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a grave. He was musing on this sub- prise and consternation were inexpresject by his bed-chamber lamp, when sille, and must have been observed, if, a courier brought a special message with presence of mind which far surfrom Cunningham of Blackire, re- passed his, she bad pot immediately quiring his professional aid and instant begun the business of signalure. How presence. He obeyed immediately, not could Elliot act in illis terrible didoubting that this late summons pro- lema? The subtle spirit which could ceeded from his death-bed, and would confront him without strinking, might be followed by some decisive commu• devise falsehoods sufficient to baffle his nication respecting his son. Elliot's allegations, and her willing dupe would amazement was extreme when he found probably sustain her. Before be bad Blackire in apparent health, and re- determined, the time of action was past; ceived bis injunctions to fill up a the minister perforined the brief cerestamped paper with a marriage con- mony of a Scotch marriage, and the tract, afier which the kirk-minister unwilling witaess bastened away, bil. woulil perform the ceremony.-"Are terly feeling that he might have escaped you not aware," said Elliot, “ that reproach himself if he had resisted the such a ceremony precludes in Scotland first proposal of a false precontractthe necessity of any written precogni- if, in short, he had not been tempted tion, as it will invest all this woman's to abet evil by a remote hope of good, offspring, though of prior birth, with it was not too late, perhaps, to defeat

It the righits of legitimacy?"--" She has this precognition, as even the courbut one,” replied Cunningham, casting teous laws of Scotland cannot support down his eyes;

“and I only winly by one, if the circumstances of the parties the terms of a sellleinent io bar her at the period of the pretended date claims on my estale." - Elliot siniled were such as to render a legal contract at the evasion, rightly judging that her' impossible. But the disgrace and midemalids would be of little importance, sery of an investigation would fall hea. to an estate which would be soon sor' viest on the innocent, oud it was easy rendered to his creditors. “ Then," lie to perceive that the blandishnients of a answered, "if you only wish to exclude base woman had ulterly bewildered and her from the law's allowance of one- subdued Blackire's violent spirit, as a third of your renis and nuoveables, it skein of ihread entaugles the crocodile's will be sufficient to sign a settlement teeib. He contented bimself, therefore, without any pretence of a precontract, with hoping that he knew the worst which, however sanctioned by the cour- consequences :-a hope always deceittesy of Scotiand, will seem, in this ful, and a kind of knowledge never instance, ovly a deliberate and needless granted to those who deviate even a falsehood.” - A dark lash escaped Cun- single step from the right path. pingham's eyes, but his determined Another year passed, and the Sheriff aspect remained, and he replied, “ My was seated by his fire side, comparing heirs at law are among my persecutors, the civil institutes of various counand I have resolved to defeat them by tries, with a remorseful recollection giving any son rights beyond dispute, if that, by unguardedly availing himself enforced by an altested acknowledg- of one, he had swept away the lineal ment of privale marriage."--Elliot was succession of an honourable family, silenced, for he saw under this allec. established a profigate woman in its tation of spleen a revival of his parental highest place, and given the rights of loye, which sought to disguise itself inheritance to a very doubtful claim. even in hatred to his heirs it law. ant. He had once deeined the marriage Therefore he prepared a contract, with laws of England too rigid to afford a full and formal preamble, stating an rouge to early and innocent aflections ; irregular marriage twenty years ante- and he had thought their formalities cedent to this date between the pare often urged imprudence into guilt: ties; and Cunningham ushered him but he now gaye more bilier blame iuto another apartinent to witness its to those of Scotland, which render completion. His chosen bride, 'the rashness irretrievable, and arti(ce easy, mother of his son, awaited him there He sighed to think ihe medium was not with the kirk-minister, and received yet found between statules that mihe Elliot as a total stranger, but the first vice desperate, and those Ibat give it a glance at her face convinced himn it premiuın and a privilege : aod wiser was one be well remembered. liis sur- casuists might have doubted whetber perai order is most injured by laws you may lay claim in, England, by tee ngorous to be enforced, or by virtue of your legalized birth, and atone elben whose force is a protection to for this transaction.”—“My birth!”. fenders.

repeated the young man, startingIn the midst of these professional" it was never publicly legalized." bung, Milton Cuoningham was sud- " It is true," said Elliot-* My clerk taly announced, and entered, after an and myself were the only witnesses, icate of four years from his native and the officiating minister is dead with teaatry. There was an eager expres- out registering the fact but I possess a, lima af enquiry in his countenance, precognition—a contract sufficient in all which the Sheriff understood more fully its forms.” -Milton seized it with flash-, than be could answer, for he was un- ing eyes, and read the whole eagerlycertaia sbelber Milton had yet to learn “Is there no public record ?- no other Ibat his father was dead ipsolvent, and proof?"-" None,” returned Elliot, his mother a disgraced fugitive.“ I chilled by the joy he betrayed—“ uns, koos all," said Milton, imagining that less this can be justified, your cousin be interpreted all his friend's embarrass. is your uncle's heiress.”—" There pesent' but the letter!— bave you pre- rishes the obstacle then !” said Milton, tried the letter ?”—The Sheriff an- throwing it into the fire" she will be, swered by taking it from its reposi- indemnified fourfold for the lost note, tory :-* Preak the seal,” added his, and my father's name will be saved !" . visitor in a faltering voice—" the time - The Sheriff laid bis band on Milton's, is cstze.” Elliot instantly obeyed, and head with an involuntary gesture of

a promissory Dole of ancient date benediction-" You have atoned no. for laree thousand pounds, with these bly ;-but you shall not be disinherited., words in the envelope :

I am the purchaser of Blackire's estate, * The guardian of an orphan ncice and that' it may satisfy overy claim found this note, executed by himself to of honour and justice, it is your's. ker father, in her possession. His affairs. May his fate be a powerful example!, were involved, his exigencies pressing; He was once a proud an honest mao, she was under his roof, and in bis power yet he became an attester of falseboods, -he extorted it from ber, but an un., a ruffian, aod a robber, to enrich a rapaespecied witness interrupted bim, and' cious courtezan and a stranger's sou , secured it. An honest and powerful

.I am your father!V. adretale might give her redress-a son cannot." The Sherifi, raising his eyes from this

To the Editor of the European Magazine. statement, fixed them stedfastly on Milo, tor, and say its truth in the noble agony The other day, on promiscuously bis euolennoce expressed.

Speak, opening a volume of your Maga-, sir, I beseech you,” he said, after a long zine for February 1817 (page 124), I pause" speak to me as a lawyer, not as

met with a letter of “ Tbos. Hoppa friend, and let me hear the worst i kyns's," on Mr. Kean's new reading haze sioned, i know-and have beg. of this line from Macbeth, pared the owner of this pote, perhaps: “ Hang out our banners on the outward by concealing it-but my father !”

walls." be stopped, and burst'into tears. . The Sheriff'replied with moist eges, so it is in Manley Wood's edition, and

As a lawyer, I must tell you, the not as Mr. H. has extracted it into bis stalute of Limitations has invalidated article.—This communication is, Sir, I this note : and even if its date was less admit, rather antiquated in point of fetuote, it could give no claim on your time, but to that same principle or late father's real estate, which has been privilege which induced your notice of surrendered to satisfy special debts. Mr. H. I appeal.—Mr. H. has rumIn law, therefore, the purchaser of his maged up grist for his humour, and I land cannot be charged with this, and hope I may be indulged in a short the unfortunate creditor will find re- paragraph to show it fulse. He perdress di Gcult: but as a friend I may tinaciously insists, that the text of the adal, that were are other chances. bard is mere jargon, and I as pes. Yuor father's uncle died last nigbt un. tinaciously insist it is perfect sensoMarried and intestate-his personal pro. pay, that if the word “ out” were perly is ample, and to that, at least, omilled (as he would have), I say the

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line would be incorrect; and I con: scem 80 without reason, or probable sider Mr. H.'s čmendation a

cause, I propose to put my subject to the «?

flight of fancy." He seems to think, test by a two-fold thesis First, By supthat if the banners were hung on the posing a spectator to inquire of himself

, outward walls, ex necessitate they would after witnessing these exhibitions, whebe hung on the outer side ; but that no ther he would be sure of the same pua more follows, than that Mr. H. in Dishment if he so offended ; and. 2dly, going to Hampstead, would, by the (putting aside the uncertainty of the same necessity, be obliged to go through law), whether these exhibitions awaken Tottenham-court-road. The sense, Sir, the spectators to any sense or feeling of in the original reading, is, that the ban- moral, religious, or civil duty ? Now, ners should be exhibited; and to be so, Sir, as to the first test, the notorious Macbeth required them to be hung with- forbearance of the injured to prosecute oul the outer walls. The expression is --the reluctance of juries to find a capi. an exactness of speech, and, instead of tal offence-and, finally, the frequent being a fault, is a beauty much to be mitigalions of punishments, are circumadmired. If the language were—"Hang stances separately moving every iniqui. the banners on the outward walls," the tous person, old and young, promptly direction would be without the excel- and decidedly to answer in the begative, lent mioutiæ it now possesses, and then and each one thinks himself without the it would be quibbled with for not ex. probability of sharing the same punishpressing the position.

ment for his offences; and of all the 1 am, Sir,

impressions that these spectacles make, Your's, &c.

I venture to say, example is the least: 24th Feb, 1818. A GENTLEMAN. nay, that such a thought is so distant,

that the fate of the culprit is not

ascribed to legal punishment, but is ON PUBLIC PUNISHMENT.

adjudged the issue of "bad luck," or Tothe Editor of the European Magazine. “ bad management of his matters," SIR,

and from which scene the spectator VERY enlightened character (Sir returns ona wed, and unconvinced of the before the public some excellent re- is transgressions. Whence, then, it marks, in a pamphlet entitled “Obser. imay be inquired, is the good of this vations on the Criminal Law of Eng- exposure, considered as example ?-land as it relates to Capital Punish- On the second branch of my subject ments, and on the Mode in which it I am equally fearful a most unequijs administered,” designedly to shew vocal negative may be given io answer. how ofien justice passes vobeeded from I never have had resolution to witunwise classification of punishments to ness one of these appalling spectacles offences. The pamphlet I presume to but I dare affirm, that were any of the have been universally read, sò I refer to spectators to be asked their thoughts it by the title only. Now, Sir, it bas on the scene they bad witnessed, the often occurred to my mind question.' answer would import " obdurate grati able-whether public and formal execu- . fication," and unasked would follow a tious of culprits is os benefit or prejudice narrative of the culprit's hardihood in to the community... That public good "giving” up the ghost. To these con was intended is beyond a doubt; but clusions I cannot think it at all neces how far the design is effected at this ' sary any of us should be eye-witnesses day, is, I think, a question, and one -the accounts of the demeanour of the of vital importauce; and the more so, spectators at these scenes, so repeatedly from the knows laxity of our criminal given, and the last week's papers alone law, or perhaps the observance of it ; spcak' volumes in proof of absent feel but either way it is of the same con- ings and pity in the spectators; for in sequence. Public exposition of punish. the latter pages it was said, the populace ment I take to have been once con- gazed úpon a spectacle horrible--mos sidered to operate on the spectators as borrible-without betraying the slight: ari example or threat in terrorem, and est sensation of sympathy or pily :per the force of that example a check to and as a further fact in proof 'tba others against the perpetration of crime. ' example is disdained, I bave mysel Bót, Sir, of this effect I at this time am a partial instance; for on one of ihes very suspicious; and that I may not · ill-fated mornings; 1 chaucod to crus





Holbon early, and say numberless To the Editor of the European Magazine. persees thronging down the street to vita, as I learnt, the awful sacrifice

( of their fellow-beings, which they deno- F the inclosed observations on Africa nisated " a sight;" and, on their way, place in your intelligent Magazine, they they purchased provision to amuse the

are fery much at your service, from, Sir, neccupied moments. Now, Sir, if it is Your most obedient servant, peable that people can eat and drink at

VASCO DE GAMA. se times, I protest they are wholly un. Elon, 101h March, 1818. sceptible of feelings that could at all induce tber to profii by example. Here is a perfal and credible instance of

MEMORIAL OP A PLAN FOR THE CONQUEST personal ebservation in proof that the OF BARBARY, AND DIFFUSION OF COXattraction is no other than "a gratification of profitless curiosity, ALGIERS, and the territory belongmbich can end only ia “ immaterial ing to it, is governed by despotic Turks, sluence." 1 iosist, therefore, that, the refuse of the Ottoman iroops, who rather than good, evil results; and maintain their power over the Moors of all other evils the greatest is, that and Arabs of the Plains (who are the the

spectators imbihe a careless, nay cultivators of the country), and over trianphant

, feeling by thus learning the Berebbers (who are the aborigines bor quick is the extinction of ani of the country), or inhabitants of the mal life

, and bow brief the pang of Mountains of Atlas, which terminate What may be said to be the greatest this sovereignty on the south, and di, of banan miseries, and by the

further vide Algiers from Bled- El-gereed. kavaledge that life is as soon extinct The first principle of this barbarous whetber the offender have been guilty and sanguinary government (according of the most heinous crime or trilling to an African adage) is to “ Maintaia transgression. I bere take occasion to the arm of power, by making streams of advert to a topic, in aid

of my attempt blood flow, without intermission, around te ster the mistake of our present the Throne!” system, that joduces me to think with This country, the government of confidence, insom pch that I make sure wbich reflects disgrace on Christendom, of the vaqualified concurrence of all which has been, during many ages, the dasses of readers ; and I will propound scourge of Christian inariners, and of it in the following negative position, all who navigate those seas, bas often a best shewing

the conclusion. Then, been conguered. The Romans reduced Sir, did any of us detect our nurse- Numidia and Mauritania joto Roman tazids with our children visiting the provinces. slaughter-bouses of this metropolis, This beautiful garden of the world should we not severely reprimand (if was afterwards conquered by the Vannot dismiss) them for thus unhu. dals; then by the Greeks, during the wasizing their infant bearts, and sea- reign of Justinian, uoder Belisarius ; soning them to bear against the sym- and, finally, three times by the Arabs pathies of their belternatores ; and viz. in the 647th year of Christ, by would not every one feel dread for Abdallah and Zobeer , in the year 667, Consequences, lest such visits to these by Ak'bah, for the Kalif Moawiah, and sbanbles shoold engender a bardibood in the year 692, by Hassan, governor of and thirst for other and more awful Egypt, for the Kalif Abd Elmelik. Not Bacribces--the sacrifices of our fellow- one of the armies of these warriors ever creatures : And every one must admit, cxceeded 50,000 men. that when the heart is steeled against After these general conquests, the pare pity, obedience of all laws buman and tial conquests of the Portuguese and Spadivine, and social and neighbourly niards, about the end of the fifteenth afection, is for ever gone. I now, and beginning of the sixteenth century, sir

, condode this letter, not without were effected by a mere handful of bope tbat tbe matter and mapner may men ; and in 1509, the latter rendered be worthy a place in your Magazine; the kingdom of Algiers tributary to and subscribe myself,

them ; but afterwards, they lost it by

tbe ferocity of their chicts, the fana-, Your's, &c.

ticism of their soldiers and priests, March, 1913. PENRUDDOCK. and, finally, by their perfidy and into

Terance, they made themselves enemies the coast are shut and bolted ever to the various (Kabyles) tribes of Mau- 'Friday. This attack, forsooth, is t ritania, and thereby lost their con- happen whilst they are occupied : quest!

prayer, because they are so infatuate The repeated and galling insults of- with an opinion of their own valou fered by these ruflans to civilized Eu. that they will not believe that Christian rope, cannot be efficiently punished by would presunue to attack them open) a bombardment-acruel measure, which when armed and prepared for the con punishes the innocent subjects for the in- bat. It should seem that these peop! sults of their government. No one ac- begin now seriously to anticipate tb quainted with the character of the da. near approach of this predestined cot tives of Barbary will maintain, that the quest, and have accordingly entere destruction of a few thousand of the into a kind of Holy Alliance, offensiv peaceable inhabitants, or the burning of and defensive, to which, it is said, th many houses, is a pational calamity in Emperor of Marocco, the Dey of Tuni the eyes of a Mussulman Chief, who and that of Tripoli, bave acceded ; an would himself commit the saine ravage that this Holy Alliance is crowned b and destruction that was so gallantly the Ottoman Emperor. effected by the British feet, under my It is more than probable, that th Lord Exmouth, for half the money it Dey of Algiers, goaded by the blo cost to accomplish it.

inflic ed by my Lord Exmouth, whic When my Lord St. Vincent was off has increased bis hatred of Christian Cadiz with the British fiect, and could and has inflajued his desire of revenge pot obtain the ohject which he sought will not fail to seek every opportu of the Emperor of Marocco, his Lord. nity (according to the known princi ship, after refusing to comply with the ples of Mohomincdanism) uf retaliatin Emperor's request, comunicated to and insulting the Europeans wheneve bis Lordship by the Emperor's Evvoy, a favourable opportunity may offer or Agent, Ruis Ben Embark, told the eveu at the risk of another bombard Rais to inform bis Emperor, that if ment. This opinion has been con he did not change his conduct very firmed by his late conduct, and by th soon, he would begin a war with him, activity that has been manifested i and such a war as he had ncilher seen or the fortifications, in increasing thei read of before!. When the Rais re- military force, in building and equip ported this to the Emperor Soliman, ping new vessels to infest the Medi he inquired what kind of a war an terranean with their abominable pira Admiral could wage against him. Some cies; all which proceedings demon one of the Divan observed, that he strate the hostile jutentives of the Dey would destroy the ports on the coast; beyond all doubt. adding, that it would cost a certain Jarge sum of money to effect that PLAN FOR THE CONQUEST OF ALGIERS. destruction : upon which the Empe. The inbabitants of the plains are bi ror exclaimed,' that, for half that golted to the Mohommedan lenets, bu amount, he would bimself destroy all ihey would readily exchange the iror these ports — Tbis affair happened in rod that rules them for a more mild ane September, 1798.

beneficent form of government. A well There is a prevailing prophecy in disciplined European army of 50,000 Barbary, that from time immemorial men would assuredly effect their com. has been generally credited by the plete conquest, ' without much diffiinbabitants. It has been transmitted culty. Such an army, directed by a to them by some Fakcer, that the land Wellington, would perform wonders

, of the Mussulmen will be wrested from and astound the Africans.

After the them by the Christians; and there is an conquest, an energetic, decisive, but impression, that the period when this beneficent, form of government, would event will take place is not far distapt. be necessary, to retain the country, They also believe that this event will and to conquer aud auribilate the re. happen on a Friday (the Mussulmen' pugnancy which these people entertain Sabbath), whilst they are occupied at to our religious tenels. A system of their devotions at the Dohor service rule formed upon the principles of the of prayer. Accordingly at this period, English constitution, directed by good viz from twelve lill half-past one policy, benevolence, and religious wlev’clock, the gates of all the towns ou ration, would not fail to reconcilc' tliesa

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