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hostile tribes, and attach them to ra- Solomon, and immortalize the Prince
tieaal government. The Berebbers who should cherish this great commerce
al readily assimilate to such a to its maturity!
Hernment ; and although by nature

VASCO DE GAMA.
a treacherous race, they would rejoice Elon, 101h March, 1818.
to see the country in possession of a
parerament which they would perceive HISTORY OF PETER PLIANT.
Stove to promote the welfare and pros.
perity of the mountaineers, as well as

(Continued from page 123.)
the inbabitants of the plains; and their

which had engrossed my fatber's interent would thus gradually sub. ONE of the few speculative studies dee the antipathy resulting from reli- attention, was “phisiogomy: the progious peodices.

priety of which he defended on the
#greral knowledge of the African ground of the old proverb, the face
Arabic would be essentially necessary; is an index to the mind." so much,
and I think a school might be esta: indeed, did he pride himself on his supe-
blished in England, on tbe Madras sys- rior discernment in this particular, that
lea, for initiating souths (going out to be sometimes exceeded the modest boun-
Africa) in the rudiments of that lan- darg of reason; and, like most people
Juage. This would be attended with who have an extraordinary regard for
Dost important advantages, and might their own way of thinking, predicted
be accomplished in a very short time. judgments which were often fallacious.

The conquest of Algiers being thus if good-humour had not formed a prio-
rected, that of the neighbouring states cipal ingredient in his composition, bis
would follow, without difficulty, by a talent would have been productive of
disciplined army of European troops; mucb inconvenience ; as it was, the ex-
keeping ever the principle in view, of ercise of it sometimes afforded a laugh
conciliating the natives, without swerv. at his expense. I reinerober well, a gen-
ing from an energetic and decisive modelleman whom ke bad invited, after a
of government.

slight introduction, to spend a day or
The advantages that would necessa-

two with him, mistaking his way, accisily result from a successful attack upon dentally met him in a very suspicious

corner of his farm yard, and not knowIst, An incalculable demand for all ing bim at first sight, began to exercise Our various articles of manufactures.

a scrutiny into the lives of bis counte2, A similar demand for spices, and

Dance : the severity of which was conEast India manufactures, of silk and siderably encreased by an attempt, a cotton.

few days before, to rob bis hen-house. 3d, An immense demand for coffees Imagining he saw symptoms of roguery and sugars, manufactured and unmauu.

in his countenance, be plainly taxed factured, as well as for other articles of him with the actman explanation, bow

ever, takes place - a hearty laugh suc

ceeded, and from that time his skill was On the other band, we should obtain exerted with more than usual caution,

though he would often laugh at the Ist, An immense supply of the finest liberty he had taken with his friend's wheat

, and other grain, that the world features.
produces.

But this study, like all others, is lia-
2d, We should be able to open a direct ble to be over-raled ; and though the
communication with the interior regions predominant feelings of a man's bosom
of Africa, which have baffled the enter. will impart a corresponding impression
prise of ancient and modern Europe; to his countenance, deceit will often, to
the fertile and populous districts which serve its own purposes, throw a veil
lie cuttiguous to the Nile of Soudan, over the feature: avd deluding us into
throughout the whole of the interior a bilief of honesly, convert the plausible
of Africa, would become, in a few years, appearu 'ce of cunniog duplicity into
as closely connected to us, by a mutual unsuspecting innocence.
exchange of benefits, as our owo colo- The most illiterate disciple of Lava-
Dics: and such a stimulus would be im- ter could have traced, with very little
parted to British enterprise and indus- difficulty, the cause of the manifest altere
try, as would securelo us such stores of ations in Chick weed's countenance;
gold, as would equal the riches of for surely nothing could bave repre-
Lwup. Mag. Vol. LXXIII. Mar, 1819.

Da

Africa would be,

West lodia produce.

from this fine country,

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sented a greater picture of sullenness and went so far as to hint that the paper and roguery. Had I been at all inclined

was become useless. He knew hun, to the more recent system of erumiology, however, too well to be satisfied with I might have taken advantage of a sus- this explanation, and fear alone bad picious lump rising in the form of an hitherto prevented any disclosure, as he obtuse angle on the left side of his head; dreaded ihe little man's vengeance,

in but confining myself to the inore vulgar whose power it was to do him a great and accepted demonstrations of common deal of mischief; bui he hoped that as sense, I contented myself with deducing he had told this secret, we would screen all my inferences from the conversation him from the effects of it." between him and Mr. Plausible. The

A conditional promise to protect him, latter endeavoured to frighten him by if his future behaviour justified it, tere iki kitu assuming an air of authority, and largely minated this meeting, and with a low espatiated on the great prevalence of bow, testifying his gratitude, he dethe crime; and, observing, that the se- parted. verity of the punishment depended in a He was no sooner gone thau we setyt great measure npon the proseculor's about contriving some plan for the anlenity ;-it was not exactly in his pro- nihilation of Spindle's project, who was vince to determine, but for ought he now so completely in our power; but .. knew a prison's door might close on our operations were of a very restricted him for ever;-should be sorry to re- nature, for the identical little gentle. See commend barsh measures, but should

man surprised us soon after with a visit Litere not hesitate to enforce the full penalty to Mr. Plausible. if the case appeared to bim deserving A little reflection enabled us to acof it These, and a few other disjointed count with some degree of probability sentences, uttered with a peculiar degree for his appearance; for as it was moof gravity, evidently made an impres- rally impossible that Chickweed's ap. sion upon the iron features of Chick preliensiou could long remain a secret, weed, who began to grumble out some we had no doub: that he had heard of it, apology, and " hoped we should not use and forming a tolerably fair conjecture him hardly."

as to the result, boped to conclude some " Why, look you, Mr. Chickweed,” settlement before it was too late. returned the lawyer, " the frequency

"

With a smile resembling a feeble ray of these depredations renders it neces- of the sun peeping through a misty sary for an effectual example ; and, un- atmosphere, Mr. Spindle entered the less you can shew sufficient cause why room, and laying aside a considerable Mr. Pliant should not have recourse to portion of his consequence, which be the usual measures for punishment, the deemed unnecessary on the present oc, law must take its course."

casion, advanced to the table where we During an interesting pause of five were sitting, and with an obsequious minules wbich followed this declaration, nod, boped we were well. something appeared considerably toagi- Mr. Plausible slightly returned his tate him; and at length, after a great awkward civilities, and requesting him deal of embarassment, he muttered, to be seated, asked him to wbat he was " that if I would be good enough to indebted for this unexpected honor.” release him, he would make it worth my " Nolbing more than the subject while.”

which engaged our attention a few days This was evidently the prelude to the

ago, and which I have siuce been rewished for communication ; and Mr. volving in my mind, and now begin to Plausible, with an affected carelessness, think as you' dothat it would be a asked the nature of it: which, on beivg considerable saving of time, expense, assured of gaining his liberty by tellingand litigation, to settle it amicablystated, “ that a few months before he "There are various methods,' as you had found a paper relative to Mr. Pli observed, andant's estate ; and being ignorant of its “ Come, come, Mr. Spindle, I see you meaning, be had carried it to spindle, are adopting the very article of my prowho spapped at it, and told him he fessional creed, wbich gave you might make a good thing of it-parily much offence; wbat am I to thiok of explaining its nature, and promising a

this?" handsome reward if he succeeded. The

“ That it proceeds from a desire to bad asked him several times for compen. bestow mutual couvenience; for on sation, but the other always evaded it, minute investigation, the cause appears.

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to be more intricate than I at first ima. tongue, and he hurried out of the gized: and as a revival of the claim house. Fould expose us to a considerable ex. As every doubt concerning the inva. pense, it would be better to comply lidity of Sir Lionel's claim bad now with your first proposal, and terminate vanished, nothing remained 10 perplex the affair at once."

me; and Mr. Plausible left me for Lon- Not in speh baste, Mr. Spindle; don, promising to return in the sum. deliberation is necessary in affairs of mer, when the country became a filter isportance; and it is possible we mas object for attraction. Letters by him fet elect to stand the test of a trial:- assured all my friends of the success, all tope of our succeeding is not flown which was rendered complete by an vel, I can assure you."

interview with Sir Lionel, who expressed A certain levity of manners, which his gratification at the discovery of the kespoke something like indifference to fraud which had been so artfully conte proposal, created evident distrust in cealed. A posiscript to Mr. Plausible's the wind of the pettyfogging lawyer letter informed me at the same time it 13 apparent something had turned up that there was fresh cause of concern against bim, and who but Chickweed for the “conscientious lawyer,” whose trad bave done it. A rapid consulta. name had been struck off the rolls. tos with himself produced a large con. Being thus firmly reinstated in my poscexion in his demands, until be lowered sessions, I turned my thoughts to more bus expectations to the payment of a agreeable subjects, and began to form Ásty pound gote.

some idea of returning for a short tima * But bow will you reconcile this to to London. The country, to be sure, Sir Liceei? He will naturaliy inquire was just resuming iis piciuresque beauthe sale of the action, and will expect ties, and nature, with a liberal hand, a fall explanation of your proceedings." vas scattering round her munificent trea

* 0, leave that to me, Sir: I can sures : but there were attractions still manage bin."

more powerful in town-a delightful ** Well, Sir, I should feel great plea- association of friendship, esteem, and sre is acceding to your reqnent; but love. My resolution to address Mr. the shock which your conscience must Maoning on the subject of bis daughter Det escarily suffer after your late decla- was firmly made. I found myseif 10ration, and"

able any longer to resist a declaration so "O! don't mention it, sir-a tride- essential to my happiness. I perceived a tride."

eren at my age the alluremenis of pica* Very accommodaling, upon my

sure and dissipation were as feathers in word:

: bet I am sorry that the existence the scale of human happiness, wlien of other obstacle is likely yet to opposed in the solici comforts of domesoverturn your wishes."

tic life, ard being in a situation ! * What may that be ?” answered maintain a wile with respectability, if Spiedie, with a vacant stare.

not comparative afiluence, I was deter** A inic-a trifie-nothing more mined to relinquish the title of a grave tha the very document we had sup- bachelor for that of a domesticated pored lout

. Your friend Chickweed, husband. bo bas been here before you, can bet- But my intentions of returning were ler explain it; he has

frustrated by a leiler from Mr. Man** Thed- he has. Ob! the scoun. ning, who informed me that ihe comdrd.**

pletion of his purchase only waited for Prevarication is useless, Mr. Spin- his sanction of the grounds, and that it d'e; your intentions are discovered, and was liis intention in the course of a day 10-monton Sir Lionel will be made ac- or two to intrude upon my hospitality qr. ted with them. Your only method with “one or two visitors," who were the refere lo deprecate the severity of interested in the purchase, and who puci ponilineni, is instapily to deliver were anxious to pay their respects to up the parter, and preveut unnecessary trouble."

imagina!ion casily gave his visitors a All the reply that Spindle mule to name, whom I hoped to welcome in the this inleiligrace was conveyed in a look persons of Mrs. and Miss Manning. porterial bitter and expressive.-- You will naturally conciude my anxiety Swine and wortification sealed his in the interval, and the preparations that

me also.

were made for their reception. Two, our way, and had scarcely left the cot three, and four days elapsed, and not a tage when the conversation turned on sign of their coming; but the filth was its pretty iomate. more propitious, and my expectations "Well," said Lovisa, “ if this is : were at length realized by the appear- sample of your village lasses, you ar ance of a carriage ou the declivity of the better off than I imagined. I suppos hill, bending its way towards my dwel. you have selected one for the mistres lipg, 1 bastened to meet them, and bid of your estate." a welcome to the country. My conjec- I answered in the negative, and turn tures as to the party were rightly formed, ing my eyes to Miss Manning, perceiver only that an addition presented itself in a slight blusb on her cheek, and fell * the persou of my cousin Louisa. Not a something similar on my owo. bungry glution at the sight of a smok- "I wonder," continued my tantaliz ing sirloin, or a thrifly miser at the ing cousin, whom I afterwards fount 'e: addition of one piece to his heap, could was aware of my growing attachment have manifested more delight than I did. for Miss Manning, ** that the sparkling I verily believe I could have stified eyes and rosy cheek of some swee thein out of mere affection; I would Daphne or Phillis have not run away have led them to the house, and ordered with your bcart.” refreshments, but they were anxious to " Does my cousin, then, suppose that take a country walk, and I volunteered I am to sacrifice my happiness to : my services to act as conductor. The pretty outside?. I thought she knew I morning was remarkably fine, and the placed too great a value on “mind," 10 village, with the adjacent prospects, suffer such a consideration to weigh a formed a pleasing picture for my Lon- tittle with me.” don friends, who had been so accus. “I am not arguing that you are to tomed to the regular disposition of the tally insensible to niind," but I must chimney-pots in town, that a tree was cordially agree with a celebrated author, a complele object of admiration, a who observes that you young men thatched collage superior to any pa generally endeavour to deposit Thule Jace, and a mouihtul of fresh air mind in some fair temple,” and contisweeter than all the enjoyments of a pually tell us at the same time that crowded street put together.

beanly is not your object." " But what has become of all your " To style myself insensible to beauty neighbours?" said Louisa -" they ap. would be disregarding the fairest work pear to have deserted the place: i long of God. I value ill adınire it; but to see some of your rustic beauties." hope that I shall have sufficient reason

* You shall soon be gratitied, then; left to prefer a plain face, with a good old Farmer Hearily lives cirse by, and heart, to a beautiful countenance with as he is concerned in the sale of the a vaio one." estate Mr. Manning is about to pur- " Excellent! - admirable! --- Where chase, ble would like to see him as soon did you sleal that from? Why, you as possible."

have been down here for something, " But you don'l wcan to call him a Peter. declare you get quite a pbilo. rustic beauty, do you?"

sopher; but notwithstanding. I should " () no; liis daughter I mean-the not like to oppose your resolutiou to pride of our village; but come alorg." the attractions of beauty and wealth

We reached the coliage, the neatness two powerful inceptives.” and simplicity of which excited univer. If I know any thing of my own sal approbation. The farmer was out, heart, I should not hesitate a moment; but his rosy.chrekod daughter gave us for a smiling wilcome, and pui before us a “ Hold!-no more heroics!-assent bowl of fresh rich cream and home made to what you declare, and only am sorry bread. To those who never knew the that your friend Sir Edward Courtly bas delights of such a repast, it was pecu. not a litile more of your spirit.". Jiarly grateful, and every body agreed Sir Edward Courity! -- Blow!-exe what a pleasant thing it ivost he to live plain!" in the couniry. Farmer Heartiy re. lic is on the eve of marriage with a turved shortly after, and welcoming all near relation of your neighbour, Sir in the rough accent of an honest coun- Lionel, a lady Jestilline of every piera tryman, retired with Mr. Jiaoning, 10 fection (or cise this world is euiiuus) cousull on the purchausc. We pursued savc pue,"

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And bat is that"

The elegant translator of the letters * Capid could not confine him in a I am considering, bas endeavoured to sle det, so caught him with a gold apologize for the instances of self comtie, aad he marries-to 30.0001. The mevdation, which he allows to be fre. world calls it a famous thing; Sir Ed- quent in bis autbor, and in extenuation Paddyled the happiest of men, and his of a practice revolting to modern ideas oditors bow wear a merrier face than of modesty, has cited several examples they have done for some time.”

of a similar kind from the most cele* He is, iodeed, fortunate, in one brated writers of antiquity, and even *te, but oot in the right one; I do not one from Holy Writ, where Moses says taryba, believe me

of himself that “ be was the meekest Oar strictures upon Sir Edward were man upon earth.” True modesty, he put za end to by the approach of Mr. adds, according to the idea the apcients Vaanig, and we entered the house. had of it, did not forbid a man to speak The freshness of the air had given each well of himself when be bas merit to an appetite, and jnstice was done to the support the character he claims. repart

. The evening was spent with all There may be some truth in this ob. the conviviality natural to friends, servation ; but I confess that I am so though my cousin Louisa took a parti- much a modern, as to doubt whether calar delight in resuming the old sub. any man has a right to set himself up ject

, and making observations. She for a judge of his own merit : for wbich well kaew I understood, but my vexa- reason I could never read the following tion was more iban couoterbalanced by passages in Pliny's letters with satisfacthe easy familiarity of ber friend, whose tion. In letter 39, book vi. addressed tatural good seose and endearing man- to Romanus, to whom he recommends bei made a still furtber impression on the perusal of one of bis speeches, he b) beart.

speaks of this (his own production) in (To be continued.)

the following terms: “ The abundance of matter, the just order in which it is

arranged, the little oarratives that are To the Editor of the European Magazine.

dispersed throughout, together with the OBSERTATIONS on the LETTERS of several kinds of style which diversify PLINY.

the composition, will always give it an

air of novelty. I will even venture to say T These letters may be taken as a to you, what I dare not say to any ope

model for the epistolary style, ex- else, that a spirit of animaled and subbibiting all the ease, fuency, and ele- lime eloquence breaks out in many parts Fruce, wbich should be the peculiar of it; as in others, it assumes the close caracteristics of this kind of writing, and argunientative manner.”—This is and at the same time clothed in Jau- pretty well; but I am still less pleased guage at once chaste, nervous, and with his letter to Priscus 21, book iii. perspicuous. They abound every where wherein he takes occasion to mention with sentiments of the most disiote- an instance of his own bounty to Mar. Tested patriotism, and the porest pbilan- tial, and at the same time encloses a tbropy, qualities wbich present them. copy of verses addressed to bim by that selves to the reader, not only adorned poet, and written in the highest strain by the glow of eloquence, but enforced of adulation; but not more so than by the example of the author, who was Pliny seems to have thought himself eminently endowed with these virtues, eotiiled to, from the following expres. and who was also so thoroughly versed sion—" He gave me the best he had to in the knowledge of buman nature, bestow, and it was want of power only that from his letters alone might be col- that his present was not more valuable.” lated a code of moral axions, which These, and many other instances whoever would strictly oixerve, would which occur in the course of his core scarcely need any other guide to regu- respondence with his friends, prove that late bis eraductibrough lie,

Pliny was by no means insensible to his Having thus briedly pointed out in own merils; por am I disposed to find what the chief merit of these letters fault with this sentiment, it is the unappear to me to consist, I shall now qualified expression of it that appears to proceed to notice such passages in them me to be unbecoming even in a confi. as I conceive to be objectionable.

dcutial communication to a friend,

SIR,

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