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time. The native music at present barbarously shaped, and for the most feund among the descendants of the part black, because the sheep of the aberigital inhabitants is extremely cha- couotry were of that colour. Camratteristie

, and strongly expressive of brensis then proceeds to an accurate the language and genius of the people. description of the Irish dress, as it was

Daring the middle ages, the harp ap- at the arrival of the English :-" They pas to base been an universal instru- usually wear moderate close capuchins, ment anoag the inhabitants of this isle; or hood mantles, covering the shoulders, and

, ia consequence, their musicians and coming down to the elbows, como became typerl performers, and supe. posed of various colours and stripes, rier to their brethren in Britain, and in for the most part sewed together, uodec spreat measure merited the high enco- which they have Fallins or Jackets, plemi gives them by Cambreosis, who and breeches and stockings of one observes

, that the attentioa of these piece.” In latter ages, the Irish depeople lo musical iostruments is worthy tached the hood from the mantle, and of france: in which their skill is, beyond formed it into a conical cap, and gave comparison, superior to that of any it the name of Birred. Cambrensis ubalbertatios which we see. For in these serves, the capuchio, or hooded mantle, Iniulation is not slow and solemn, had various colours and patches of a in the instruments of Britain, to cloth, for the most part sewed togealich we are accustomed; but the ther; that is, it was striped either in sounds are rapid and precipitate, yet the loom or with the needle. The raeet and pleasing. It is extraordinary, Falang, or Fallin : It is plain from infach rapidity of the fingers, bow the Cambrensis, Brompton, and Camden, Bancal proportions are observed, and this was the jacket. Cluverius calls it the art evers where unhurt, among the the doublet, or pourpoint, a habit cocomplicated modulations, and the mul- vering the back, breast, and arms. The titude of intricate potes ; so sweetly Braccæ, or browsers, were breeches and sault

, so itregular in their composition, stockings of one piece. sa disorderij jo their couchords, yet Cambrensis describing the appearance returning to unison and completing ihe of Shane O'Neil at the court of Eliza, metody. Whether the chords of the beth, A.D. 1562, attended by his gallo. diatsskron or diapente be struck toge glasses, says,

the latter bore battle. ther

, ibey always begin with dulce and axes; their heads were bare, with locks ead wiibibe şarpe, that all may be per- curled and hanging down ; their shirts fect in completing the delightful sono- stained with saffron, or human urine, radi melody

. They commence and quit and the sleeves of them large; their the modulations with so much sub- vests rather short, and their cloaks tiety

, and the tiokling of the small shagged. A vest scarcely reaching tbe strany sport with so much freedom elbows was well calculated to display poder the deep notes of the bass, de- the barbarous Gnery of monstrous light with so much delicacy, and soothe sleeves, which Spenser assures us hung 35 softly, that the excellency of their down to the knees.

'According to Spencer, the women The Irish barpe every where seem to wrapped great wreaths of linen round kave so pported their credit, by agree their heads, a:d brought their hair over obile and able performers, even to the them, which, as he remarks, was rather middle of the sixteenth century. From unsightly. Morrison resembles this which period the whole island becoming heal dress to a Turkish turban, but subject to the laws, and adopting the that the later is round at the top, Danders , of the Buglish, the Bardic whereas the former is fat and broader

in the sides. This is nearly the same as Ascient IRS DRESø. It may be the Ossan preassagb, or the great plaitsafely afirmed, the most ancient Irish ed stocking of enormous length, woru dress

, of which we have any account, about the head of the women of Breadalwas barely a skin mantle, which the bane. Lynch declares it was a German Welst also used; this was afterwards custom. The same was the adoroing ebanged for a woollen one; the rest of their necks with chains and carknets, the body was entirely naked. Sagum, and their arms with bracelets.. * Saic, was the name of the manlle. Many and unequivocal circumstaoces

The Irish, continues Cambrensis, are tend to prove, that during the barbarous bad mighty clad in woollen garments, ages, when the rest of Europe was in

art lies is concealing

order became extiact.

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IEING THOUGHTS, OBSERVATIONS, RE:
FLECTIONS, AND

WITH
ANECDOTES AND CHARACTERS ANCIENT
AND MODERN.

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WHIMS.

volved in all the horrors of bloodshed, a benefactress.” For the lady, disignorance, and superstition, this se- gusted at the Doctor's fantastic scruple, questered island enjoyed the happiness turned the stream of her benevolence to of peace, of learning, and of a pure the benefit of other public foundations. religion, and was literally the bappy

In 1585, Henry the Third of France 'will country described by St. Donatus, Bishop of Etruria, who died in 8i0. took it in bis head to divert himself,

and The Venerable Bede also so describes it.

when passing through the streets of a dozel, (To be continued.)

Paris (as we are told by l’Estoile), by***

Bilbocquet." The eukah

Dukes d'Epernon and De Joyeuse ac- AS
FRAGMENTA.

companied him in his childish frolic,
which, by this example, became so

general, that gentlemen, pages, lac-
CRITICISM8,

queys, and all sorts of people, great
and small, made the management of

the “ bilbocquet” a serious and регре:
No. XXIV.

tual study.*

Among the whims of great men, may VE grotesque method in which Sir be reckoned the reason which Philip their

Pbilip Callberope, a Knight (who Second gave for not eating fish-“They lived in Norfolk during the reigo of are," said he,“ pothing but element Henry the Seventh), checked the ambi. congealed, or a jelly of water.”—The tion of an aspiring shoemaker, seems to value of that species of food had, how deserve insertion in the exact words of ever, been fully known by a Queen paar the same quaint, but entertaining, wri- Aterbatis, who is said to have for. ter.

bidden her subjects ever to touch fish, “ He sent as much cloth, of fine “ lest,” said she, with an uncommon French-Tawney, as would make him degree of calculating forecast,“ there a gowo, to a taylor in Norwich. It should not be enough left to regale happened one Jobn Drakes, a shoe. their Sovereign.”. It is pity that this maker, coming into the shop, liked cautious epicure had not visited some it so well, that he went and bought of those iplets from the sea, in Scotof the same as much for himself, en. land, where the piles of fish obstruct joyning the taylor to make it of the the tide's return ; it might have set her sanie fashion.

The Knight being in royal mind at ease, and might have formed thereof, commanded the taylor afforded her subjects many a pleasant to cut bis gowu as full of holes as his meal. sheers could make; which purged J. Drakes of his proud humor, that be the last age, we may reckon that of

Among the most eccentric whims of never would be of the gentleman's

one of Queen App of Denmark's maids fashion again.”

of honour, which is recorded by the We are indebted to the same author following patent, wbich passed ebe

Great Seal in the fifteentb year of for an anecdote of Dr. Soames, Master of. Peter-house, Cambridge, towards the

James the First, and is to be found close of the sixteenth century, whose

# L'Estoile, in his “Journal de Henri whimsical perverseness deprived the

III.” relates other strange fancies of that college, over which he presided, of a

wretched imitator of Heliogabalus in his handsome estate. It seems that Mary; vices as well as his follies. Sometimes he the widow of Thomas Bamsey, Lord would traverse his capital, with a basket Mayor of Loudon in 1577, after con. hanging by a girdle from his neck, out ferring several favours on that founda- of which peeped the heads of half-a-dozen tion, actually proffered to settle five puppies. But here the Editor must say, hundred pounds a year (a large income with Persius, Ab ! si fas dicere 1" at that period) upon the house, pro

For the story of the “ Sarbacane," and vided that it might be called “The

other adventures with which the annals

of that reign abound, as reported in the College of Peter and Mary."--" No!"

“ Confession de Sancy, “ The Isle des said the capricious Master, .“ Peter; Hermaphrodites.'" Le Baron de Fæneste," who has lived so long single, is too old, &c. would furnish another Procopius with now for a female parter."- --" A dear

an ample magazine of scandalous anec. jest," says Fuller, " to lose so good dolcs.

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in Byæer, " to allow to Mary Middle should be reckoned six leagues.” And more

, one of the Maydes of Honor to this decree be ordered to be registered eur deerest Consort, Queen Anne, and in the records of the province before he her depoties

, power and authority to would proceed to any other business ealer into the Abbies of Saint Albans, whatever. Glassenbury, Saint Edınundsbury, and Kamsay, and into all lands, houses,

Sir Kenelm Digby, in a discourse deli. and places within a mile, belonging to vered by him at Montpellier, on Sympa. si Abbies;" there to dig, and search thy (which, by the way, swarms with ster treasure, supposed to be hidden in whimsical positions), affirms, that the

venison whicb is in July and August

put into earthen pots, to last the whole Nothing can exceed the followers of year, is very difficult to be preserved cabalistical mysteries in point of fantas- during the space of those particular tical coaceits; the learned Godwin re- months which are called fence months, counts some of them. “ Abraham," but that when that period is passed, nothey say, " wept but little for Sarah, thing is so easy as to keep it gustful probably because she was old.” They (as he words it) during the whole year Prore ibis by producing the letter after. This the eccentric discourser

Caph,” which being a remarkably reasons on, as a fact, and endeavours mal letter, and being made use of to find a cause for it from the symin the Hebrew word which describes pathy between the potted meat and its Abraham's tears, evinces, they affirm, friends and relations who are court. that his grief also was small.

ing, and capering about in its native The Cabalists have discovered like

park. vise

, that in the two Hebrew words signifying "many and “woman" are

" I have read of a bird,” says Dr. contained two letters, which, together, Fuller, in his Worthies of England, forin one of the names of God." "" which hath a face like, and yet will But if these letters be taken away, there prey upon, a man, who coming to the remain letters which signify * fire.” water to drink, and finding there, by Heace," argue the Cabalists, “we reflexion, that he had killed one like may fied, that when man and wife agree himself, pineth away by degrees, and tagetber, and live in avion, God is never afterwards enjoyeth itself.” with them; but when they separate therselves from God, fire atiends their

We have in our possession a whimfeelsteps.” Such are the whimsical sical instance of a literary caprice. It is deçmas of the Jewish Cabala.

a parody: (as the author terms it) of

Horace, by a German, David Hoppius, In the Thuana, we read of a wbirn- who had interest enough to have his ital, passionate 'old Judge, who was book printed at Brunswic, in 1568, seat into Gascony, with very consider- under the particular protection of the ašte powers, to examine into nang Elector of Saxony. He has, with intiabies which had crept into the adni nile labour, transformed the Odes, and pistration of justice in that part of Epodes, of Horace; into pious hymns, Praece

. Arriving late at Port St. Mary, preserving the original measure, and, be asked, “ how pear be was to the as far as possible, the words of the city of Agen?” —They told him, "Two Roman poet. The classical reader will leagues "-He then determined to pro- at one glance comprehend the amazing ceed that same evening, although they difficulties which such a parodist must told him that the leagues were long, undergo, and will be surprised to find and the roads very bad.

Jo conse- these heterodox productions not wantqatace of his obstinacy, the Judge was ing in pure Latioity : however, that be bernired

, benighted, and almost shakeo may judge for bivuself, a specimen or to pieces. He reached Agen, however, two are anvexed. * by midnight. with tired horses and barnsed spiriis, aud went to bed in a very ill humour. The next morn

* We have given no translation of the be summoned the court of justice to

following Odes and Parodies, since, notmeet; and after having opened his good Hoppius (which he copiously set forth

withstanding the pious intention of the Commission in due forin, his first de in his preface), the appearance of the ver- , Cree was, " That, for the future, the sions in English, answering to each other, distance from Agen to Port St. Mary would be apt to coavey irreverend idcai.

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SIR,

ODE V. LIB. I.

Ad Pyrrham.

To the Editor of the European Magazine.

Y inserting the following Life of Quis multa gracilis te puer in rosa Perfusus liquidis urgent odoribus

lent Miscellany, you will oblige, Grato. Pyrrha, sub autro?

Your's, Cui flavam religas comam

London, March, 1$18.

W. L. Simplex munditiis ? &c. &c.

SEBASTIAN LE PRESTRE, son of
Ad. Mariam Deiparam.

Urban Le Prestre, lord of Vaubon, was

born the 1st of May, 1633. . He first PARODIA V. LIB. I.

bore arms at the age of 17. His ta. Quis fæno recubans, in gracili tenes lents, and his extraordinary genius for Innexus teneris te, pia, fasciis

fortification, immediately made him Blandus. Virgo, puellus ?

known, and covered him with eclat Cui primos adhibes cibos

at the siege of St. Meneboud, in 1052. Dives munditiis ? &c. &c.

Vaubon bad served till then under tket

Prince de Conde, General of tbe Spa-
In Juliam Barinen.

nish army, against France. Having been

taken by a party of the French, Cardie punte ODE VIU. LIB. 2.

nal Mazarin endeavoured to engage biruien

in the service of the King : “ and he Ulla si juris tibi pejerati

succeeded with very little trouble," Pæna, Barine, nocuisset unquam. Dente si nigro fieres, vel uno

most faithful subject in the world." .32=

says Fontenelle, " with a man born tho. Turpior unqui Crederem-Sed tu simul obligasti

This ye:r, also, Vaubon served as eogiPerfidus votis caput, enitescis

ncer at the second siege of St. MenePulchrior multo. juvenumque prodis houd, which was retaken by the royal Publica cura, &c. &c. &c. army. He was employed afterwards as beste

engineer at the siege of Stenoi, in 1654; Christi ad Peccatorein.

of Landrecies, in 1655; of Valenciennes,

in 1656; and of Montmidi, in 1657. PARODIA IX. LIB. 2.

The year after he principally conducted Ulla si juris tibi pejerati

the sieges of Gravelines, Ypres, and Culpa, peccator, doluisset unquam

Oudenow. Cardinal Mazarin, who neMente, si tantum fieres vel una

bestowed rewards undeservedly, Tristior hora

gave him a considerable one, and acPlauderem-Sed tu simul obligasti Perfidum votis caput, ingemiscis

companied it with praises, which, acOb scelus nunquain, scelerumque prodis

cording to the character of Vaubon,
Publicus autor, &c. &c. &c.

were much more acceptable. After
the
peace

of the Pyrenees, this young

engineer wås occupied either in de In Bacchui.

molishing or constructing fortresses. ODE XXIII. LIB. 3.

He had already acquired a number of

new ideas in ihe art of fortification no me, Bacche, rapis tui Plenum. Quæ in Huinero, aut quod agor in

-an art so necessary, and so little

known before. specus

He bad already scen Velox mente novâ ; quibus

much, and with a very good eye; and Autris, egregie Cæsaris audiar

he constantly augmented his experience Æternum meditas decus

by reading. When the war was kiudled Stellis inserere et consilio Jovis, &c. &c. again, in 1667, he was the priocipal

conductor of the sieges which the King Ad Christum.

carried op in person.

He received
PARODIA XXIII. LIB 2.

at the siege of Douay a musket-shot

in the chcek, but that did not make Quo me, Christi, feram mali Plenue. Quæ in numero, aut quos fugiui 1669, 'in plazning the fortifications of

him apply less. He was occupied, in Pressus mole gravi ? Quibus

the fortresses of Franche-comté, Flan. Antris ob maculam criminis occultar

ders, and Artois. The King gave him Eternam meditans facem

the command of the citadel of Lisle, Insernum effugere, et simplicium Stygis! which was about to be built, and was &c. &c.

the first govern nicat of that kind ja

ver

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France. Then the peace was con-' was thought impregnable. In 1688, he chaded at bis-la-Chapelle, bis labours directed, auder the orders of Monsieur, were not less than duriog, the war. the sieges of Philipsbourg, Manheim, He went into Peidmont with Louvois, and Franckendabl. That Prince regare the Duke of Savoy designs for compensed him for bis services, by Terue, Verceil, and Turia, and received giving bim four pieces of capnon, of from that Prince bis portrait, enriched his own choice, to place at his chawith diamonds. The war of 1672 fur teau ; a privilege uoknowo till then. sisted bin with new opportunities for His bad health having incapacitated Esplaying bis genius. He conducted all him for business in 1690, he repaired the steges at which the King was pre- the involuntary idleness which it had seut

. It was at that of Maëstricht, in occasioncd, by the capture of Mons 1675, tbat be first made use of a singu- in 1691, of Namur in 1692, by the har sethod for tbo attack of fortresses. siege of Charleroi, in 1693, by the He changed the aspect of that terrible defence of Lower Brittany against the and important post of war. He still designs of the Bnglish in 1694 and cogtinaed his inventions, which were 1695, and afterwards by the siege of exceedingly numerous, and all tended Ath in 1697. The succossion to the to his principal point, the preservation throne of Spain having renewed the of mei. In 1677, Valenciennes was war, he went to Namur in 1703, where taken by assault, and the attack was he received the baton of Marsbal of made in broad daş-light. This coun- France. About the conclusion of the el was given hy Valbon, to prevent year, he took Vieux-Brisack, which the vidiers from mistaking one another did uot cost him more than three hun. for the enemy, and that the night might dred men. This siege finished his brilDet favour the posillapimous. Accord. liant career. The title of Marshal of iş to lie ancient custom, attacks were France produced the inconveniences

alayzade during the night. Lou vois which he had foreseen : he remained i and five of the French Marsbals wished useless, and his dignity was a charge

to preserse the old method ; but Louis to him. La Feuillade having been emthe Xivtb, struck by the reasons of ployed to reduce Turin, Vaubon offered Vauban, adopted the new. At the to serve as a volunteer in his army. siege of Carabray, which followed that " I hope to take Turin in Coboro's of Valenciennes, Vaubon did not cou. manner,' boldly said this inexpecur in the opinion for attackiog the rienced young man, in refusing the ball-neos of the citadel. Dumetz, assistance of that great man, who could a bratebut haugbly and passionate alone assist him. The siege not having wan, persuaded the King to defer the advanced, Louis the XIV th consulted allack no longer. It was then that Vaubon, who again offered his assistTaobog said to the King, “ You may “ But, Marshal,” said the King pertaps lose at this allack men who to him, “ do you thipk that this emare of Eure value than the place.” ployment is beneath your dignity ?" Dumetz curied his point; the half. - Sire,” replied Vaubon, “ my dig. moon was attacked and taken : but the nity consists in serving the state. I eteray recovered themselves with great shall leave the baton of Marshal at pit, relook it, and the King lost more the gate, and I shall perhaps assist faan tour hundred men and forty offi. the Duke de La Feuillade in taking cero Vaubon two days afterwards at the city. This virtuous man having tacked it in form, and forced it to sur. þeen refused, for fear of disgusting tbe reader without losing more than three General, was sent to Dunkirk, and hen. The King promised another time recovered, by his presence, the fright, to let him

aci according to his own ened minds of the citizens. He died opiu nn. The peace of Nimeguen re. the year after, on the 30th of March mived the ardoous task of taking fort. 1701, of an inflammation of the chest, leses

, bul gave him a great number at the age of 74, after having superin fortify. He planned the fort of intended the repairs of three hundred Drunk era, his master-piece. Strasburg ancient fortresses, and baving conand (ried were afterwards his most structed thirty-three new ones, having toender able works. The war which been present at one hundred and forty recone webced in 1693, obtained for him spirited engagements, and having conthe glory of taking Luxembourg, which ducted fifty-three sieges.

ance.

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