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hostle tribes, and attach them to ra. Solomon, and immortalize the Prince
tional government. The Berebbers who should cherish this great commerce
al readily assimilate to such a to its maturity!
government ; and although by nature

VASCO DE GAMA.
a treacherous race, they would rejoice Eton, 10th March, 1818.
to see the couotry in possession of a
grerament wbich they would perceive HISTORY OF PETER PLIANT.
#nre to promote the welfare and pros.
perity of the mountaineers, as well as

(Continued from page 123.) de ; the bebidants of the plains and thei! O off the fewespecedative studies 6tu would thus sub

NE

my father's der the autipathy resulting from reli- attention, was phisiogomy: the progios prejudices.

priety of which he defended on the geseral knowledge of the African ground of the old proverb, Arabie would be essentially necessary; is an index to the mind.So much, and I think a school might be esta indeed, did he pride himself on his supelisted in England, on tbe Madras sys. rior discernment in this particular, that ten, for initiating youths (going out to be sometimes exceeded the modest bounAfrica) in tbe rudiments of that lan- dary of reason; and, like most people guage. This would be attended with who have an extraordinary regard for Tuost important advantages, and might their own way of thinking, predicted be accomplished in a very short time. judgments which were often fallacious. The conquest of Algiers being thus if good-humour had not formed a prinelected, that of the neighbouring states cipal ingredient in his composition, bis would follow, without difficulty, by a talent would have been productive of disciplied army of European troops; mucb inconvenience ; as it was, the exkeeping ever the principle in view, of ercise of it sometimes afforded a laugh conciliating the natives, without swerv. at his expense. I remember well, a gening from an energetic and decisive mode tleman whom be had invited, after a of government.

slight introduction, to spend a day or The advantages that would necessa

two with him, mistaking his way, accitily result from a successful attack upon dentally met him in a very suspicious

corner of his farm yard, and not knowIst, An incalculable demand for all ing bim at first sight, began to exercise Our various articles of manufactures.

a scrutiny into the lives of bis counte24. A similar demand for spices, and dance: the severity of which was conEast India manufactures, of silk and siderably encreased by an attempt, a

few days before, to rob his hen-house. $d, an immense demand for coffees Imagining he saw symptoms of roguery and sugars, manufactured and unmapu.

in bis countenance, he plainly taxed factured, as well as for other articles of him with the act-an explanation, bow

ever, takes place -a bearly laugh suc

ceeded, and from that time his skill was On the other hand, we should obtain exerted with more than usual caution,

though he would often laugh at the ist

, An immense supply of the finest liberiy be had taken with his friend's wheat , and other grain, that the world features.

But this study, like all others, is liaed, We should be able to open a direct ble to be over-raled; and though the communication with the interior regions predominant feelings of a man's bosom of Africa, which have baffled the enter. will impart a corresponding impression prise of ancient and modern Europe ; to his countegance, deceit will often, to the fertile and populous districts which serve its own purposes, throw a veil lie cuttiguous to the Nile of Soudan, over the feature: aud deluding us into throughout the whole of the interior a bilief of honesty, convert the plausible of Africa, would become in a few years, appearu ce of cupping duplicity into as closely connected to us, by a mutual unsuspecting innocence. Exchange of benefits, as our own colo- The most illiterate disciple of LavaDies; and such a stimulus would be im- ter could have traced, with very little parted to British enterprise and indus- difficulty, the cause of the manifestalter. try, as would securelo 'us such stores of ations in Chick weed's countenance; gold

, as would equal the riches of for surely notbing could bave repreLurup. Mug, Vol. LXXIII. Mar. 1819.

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Africa would be,

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sented a greater picture of sullenness and went so far as to hint that the pape and roguery. Had I been at all inclined was become useless. He knew hus to the more recent system of craniology, however, too well to be satisfied wil I might have taken advantage of a sus- this explanation, and fear alone ba picious lump rising in the form of an hitherto prevented any disclosure, as h obtuse angle on the left side of his head; dreaded ihe little man's vengeance, i but confining myself to the inore vulgar whose power it was to do him a grea and accepted demonstrations of common deal of mischief; bui he hoped that a sense, I contented myself with deducing he had told this secret, we would scree. all my inferences from the conversation him from the effects of it." between him and Mr. Plausible. The A conditional promise to protect him latter endeavoured to frighten him by if his future behaviour justified it, terassuming an air of authority, and largely minated this meeting, and with a love expatiated on the great prevalence of bow, testifying his gratitude, he dethe crime; and, observing, that the se- parted. verity of the punishment depended in a He was no sooner gone thau we set great measure npon the prosecutor's about contriving some plan for the anlenity ;-it was not exactly in his pro- nibilation of Spindle's project, who was vince to determine, but for oughi he now so completely in our power; but knew a prison's door might close on our operations were of a very restricted him for ever;-should be sorry to re- nature, for the identical little gentle. commend barsh measures, but should wan surprised us soon after with a visit not hesitate to enforce the full penalty to Mr. Plausible. if the case appeared to him deserving A little reflection enabled us to acof it. These, and a few other disjointed count with some degree of probability sentences, uttered with a peculiar degree for his appearance; for as ii was moof gravity, evidently made an impres rally impossible that Chickweed's apsion upon the iron features of Chick prehensiou could long remain a secret, weed, who began to grumble out some we had no doub: that he had heard of it, apology, and hoped we should not use and forming a tolerably fair conjecture him hardly

as to the result, hoped to conclude some “ Why, look you, Mr. Chickweed,” settlement before it was too late. returned the lawyer, “ the frequency With a smile resembling a feeble ray of these depredations renders it neces- of the sun peeping through a unisty sary for an effectual example ; and, un- atmosphere, Mr. Spindle entered the less you can shew sufficient cause why room, and laying aside a considerable Mr. Pliant should not have recourse to portion of his consequence, which be the usual measures for punishment, the deemed unnecessary on the present oce law must take its course."

casion, advanced to the table where we During an interesting pause of five were sitting, and wild an obsequious minutes which followed this declaration, nod, boped we were well. somelbing appeared considerably to agi- Nr. Plausible slightly returned his tate him; and at length, after a great awkward civilities, and requesting him deal of embarassment, he muttered, to be seated, asked him to wbat he was " that if I would be good enough to indebted for this unexpected honor.". release him, he would make it worth my Nothing more than the subject while."

which

engaged our attention a few days This was evidently the prelude to the

ago, and which I have since been rewished-for communication ; and Mr. volving in my mind, and now begin to Plausible, with an affected carelessness, think as you' do-that it would be a asked the nature of it: which, on being considerabile saving of time, expense, assured of gaining his liberly by telling, and litigation, to settle it amicablystated, “ that a few months before be there are various methods, as you bad found a paper relative to Mr. Pli observed, and ant's estate ; and beiog ignorant of its Come, come, Mr. Spindle, I see you meaning, be had carried it to spindle, are adopting the very article of my prowho spapped at it, and told him he fessional creed, which gave you so might make a good thing of it---parily much offence; wbat am I to thiok of explaining its nature, and promising a this?" handsome reward if he succeeded. The

“ That it proceeds from a desire to bad asked him several times for compen- bestow mutual convenievce; for on sation, but the other always cyaded it, minute investigation, the cause appears

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to be more intricate than I at first ima. tongue, and he burried out of the gired; and as a revival of the claim house. Tould expose us to a considerable ex. As every doubt concerning the inva. prace, it would be better to comply lidity of Sir Lionel's claim bad now with your first proposal, and terminate vanished, nothing remained 10 perplex

me; and Mr. Plausible left ine for Lon* Not in such baste, Mr Spindle; don, promising to return in the sumdejberation is necessary in altairs of mer, when the country became a fifter aportance ; and it is possible we may object for attraction. Letters by him set elect to stand the test of a trial :- assured all my friends of the success, al tope of our succeeding is not flown which was rendered complete by an Jet, I can assure you."

interview with Sir Lionel, who expressed A certain levity of manners, which bis gratification at the discovery of the bespoke something like indifference to fraud which had been so artfully conLe proposal, created evident distrust in cealed. A posiscript to Mr. Plausible's the mind of the pettyfogging lawyer letter informed me at the same time it was apparent something had turned up that there was fresh cause of concern

gainst him, and who but Chickweed for the “conscientious lawyer,” whose could bave done it. A rapid consulia. name had been struck off the rolis. tion with himself produced a large cun- Being thus firnily rejustated in my pos. Cession in his demands, until be lowered sessions, I turned my thoughts lo more bis

expectations to the payment of a agrecable subjects, and began to form fifty pound gote.

some idea of returning for a short time But bow will you reconcile this to to London. The country, to be sure, Sir Lionel? He will naturaliy inquire was just resuming iis picturesque beauthe state of the action, and wil expect ties, and nature, with a liberal hand, a full explanation of your proceedings." vas scattering round her munificent trea

" 0, leave that to me, Sir: I can sures : but there were attractious still manage hiin,"

more powerful in lowo-a delightful "Well

, Sir, I should feel great plea- association of friendship, e teem, and sere in acceding to your request; but love. My resolution to address Mr. lhe shock which your conscience must Maoning on the subject of bis daughi!er hetessarily suffer after your late decla- Wil firmly made. I found myseil uo.

able any longer to resist a declaration so "O! don't mention it, Sir-a triie- essential to my happiness. I perceived atrije."

even at my age the alluremenis of pica" l'ery accommodating, npon my

sure and dissipation were as feathers in Word: bot I am sorry that the existence the scale of human hippiness, when of another obstacle is likely yet to opposed to the solid comforts of domesterlurn your wishes,"

tic life, and being in a situation to What may that be ?” answered maintain a wile with respectability, if Spindle, with a vacant stare.

not comparative afiluence, I was deter" A trife-a trile-nothing more mined to relinquish the title of a grave than the very document we had sup- bachelor for that of a domesticated posed lost. Your friend Chickweed, husband. ako bas been here before you, can bet- But my intentions of returning were ter explain it; be bas

frustrated by a leiler from Mr. Man* The d- he has. Oh! the scoun, ning, who informed me that the com

pletion of his purchase only waited for " Prevarication is useless, Mr. Spin- bis sanction of the grounds, and that it dle

: seur iniestions are discovered, and was his intention in the course of a day lo-tortor Sir Lionel will be made ac- or two to intrude upon my hospitality quainted with ihuin. Your only method wilb “one or two visitors,” who were therefore to deprerale the severity of interested in the purchase, and who suur punishment, is instapily to deliver were anxious to pay their respects to up the paper, and preveni unnecessary

me also

imagination casily gave his visitors a All the reply that Spindle male to name, whom I hoped to welcome in the this intelligence was conveyed in a look persons of Mrs. and Miss Manning. particularly bilter and expressive. You will naturally conclude my anxiety Shame and fortification scaled bis in the interval, ard the preparations that

ration, and

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were made for their reception. Two, our way, and had scarcely left the cot three, and four days elapsed, and not a tage when the conversation lurped oi sign of their coming; but the filth was its pretty inmate. more propitious, and my expectations « Well," said Lovisa, “ if this is : were at length realized by the appear- sample of your village lasses, you ar ance of a carriage ou the declivity of the better off than I imagined. I suppos bill, bending its way towards my dwel. you have selected one for the mistres lipg, I bastened to meet them, and bid of your estate.” a welcome to the country. My conjec- I answered in the negative, and turn tures as to the party were rightly formed, ing my eyes to Miss Manning, perceived only that an addition presented itself in a slight blush on her cheek, and felt the persou of my cousin Louisa. Not a something similar on my own. bungry glution at the sight of a smok- “I wonder," continued my tantaliz ing sirloin, or a thrifty miser at the ing cousin, whom I afterwards found addition of one piece to his heap, could was aware of my growing attachment have manifested more delight than I did. for Miss Maning, ** that the sparkling I verily believe I could have stified eyes and rosy cheek of some sweet. them out of mere affection; I would Daphne or Phillis have not run away have led them to the house, and ordered with your heart." refreshments, but they were auxious to “ Does my cousin, then, suppose thali take a country walk, and I volunteered I am to sacrifice my happiness to a my services to act as conductor. The pretty outside?. I thought she knew it morning was remarkably fine, and the placed too great a value on “mind," 10 village, with the adjacent prospects, suffer such a consideration lo weigh a formed a pleasing picture for my Lon- tittle with me.” doo friends, who had been so accus- “ I am not arguing that you are totomed to the regular disposition of the tally insensible to mind," but I must chimney-pots in town, that a tree was cordially agree with a celebrated author, a complele object of admiration, a who observes that you young men thatched cottage superior to any pa. generally endeavour to deposit thula , Jace, and a mouthful of fresh air mind in some fair temple,” and contisweeter than all the enjoyments of a mually tell us at the same time that time. crowded street put together.

beauty is not your ohject." " But what has become of all your "To style myself insensible to beauty neighbours?" said Louisa —" they ap. would be disregarding the fairest work pear to have deserted the place: I long of God. I value it-I admire it; but to see some of your rustic beauties." hope that I shall have sufficient reason

" You shall soon be gralitied, then; leti to prefer a plain face, with a good old Fariner Hearily lives ciose by, and heart, to a beautiful countenance with as he is concerned in the sale of the a vain one." estate Mr. Manning is about to pur- " Excellent! - admirable! --- Where chase, he would like to see him as soon did you sleal that from? Why, you as possible."

have been down here for something, “ But you don't mean to call him a Peter. declare you get quite a pbilo. rustic beauty, do you?".

sopher; but notwithstanding. I should Ono; liis daughter I mean--the not like to oppose your resolution to pride of our village; but come atorg." the attractions of beauty and wealth

We reached the cottage, the neatness two powerful inceptives." and simplicity of which excited univer- "If I know anything of my own sal approbation. The farmer was oui, heart, I should not hesitate a moment; but liis rosy.cheeked daughter gave us for a smiling welcome, and put before us a “ Hold !-no more beroics! I assent bowl of fresh rich cream and home made to what you declare, and only am sorry bread. To those who never knew the that your friend Sir Edward Courtly bas delights of such a repast, it was pecu: not a litile more of your spirit." Jiarly grateful, and cvery body agreed “ Sir Edward Courity! -llow!-exe what a pleasant thing it itas! be to live plain!" in the couiry. Former Heartiy re. Hic is on the eve of marriage with a turied shortly after, and welcoming all near relation of your neighbour, Sir in the rough accent of an honest coun- Lionel, a lady destillie of every piera tryman, retired with Mr. Jiaoning, 10 fection (or else this world is euiiuus) cousull on the purchiuse. We pursued savc pac,"

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* And what is that"

The elegant translator of the letters Cupid could not confine him in a I am considering; has endeavoured to silken net, so caught him with a gold apologize for the instances of self.com. ere, and he marries- to 30.0001. The mevdation, which he allows to be freworld calls it a famous thing; Sir Ed. quent in bis autbor, and in extenuation vard styled the happiest of men, and his of a practice revolting to modern ideas conditors bow wear a merrier face than of modesty, has cited several examples they have done for some time."

of a similar kind from the most cele** He is, indeed, fortunate, in one brated writers of antiquity, and even whe, bol pot in the right one; I do not one from Holy Writ, where Moses says tarp bia, believe me"

of bimself that “ he was the meekest Our strictures upon Sir Edward were man upon earth.” True modesty, he put an end to by the approach of Mr. adds, according to the idea the ancients Varoing, and we entered the house. had of it, did not forbid a map to speak The freshness of the air had given each well of himself when be bas merit to an appetite, and justice was done to the support the character he claims. repart

. The evening was spent with all There may be some truth in this ob. the conviviality natural to friends, servation ; but I confess that I am so though my cousin Louisa took a parti- much a modern, as to doubt whether cala: delight in resuming the old sub. any man has a right to set himself up jat, and making observations. She for a judge of his own meril : for wbich Fell koew) understood, but my vexa. reason I could never read the following lion was more than counterbalanced by passages in Pliny's letters with satisfacthe easy familiarity of ber friend, whose tion. In letter 38, book vi. addressed taturai good sense and endearing man- to Romanus, to whom he recommends bero made a still furtber impression on the perusal of one of bis speeches, he Dy heart.

speaks of this (his own production) in
(To be continued.)

the following terms: “ The abundance
of matter, the just order in which it is

arranged, the little narratives that are
To the Editor of the European Magazine. dispersed throughout, together with the
OBSERVATIONS on the LETTERS of several kinds of style which diversify
Pliny.

the composition, will always give it an m,

air of novelty. I will even venlure to say These letters may be taken as a to you, what I dare not say to any one

model for the epistolary style, ex- else, that a spirit of animaled and subbakiting all the ease, Auency, and ele- lime eloquence breaks out in many parts grace, which should be the peculiar of it; as in others, it assumes the close characteristics of this kind of writing, and argumentative manner.”—This is and at the same time clothed in lau- pretty well; but I am still less pleased guage at once chaste, nervous, and with his letter to Priscus 21, book iii. perspicuous. They abound every where wherein he takes occasion to mention will soliments of the most disiole- an instance of his own bounty to Mar. rested patriotism, and the purest pbilan. tial, and at the same time encloses a thropy, qualities which present them- copy of verses addressed to bim by that leitos to the reader, not only adorned poet, and wrillen in the highest strain by the glow of eloquence, but enforced of adulation; but not more so than by the example of the author, who was Pliny seems to have thought himself enitently endowed with these virtues, entiiled to, from the following expres. and aho was also so thoroughly versed sion—" He gave me the best he had to in tbe kvowledge of human nature, bestow, and it was want of power only that from his letters alone might be col- that his present was not more valuable.” lated a code of moral axions, which These, and many other instances whoever bould strictly observe, would which occur in the course of his corscarcely need any other guide to regu- respondence with his friends, prove that hair his conductibrough life.

Pliny was by no means insensible to his Having thus brietis pointed out in own merils; por am I disposed to find but the chef merit of these letters fault with this sentiment, it is the unapuvar to nie to consist, I shall now qualified expression of it that appears to proceed to police such passages in them me to be unbecoming even in a confi. ** conceive to be ubjectionable.

dcutial communicativu to a friend,

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