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nraturer years to supply the defects of without strength ; and her sphere in our early education, and overcome the life was that of prosperity and abund. failings of our nature ; to suppress with ance. With these advantages, it may vigilance every sudden rifing of anger, reasonably be fupposed, that the was and every intemperate fally of malevo- happy in herself, and endeared to those lence, and to acquire a habit of facility around her. But the fretfulness of her and complacency. Though the talk disposition robbed her of every pleamay at firit be difficult and irksome, yet sure which she might otherwise have our labour will soon be amply com. enjoyed, and rendered her fociety pensated by the important advantages almost insupportable to the dearest of which will result from it.

her friends. In discussing any action, EThe harmony of society is frequently the sought to find fault rather than be interrupted by a captious disposition, pleased ; and would carefully pass over and the happiness and the good opi- every excellency to Jay hold of fome nion of a friend not uncommonly for circumitance which the might diitort feited for the fake of a paltry joke. and represent as deserving of animadPersonal illiberality is too often subtti- verhon. What the wouid have dona tuted for argument, and sarcastic feve berself in a timilar situation the would sity for vivacity ; too often he who condemn in others, and would frecannot convince by his ability will quently withhold the expression of her confute by his impudence. But no will, left the thould be left without a talent is more unprofitable, or more pretext for abuse. The most trifling dangerous, than that which only serves miltake the would exaggerate into a to make our companions alternately serious fault; and where the could the objects of ridicule. The sprightly not censure, the would not, however, saying, although it may at first give commend. She accounted herself the birth to merriment, will soon be tripped most unfortunate of women in the of every charm, and will be remembered indifference of her husband, the unwith indifference; whilft the acrimoni. towardly disposition of her children, ous fpirit that di&tated it will, like the and the worthlellness of her servants ; rubbish that has been carried down by and was wont to express her surprise, the current of the tide, be left behind; that whilft the economy of other famiand when coolly and maturely discussed, lies was conducted with regularity and will not fail to excite our contempt. harmony, the affairs of her houshold

For my own part, I know of nothing thould never be without some cause better calculated to promote cheerful- for complaint. This circumstance the ness and good humour than a consciouf never failed to attribute to the negness of innocence. When a man is ligence of her domeftics, rather than to ftung by bitter remorse for the past, any fault in herself. How little was and overwhelmed by the painful anti Belinda aware, that while she was re. cipation of the future, a certain gloomi. proving others, the herself was the ness and fourness of temper will be the only delinquent ; that the discord of natural consequence. But if he is able her own family, which she was accuf. to review his life with fatisfaction, and tomed to compare invidiously with the to look forward with pious confidence happinels of others, was to be imputed to the momentous destiny of futurity, to no other cause than the unhappy the little trials of this world will not diffatisfaction of her own temper! disturb the serenity of his mind, but It would have been well, had the re. the lightness of his heart will be mani- flected in time, that nothing prefest upon every occasion. His conver- possesses others to strongly in our fation, though not edged with the witty favour as courteousness of manners gibe, will, however, nor want the fport- and evenness of temper; and that iveness of fancy or the jelt of inno- thefe qualifications are expected parcence. The delightful frame of his ticularly from the female part of to. mind will have an effect upon those ciety, who have more opportunities who associate with him ; it will soften of acquiring the one, and fewer trials the harshness of milanthropy and suf- to affect the other. Worful experia pend the sorrows of distress. myi ence, however, at length taught Be:

In the character of Belinda we have linda, that the who gives way to the a striking infance of the deplorable peevishness of her disposition renders effects of iJl humour. Her heart was herfelf the object of general averfion, not without integrity, her mind not and is to no one a more bitter enemy


than to herself. But conviction are who was loaded with the favours of
rived, alas ! too late ; for her habits Fortune, but knew not how to enjoy
were then established by, age, and a them.
very few years closed the life of one Od. s, 1802.




9. That


IT is difficult to lay down any general {mall ones. 5. That they are not so

rule for the size of cattle, as so much active, consequently not so fit for muft depend on the nature of the pas, working: 6. That small cows, of the ture, and on the means which the gra- true dairy sorts give proportionally zier has for ultimately fattening them more milk than large ones. 2. That nor has it yet been proved, by decisive small oxen can be fastened with grass and repeated experiments, whether the merely, whereas the large require to large or small fized pay best for the be fall-fed, the expence of which ex. food they eat. The experiments ought hausts the profits of the farmer. 8. to be made with similar breeds, but of That it is much easier to procure well, different sizes, and the particulars to Maped and kindly-feeding itock of a ascertain are, whether it do not require small fize than of a large one. a much greater quantity of food, so small azed cattle may be kept by many to rear a great ox than a small one ; 2. persons, who cannot afford either to to feed him when working , and, 3. purchase or to maintain large ones ; to fatten him afterwards. A large calf and, laitly, If any accident happen to a certainly requires more milk than a small-sized animal, the loss is lels mate, fmall one ; but if it pay as well for rial. what it confumes, or grow in pro- In favour of the large-fized, it is, portion to what it takes, there is no on the other hand, contended, s. That objection, on that account, on the without debating whether from their score of profit; nor if a large ox eat birth till they are laughtered the large more, provided he work proportion or the small'ox eats most for its size, ally more, than a small one. In regard 'yet that, on the whole, the large one to fattening, the experiments of Lord will ultimately pay the farmer as well Egremont are rather favourable to the for the food it eats. 2. That though opinion, that fattening, stock do not fome large oxen are coarse-grained, cat in proportion to their weight, but yet that, where attention is paid to the that a small ox, when kept in a stall, breed, the large ox is as delicate food will eat proportionally more, without as the small one. 3. That if the small; fattening quicker, than a large one. fized be better calculated for the con

Without pronouncing decisively on fumption of private families, of vil. a question so much contested, as whe- lages, or of small towns, yet that the ther large or small cattle ought to be large ox is fitter for the markets of preferred (which will require, indeed, large towns, and in particular of the a great number of experiments finally metropolis. 4. Even admitting that to determine), I Mall endeavour fhortly the fielh of the small-sized ox is better to sum up the arguments made use of when eaten freth, yet the meat of the on either side.

Jarge-sized is unquestionably better In favour of small, or moderate, calculated for salting, a most effential sized cattle, it is contended, 1. That a object in a maritime and commercial large animal requires proportionally country; for the thickest beef, as Cula more food than two smaller ones of ley justly remarks, by retaining its the same weight. 2. That the meat of juices when falted, is the best calculated the large animal is not so fine grained, for long voyages. 5. That the hide of and consequently does not afford such the large ox is of infinite consequence delicate food. 3. That large animals in various manufactures. 6.' That are not so well calculated for general where the pastures are good, cattle will consumption as the moderate-lized, increase in size without any particulur particularly in hot weather. 4. That attention on the part of the breeder ; large aninials poach pafures more than which proves thai large cattle are the


proper stock for such pastures. : 7. much must depend upon pasture, taste, That the art of fattening cattle by oil markets, &c. But, on the whole, cake, &c. having been much improved though the unthinking multitude may and extended, the advantage thereof admire an enormous bullock, more rewould be lott, unless large oxen were sembling an elephant than an ox, yet bred, as small ones can be fattened the intelligent breeder (unless his par merely with grass and turnips ; and, tures be of a nature peculiarly forcing) laitly, That large cattle are better cals will naturally prefer a moderate fize for culated for working than finall ones in the stock he rears; or, perhaps, may the plough or cart.

adopt that plan of breeding, accordSuch are the arguments generally ing to which, the males are large and made use of on both sides of the quel strong, and the females of a small size, tion; from which it is evident, that yet not unproductive to the dairy.


Hertford Castle, Dec. the 12th, 1723. I acknowledge that God, as Supreme REV. SIR,

Governor of the World, may dispose of Some days absence from home, with a focieties of mankind as he pleates

severe cold since my return, had and when they become extremely vi. delayed my acknowledgnient of yours. cious and corrupt, he may juftly era

I Hatter myself with the hopes of see- dicate them. But then, I think it ing an answer to the book mentioned must be done either by his own immein my former, formed on the scheme diate power, or the interposition of you propose. I think it would be a foreign spirits his minifters, or of mathorough vindication of christianity, fo terial causes directed by his will. But fır as the objections urged by Mr. the force of my objection lies here, Collins require. But I must take the that all the several bodies or societies liberty of urging one particular ob- amongst men being mutual obligations jection to the authority of the Old of juitice and goodness towards each Teftament, under the head of Mo. other, one society cannot, on pretence ralitys, not only approved, but said to of a command from God, break in be commanded by God; which I know upon the being or rights of another not how to remove ; and yet if not fociety, from whom they have never removed, it seems to enter into the received any injury. very foundation of the Jewish itate ; This, Sir, is my objection in its full I mean, the command to extirpate the force. I should be extremely glad to Canaanites, and to seize on their lands have your sentiments upon it, after and poffeffions.

you have viewed the subject in all its I have learnt from yourself this short, lights. I am a tincere enquirer after and, I think, conclusive way of reason- truth; and, as such, request your afliit: ing, that moral obligations necesarily ance in this point. I am, relult from the nature of things, and

Reverend Sir, become the eternal laws of right and Your very humble Servant, wrong, of good and evil : which, there

JOSEPH COLLET: fore, do not depend on arbitrary de. To Dr. Sam. Clark. termination, even of the Supreme Be. ing; that therefore nothing can be re.

Hertford Cafk, yan. the 9th, ceived as a command from God that REV. SIR,

1723-4. requiros us to break in upon these I acknowledge myself convinced, moral obligations founded on the rela. that the distinction you make between tion we stand in to our fellow reason- moral obligations, neceffarily resulting able creatures,

from the nature of things, and that Now, in fact, the Canaanites had law of nature which is founded merely never offended the Jews, or done any on the will of God, made known by action by which they could be deemed natural reason, iis juft : and confein a state of war with that nation. quently, that my objection is fully On the contrary, the ancestors of the answered. The illustration you give Jews had been well used by, and lived from the inttanées of magistrates ap- * in friendihip with, them.

pointing the execution of criminals,


and making lawful war upon their I return thanks for the fatisfaction enemies, come up fully to the pur- you have given me on this subject. pole. *

My objection, as it stood, Atruck at God being considered as Governor the very root of the Jewith dispen. of the World, has an undoubted right fation. All the other objections that I to appoint whom he pleases to be the have thought of only relate to par. executioners of his sentence against ricular pallages, and do not affect the delinquents, without any regard to the authority of the whole ; much less car relations chofe persons or societies may they have any influence upon the evi. stand in to each other. All that is to dences for christianity. I am, be regarded in this case is the clearness

Reverend Sir, of the evidence, that this command does really come fiom the Supreme

Your very humble Servant,




[WITH A VIEW.) T: *His excellent Etablishmont, which observed and kept by the Governours

has produced some great scholars, of the said Free Grammar School. and ranks ainong the firit public femi. The following extracts are taken naries in the kingdom, was founded in from thence. the reign of Elizabeth, by Mr. John That the Governours, or the major Lyon, a wealthy yeoman of the hainlet part of them, within half-a-year after of Preston, in this parish.

the decease of the founder, John Lyon, In the Harleian Mss. in the British and Johan his wife, should appoint a Museum, 2211. is recorded the patent fufficient and able man, not under the granted by the Queen, in the fourteenth degree of Master of Arts, to be Schoolyear of her reign, to John Lyon, im- malter, and also one other to be Ulher, powering him to erect and endow a not under the degree of a Batchellor Free Grammar School within the vil- of Arts. lage of Harrow, and afterwards apo The Master to have 261. 735. 4d. for pointing fix discreet and honest men to his stipend, and 31. 6s. 8d. for fireing. be Governours of the pofTeflions, reve- The Usher to have 131. 6s. 8d, and nues, and goods of the said School; 31. 6s. 8d. for fuel. (viz.) Gilbert Gerrard, Erg. the At. Wood to be carried annually from torney Generall, Wm. Gerard, Gent, the lands at Kingsbury, at the charge John Page of Wemley, Tho. Page of of the farmers thereof, for the use of Sudbury Court. Tho. Redding of Pin the schoole fire. ner, and Richard Edlyn of Woodhall, The Governours to provide 30 learnin the parish aforesaid *. And in case ed and godly sermons to be preached of death or default of any of these fix yearly for ever in the parish-church of Governours, the letters patent make it Harrow, and to pay the preacher rct. lawful for the Bishop of London for or 6s. 8d. for each sermon. And the the time being to choose and appoint School-master or Vicar of Harrow to other fitt person or persons within the bave the offer of the same at his op: parish aforesaid, into the place or places tion. of such keepers and Governours as · Also the Sexton of the faid church to Occasion fhall' require. Also that they have yearly 6s. 8d. for tolling the bell Ahall have power of choosing a proper before the sermons. inafter or usher of the faid Ichool. Likewise the Governours Thall yearly

In the same manuscript we also find beltowe 20l. upon 60 of the pooreft orders, Itarutes, and rules fert forth the housekeepers within the parila of Har18th of January, in the 33d of Eliza. row (except the hamlet of Pinner). beth, by the said John Lyon, to be Allo the same sum to be payed to

* The present Governors are, the Earl of Clarendon, Lord Grimston, Sir John Rulhout, Bart. John Algill Bucknall, Esq. Richard Page, Esq. and the Rev. Walter Williams, M. A.


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