit seemed The stings of falsebood those shall try, to tiover around that fabric which hc And hard Unkindness'alter'd eye, had reared - and, in aid of it, his Execu That mocks the tear it forced to flow, toss placed 40001. in the hands of the And keen Remorse, with blood debild, Trustees. The fuod progressively in

And Moody Madness laughing wild, creased till 1793. Our records then

Amid severest woc!' sbow a dreary and barren waste of (Cheering).- The poet might have found twenty•years, and not only were no be. in our brief chronicle many realizaquests made during that time, but our tions of this last sad description. "Perreceipts fell lamentably short of the mit me again to express my gratitude to claims that were made on the fund. So your Royal Highness for your appear. much so, tbat the melancholy task de ance here this day-and to apologise to volved upon those who administered

the company, for having detained tben the fund, of decreasing, in a ralio of so long; and I have now only to add 10 and eveu 20 per cent., the pittance my hope, that ibe Master's defects will

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