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the fellest information, he arrived in of the best measures which could have Lendva, and associated himself with the been adopted for the benefit of the principal manufacturers then on the whole, and which afterwards became a spot Bis first object was to prepare a subject of regret with some of the leaddigested view of the actual state of the ing opposers, and a great disappoint. ' etto trade in Great Britain in 1788, ment to a numerous class of industri. euch he presented to the Minister Mr. ous manufacturers, who looked forward Pill

, sbo, until that period, bad no to the measure with a well-founded con-' Deans of procuring a general view of the fidence that it would bave been the rise and progress of this important means of renovating the trade then manufacture. Mr. Colquboun was fur- greatly depressed. ther employed in preparing papers for In the spring of the year 1789, Mr. the press calculated to elucidate the Colquhoun visited Flanders and Brasubject

, and for the purpose of distri- bant, to open a mart in those countries bertion anong the Members of Parlia. for the relief of the then distressed inanu. Eat and of his Majesty's Government, facturers, and returning to London, he with whon, and with the East India continued nearly three months constanta Directors, conferences were at differently engaged in various objects connected unes beld. As the result, an Act of with the improve!nent of the commer. Parliament was oblained exempting cial and manufacturing interests, and British manufactures from auction duty, having succeeded in various points of in contemplation of public sales after great importance, by confereoces with the manner of the East India Company, the Minister, he returned to Giasgow as the means of extending the demand early in the month of August, having f British manufactures, and of rendere during his absence accomplished the ing them better known on the Conti- following important objects :-Deat by a cheaper diffusion. Mr. Col. Ist. His efforts in Flanders and Braquboun, returning to Scotland by the bant rendered the then infant manufacway of Manchester received, on the 12th tories of muslins known on the Conof June, the thanks of the manufactu- tinent, and which ultimately laid the rers for his services in London. On the foundation for that extensive demand 20th of the same month, a very numer which afterwards took place. ou meeting of the manufacturers of 2d. He procured a renewal of the act Glasgow voted their thank for the ser obtained by him in 1783, allowing a pices rendered the trade which was fol. drawback on bleaching inaterials which, lowed up on the 24th of the same month but for his exertions at a critical mva: by a similar vote from the manufactu- ment, would have been lost.

3d. He procured certain arnendments On the 19th of March of the same to be introduced into the Excise 'To. pear, the Governors and Council of the bacco Bill, which removed the onjesForth and Clyde Navigation, unani. tiouable paris so as to meet the wisles mopsly voted their thanks to Mr. Cols of the importers and manufacturers. qohoua, with a piece of plate, value 4th. He was instrumental, after great 1001.

, in testimony of the benefits de exertions at a very critical moment, in Tived by the proprietors from his ser. procuring the insertion of the names of vices in the management and superin. the merchants in the City of Glasgow, tendance of that important establish who had prosperty contiscated in Amement, and which has since proved also so rica during the war, in a bill brought

At the close of into Parliament, which enabled The the present year, 1788, Mr. Colquhoun parties concerned to recover a very conwent to Ostend, being tben a depót forsiderable sum of money which would Last India goods, to ascertain how far bave been otherwise lost. similar British manufactures couldenter 5th He procured the passing of an

competition in the sales in that Act to exenpt piece goods exposed to part. After making arrangements for sale by public auction so as to place the an experiment the ensuing spring, he goods on the same footing av ihe piece feturned to London in January 1759, goods sold by the East India Company. and finished a connection which promis. 61. He tinally arranged with the ed to prove highly beneficial to the parties in London the great and importrade at large; but the jealousies which iant plan of a Cullou Ball for the sale aroxe among some of the more opulent of British manufactures in London, free manufacturers ultimately defeated one of auction duty, on the saine looling as

ters of Paisley

useful to the country.

into

cease,

East India goods in respect to foreign since the best authors, both ancient and purchasers, by a general periodical modern, have not thought it below the exibition, supported by a very large majesty of history to mention the like, capital, for the assistance of the manu it

may be the more excusable to take facturers, and to be available in antici notice of. pation of the sales ; and had the manu The King being at Oxford during facturers been universally true to then.. the Civil Wars, weut one day to see the selves, and had not the French war public Library, where he was shewn, soon after taken place, the benefits amog other books, a l'irgil, 'nobly which would have resulted from this printed and exquisitely bound. The great national establishment would bave Lord Falkland, to divert the King: been incalculable.

would havebis Majesty make a trial of his Io the month of November in the year fortune by the Sortes Virgilianæ, which 1789, Mr. Colquhoun finally settled in every body knows was an usual kind of London with his family--still continu. augury some ages past. Whereupon ing bis exertious in promoting every the King opening the book, the period object which tended to give vigour and which happened to come up was that prosperity to the trade and manufac: part of Didos' imprecation against iures of Great Britain; and in affording Æneas, which Mr. Dryden translates his assistance in promoting useful legis- thus :lative regulations whenever they were * Yet let a race untam'd, and hanghty foes. found necessary, during the years 1790 Ilis peaceful entrance with dire arms opand 1795. In 1792, the state of the

pose ; police of the metropolis being long a Opprese'd with numbers in th’unequal field subject of reproach, from its inefficiency His men discouraged and himself expelled, and from the want of a proper and

Let him for succour sue from place to place. more intelligent magistracy, an act was

Tornirom bis subjects and his sons embrace

First let him see his friends in battle slain passed in this year, authorizing the

And their untimely fate lament in vain ; establishinent of seven public offices,

And when at leugth the cruel war shall with three justices to each, under a par liamentary establishmeat, and Mr. Col. Os liard conditions may be buy his peace quhoun having been appointed to one Norlet him then enjoy supreme command, of these offices, be immediately turned Bat fill untimely by some hostile hand, his attention to the subject of police, And lie uuburi'd on the barreo sand.' to the errors and imperfections of the

Æneid, B. iv. 1. 89 then existing system, and to the means “ It is said, King Charles seemed of improvement.

concerned at this accident, and that the (To be continued.)

Lord Falkland observing it, would like

wise try his own fortune in the same To the Editor of the European Magazine. nianner, hoping he might fall opol

some passage that could bave no rela A S a part of your plan is to insert in

tion to his case, and thereby divert the your entertaining and instructive King's thoughts from any impression miscellany illustrations of English His the other might have upon him. Bu tory which are not generally known, I the place that Falkland stumbled upon sexi the annexed, hoping it will prove was yet more suited to bis destiny ihar acceptable to your readers.

the other had been to the King's; be Your's, &c. N. ing the following expressions of Evan

der upon the untimely death of his sot A paper among the Lansdowne MSS.

Pallas, as they are translated by the in the British Museum, records the fol.

same hand :lowing curious circumstance respecting O Pallas! thou hast! fail'd thy plighter the unforiunate Charles the First, and

word one of his favourite Courtiers, The To fight with caution, not to tempt the youthful and accomplished Lord Falk

sword: land, who was slain in a skirmish in I warned tee, bat in vain ; for well 1 which he 1:24) rashly and unnecessarily

knew

What perils youthful ardour would pursue engaged, theday before the first bailleof

That boiling blood would carry thec too far Newbury :-" Anoui this lime, there befel the Young as thou wert in dangers-raw in

var! King an accident, which, though a tri

O curst essay in arms,-disastrous doom,fe in itself, and that no weight is lo be Prelude of bloody fields and tights to come. laid upon any bieg of lhalluture ; yet

Ibid. B. xi, 1. 230

SIR,

EXTRACTS FROM A LAWYER'S called Slyass, even if the whole twelve PORTFOLIO.

should judge wrong, one full woman

would set them right, for sbe would (Centigued from page 100.)

contradict them all." TT appears from the Regiam Majesta The Sheriff laughed, having no wo.

leci, taat Trial by Jury was used in mankind at home, and turned another Scotlard as early as David Ist, 1124. fold. “Every body knows how a learned Frors. Olaus Wormius (Monu. Dani. German oruithologist contrived to foster cap. 10. p. 72), that the trial by twelve bis motherless broods of chickens while Bea was introduced into Denmark hy he pursued his studies. Now, saith the Rexueres, who began to reign jo 820, aforesaid Silas, if such broods were profrom whom it was borrowed by Ethel perly distributed in the chambers of the red. Tis not improbable that our jury senate, in courts of law, colleges, and decided originally without a judge all coffee-houses, where a few irrelevant controver-ies within a certain district. chirpings and crowings would not be We are in the dark concerning their strange, loog sittings would prove marproceediaga till the time of Edward II. vellously useful, and speculating philowhen the Year Book began. Unani- sophers might be tolerably certain of nity was required, Ist, out of mercy to providing their own dinners, and soinethe prisoner ; 2dly, from the danger of thing for the benefit of the state." altaiots against jurymed; 3diy, to pre

Mr. Elliot looked round for the proSeat any individual from being oh. bable owner of these citations, but saw boxious to the crown or to parties. no one except an old ben-wife at the la 'be time of Henry III. this unanic door of her cothouse.“ Truly,” said mity was not required in the first twelve he to himself, “this rogue's wit runs espaonelled, for, according to Bráctoni, through bis law like quichsilver through if they disagreed, a number equal to the a tube of tough leather - What will lineutients, or at least six to four, were come next?” — But he found only a few added. From Fleta it seems this was Jover-like verses addressed to an “ El. the practice in the next reigo, but the fio Arrow," commonly called a Scotch judge then appears to have had a power pebble. to oblige the first twelve to agree. In

Neil Elliot, Sheriff-depute of a Scotcla Scotland the decision is by a majority district, had once claimed only the humEven of one, and the number is fifteen, ble designation of writer to the signet ; Aldermen aud citizens of London in the but powerful connections, quick talents, third Henry's reign bad the priviles and a happy address, placed bim soon for a trespass against the King to be among the most important commouers tried by twelve citizens, for a mur. in the west.country. He was as earder by thirty, and for trespass against nestly sougit un festival-days as at maa stranger by the oath of six citizens gisterial meetings and arbitraments : and bimself." (vide Pabian's Chronicle.) and perbaps the fragment he had found -Hickes, in his Thesaurus, the most was more touching to the humorous Jearned research into Saxon antiquities, than the legal polity of his character. proves it was unknown to the Saxons, He perused it twice before he noticed a and supposes it was introduced into letter lying on his breakfast-table, adLegland by Henry II. (Ibid.)".

dressed to him in the same hand-writing. Such were the contents of a torn It contained a concise and movest pielia Papur which the wind wasted to the fset tion for employment among his junior of Sheriff Elliott, as he took his morna' clerks, with an intimation ibat family jog walk. He said as English lawyers circumstances deprived the writer of are wont to say on a more important any recommendation, except that which occasion —" spy a Brother ;” and tbe Sberiff's benevolence might find in pened the next fold with great care his diligence and integrity. Mr. Elliot

beld this appeal in bis hand when his " It is remarkable, that the English servant entered to remove the mula have always preserved an even number tilarious abundance of a Scotch breakin their jaries : thioking, perlaps, that fast; and after sonie preamble, lie enamong every twelve men there will be a quired if the person who waited his majority of wise odes, or that the wisc reply had the air of a lawyer's pupil misority may always govern the ma.

or clerk, jority of fools: but, saith my learned Silas Mucklequack was on some occa. friend Silas Mucklequack, cominoolysions a clerk bimself, and be ausserca Eurip. Mag. I'ol. LXXIII. Blar. 181%.

and curiosits.

his master's question with professional of an only son loved even to dotage, gravity-" An' be's to live like ane of and generally expected to enjoy all us, sir, by what comes frae his mouth, that the courtesy of Scotch laws allows he's right to put sac muckle into it. a reputed father

to bestow. The Sheriff I pe'er saw sic a keen set lad.”_"formed his own opinion, and mounted asked

you,

," said the Sheriff, biding an bis borse to visit Cunningham of Blackextra dimple in his sleek face, “ whe- ire himself, ther bis appearance and dimensions are A large round promontory, single and such as would be decent in my office, detached from the long link of heathy and suited to his profession ?"-" He'll bills behind and opposite, and still more do well enow," answered honest Muc. distinguished by a black covering of klequack"

" he has made an unco stir forest trees, gave its name to Cunning, among the old rats in the barn-Its my ham's mansion. As Elliot plunged into thinking, sir, he would dieve a whole the road which led him into its depths synod of elders."-Elliot stopped him of shade, be mused on the fittest means by issuing his command for the youth's of introducing his purpose to a father introduction, and presently a stranger whose character was too upright to perstood before him, whose dress, though mit a suspicion of unjustitied resentgentlemanly, was soiled, as it seemed, by ment, and too stern to allow easy atonea long journey on foot, and unsuited to ment. His meditations were ended by the singular delicacy of his form and Cunningham's approach on horseback. aspect. “ Your name is Milton ?" said They were little more than strangers to the Sheriff, smiling at his visitor's re each other's persons, but, as is usual in semblance to that soft and blooming remote districts, fully acquainted with beauty which the great bard is said the situation and repute each possessed. to have possessed when a female trou. The Sheriff's heart and countenance badour left her tablets by bis side to were well suited to an intercessor, and express its effect. The youth's eye bad he opened bis mission with the gentlest indeed that tender brightness and trans, caution towards the feelings of an angry parency observed in early portraits of parent and the safety of a son who had Milton in his boybood, shaded by the thrown himself on his protection. Cunsame kind of waving hair, whose richningham of Blackire listened courte. tint was hardly required to embellish ously but unmoved, and answered in by contrast the extreme fairness of his ambiguous bints respecting the punish; cheek. The Sheriff thought that such ment due to felony, and the scandal of must be the eye which, according to insulting a young female voder her. Scotch proverb, may ".split a stone,” guardian's roof.

" Let him work, and addressed his enquiries with more sir!" he suddenly exclaimed, with an blandishment than success. Young Mil- almost purple flush of indignation, ton's tone was coldly reserved, and bis “ wiser laws than our's have deemed answers only amounted to repetitions Jabour a more useful punishment than that he had no friends or bome, and imprisoument or death."-"Blackire," would consider humble aod gratuitous replied the Sheriff gravely, “I have employment as bounty till his abilities beea compelled to study buman nature, bad been mảoifested.

and cannot believe that the miseries Tbe Sheriff had seen something more beaped on a young miod will fertilize in Muckleguack's evasive answers than it as the most disgustful compost enthe mere dryness of privileged bumour; riches the earth. This coarse thought is and having dismissed the petitioner with itself a sample of the fruits wbich such a request to await his determination till cultivation produces. Hard and insultthe next morning, he began a private ing usage in youth removes the soft and close scrutiny, witb bis servant. bloom bolb of virtue and beauty and But the servitor of the law had been too for myself,” he added, biding bis earlong acquainted with demursand detours nest purpose in a facetious air, "I lu yield his secret easily: and Elliot would prefer a foot with a corn or needed all his skill to wring from him chilblain to one made callous by going that Milton was the offending and dis. bare througb stopy patbs. The corn carded son of a neighbouring gentle would shrink from too rough approach, man, whose indexible character was and the chilblain might be cured by well supported by bis ample fortune. gentle warmth, but the bard bare foot He discovered also that no slight error' would probably go through mire aud could have caused the total dismission thorps without feeling:

Blekire made no reply, and turned ready, and the Sheriff's eyes moistened Bis forse into another road, wbile Sbe- as they took their last glance, Milton ^ Elliot directed his homewards, stepped back, and put a small sealed Feriebing the indirect accusations be bad packet into his hand. "It is addressed,”. beard, and endeavouring to guess the said be,“ to the donor of all I now person who had suffered these supposed possess, and I know, though I have trages.

not expressed, how much I owe him, Causingbam was a bachelorlike him. Let him preserve this till my return, tef, and bad no female guest at present, or till he hears of my death."-" Only except an orphan peice uoder pupillage, say that your accuser is mistaken !" and her governess. Common rumour returned the Sheriff eagerly—but Mil; kat idicated that he wished to unite ton shook his head, and leaped into the bis card and his acknowledged son, boat in silence. His youth, his affecte the could have had no temptatiou, ing countenance, and even bis obdutherefore, to any clandestine or in racy, gave him a kind of mysterious jurious act ; and how could theft be bold on bis patron's mind, which replaas bly imputed to the presumptive tained all the legendary romance of the heit of such abundance ! Elliot returned Border Elliots, blended with the lavish embarrassed and undecided to his home, kindness of unoccupied affections. He where his suitor awaited him with a hoarded the packet eplrusted to him calm countenance, which he examined with inviolable reverence to its seals; strictly while he announced the failure and perceiving by its address that Milof bis medialioq: “Bat,” he added, ton recognized his 'benefactor, he four falber sends you this purse thought of him incessantly with that

"-"Would he give me gladdening warmth which the grateful æsther blow !” said Milton Cunning. give to the beneficent. ban, and, as he recoiled from it, his Three years passed away without any, spunien asce darkened ioto a startling communicalion betweep ibe father god" resemblance of his father's. The Sheriff, son, or any apparent change in the forstill influenced in his favour by feelings mer's inflexible resentmeot. Nor was which he chose neither to resist nor there any material alteration in his family defne, forbore any farther comment, aftairs and general conduct, except more. aad detained him under his roof, with ostentatious splendor on some occasione, eut distinctly expressing his opinions and querulous litigation on others. A of desigas. On the sixth day, a cadet's summons had been issued against him Commission arrived from London, fol.' for "count and reckoning" by the , lowed by suitable equipment, appearing tutors and corators of a young heritor to proceed from his father. Young Mil. or, as English lawyers would phrase it,, los received them with a cold and stub for an adjustment of accompls with a bon sullenness, which induced the She minor's guardians. Though the subriff to cbange bis measures. Without' ject of dispute seemed triling at first, preamble, he began by a sudden 'and other claims and unexpected pleas be. direct appeal to his conscience, for the carne entangled with it, till the dissolu. Sme reason that mea attack marble tion of Cuoniogham's large property with iron, and hard metals with a file. seemed inevitable. Many pilied the He named the broad and heavy charge disastrous progress of a litigating spiindicated by his father, and ihe rumours rit, and a few were anxious to prewhich bis silent obstinacy warranted. serve Cunningham's mind from ruinous He intimated, that the noblest and despondency. Neil Elliot stood aloof,, strongest self-command was sbewh by half.resenting the ill-success of his menieering the enquiry, and enduring the diation, and more than half-suspecting censure even of a judge too austere. some deeper cause for his neighbour's Milton answered coldly, but with sin. dejection. He always believed that gular expression, * A lie bas no feet” wounds of the mind, whether given by -and began to prepare for his long grief or guilt, resemble those of the

body, where time makes a callus of Elliot saw him go to the place of an outward burt, but a cancer of a enbarkation without the slightest de- hidden one. Therefore be preferred parture from bis gloomy reserve, or open faults and grievances to any disthe least abatement of that indifference guise, and sought no intimacy with which he had always shown to suspicion å man whore impenetrable character of disgrace. But when the boat was seemed like the spoolb stone laid over

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