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ear; they seem to defy all delicate ma. knowledge and that practice which is nagement; and they always ftare from necessary for the acquisition of excelthe fine mellow suunds of the natural lence on any musical inftrument. One voice, like the strokes of a modern observation, however, I will make, be. dauber, on an old embrowned portrait cause it holds universally trve, and is of Titian or Vandyke. By dint of tou generally neglected.- Every note affiduous practice, the lower of these fhould be distinctly given. Even in artificial notes may be fo lubdued and the most rapid and difficult divisions, allumilated, as occasionally to come where what is emphatically called Exo in aid of the natural voice; but I never ecution, is moit brilliantly displayed, knew an instance in which they would not a particle should be surred over : bear an obligato part with complete everything, even to the minuteft apsuccess. Braham himself, wlio ma poggiatura, should be touched.-1 do nages his voice on all occasions with not inean to lay with force and terte. infinite felicity, fails here, I think.- ness (that must depend on the occasion), The higheit, the clearelt, the most but, on all occations, with a decision powerful, and altogether the molt ex. that may itrike the ear. It is only by traordinary natural voice I ever heard, a strict attention to this particular, that is that of a Mr. Sinith, who is now, I we can hope to emulate that precision learn, under the tuition of the Ath- and spirit which charms us in the first leys: If he fucceed in giving it the professional performers.- For emifinish of modulation, he will become nence in Execution, we cannot look a very great acquisition to the musical. to higher itandards, than Mrs. Bil. world.--Neither the tone nor the com- lington, Mr. Braham, and Signior Mopass of the voice, is much under the relli: they are perfect models, in their power of practice : the tones may be a respective departments, of this sort of little improved; the compass a little excellence. extended; but nature muit have done III. Taste is displayed in whats nearly all.

ever is introduced to delight the ear, II. In the Voice, Nature does near: beyond what the composer has prescribed; ly every thing; EXECUTION depends either by fome inflection of the notes entirely on ourselves.-Execution, lo as tbey itand in the Icore, or by the ad. far as it respects a single note, confifts in dition of others in the form of gracings. holding that note steadily and firmly, The subject is obviously too delicate with different degrees of strength, in for preceptive criticism: nothing but the same even tone; in swelling it, an original fenfibility, cultivated by an gradually and equably, from the gen attention to the best models, can postlest aspiration to the utmolt plenitude. fibly enable us to excel, or to judge of volume; and lastly, in diminishing of excellence, in this department of the that volume, by the fame imperceptible art. There is an error or two, howgradations, till it dies away upon the ever, on the subject, which it may be ear like the vibrations oi a bell. Sim- proper to notice. In the first place, ple as these operations may appear, the insertions of Taste should intithey are by no means eaty: the lait, mately partake of the genius and chaindeed, is so difficult, that very few, racter of the air which they are emeven of the first performers, are per. ployed to decorate. A very different fect maiters of it. Farinelli, who was fpecies of embellithment is required great in every thing, is faid to have for "Hope told a flattering tale," and been tran'cendantly so in this par- « The Soldier tired of war's alarms :". ticular. The elements of execution, the gracings of the former, ihould paras it relpects a succeffion of notes, confiit, take of the pensive and the tender; the in pailing firmly, and without any adornings of the latter, of the animated perceptible interval of time, or change and the grand. Nothing, however, is in either tone, froin one note to an- more common, than to find the same other; or, in meling the two notes round of Aourithes promiscuously apinsensibly one into the other by a plied on 3)| occasions. In the next blended gradation of intermediate place, these insertions, except in ad tones.-These requisites in the ma- libitum movements, thould never innagement of iingie notes and their con- terfere with the time. If the performer ne&tion attained, nothing remains to have not skill and execution enough to perfectionate Execution, but that reconcile his gracings with this inflex

ible 4


ible Standard, by all means let the Mr. Kelly, Mr. Bartleman, and Magracings be dismissed. Lastly, even dame Mara. under both these restrictions, the in- Such appear to me the four grand resertions of Taste should not be too quisites for eminence in singing. They oftentatioully obtruded; the performer, are evidently subfervient to each other after all, is subservient to the com- in the order in which I have placed poser; and his efforts are miserably them : without Voice, there can be no misapplied, if they serve to obstruct Execution ; without both, there can be that imprefsion which they should only little display of Talte ; and without tend to affift. I cannot point out two the union of all three, Expresion mult more exquisite examples of judicious remain imperfect. They naturally, and tasteful decoration than Mr. Har. too, succeed to our regard, and rise in rison and Mr. Braham.

real value, in the same order : first

set out with admiring fimply a good IV. We are now arrived at Ex. Voice; we next begin to feel the fuPRESSION. 'Tones, almost as melodi- perior merit of Execution ; Tatte in ous as the voice, may be produced from the management of both, at length atthe organ, the flute, and the oboe; taches our eftecm; till at last we justly Execution, in some respects, nearly give our rapture to the superior transas perfect, and in some, ftill more bril- cendant virtue of Expression. These liant, may be displayed on these and qualities may indeed obtain in different various other instruments, and some- proportions, and in different comthing like an emulation of its graceful binations, in different performers ; decorations, may, in hands of exquitite they may even prevail in the very op skill, be extracted by the bow; but, potite arrangement to that I have on the fubject of exprellion, all compe- adopted; bur it is only in the complete tition from instrumental music fades union of all four, separately sublimed away, and the human voice stands un- to excellence, that perfection can conparalleled and alone. Without enter- fift. Imagine a Voice of prodigious ing upon a disquisition on the faculty compass, and clear, and full, and powof sounds to itir the affections, the erful throughout all its extent: conpeculiar aptitude of the voice for this ceive this incomparable voice compurpose may be considered as arising manded by an Execution the most cor.' from its wonderful and exquisite flex- rect, the most oblequious, the most ibility ; from its exclutive property of brilliant : aflume, as a preliding princonveying the sense with the tone ciple to guide these talents, a Taste, in which it is invested; and from its pure and exquisite in its nature, and proceeding directly from the person of appropriate, varied, and chalte in its

the performer: by its flexibility, it is application ;, laitly, feign all these qua. • susceptible of fuch turns and touches, lities uniced in a vocal Garrick, full of

true to nature and to feeling, as no feeling, full of discrimination, and instrument can reach; by combining anxious, as able, to employ them all in the sense with the found, it preoares the great service of Expressionand the passion which it designs to excite, we thall potless in our minds a Itandard and is left the easy task of inflaming of perfection as exalted as human ability the emotions which eloquence has can reach. Were I required to allign, kindled; by proceeding directly from from performers whom we have known, the mouth of the performer, it is ca- ingredients of excellence which might pable of uniting to both these capital approximate the nearest to this imagi-' advantages, the effect and interest of nary standard, I wouid select for this dramatic representation. The only purpose, with little scruple, the Voice mode of attaining to Expreslion, in of Marchefi, the Execution of Billingthis enlarged, and indeed in any fense, ton, the Taite of Brabam, and the Exis to kindle in our own breasts, the prefsion of Mara. pallion we lign to inspire: this ac- I fall here, for the present, close complithed, nature will do the ret; my oblervations on the art of Singing. without it art can do nothing. The shouid they prove acceptable, 1 may only test of its existence, is an appeal perhaps hereafter follow them up with to the same quarter.–For high ex. lome'more detached remarks; and amples of this great excellence, I with a fcale, on the principle of that of have no hesitation in pointing to Gray's for painters, to express the par


ticular and relative proficiency of some distributed their talents. In the mean of our principal performers in each of time, I remain, &c. &c. the four divisions into which I have

G. N.



Swansea, Oa. 17, Sunday ascended; but in a minute was checkMR. EDITOR, Evening ed by the fame rope, which took a I

ARRIVED in Swansea about eight dozen turns round about the eye of a

o'clock on the morning of the zitt key through which it was pasled, as of August, with my wife and child, a substitute for a block which had whom I brought from Devon with me been previoully removed before the to this place in the packet. My aëro- machine was filled, on account of the Static machinery being under the care pulley not working free. The wind of a trulty servant, who was behind on being high, brought the longest part the road, I waited in Swansea near a' of the Montgolfier parallel with the fortnight before I received any intelli- horizon, which immediately took fire, gence. Having taken up my residence, and was in a few minutes consumed ; the second day after our arrival, at here was a failure that I felt severely; Mr. Griffith's, the linen draper, in this and the more fo as there were about town, during this vacation, as I had a thousand people assembled on the plenty of leisure time upon my hands, outside of the Ball Court of the George 1 put together' a large Montgolfier, Inn, which was the place fixed upon made of tissue paper, which measured for my aërostatic experiments; howtwenty feet by eighteen in diameter, ever, chagrined as I was, this did not likewise a parachute, which was in deter me from making (of the best matended to be attached to the balloon, terials I could get in this place, which with a small car, containing a car and was common printing paper, much dog, likewise a pasteboard box filled too heavy) two other Montgolfiers, with combustibles, and a flow match, one about twelve feet high and fifteen which was to fire the balloun, and burn diameter, and the other seven feet away the cord which suspended the high, and the fame diameter, exactly parachute and the two little animals. the fame shape as Mr. Garnerin's cyWe bad every thing ready by the even.. lindrical balloon, the top being spleing of the intended day, which proved rical. The first of thele I sent up exceedingly windy ; so much as to ren- after discharging two dozen of good der the filling of the Montgolfier ex; maroons, and a few light balls: it tremely difficult, but which I accom- ascended very heavily to the height plithed by the alliltance of some Gen- of about 4006 feet, and remained in tlemen of the town.

the air till the fire went completely Just as I brought the fire balloon upon out, when it fell in the yard of a houle the stage, a Gentleman stept up to me about 200 yards from the place where and said, “ Mr. Barrett, send up the it ascended, and was brought me back balloon to night, and you may get again very much torn. About one two or three hundred pounds in the hour afterwards, I sent up the other, town; all your success depends upon which was still heavier than the co-night! if you succeed you will do former'; however, that ascended about well here," &c. I had the mortifica

2,000 feet, and fell nearly in the same tion to perceive a large hole juit fpot as the first, after being in the below the middle part of the Mont- air about eight minutes. I let off a golfier; however, as it was of sufficient few more maroons, and left the court magnitude to contain enough of gas for that night. A few days after this, in the upper part to carry up its own my large balloon, car, net, twenty weight, and we found that it made tin tubes, and the rest of the apparatus conliderable efforts to ascend, I de. arrived life in this port, and no other fired the man who held the lower end damage done except to the pipes, of the rope which suspended the bal which were nearly shook to pieces, and loon, to “ cut away;" the machine unfit for use till repaired. I found * See page 156.


that the town seemed rather diffatis. into the air, I determined at all events fied; but I began to think that as the to push my point to the utmost: aclight of a proper aëroftatic machine, cordingly, I published hand-bills, and with its apparatus, must be an entire folicited a subicription to the amount novelty to some hundreds of the in- of 70). This would have been ineffect. babitants, I concluded that to attempt ual, had it not been for the kind inan ascent would be still more fatis. terference of Mr. Russell, and another factory, and, in some measure, make Gentleman, as there were three doubte amends for the disappointment occa- ful points existing in the minds of the fioned by the non-ascent of the first people, viz. sit, As to my being able Montgolfier. It was very windy wea- to fill the balloon. 2dly, As to the ther, and there was no covered build- poflibility of getting subscribers suffiing, or any other convenient place, cient to pay the expences. 3itly, If the to blow it up with common air, but balloon was filled, whether I would the Ball.court, which was high enough, ascend. However, the vitriol was at but exposed to the atmosphere. my requeit obtained by a Chymist of

In this place I began to have it in - the town from Bristol and Neath, and Alated in the morning; and after Wednesday the 6th inst. was the day half a day's puffing and blowing with fixed. There were about sco people a small pair of forge bellows, which assembled; I had been at work' three had twenty holes in it, we got it about days before in getting the calks, 7-tenths full; the day's exhibition contiiting of barrels, hogtheads, and yielded twenty-two shillings; at dark puncheons, which were obtained with we pressed out the common air, and inuch difficulty and solicitation. About removed it to my apartments.-A eight o'clock on Wednesday morning day or two after, 'I began to fill it I began to fill the balloon; but, owing again with common air ; but the wind to 'a misunderstanding, which occabeing very high, we again pressed out fioned delays, the gas condensed while what air had been blown into it, and I was waiting for vitriol; at length I removed it to our lodgings; the was neceffitated to itop the process

amount of this day's receipts was of filling for want of vitriol, after • four thillings, out of which I had to uling eight bottles, or carpoys, and

pay for workmen's labour, use of the was upon the point of haranguing the Court, &c. about four pounds twelve audience, when part of the Itage broke Thillings and two-pence halfpenny, down, and several persons thereon and I had about eleven shillings left fell, together with myself: I was no to pay it with. As I had met with 10 further hurt than talling on my thumb, little encouragement either to go on which pained me for a few hours; a with any more Montgolfiers, or to boy fractured the bone of his leg by attempt to raise the Aëroitat, I began the fall, which, as it was occafioned to think myself placed in a very whim. in some measure by the balloon as the Gical predicament, not to say unfortu. primary cause, I acknowledge mynate; and, upon retrospection, my past felf willing to pay for the setting of expences, labour, fatigue, and anxiety his leg out of the subscription money of mind, as well as ill success, and the collected. Thus ended that day's daily flagellation of the Gentlemen of business, which was very incorrectly, the Type ., put me almost to my wits not to say maliciously or ill-naturedly, end, to find out in what kind of mode stated in the Papers. This day's buI could propose to fill my balloon with fineis yielded me nothing except gas sufficient to carry me up into the chagrin ; however, I contoled myself atmosphere ! indeed it struck me once as well as I could with the old adage, or twice, whether it would not be “that a bad beginning often makes a mure profitable to cut up my balloon good ending;" and that there is "a and set up a manufactory of bathing time for every thing under the fun;" caps, umbrellas, and liat.covers, of and though that tinie was yet to conie, which I could soon have produced it might not be long before I should a plentiful stock; but again reflecting be able to rise above the clouds of ad. that my favourite object was not yet verlity, and hold my head as high as accomplihed. viz. making an ascent any other Aëronaut, either French or

* Newspaper squibs were daily let off at the non.ascending disposition of Mr. Bare rett's cbftinate balloon.


English. While I amused myself with where no meat was to be had. I rethese speculations, I was all on a fud. turned to the field; but in that space den cheered with the animating hope of time (about fifteen minutes) could of accomplishing my wishes, and de- not perceive much alteration in the fize priving of their venom those wasps of the balloon. I gave directions for who had ftung me so often in the pub. the car to be flung. As our vitriol lic prints. By the kind aslistance of was all out, and the tubes flaccid, a

the two Genilemen before named, a little before three I got into the car formidable subscription was set on with fifty pounds of ballaft, a hottle of foot; the expence of a fresh supply brandy, soine mutton and bread, flags, of vitriol was guaranteed; and on my &c. all of which I threw out before the fide, to prove to those Gentlemen that balloon began to ascend, except the I wished to render mylelf worthy bottle ; and that went soon after to of their confidence and eiteem, I made enable me to clear a hedge which the no hesitation to say, that I would balloon got foul of. The populace fake my balloon and apparatus that then came up, and bore me and the I would fill it and alcend; which was balloon upon their shoulders to the approved of, and articles of agreement extremity of the field, when I found figned and sealed. Accordingly, latt myfelf rifing gradually, and for the Friday was the day fixed; and, after filt time in my life abandor:-d to a getting the stage repaired, and all other new element. However, the pleasure materials ready the day before, we I enjoyed in the prospect of the town commenced the process of filling. I for- and its environs, as well as rifing got to mention to you, that I had been amidit the acciamations and applaule occupied four or five days in re- of near 10,000 people, was very short varnishing my balloon with elastic gum lived ; for at the moment I was whirdvarnish, which I prepared just before ing round my cap to take leave of the I left London, to render all secure, multitude below me, to my very great and prevent as much as possible a mortification and disappointment, I second disappointment. This job was found the balloon descending, which it done in the open fields alternately, . continued to do until it lighted gently as the weather permitted -pardon this about four fields distance, after which digression. We commenced filling it alternately ascended and defcended precisely at a quarter before ten for the space of a quarter of an hour, o'clock; and by half past twelve carrying me over fields, trees, and the balloon was sufliciently inflated herges, and sometimes skimming a barely to carry up my own weight. few feet above the surface of the earth. About this time, a calk, which had Finding all my endeavours to re-afcend 'been just charged with vitriol and ineffectual, I got out of my cradle ; water, burst and let out the materials: and, after opening the valve, the bal. this occafioned some delay; beside loon, which was now lightened by which a smart breeze, which sprung 3301b. ascended with great velocity, up from the north-east, occafioned a till it appeared not larger than an rent in the lower part of the balloon, acorn, taking its course directly over owing to the great ttrain of part of the sea, where it remained ftationary ; the net across the filk of the machine, but soon after met with a different to keep it steady: we loft a great deal current of wind, which brought it of gas; but foon repaired this trifling within fix miles of the place it first accident. From the difficulty of ob- afcended from, where it fell gently in taining a sufficient number of calks, the middle of a field, after being up we were obliged to empty and again three liours, and all the while in light. charge the small casks, while our large 'The balloon was seized by the coun. refrigatory, consisting of eleven tubes try people ; and cut through the midand larger casks, were at work. About dle, to let me out, as they alleged, half past one, I went to my lodgings to

my lodgings to whom they supposed nearly or quite get some roast mutton, part of which dead. Ť secured and put up in my pocket

FRAN. BARRETT. handkerchief, in case of descending

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