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Abbott, Amos. Born in Andover, I a Representative in Congress, from KenMassachusetts, September 10, 1786. He tucky, from 1831 to 1833, and was a mem was educated at a district school, but | ber of the Committee on Military Affairs. spent the most of his life as a trader -and | He died at Harrodsburg, May 19, 1840. merchant. During the years 1835, 1836, and 1842, he was a Representative in the · Adams, Andrew.-He was born in Massachusetts Legislature; and from 1840 Stratford, Connecticut, in January, 1736 ; to 1842 a member of the State Senate. He graduated at Yale College in 1960; adopted represented his native State, in Congress the profession of law and settled in the from 1843 to 1849, and was a member of practice at Litchfield in 1764; from 1777 the Committees on the Militia and on to 1782 he was a Delegate from ConnectiManufactures.

cut to the Continental Congress, and was

one of the signers of the Articles of ConAbbott, Joel.-Was born in Fairfield, I federation; and in 1789 he was appointed Connecticut, emigrated to Georgia, and a Judge of the Supreme Court of Connecwas elected a Representative in Congress, ticut, and in 1793 Chief Justice of said from Wilkes County, in that State, from Court. Died November 26, 1799. 1817 to 1825, serving as a member of the Committees on Commerce and the Slave. Adams, Benjamin.-Born at WorcesTrade. Died November 19, 1826. . ter, Massachusetts; was a member of the

Legislature, as Representative, from 1809 Abbott, Nehemiah. Born in Sidney, to 1814, and as Senator, in 1814 and 1815; Maine, March 29, 1806. He was a lawyer and from 1822 to 1825; and was a Repreby profession; was a member of the House sentative in Congress from his native State, of Representatives, in the Maine Legisla from 1816 to 1821, and was a member of tare, in 1842 and 1843, and was elected to the Committees on Revolutionary Pensions the Thirty-fifth Congress, serving as a and Public Expenditures. He died at member of the Committee on Revolu Uxbridge, Massachusetts, in April, 1837. tionary Pensions.

Adams, Charles F.-Born in Boston, Abercrombie, James.--He was born. August 18, 1807 ; spent the most of his in Georgia, and, removing to Alabama, boyhood in St. Petersburg and, London, was a Representative in Congress, from whilst his father, John Quincy Adams, that State, from 1851 to 1855.

was Minister to Russia and England; be

graduated at Harvard University in 1825; Adair, John-He was born in 1758, in studied law, and was admitted to the Chester County, South Carolina; emigra bar in 1828; served three years in the ted to Kentucky in 1787; served as a Lower House, and two years in the Upper major in the border warfare of the time; House of the Massachusetts Legislature; was elected to the Kentucky Legislature, in 1848 he was a Delegate to the Buffalo serving one year as Speaker; was a mem Convention and elected President; was the ber in 1799 of the Convention which formed candidate for Vice-President on the ticket the State Constitution ; subsequently held with Mr. Van Buren; and he was elected the office of Register of the Land Office in a Representative from Massachusetts to the Kentucky; and was a Senator of the Thirty-sixth Congress, serving as Chairman United States, from Kentucky, during the of the Committee on Manufactures, and as years 1805 and 1806; commanded the Ken a member of the Special Committee of tucky troops at the battle of New Orleans, Thirty-three on the Rebellious States. He under General Jackson; and was appoint. | was at one time the editor of a paper called ed a general in the army. He was elected the “Boston Whig;" was a contributor

to the North American Review, and the listration. On the resignation of Washingeditor of the well-known Adams Letters, ton, he became, March 4, 1797, President and is the author of the standard Biogra- | of the United States. This was the phy of his grandfather, John Adams. Re termination of his public functions; and elected to the Thirty-seventh Congress, he spent the remainder of his days upon but was appointed by President Lincoln his farm in Quincy, occupying himself Minister to England in 1861. In 1864 the with agriculture, and obtaining amusedegree of LL.D. was conferred upon him ment from the literature and politics of by Harvard University.

the day. He died on the fourth of July,

1826, 'with the same words on his lips Adams, Green.-Born in Barbours wbich, fifty years before, on that day, he ville, Knox County, Kentucky, August 20, had uttered on the floor of Congress : 1812; was bred a farmer, but read law and “Independence forever!” His principal adopted that profession; in 1832 and 1833 publications are, “Letters on the American he was Deputy Sheriff of Knox County; Revolution," "Defence of the American in 1839, he was elected to the State Legis- | Constitution," an “Essay on Canon and lature, and re-elected; he was a Repre- | Federal Laws," a series of letters under Bentative in Congress, from Kentucky, the signature of Novanglus, and Discourses from 1847 to 1849, and was a member of 1 on Davila. It was as Vice-President that the Committee on Engraving. He was he had a seat in the Senate. In 1856 his also a Presidential Elector in 1814 and life and writings were published, in ten vol1856, and a Judge of the Circuit Court of umes, edited by his grandson, C. F. Adams. Kentucky from 1851 to 1856. In 1859 he was elected a Representative from Ken- | Adams, John-He was a Representatucky to the Thirty-sixth Congress, serving tive in Congress, from Greene County, on the Committee on Post Offices and Post New York, from 1833 to 1835, and was a Roads. In 1861 he was appointed by Presi member of the Committee on Invalid Pendent Lincoln Sixth Auditor of the Treasury. sions. He died at Catskill, New York,

September 28, 1854. Adams, John.-Born at Braintree, MasBachusetts, October 30, 1735; graduated at Adams, John Quincy.-Born in Brain. Harvard University in 1755 ; instructed a tree, now Quincy, Mass., July 11, 1767. class of scholars in Latin and Greek for a When ten years of age, he accompanied subsistence; studied law, and having been his father to France; and when fifteen, was admitted to the bar, settled at Quincy to private secretary to the American Minister practice his profession. As a member of in Russia. He was graduated at Harvard the Continental Congress, from 1774 to University in 1787 ; studied law in New1777, he was among the formost in recom | buryport, and settled in Boston. From mending an independent Government. In 1794 to 1801 he was American Minister to 1777, he was chosen Commissioner to the Holland, England, Sweden, and Prussia. Court of Versailles. On his return he was He was a Senator in Congress from 1803 chosen a member of the Convention called to 1808; Professor of Rhetoric in Harvard to prepare a form of government for Mas. University, with limited duties, from 1806 sachusetts. In September, 1779, he was to 1808; was appointed, in 1809, Minister appointed Minister Plenipotentiary to ne to Russia ; assisted in negotiating the gotiate a peace, and had authority to form Treaty of Ghent, in 1814; and assisted, à commercial treaty with Great Britain. also, as Minister, at the Convention of In June, 1780, he was appointed Ambas Commerce with Great Britain, in 1815. sador to Holland; and, in 1782, he went He was Secretary of State under President to Paris to engage in the negotiation for Monroe; and was chosen President of the peace, having previously obtained assur United States in 1825, serving one term. ance that Great Britain would recognize | In 1831 he was elected a Representative in the independence of the United States. Congress, and continued in that position After serving on two or three commissions until his death, which occurred in the to form treaties of amity and commerce Speaker's room, two days after falling with foreign powers, in 1785 he was ap- | from his seat in the House of Representapointed first Minister to London; and, in tives, February 23, 1848. His last words 1788, having been absent nine years, he were: “ This is the end of earth; I am returned to America. In March, 1789, the | content.” He was chairman of several of new Constitution of the United States the most important committees, and always went into operation, and he became the a working member of the House. He pub. first Vice-President, which office he held | lished “Letters on Silesia," “Lectures during the whole of Washington's admin on Rhetoric and Oratory," and various

"Poems,” besides many occasional letters | Adgate, Asa. He was a Representaand speeches. His unpublished writings, tive in the Legislature of New York from it is said, would make many volumes. Clinton County, from 1798 to 1799, and

elected Representative in Congress from Adams, Parmenio.-He was born in Essex County, in that State, from 1815 to Hartford, Connecticut, and was a Repre- | 1817, and was again a member of the sentative in Congress from Batavia, Gene- Legislature in 1823. see County, New York, from 1823 to 1827.

Adrain, Garnett B.-Born in the city Adams, Robert H.-He was a Senator of New York, December 20, 1816. He in Congress, by appointment, from Missis. graduated at Rutgers College, New Jersey, sippi, from January to May, in 1830, and in 1833; studied law, and was admitted to died on the second day of July following. the bar in 1837 ; and was a Representative

in the Thirty-fifth Congress from New Adams, Samuel.-Born in Boston, Jersey, serving as Chairman of the Com. Massachusetts, in 1722; graduated at Har- | mittee on Engraving. He was also elected vard University in 1740; was one of the a member of the Thirty-sixth Congress, first who organized measures of resistance serving as Chairman of the Commitiee on to the mother country ; was a signer of the Engraving. In January, 1861, he offered Declaration of Independence; was a Dele the resolution of thanks to Major Robert gate from Massachusetts to the Continental | Anderson for his defence of Fort Sumter. Congress from 1774 to 1782; signed the After leaving Congress he was devoted to Articles of Confederation; was a member his profession. of the Massachusetts Convention which accepted the Federal Constitution; and, Ahl, John A.--He was born in Stangon the adoption of the State Constitution, bury, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, in he was elected President of the Senate. | August, 1815; received a good English He was Lieutenant Governor of Massachu education; studied medicine with his father, setts from 1789 to 1794, and subsequently and graduated at the “Washington MediGovernor until 1797; and he died October cal College" of Baltimore. He abandoned 3, 1803.

his profession in 1850, and turned his ata

tention to various kinds of manufactures, Adams, Stephen.-He was a native of and was elected a Representative from Franklin County, Pennsylvania, and had | Pennsylvania to the Thirty-fifth Congress, been a member of the Senate of that State. | serving as a member of the Committee on Removing to Mississippi, he took an active Manufactures. part in public affairs; was a member of the State Legislature, and a Representative in Aiken, William.-He was born in Congress, from 1845 to 1847; he was Charleston, South Carolina, in 1806; elected Judge of the Circuit Court, and graduated at the South Carolina College in from 1852 to 1857 was a Senator in Con. 1825; was a member of the State Legislagress from Mississippi, serving on several ture in 1838, 1840, and 1842; was Governor committees. He removed to Tennessee of South Carolina in 1844; and a Reprewith the intention of practicing law at sentative in Congress from that State from Memphis, where he died, May 11, 1857. | 1851 to 1857. He was considered one of

the most successful rice planters in his Adams, Thomas. He was a Delegate native State. from Virginia to the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1780, and signed the Articles Akers, Thomas Peter. He was electof Confederation.

ed a Representative from Missouri to the

Thirty-fourth Congress for the unexpired Addams, William. He was born in term of J. G. Miller, and served one ses. Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; was a sion. Representative in Congress from Pennsyl. tabia from 1825 to 1829, and served on a Albertson, Nathaniel.--He was born Committee for the Deaf and Dumb Insti- | in Virginia, and was elected a Representatutions of New York and Ohio. He was, tive in Congress from the First Congresalso, Auditor of Berks County, Pennsyl. sional District of Indiana, from 1849 to vania, in 1813 and 1814; Commissioner of | 1851, and was a member of the Committee the County from 1814 to 1817; member of on Public Lands. the State Legislature from 1822 to 1824; and Associate Judge of Berks County from Albright, Charles J.-He was born in 1839 to 1842. Died in the spring of 1855. Pennsylvania, and was elected from the

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