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FOR MÁRCH, 1818.
MEMOIR OF PATRICK COLQUHOUN, Esq. L.L.D. LITE P LICE MAGISTRATE OF QUEEN SQUARE OFFICE, AND ACTING MAGISTRATE
FO2 THE COUNTIES OF MIDDLESEX, SURREY, AND KENT, &c. &c. &c. (*178 A PORTRAIT, ENGRATED BY RENRY MEYER, FROM AN ORIGINAL PAINTING
BY SAMUEL DRUÍMOND, ESQ. R.A.] Clerorun Virorum facta moresque posteris tradere antiquitus usitatum. Tacitus To the Editor of the European Magazine. form the best culogy of bis character;
and the rapiil succession of inportant De contemplation of the charac. events, the amazing activity bein of by their actions, have contributed to ployed without diminution of their beresi ihưir fellow-creatures, must ever powers, connected with the asduous forn a useful lesson to mankind. It accomplishment of useful designs for puiats ibe way which others should fol. the public good, must strike the atten. Jos, it beconies the iucentive lo viriu- tion of the reader with adiniration and cas exertion, and tells the rising gene- surprise. The trophicd laurels gained ration the best mode of employing ibose in the tented field by the slaughterers of talents with which they may be fortu• maukind, excited either by the blind poLately gifted. I have somewhere read, licy of states or the inordinate ambition lbst the way most pleasing to God is of individuals, Urat which is useful to man; and if this observation is at all applicable to any
From Macedonia's madman to the Swede, individual, it is emioedily so to the one, glaringly attract the attention of the a brief sketch of whose active and la. world; while he, who in the peaceful borious life I send for insertion in your tenour of his way contributes to the valaable Magazine. If great energy essential comfort and prosperity of and integrity of ebaracter, steadiness of mankind, comparatively passes almost purpose, virtuous perseverance in well- silently to the grave; the thinking part doing waappalled by difficulties of po
of society, bowerer, and the reflectius ordinary magnitude, clearbess of intel; philosophier in his retirement, fully anlert, great comprehensiveness of mind preciate the characters: what is more, with enlarged and becevolent views of the lasting beneficial effects of the wellell objects within its grasp, have at any concerted and wisely.execu!cd plans of Liebe acquired and fixed ihe respect and the benevolent and political economist applause of mankind; such respect and for the happiness of his fellow.creatures applause have been cninently acquired will be ;ralefully bailed by millions yet by that distinguished Individual, a re. unborn, and will give a listing menincital of the priacipal actions of wh:Rerial to his actions; avd thus he lives meritorious life, nox nearly octogena beyond the grave, while the name of Tian, it is ing grateful task, from the the other will only survive possession of some authentic documents, stond you. The perusül of them will To point a moral or adoro a tale,
one of the
But, Sir, the short space which is law. With the advantages of this sonecessarily allotted for biographical ciety, and of a tolerable library, he finish. history in a periodical work, does not ed his own education, amidst the wilds of admit of that detail of observations trans-atlantic woods, a circumstance which the numerous incidents of a long, remarkable and extraordinary, consiactive, and useful life imperatively re- dering bis great attainments, and which quire.
marks at once the fertile resources of Patrick Colquhoun, Esq. the subject his genius. After a residence of of the following biographical sketch, nearly five years, bis health being was born in the royal borough of Dum- greatly impaired, he returned to his barton, in North Britaio, on the 14tb native country in 1766, and in the day of March, in the year 1745, old following year took up his abode perstile: be bas therefore now attained the manently in the city of Glasgow, and 74th year of his age. He is descended, soon after formed connections of the both by the father and mother (both very first respectability with gentlemen bearing the same name), from the an- of talents and fortune. In 1775 Mr Coltient family of Colquhoun, which has quhoun married a lady of bis own name, intermarried with several of the first the daughter of James Colquhoun, Esq. nobility in Scotland, and whicb, at dif- Chief Magistrate of Dumbarton, by ferent periods, bas filled high official whom he has had seven children, four of situations in the state. His relation, Sir whom, a son and three daughters, have Robert Colquhoun, Bart. of Nova Sco- survived. In February 1810, he had the tia, who represents the family as beir misfortune to lose his wife, a lady of male, now commands a regiment in the the most amiable domestic virtues. la East Indies. The family estate of Luss the year 1776, during the American is in the possession of Sir James Col. war, Mr. Colquboud was quhoun, the heir female, whose grand- fourteen principal contributors to a father assumed the name of Colquhoun. fund for raising a regiment for his Ma. Mr. Colquhoun's father died at the early jesty's service from the population of age of 44, holding at the time the the city of Glasgow, which afterwards office of local Judge and Register of the greatly distinguished itself. In 1779 be Records of the county of Dumbarton, first transacted business in London with he was a class-fellow of the late Dr. Lord North, then Prime Minister. BeSmollet, and his son, the subject of the ing delegated on public business, he present sketch, was educated at the again visited London in 1780, wben he same seminary.
succeeded in carrying a Bill through Par. Before Mr. Colquhoun had attained liament, of the greatest importance at his sixteenth year, (so early did his ar. that period to the trade of the country; dent mind look to independent pursuits) and in the same year he was chosen a he embarked for the colony of Virgi- Member of the Council of the city of nia, for the purpose of following com. Glasgow, and also a local Magistrate. mercial views. His residence there was He originated a scheme in 1781 for in the Peninsula called the eastern shore, building a coffee house, and improving comprising two counties separated by the Exchange of Glasgow, which terthe Chesapeake Bay, at a distance of minated in that splendid building at. seventy miles from the chief territory tached to the Exchange, and which has and population of the province. At the since proved the greatest ornament aud age of 18 years he crossed the Bay convenience to the city, being the adtwice annually, to be present at the miration of all strangers. In the month general courts at the seat of govern. of July of the same year, being then a ment, at which all the principal inha- ciiy Magistrate, he was chosen a Coinbitants were collected, for the purpose missioner to represent the city in the of attending law-suits, and of transact- convention of royal boroughs of Scoting commercial affairs. Such at this land, then assembled at Edinburgh. In early period of his life was the condi- January 1782 he was unanimouslyelected dence placed in his abilities and pru. Chief Magistrate for the city of Glasdence, that, during these aquatic jour- gow, and such was the universal esteem neys, he was employed also by others to in which he was justly held, that, coo. transact' business of considerable im- trary to general usage, he was contipoed portance. During his residence in Ame. in office three successive years; and has rica, Mr. Colquhoun associated chiefly been for many years the highly respected with gentlemen of the professioa of the and venerable father of that city. In the
sampe year in which he was so
houour- vernment, which ultimately proved ably chosen Chief Magistrate of Glas- successful, the Convention of Royal gor, be was appointed Commissioner Boroughs transmitted to him a vote of by the convention of royai boroughs of thanks, accompanied by a handsome Scotland to proceed to London, to ob- piece of plate, as a mark of the high taic an Act of Parliament to place the sense they entertained of the services British lioen manufactory ou the same rendered to the manufactures of the footing as that of Ireland.
country. This being the year, also, in Glasgow having greatly extended, and which Mr. Colquhoun, while in London, baring become a manufacturing as ohtained a royal charter for erecting the well as a commercial city, and legisla- Chamber of Commerce into a corporatire facilities being required in conse- tion, that respectable body voted' bim qoeace of changes which were taking their thanks, accompanied by a valuable place, and as there existed then no com- piece of plate. This was, likewise, the bined body of men interested in the year when Mr. Colquhoun was, on the diversified branches of trade, calculated 30th of September, unanimously chosen, to collect information, or to give force, for the third time, Lord Provost of GlasCaergy, or system, to any public mea. gow; he was, at the same time, apsure necessary for partial or general pointed a magistrate for the county of benefit, Mr. Colquhoun turned his Lapark, and a delegate from the Counthoughts to the means of remedying cil of Glasgow, for the election of a this inconvenience, and devised a cham- momber of Parliament. ber of commerce and manufactures, for lo October, 1784, Mr. Colquhoun which he afterwards obtained a royal ceased to all the office of Chief Magischarter, erecting the same into a cor- trate of Glasgow, but continued to exeporation. This institution has since cute the duties of a County Justice of proved of essential service to the trade the peace, and to attend sedulously to and mabufactures of the city. In this all other objects respecting the trade Fear, likewise, he was elected president' and manufactures of the city, and to of the Committee of Management of other public objects connected with the the forth and Clyde Canal; to the affairs prosperity of the country. of which he paid much attention, for In 1785, we find Mr. Colquhoun's nearly ten years, as a great national attention almost unceasingly devoted to object. In the year 1783, we find this the means of relieving the distresses of indefatigable magistrate chosen chair. the mannfacturers in different branches, man of the Chamber of Commerce and particularly those engaged in fabricating Manufactures, now consisting of about cotton, in printing calicoes, tobacco 300 members, 217 of whom attended manufactures, and other trades. And, the election-so that, in this year, Mr. in March of this year, he proceeded to Colquboan had his comprehensive mind London, delegated by all the manufac. employed in attending to the functions turers of Scotland, to meet those of of the following important situations, England, to concert measures to avert besides being necessarily occupied by the calamities which were likely to be an attention to private concerus :- caused by the adoption of the Irish 1. Lord Provost of Glasgow.
propositions, and to obtain legislative 2. Chairman of the Chamber of Com- relief for the languisbing condition of merce and Maoufactures.
the cotton manufactures. In March he .. Chairman of the Tontine Society. was sedulously and constanlly engaged,
4. Chairman of the Committee of in conjunction with the delegates of the management of the Great Canal. manufacturers from different parts of
lo the spring of this year Mr. Colqu- Eugland, in representations and in negoboun proceeded to Máuchester to col. ciations with the Minister, and in conleet information relative to the then ex- ference wiib Members of Parliainent tent of the rising manufactures, prepa- representing the different districts from Talory to a pegociation with the minis. whence the delegates were sent. After ter, and for obtaining the assistance of encountering, and ultimately overcomthe manufacturers in England, in pro. ing numerous difficullies, Mr. Colqucuring a drawback on the bleaching hour, after a residence of three monihy materials. After a most tedious and in London, finished the object of his laborious negociation with Lord John mission, the result of which was, that Cavendish, Chancellor of the Exche. by a new modification of the Irish proquer, and with other members of go- positions, many points were concčded
to the British manufacturers. The ma- 5. Ao Important Question relanufacturers of printed goods were thus tive to the present Competition beexempted from an additional duty wbich tween the Calico and Muslin Mawas contemplated, and an act was ob- nufacturers of Great Britain, and tained, which was considered as the same Species of Goods imported tremely beneficial; and further, the from India
..1788 cotton and muslin manufacturers. ob. 6. An Importaut Crisis in the tained a repeal of the duties which Calico and Muslio Manufactures of pressed hard upon them. These ad- Great Britain explained ....1784 vantages, obtained after the nost un- 7. Observations on the Relative wearied exertions, laid the foundation Resources of the East India Comfor that burst of prosperity which the pany fur Productive Remittances, cotton manufacturers afterwards expe- and on the National Loss occarienced, and made a deep iinpression on sioned by the Importation of the the ininds of all the parties concerned, same Species of Cotton Goods who expressed their gratitude by the which can be manufactured in presentation of four valuable pieces of Great Britain
...1784 plate, with appropriate inscriptions and 8. Observations on the Means of devices, from four different public bo- extending thc Consumption of Bridies. At the same time, on Mr. Col- tish Calicoes, Muslins, and other quhoun's return to Glasgow, the Cor- Cotton Goods, and of affording poration of Weavers unanimously re- Pecuniary Aid to the Manufactursolved
ers under Circumstances of the “ To bestow, the freedom of their highest Advantage to the Trade ..1788 corporativu on Patrick Colquhoun, Esq. 9. Queries ou the Present Dis. late Lord Provost of the city, in testi- tressed Situation of the Cotton mony of their approbation of his public Manufactures of Great Britain, conduct; pariicularly of his seasonable and on the Means of Relief......1788 and spiritd exertions in warding off, 10. A Representalion of Facts refrom the muslin manufactures of this lative to the Rise and Progress of country, an oppressive and rainous tax, the Colton Maoufactures in Great equally pernicious to the landed inter: Britain, with Observations on the ests, the manufacturers, and the great Means of Extending and Improv. collective body of the people; humbly ing this valuable branch of Trade..1789 requesting that Mr. Colquhoun will 11. A Representation of the Facts bonour them by his acceptance of this relative to the Sufferings and Losses public demonstration of their esteem of the Merchants residing in Great and gratitude, and permit them to add Britain who carried on Trade to the his name to the roll of the corporation. United States of America..... 1759 "Signed, at Glasgow, the
During the interval from 1783 10 1785, 16th of July, 1785, in
Mr. Colquhoun devoted most of his time the name, und by the
to public business, aod to the means of appointment of the Cor.
extending and improving the trades and poration,
manufactures of bis counlry, and in de-, “ John Paul, Deacon." vising means to remove the dificultics' Notwithstanding the multiplicity of which were opposed to their extension, all these important and urgent avoca- which now became an important desitions, Mr. Colquhoun, froni 1783, polo deratum, in consequence of the rapid lished the following works, in further. increase of the colton mills, not only in ance of the various national objects com- England, but also in Scotland. In conmitted to his management:
sequence of this state of thiugs, a gene| Observations out the present ral meeting of the manufaclurers was Stale of the Linen and Cotton Ma- called, and Mr. Colquhoun was strong.. Dufactures
Printed 1783 ly solicited once more to advocate their 2. Case i elative to :he Proposed cause in London. He accordingly proSystem of luterchange of British ceeded to Manchester on bis way to the Manufactures with ireland ..1785 metropolis, for the purpose of collecto
3. Case of the Collon and Linen ing accurate information as to the then, Priuiers of Great Britain.... .1785 situation and actual extent of the nills,
4. Case of the British Merchants and of the state of the cotton manufac. who traded to America previous to tures in Cugland. Alter passing two the late War
-1787 days thcre, and after baving oblained.