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therefore, he hegan the chemical ope. expanse of sky, and with the earth, now rations necessary for the production of fait lessening to the view, and soon to the inflammable gas. The balloon be seen no more. The temperature filled rapidly, though considerably agi- of the atmosphere now began to change tated by the wind.
very sensibly, and to be fifteen degrees From one o'clock to half past four, colder than when they began to ascend. the wind continued to increase, and, It was extremely cold. The balloon at length, blew so violently, that had continued rapidly to ascend, was soon he made any previous experiment in above the clouds, and the earth was this country, he should have yielded to visible no more. When the travellers the earnest solicitations of the brilliant were above the clouds, the climate beand numerous company with which he came sensibly milder : the inflammable was honoured, and souid have de. air began to dilate, and M. Garnerin ferred his afcent to a period less tem- gave it all posible means of vent pro. petuous.
per for their safety. M. Garnerin, however, though he They now dined with good appe. determined not to disappoint the pub tites, and very comfortably above the lic expectation himself, felt it to be his clouds, at an elevation of upwards of duty to press Captain Sowden not, for 10,000 feet above the earth. During the sake of curiosity, to expose himself the desert, M. Garnerin told Captain to the perils attendant upon such a Sowden, that the pleasantest part of journey in such weather. The Captain, their journey was palled, and that they however, refifted all these solicitations, mutt now prepare for a very disagreeand resolved to accompany him. From able descent, on account of the contio a quarter past four to five some showers nued violence of the wind. of rain feil, which only allayed the About half an hour had elapsed since fury of the wind for a short time, for their ascent. M. Garnerin now opened after they had ceased it blew with more the soudape (the sucker), and the balloon violence than ever.
descended through black and cold At five o'clock Messrs. Garnerin and clouds ; ihey then descried land again, Sowden took their seats, the cords were and also the sea, towards which their cut, and the balloon ascended. Each course was carrying them *. held a flag of the nation to which he As soon as they had approached sufbelonged, which he waved to the com- ficiently near the earth, they threw out pany present. The balloon first made their anchor and cable. When the the tour of the place where the specta- balloon firit touched the ground, it tors flood, and after being greeted with rebounded with considerable violence; the loud plaudits and good wishes of this rebound was followed by about every person, ascended majestically and twenty more, more violent than the rapidly into the regions of the air. first. The gults of wind dragged them The wind blew from the S. W. The over fields and hedges, which tore their balloon, therefore, proceeded over St. hands and clothes: theiranchor touched James's Park, the Thames, and Welt- the ground several times, but dragged; minfter and Blackfriar's Bridges. and it was not till ronie minutes had
M. Garnerin then found that the elapsed that it took steady hold in a balloon began to descend ; he threw thicket near a house. Here they conout some ballast, and it rose immedi- ceived themselves to be released from ately with great rapidity, and carried all peril ; but the inhabitants of the the travellers over the Cathedral of St. house, alarmed at the balloon, would Paul's.
not aslift them ; nay, actually offered During all this time the whole me- to fire on the adventurous travellers. tropolis was distinctly seen by the In the mean time the cable of the aëronauts, whose balloon was equally anchor broke, and they were dragged viable to the inhabitants of the me. through trees and branches, the balloon tropolis. When it was over St. Paul's, being agitated to an extreme degree, M. Garnerin asked Captain Sowden and rebounding very violently. At how he felt himself? The Captain re. length they were driven against a tree, plied, that he was perfectly enchanted and Captain Sowden received a severe with his situation, and with the superb blow on the back part of his head.
• It is even Atated that they crossed ap arm of the sea ; but we cannot perceive bow this could have happened.
The balloon was now torn in the lower I then proposed to M. Garnerin to part, the cords broke, the boat broke; overhawl our lockers, where we found the travellers had hold of a tree, from a lam, a cold fowl, a cake, and two which they were torn by the violence bottles of orgeat, wines or spirits being of the wind. At last, á bound which dangerous to take, owing to the rarefithe balloon made enabled them to jump cation of the air. The chill of the out. The balloon, abandoned to itsell, clouds having given us an appetite, and much torn, fell about two hundred we made a table on our knees with the paces further.
seats of the car, and ate a very hearty The place where M. Garnerin and meal. The clouds then dispersed from Çaptain Sowden landed was on a com- under us, and we had a delightful view mon, four miles beyond Colchester, of the country. Whether it is owing to and fixty miles from Ranelagh. The the rarefication of the air, or to the time that elapsed from their departure strong light thrown on the earth, I to their landing on the common was cannot determine, but I found that my three quarters of an hour.
sight, which at all times is rather weak, M. Garnerin's hands are much torn, became so strong, that I could easily and his legs and thighis considerably distinguish the minuteft objects on the bruised. Captain Sowden is much more earth : it appeared like a vait panorama hurt. He has received a severe blow on or map, of about fifty miles in circumthe back part of his head, and is much ference, where we could not only fole bruised and torn in other parts of his low with our eyes the different crossbody by the bushes and trees against roads and intersections on it, but even which they were driven.
distinguish the ruts on them, and the M. Garnerin pays the highest tri- very furrows in the field. The sense of bute to the courage and coolness of his hearing was stronger here than on companion, who, after the balloon first earth ; for, at the height of 15,000 rebounded, could several tinies have feet, we could distinctly hear the ratjumped out of it with great ease and tling of the carriages on the roads, safety, but he persisted in sharing the the lowing of cattle, and the acclamafate of his companion, till they were tions of the people who saw us; though, both enabled to land in safety. at the same time, we could hardly hear
ourselves speak; and I am persuaded, CAPTAIN SOWDEN'S ACCOUNT. that a person on the earth, with a MR. EDITOR,
strong voice and a speaking trumpet, As numberleis questions have been might make himself perfectly under put to me, respecting the sensations I stood by any person at that height in experienced while in the upper regions, the air. I have observed, that almost I think it a duty incumbent on me to every sensation I experienced while in inform the Public, and to set them the upper regions was exactly the conright as to the erroneous ideas they trary to what is the general opinion of have of an aërostatic voyage. On our the Public. I was assured by a number first ascending, we felt a few drops of of the most celebrated literati, who rain. After we had gained the height pretended to be very learned on that of about 3000 feet, I desired M. Gar. subject, that I should find the cold nerin not to ascend any higher till he increase the higher I ascended; instead had passed the metropolis, that the in- of which, I found the heat increase to habitants might be gratified with a fair that degree, that I was obliged to take view of us. When we had got at a both my great coat and jacket off. It small distance from London, we ascend- is also the general opinion, that looked through some very thick clouds, of ing down from fo itupendous a height which I could perceive three distinct renders a person so giddy as not to be r'ows, at the lower one of which we able to keep his seat ; on the contrary, found the quickfilver of the thermome- I found that I could look down with a ter at 15 deg. and I was obliged to put vast deal of pleasure, and without exon my great coat ; but on ascending periencing that inconvenience ; whereftill higher, we found the air more as looking round on the vast expanse temperate, and the quicksilver rise gra- that surrounded us rendered my eyes. dually to five deg. above summer heat. lo dim, that I was sometiines a few We then seemed to be stationary, and minutes before I could perfectly reco, felt no more motion than one would ver my light. I experienced no difti. keel in fitting in a chair in a room. culty of breathing, or inconvenience
from the motion of the balloon ; for felves safe, being close to a farm-house, though we moved with immense velo- from which several persons came out city, we felt not the least wind or pres. to see us ; but though we threw out fure of air, it being so perfectly calm, ropes to them, and called for help, that the flags in our hands, and those they were so confternated that neither with which the balloon was decorated, threats nor entreaties could prevail on hung supine, nor did they stir. I ob them to come to our assistance ; for, as served, that between every row of I afterwards heard, they took us to be clouds, not only the atmosphere, but two forcerers, it being rather an unthe wind varied several degrees ; for, usual thing to see two men coming on our passing through the first cloud down poit lafte from the clouds. We after leaving London, the wind, which were for about three minutes in that had before been nearly S. W. changed situation, till another gust of wind to S. S. E. by which means we found broke our cable, and we alcended again ourselves over St. Alban's, in Hertford, nearly 600 feet. In the bustle of preshire. On ascending still higher, the paring the ropes for the farmers, M. wind became nearly w. which drove Garnerin had let the rope belonging us over Epping Forest, which I diitin. to the valve flip out of his hand, by guished very plainly ; it appeared like which means the bottom of the balloon a gooseberry-buih. I then pointed out was pressed upwards by the wind. M. our course to M. Garnerin on the map, Garnerin desired me to try to regain it, and observed to him, that we should which I at lait effected by climbing up foon perceive the fe:1, which in a thort into the net, though the force of the time we saw very plainly. M. Ġar. wind struck the tin tubes faltened at nerin then told me we had not a mo- the bottom of the balloon, and through ment to lose, and must descend with which the rope led, with such violence all possible speed ; at the fame time against my face, that it hard nearly pointing out a very heavy cloud to me, Itunned me. Having recovered, we nearly under us ; and said" Il faut redescended, but were borne with such que nous pafhons à travers de ce drole la violence across the country, sometimes accrochez vous ferme car nous allons nous along the ground, sometinies in the air, cajer le col." I answered" De tout that I leveral times proposed to M.Gurmon ceur." We then opened the valve, nerin to abandon the balloon, and to and we descended with rapidity. On lave ourselves ; but he continually obrushing into the cloud, I found, as he jected to it, and reminded me of my biad conjectured, it contained as violent promise not to quit him. In the mean a squall of wind and rain as ever I time we were dashed against several experienced. The attraction of the trees, one of which had nearly de. water, the force of the wind, and the stroyed us. Being with my back toconftant emiffion of gas from the valve, wards it, I received a blow on the head, hurled us with such velocity towards which threw me at full length at the the earth, that I expected to see his pre. bottom of the car. M. Garnerin, in diction verified, though, I can afiure attempting to allist me, was nearly you, my ideas at that time did not co. thrown overboard ; two of the cords incide with the answer I made him. that held the car broke, and at the M. Garnerin still retained all his cool. fame time fome of the branches tore the nels and presence of mind ; and while balloon : upon which M. Gurnerin we were descending with that extreme cried out, " The balloon is torn, and (wiftness, defired me, the moment I we are saved." Another guit of wind fhould find the car about to touch the disengaged us from the tree, and we earth, to catch hold of the hoop which touched the ground once more, with a was fastened to the bottom of the net, less violent fhock than before. We to which the car was suspended, and then both got out, but fo exhausted lift myself up into the net, by which with our numerous exertions, that we means we laved ourselves from being had hardly strength to follow the dalhed to pieces. The balloon did not balloon, which fell again about 2¢o re-ascend immediately, but dragged us paces further, when we completely along the ground, with astonishing mattered it, by throwing ourselves swiftness, for the length of nearly three upon it, and by that means preiling fields, before the grappling iron took out the remainder of the gas. It good hold, and then we thought our. rained to very hard, that I proposed
to M. Garnerin to leave the balloon in
SECOND EXCURSION.' the field, and go in search of some house for shelter and refreshment.
MR. LOCKER'S ACCOUNT OF THE VOT. We accordingly made the best of our
AGE OF MONDAY, JULY S. way to a house which we espied about MR. EDITOR, half a mile off, belonging to a Mr.
ALTHOUGH the world has been al. Kingsbery ; and here a very curious ready presented with an account of a miftake took place. When we late aërial excursion, I Hatter myself so quired for the master of the house, Mr. much interest is still entertained by the Kingsbery appeared ; but seeing two Public for the safety of M. Garnerin, perions of to strange an appearance that the following particulars of his (M. Garnerin having a French hat on, second ascent will prove acceptable to with the national cockade, bearing the them :—The very unfavourable weatri-coloured flag, and myself being in a ther, attended with a heavy gale ar failor's dress, with the union jack in S. and S. W. induced M. Garnerin my hand), he imagined we came on to give up his intention of ascending account of the election, and before we to display the promised experiment could address him, faid, “ Gentlemen, of the parachute. In this event it had though I am a freeholder, I have made been arranged that Mr. Sowden should a determination not to vote for one side once more accompany bim ; but some or the other.". So much was he im- misunderstanding having taken place pressed with this idea, that it was some between those Gentlemen, and having time before.we could make him sensi. had some previous conversation on the ble that we had nothing to do with the preceding day with M. Garnerin on election, but that we came in a balloon the subject, I ascended with him yester. in three quarters of an hour from Lon- day afternoon at ten minutes before don ; that we were very much bruised five o'clock, according to my watch, and tired; and that we required his from Lord's Cricket-ground. The alfistance and felter. He then re- strong assurances of my companion, ceived us in the most hospitable man- added to what I had read on the science ner, not only providing us with refresh- of aërostation, and the experience of ments and dry clothes, but even offered former aëronauts, had so fully perus beds, the use of his house and suaded me of my perfect security, ihat horses, and sent immediately fome I enjoyed the wonderful and enchant. farmers with a cart, to carry the ing prospect which now presented itself balloon from the field, and convey it with unmixed plealure. Although the to a place of safety ; and as we ex- dense state of the atmosphere obstructed pressed a wish to get to Colchester that distant objects in so great a degree, that night, he sent for a post-chaise to con- our horizon was somewhat limited, the vey us thither, where we were re- unusual concourse of spectators, which ceived with loud acclamations by the gradually diminished to an undiftin. inhabitants. The next day we re- guished mass, and the view of great turned to Fingering Hoe, where we part of the metropolis, together with had left the balloon, and, after drying the surrounding country, studded with it on the grass, packed it up, and made houses, and enlivened by the inhabit. the best of our way to town, where we ants moving in every direction, affordarrived about four o'clock the next ed me an entertainment well worth the n:orning
purchase of any supposed danger. Afg I cannot help admiring the coolness
ter throwing out some part of our bal. and presence of mind om. Garnerin laft, we ascended very rapidly, and by preserved, even in the most imminent the intervention of some thick clouds danger ; and I am so confident of his (which had much the appearance of a great talents and skill in conducting sea of cotton beneath us, as described a balloon, that I would venture to by Mr. Baldwyn, of Chelter), we en
We go to the end of the world with tirely loft light of the earth, him,
moved with much rapidity, although
our motion was to me perfectly imper. I am, Sir,
ceptible ; and at length the clouds disYour's, &c.
persing, we again saw the country be.
low us. I attempted in vain to ascere R, C. SOWDEN. tain our situation, by calling to my
recollection the appearance of the enquired our situation, and found we country, which appeared to me more had fallen in a field of Mr. Owen's, at like a prospect seen in a camera, when Chingford, in Essex, and, referring to placed in a very elevated situation, than our watches, observed we had made any thing to which I could compare it; our voyage exactly in one quarter of an I think a map is an incorrect comparié hour. We dispatched a mellenger to fon, as the various objects are not, as in Woodford for a post-chaise, and the nature, delineated with sufficient mi. inflammable air having evaporated; nuteness to bear with a resemblance. packed the balloon in the car, and had About this time M. Garnerin looked it conveyed to a small inn at Chingford at his watch, and observing we had Green, adjoining which we had de.' been five ininutes on our voyage, pro. scended, from whence, after a night posed to descend in about the lame l'epast on some provisions we had time. The perusal of Mr. Sowden's brought with us, we set off for Lonnarrative led me to observe, with much don, and arrived at M. Garnerin's, attention, the power of hearing noises in Poland-itreet, a quarter after nine below ; neither M. Garnerin nor my- in the evening. Although the mob, self could diftinguitb sounds above the which surrounded us on our descent, elevation of 3 or 4000 feet, though M. were, as usual, both troublesome and Garnerin imagines a very confused officiously impertinent, we received sound, but totally undistinguishable, great attention and aslistance from Mr. may be heard considerably higher. We Hughes, of the Stamp Office, London, never attained a greater height, this and several other Gentlemen, who beday, by M. Garnerin's computation, held our arrival. Attention would than about 1,200 French toises, or have been, however, insured to us, if 7,800 feet, as M. Garnerin being de necessary, by the paper put into the firous to return the same evening to hands of M. Garnerin, signed by his town, did not choose to lose a favour. Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, able opportunity of descending. At the Duchess of Devonshire, Lords length we saw at a distance what Besborough, Cathcart, and other per. proved afterwards to be Epping Fo- sons of distinction, who witnessed our relt, with a range of distant bilis be ascension at Lord's Cricket Ground. yond, and observing an open cham. I am, &c. EDWARD Hawke Locker. pagne country, M. Garnerin opened Greenwich, July 6, 1802. the valve, and we began to descend.
(COPY.) He directed me to call to some persons
July 5, 1802. employed in a field, as we approached We, the underligned, having been the ground, to take hold of the ropes, present at the ascension of Mr. Garne. which we had thrown out for the pur- rin with his Balloon, this afternoon,
pole, and recommended me to hold fast and witnesled the entire satisfaction of } by the cords, to avoid the shock on the the Public, beg leave to recommend
balloon's firit touching the earth. This him to the attention of any Gentleman precaution proved very necessary, as in whose neighbourhood he may hapihe force with which we descended pen to descend. was very considerable, occasioned hý, GEORGE, P. W.
CATHCART, the force of the wind, rather than by G. DEVONSHIRE, R. FORD. our specific gravity, and the rebound
BESBOROUGH, bore us up again with velocity to the Mr. Garnerin's Balloon ascended at height of 150 or 200 feet. In re. Lord's Cricket Ground, London, at ten descending, we struck againit a tree, minutes before five, and descended at the Mock of which gave M. Garnerin Chipgford Green, in Essex, in a field of a severe blow on the back; and he Mr. Owen's, at five minutes pait fave, observed, that this was the only occa- passing a ditance of nine miles in one fion, during a period of twelve years, quarter of an hour : this circumstance in which he had been in the habit of attested at the King's Head, Chingford aëroltation, and the twenty-seventh Green, in the presence of time he has ascended, that he ever George Clinton Davies, George Soames, suffered such an inconvenience. Se. Thomas Williams, John Odtrins, veral of the peasantry being now at John Hughes, Slamp Richard Pampli. hand, we were secured from any fur- Office, London, lion, ther ascent, and alighted from the car Garnerin, 7 The aerial travellers on with perfect safety. We immediately E. H. Locker, } the occalon.