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are deceived, cried the strangers .it chariot and gay liveries were seen in is not the munificence or liberality of the freets and at the theatres; already the Great that does them harm ; 'tis the splendid was lighted up vice, 'tis diflipation, cards, dice, wo. to receive its gay visitors, and whole men, racing horses, and the gratifica. columns of the newspapers filled with tion of inordinate desires. It was the the names of rank and fashion that heir of this estate who despoiled it. attended them; rout succeeded rout; The rapinc of licentious vice presently and while Adelelia was losing hunlays low the noblest edifice, niakes de dreds at her own tables, Adelius was Tolate the most delightful fcenes of sacrificing thousands to the professed nature, corrupts the heart, and destroys gamblers of the subscription-houses : the understanding. After a long one estate after another was course of ruinous pleasures, which gaged ; and at last ruin approached so with difficulty deprived him of the near as to terrify, by its appearance, established good left him by his father, even the gay and thoughtless Adelius he found himself at last involved in law and Adelelia. But how to redeem the with one of the mortgagees of his past, or stop themselves in this dangerestate : the consequence was, that this ous descent, they knew not. Hap. mansion became the object of a chan- pily, among their visitants they had cery suit ; and as no one would be at received a young author, named Eugethe expence to keep in repair a place nius, who had talent, and the art of in which they had a precarious inte- pleasing by bis converfation and manreft, it went to decay, and the house, ner : to him they applied for advice, which was once the seat of so good and and he advised retirement. This at benevolent an owner, is now inhabited first shocked the pride of Adelius by a set of strangers, felf-created te- and Adelefia fhrunk back at the idea nants, whose way of life is not known, of parting with what the called her but who are doubtless smugglers, and pleasures. They determined, howindeed are strongly suspected of com- ever, to try the experiment for a little mitting thefts and depredations for time, and went to a small cottage in miles round : at night only are the the country: they retired, and were

Alas, what a change visited only by Eugenius. The change does vice bring about! The falhion- of their lítuation depressed their spiable young heir pursued his propenfi- rits. Eugenius found them discónties until he was reduced from twenty- folate ; they wanted company: "I five thousand a-year to beggary : he will introduce you to come,' faid indeed sought an afylum in an elegant Eugenius į and the next day he house that he had formerly given to brought with him some choice books one of his favourite ladies, who had and music. Fortunately, the minds of ever been wont to receive him with Adelius and Adelefia were capable of (miles : but there is no consistency, taste and refinement. They began to no true friend hip, among the vicious; feel, for the first time in their lives, The turned him from her door; drunk. TRUE LIBERTY. Adelesia had now, enness was now his constant relief, too, a new source of amusement and and the child of parents of worth and delight; the bad children, Seven years wealth, the heir of immense landed only elapsed in the pleasures of retireproperty, ended his days in a public- ment, when Adelius found himself house. Yet the precedent will not cleared from his incumbrances : fo avail; the owner of a neighbouring easily does a determined course of ecomansion is following his steps with all nomy reltore the waste of extravagance. the unremitting diligence of depravity. Adelius and Adelesia were now free to Happy would it be for some who are return, and they might do it with in the fame road to ruin to attend to safety, for they were free also from the example of Adelius. Adelius was their paflion for dissipation. They re. young, gay, and accomplished; he had turned to the gay, world, but it was indulged in a variety of diffipations, to taste rational pleasures with a few and had involved his eltate confider- choice friends, who could bring in ably, when, at the age of thirty, he something to the common stock of married Adelefia, who was as young, entertainment. Yet did they not exgay, and accomplished, as himself": clude the company of some who were their marriage was celebrated in the deemed to know rotbing, if their hearts most expenfive ftyle; already the gilded were good ; they did not quarrel with


doors open.


the want of understanding. The gay With that I am content to be, world were astonished to see Adelius My mind is cheerful as 'tis free. and Adelefia returned, but could not Whene'er I please, abroad I roam ; follow their example. The secret And when I like, I Itay at home. wanting was this, that Adelius and Great Princes want that liberty ; Adelefia had minds, and they had 'Tis they are slaves, 'ris I am free. none.

" It is to be lamented," cried More. Perhaps if I were called upon to give dius, " that man, acquainted as he is an opinion, what condition of life i with good and evil, from the experi. confidered to be the most independent, ence of hi 'ory, and the observations I thould answer, that of a man of sense within his reach, does not choose pur. living in a garret upon a certair income suits and pleasures that lead to happi: of fifty pounds a-year, who can light nefs, in preference to such as produce his own fire, thave his own beard, and care, uneasinets, and perbaps remorfe ; cook his own steak. Such a fituation that he does not congder prudence as is the height of independence: he is the means to acquire' or preserve the placed so high in the world as to be even comforts and advantages of life ; and out of the reach of envy, thieves will that he does not hun extravagance, as not moleft him, and a trap is over his the suie for feirure of independence. head to escape from fire; he has no 1: is not enough to fay, that men's occasion to ring twice for a servant ; ideas of happiness are not the same ; his dinner is never spoiled, unless he there are certain consequences of act: fpoils it himself; he has no attaching ill, or unwisely, that never fail to ments, unless it' is for his cat ; he infict the fame punishment's in every comes in when he likes, goes out when condition, and are alike felt by all. he likes, goes to relt when he likes, Happy the man who, by the modera. rises when he likes, reads when he tion of his views, prevents a creation likes, and walks when he likes : his of the cares and anxieties that con. is not a state of solitude ; he can go ftantly attend the projeets of avarice into company when he pleases; and ambition, or luit; and who, by his if he is at home he finds a companion in contempt for mean, empty, or useiers his mind or a book ; and the world pu suits, secures himself again + temp. is to him a mere puppet-fhew, into tation. Such was the character of which he only looks at times for his Celario, who frequently to the notes of amusement. his harp uted to repeat the following : But, however pleasing even this in. ftanzas :

dependence may be, yet as, in the great In the proud gala's tinseld maze,

scheme of Providence, this theatre of Where Folly's ideot idlers gaze,

the world, every mm has his part Amidst ihe iplendid Navery

ascribed lim dans le Role, no one should My mind till struggies to be free.

refuse to perform. He who can suit

himself to every thing, and is ready Nes of Alvarus, doom'd to care,

to take any thing at a minute's notice, The weight of wealth I with to hear.

is not only the must useful actor, but is Tis true, he's richer far than me,

so perfectly at home in all he does, that xcept in this, my inind is free.

he never suffers inconvenience. Such The great man's table let me fhun, a man 'care's little for the hard rubs The triling wit by Fashion Tpun, and joitlings that he meets with, and At home to taste lwett liberty,

la ighs through the scene like a troller Where mind and a&tions both are free. before an audience of country bump:

kins in a barn. Nr feek among the Great a fiiend, Where Realoni mult to Flattery hend:

Matthew Merrythought was one of Their mannere have no charms for ine,

those happy characters who had been My mind delights in being tree.

most of the varieties of fortune without ar from Ambition's hopes and sears,

mu: muring; and though she bid played

him a hundred ugly tricks, he laughed The num'rous ills that Luxury rears, at them all. Nature had been bountio My mind in sweet security

ful to him, and his well-!et limhs and Shall talte the bliss of being free. Justy shoulders bid defiance to fatigue : Without the reach of lofty pride, he had been brought up roughly at a Bet me enjoy my own fire-lide ; school in Yorkthire, and could wrestle,

VOU, XLII, AUG. 1803,


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fwim, box, leap, and run, better than did all he could, and, to ufe bis own any of his school fellows. Matt, who expressions, was no sooner in a scape had a clear head, presently acquired than he got out of it. A creditor of fome Latin, and was just a tolerable Matt's, who was a professed moneymaster of his own language, when he lender, and who had supplied him much was taken from school, and put into to his disadvantage, threatened one day, the office of Mr. Scrape, the attorney ; if he did not immediately make goud but Matt, who had an uiter deteftation bis payment, to have him sent to pri. for the desk, took the opportunity one son. Mate thrugged up his houlders, morning to decamp without giving his and, looking valtly cunning, asked hiš inafter any legal notice, and joined å re. creditor, What o'clock it was " The cruiting party which happened to be money-lender, attonished at his conpassing through the town. From this posure, desired to know what he meant hour, Matt uled to say, he began to by the enquiry. " Because," anrough it ; but forced marches and swered Matt, “ just let me put up a nightly camps only gave a temper and few things in a bundle, and I'll go to confiftency to his conftitution that prison directly." rendered it infexible to the attacks of , Matt had a variety of odd sayings climate or fatigue : he never minded and remarks, which he made use of the perfecutions of wind or weather ; on any occafion that suited ; such as, and'« let the storm pelt away as hard when he got into a difficulty, he as it would," cried Matt, “ I was ne- always exclaimed, “I am a lucky ver afraid to poke out my chin." Hap- fellow! I'm a Incky fellow !" and pily, Matt's mind took the same dispo- when he got out of it, “ I told ye qition, and was presently as inflexible fo; if you was to throw me into the to the effects of inconvenience or dif- sea stark naked, I thouid come up with appointment as his body to the injuries a bag wig on my head and a sword by of climate. He was naturally to cheer- my fide." Matt was sometimes fond ful and comical, that if we could for a of punning, when he had an opportu. moment personify Care, we should ima. nity to be satirical; as when he ob. gine him retiring astonished at the risi- served, “ that there was but one place ble phiz which Matt always.presented in the world where he was always to him. Matt's boldness and intrepi- sure to find a cordial reception, and dity of character foon recommended that was at the brandy vaults ; " " that bim to his Oficers; and he was pre: there was only one person whom he lently raised from a private to a pair of could depend upon to do any thing colours, which he defended fo nobly for him, and that was bimself;" If in one of the hottest engagements in Matt got into company that he did the war with America, that he was not like, he would exclaim very pitepromoted to a Lieutenancy with the oully, in the language of Scripture, rank of Captain. But these advantages Why am I constrained to dwell with were attended with new difficulties. Metech, and have my habitation among

Matt's pay was very insufficient to the tents of Kedar." And one day : {upport him, for he had a generons being out on a water-party, where he

and liberal mind, proof against every was obliged to liften very patiently, thing but distress. `Matt had now frem for a long time, to the pretensions of quent occasions to exercise his fortie a Gentleman who assumed to be accomtude, for he was beset with duns, who plished in every thing, he took the attacked him on all sides; but Matt opportunity of a sudden squall coming was Aill found at his poft, and scorned on to ask him if he could swim ; which to run away ; and when lie received question disconcerted the beau so much, bis money, he always paid as far as it that he trembled all over, and did not

fay another syllable till they got to There is not a character that deserves thore. Matt had a great contempt for our esteem and affistance more than the the render, delicate, and nervous sprigs man of good principle, who passes of falhion, raised in the nursery beds of whole days of anxious moments and voluptuousness and ease, and used to eager desires to keep his word : such paint their situation in a very ludicrous 2 man carries about him a ceaseless manner. " It is admirable,” said he, atrophy, and pays a severe interest for “ to see a fine lady caught in a heavy the debts he owes.

hower,' almost finking with vexation Matt was not of this description : he that her hair is put in disorder, her

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muslin spoiled, and her complexion in corner of the room, make up his great danger ; while the village girl next her coat for a pillow, and neep as found as (miles at the tempelt, which can neither a dormoule. But his hardiness was not affect her pride nor beauty, grateful only only of service to himself. If a man that the rain will fill the ears of wheat, was drowning, Matt initantly jumped and make a good harvest." Another of into the water to five him ; if the his pictures was that of an old de- driver of cattle beat them barbabauchee hobbling out of a broken roully, be corrected the abuse; if down coach in a cross country road, the itrong oppressed the weak, his while some hale fresh-coloured fariner, strength was used to counteract op. full of strength and vigour, walks by pretlion; he cared not how far he and both pities and ridicules the dise travelled to serve a friend, and night treiles of quality. But the most fanci- or day, heat or cold, checked nor his ful of Mait's whims was, his Table of progress to allift ; he was always ready, Life, as he humouroully called it, which always willing, and gloried in ihe Supebe kept while in London on half-pay. rior powers that he had to protect or This curiosity consisted of a sheet of fave. Matt bad often expresied a hope paper divided into differeet columns, that he should never linger on a fick in the following order : Cash debror, bed; and this with was granted him; Cash creditor, Creditor by probabili for he died in the field of battle by a ties, potlibilities, and non-expectancies, ball from the enemy, Matt in his last and Debtor by disappointments, tempo moments sent for the Chaplain of the tations, and extravagancies; besides regiment, and very gravely desired that another column for actions at law. he would take the first opportunity to “ This," Matt used to cry, “is my send Mrs. Stralburg, at the in uff-thop scale of agreeables and disagreeables, in Little Britain, which conveniences and inconveniences; by he had forgot to pay her when he left this I can tell, in one moment, the state England _She is a poor woman,” of my finances and of my mind ; and cred Matt; "and it is the only appeal may be made sensible of all my mistakes to the court of conscience that I have and foolishnesses at a glance.' If I have to make; and now (laid he) you may Spent too much, I have only to buy a adıl up the sum of my adventures, and pig with a Morter tail till matters come put death for the total, as soon as you round again ; and if I have a surplus, please." it is very easy to give something away Such was the end of Matt Merry. to restore the equilibriun between my thought, who never gave a wound bit pocket and my real wants.” In thort, in bartle, who was as brave and good a Matt's mind was a kingdom to him in man and soldier as ever breathed, and every respect, and bis athletic body who left behind him, for the service of made him almoft an absolute monarch mankinil, this evident truth: that, let over mischance and difficulty. Mitt ne a man's profeltion or calling be what it ver cared how he was accommodated; may, his mind will be a kingdom to and if he found in his travels that there him, while he asts with honour, justice, was not a bed to he had, he would lay and humanity. bimself down very fnugly in fome


LOOSE THOUGHTS ON RURAL POETRY. It is really aftonishing, that the only the

fame track, has frequently, tref description of poetry which profe!les passed against character, laite, and pro. to have nature for its model should be bability. He indeed purfued the fame the most unnatural and unintereiting. plan, with all the flavithness of a proAs in painting, fo in pastoral poetry, felled imitator, but forgot the manners the country affords the most entertain- and cultoms of the people, and even ing scenes and delightful prospects. the very scenery of the country in Phillips jully observes, that'« Theo- which he wrote. critus, Virgil, and Spencer, are almost The adoption of the Heathen mythothe only writers that have hit upon logy in English rural description is an the true nature of pattoral poetry;" ablurdity unworthy of a moment's reand yet Phillips himself, in following section, and has been justly exposed

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and ridiculed in the Snectator. The is sometimes an apparent want of only argument that is used in favour of connexion in this poem, the episodes this custom is, that Theocritus and introduced are luch as naturally arise Virgil had their gods and demi-gods. out of the subject, and are well calwith which they took every opnortu

culated to make a sensib e impresion nity to adorn their it rains : but let it upon the mind. The invocation to be remembered, that according to their the “Mure of his native valley," and fyftem of religion this oblervation was to Remembrance, is happy and appro. in them an acl of devotion, and, conse- priate ; but the lines, quently, in us must be conlidered as

-" While I ling the changes that apo not only a degree of idolatry, but a

rear gross violation of the laws of confift. In country manners, 0! forgive the ency.

tear!" How happily Mr. Pope could grace reminds us of the painter who con. his song with gods he disbelieved," cealed the face he knew not how to may easily be seen by the few following delineate There is, indeed, le's limi. extracts from his pastorals. After talking of “ Windsor's blissful plains" laity than could naturally be expected

between the last mentioned works; but and “Thames's facred source," he exclaims

they hoth possess respective merits, of

which the principal part of paitoral “ Inspire me Pbebus in my Delia's praise

poems are destituie. With Waller's Arains or Grenville's lajt, not least," in the annals of moving lays ;

rural poetry, the “ Farmer's Boy" A milk-white bull shall at your altars

comes under our notice ; to point out Aand," &c.

all the beauties of which would far ex. * The Naiads wept in every wat 'rv bow'r,

ceed the limits of the present delign: And Jove consented in a filent show'r,"

the introduction to spring, and the &c.

concluding invocation, are fufficient * Descending Gods have found Elysium Author.

specimens of the ability of tbe admirable here. In vonds bright Venus with Adonis ftray'd,

“ O come, bleft Spirit! whosoe'er thop And chaste Diana," &c.


Thou rushing warmth that hover'it sound Taking in all the circumstances, can

my heart any thing exceed the confusion and Sweet inmaie hail! Thou source of iter. absurdity of these lines?

ling joy, But setting aside such considerations, Which Poverty itself cannot destroy, miglit not pastoral or rural poetry bé Be thou my mule !" applied to better and more valuable And again purposes ? That it might we have fuffi- 'Eternal Pow'r ! from whom these cient proof in the Seasons of Thomson, in the Talk of Cowper, and in the De

blefling's flow, serted Village of Goldimith. Among

Still teach me more to wonder, more to

know ; living Authors, many may be named whole works tend to improve the mo.

Let the first flow'r, corn-waving field, rals and ameliorate the condition of

plain, tree, mankind.

Here, round my home, Atill lift my soul
Mr. Pratt, in his * Poor," has ex

to Thee!
emplified the truth of this remark. And let me ever midâ thy bounties raise
The feeling and energy with which he An humble note of thanktulriets and
has pleaded the caule of the unfortu.

praise !" nate, does him infinite credit, both as How far superior is this language to a poet and a man. His invocation to that of either Phillips or Pope ? lo a the Spirits of Pity has peculiar beau. word, the itrain of content, piety, ties, and is particularly adapted to pre. and humanity, which runs through the pare the mind of fenfibility for the whole of this British Georgic, will no reception of a series of the most delicate doubt materially tend to rescue rural and affecting images. The “ Pealants and defcriptive poely froin the neglect **Fate," by Holloway, is of a fimilar to which it has too long been subject, construction, and the fentiments all

A CONSTANT READER, tend to the same point ; though there Aug. 17, 1802,

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