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was full of religious sentiment not dogmatic or fanatical. He said: “ I am getting to be old, I shall soon die; I expect to die.” This he said, not with a kind of cant nor with more seriousness, perhaps, than would be natural in ordinary conversation; but he said: “I expect to die; I cannot realize it. I have tried to do so many times; I believe in God, I believe what He has said, and I give myself up in faith to Him." That is a specimen of the way in which he spoke of such matters. He continued in service until over seventy years of age. From that time onward he retired into private life and led a quiet life in his most delightful home in Orange, New Jersey; and there he died. I am aware that I have given an imperfect sketch of Dr. Mason; but I should do injustice to his memory and the great work he did in the cause of education, to say less.
MERRICK LYON, of Providence. I desire to utter but a few words in regard to the second person named in those obituary resolutions. I wish to speak of the Rev. Cyrus A. Crane, who joined this Institute at the meeting in Providence in 1854. I have known him intimately for many years; and when he died, his name was recorded with my own upon a committee where we had served fifteen years. He graduated at Brown University with high honor, became a teacher in Providence, and, during the greater part of his life, continued to receive and instruct pupils. He was settled at East Greenwich, and was there a faithful and loved pastor. He was a man of a genial and Christian spirit, and a lover of good learning in all its departments, an elegant classical scholar, who kept up with his classical studies to the last; and every year he made it a point, on the examination in Brown University, to be present, and he prepared himself especially that he might question the students, that he might, as he himself said, kindle the flame in his own heart and retain his familiarity with the classics, to which he had devoted so great a part of his life.
As a teacher, he was eminently successful ; as a preacher, he was able, and in all his duties and relations in life, he filled them well ; and we in Providence, and in Rhode Island, feel that we have lost a noble, generous and high-minded man, whom no one knew but loved him, nor named him but to praise.
WILLIAM A. Mowry of Rhode Island. Mr. President, I am aware that the pressure of other duties, forbids our dwelling on these matters of the past as, in one sense, we ought to do. This Institute was organized, and has been kept up and constantly and largely maintained, by practical teachers, and by teachers of public schools. Two of the gentlemen who have died during the past years, members of this Institute, have labored outside, higher in one very important sense, than that of the practical teacher of the common school. Dr. Mason's name stands high; Dr. Crane's name is also distinguished as a scholar, as a teacher, as a Christian gentleman. Let me occupy a single moment in stating one or two facts in regard to one of the members of this Institute for many years, whose name is among those of the earlier members, who was a practical teacher in the common schools, Albert A. Gamwell, a native of Western Massachusetts, a poor boy, brought up to hard labor upon the farm, earning his way and securing an education, and then graduating at Brown University with honor, and sitting right down to his life work as soon as he graduated, in one of the grammar schools of the city of Providence, unambitious of distinction or preferment; never speaking in these meetings except he was pressed forward; a scholar, a thinker, remarkably interested in our native language and all the studies that appertain to it; not an unapt scholar in the classics, but believing ours to be a classical language, of great power and force, and one that will richly repay us for greater study than we are accustomed to bestow upon it; tracing out the words to the springs from which they flow in the mountains of the past. He always had something to say, however, when he did rise, that teachers would remember and carry home with them.
I will mention especially that he spent his life in one place. Had he lived to complete the summer term now past, he would have been twenty-five years the master of wbat is now the largest grammar school in that city. Nearly the whole of that time he spent in one building, organizing and re-organizing that school on a new. basis, introducing teachers that we had never known before ; and there, for that twenty-five years, sustaining himself, lifting himself higher and higher every year by honest, manly, faithful work, so that at the last, the scene at his funeral was one of the most touching that my eyes ever witnessed, the business men, the young men from the first rank in business, coming up to the old Baptist meeting-house, established by Roger Williams himself, and shedding tears over the remains of their old teacher.
He left a record as a teacher, the memory of which will be cherished by the city and the State and by many persons scattered throughout our land. The great power of his life, which enabled him to accomplish what he did, was honest integrity, a feeling of responsibility to God to do all that he could do, and in the very best possible manner.
The next exercise was a lecture by Nathaniel T. Allen, on “ The System of Public Instruction in Prussia, as seen by a Massachusetts Practical Teacher.” See page 39.
PROF. E. C. PICKERING, of the Institute of Technology at Boston, gave an instructive address in which he urged the importance of adopting modes of teaching that require the pupils to perform experiments. He would advocate the use of cheap instruments, many of which could be made by the pupils themselves. Samples of apparatus constructed by students at the Institute of Technology, were exhibited. The address was listened to with much interest.
The Institute met at 2 o'clock, and listened to a lecture by Hon. E. E. WHITE, Columbus, Ohio; subject, “ The True Education.”
See page 69.
The Committee then reported and the Institute unanimously adopted the following:
Resolved, That we return our sincere thanks to the School Board and City Government of Lewiston for their cordial welcome, and for the free use of the halls in which our sessions have been held; to the Local Committee for their untiring efforts to provide for our accommodation, and to make our meeting pleasant and profitable ; to the officers of such railroads as have granted free re. turn tickets to the members of the Institute; to the proprietors of such hotels as liave furnished entertainment at a reduced price; to the Androscoggin, Bates, and Hill Companies for their invitations to visit their manufactories ; to the Reverends Messrs. F. F. Ford, E. M. Haynes, and J. S. Burgess for their very acceptable services; to J. L. Pickard, Esq.; Walter Smith, Esq.; J. Baxter Upham, M. D.; Francis H. Underwood, Esq.; Rev. Dr. C. A. Bartol; Hon. J. W. Patterson ; Nathaniel T. Allen, Esq.; Prof. E. C. Pickering, Hon. E. E. White, and Prof. L. W. Mason, for their able and instructive papers, lectures and addresses ; and that copies of the same be requested for publication; to Abner J. Phipps, Esq., for the efficient and impartial manner in which he has presided over our deliberations and performed the arduous and delicate duties of his office as President; to D. W. Jones, Esq., for his ac. curate, faithful and laborious services as Secretary.
Resolved, That our thanks are due, and are hereby presented, to the Legislature of Massachusetts for the continuance of their liberal appropriations in aid of the Institute.
At this point, it being after three o'clock, P. M., the President called on several gentlemen from different sections, to make brief statements as to the condition and progress of education in their respective States.
MR. A. P. Stone, for Maine, who said that the schools of Maine were much like Jeremiah's figs, some good, some bad. Considerable progress has been made within a few years, in the way of legislation. He expressed his regret that so small a number of the teachers of Maine had been present at these meetings, and explained the fact by saying that they were not generally informed that the meeting was to be held at this time, as the programmes had been so recently advertised.
Rev. C. HAMMOND, of Monson, spoke of the schools of Massachusetts, as prosperous; and continued by expressing his gratification at the sentiments of the lecture by Mr. White, and that the right views were implanted in the West, where they will take deep root and bear much fruit. He added also a word with reference to Lowell Mason, in relation to his connection with this Institute as a means of good to the world. This Institute was established just before Dr. Mason began his work, and when he was ready to begin he found men in New England ready to help him. And there is just as much need of this Institute now, as there ever has been in the last forty years. It is an advantage to Massachusetts to pay all its expenses. It has a greater advantage in paying the whole than she could derive from the same amount expended in any
- There is that withholdeth more than is meet, and it tendeth to poverty.”
Mr. WILLIAM A. Mowry spoke for Rhode Island, referring especially to the work in Providence, where they expect to build one good school-house, at least, every year. The State is making cotton cloth enough, every year, to make a belt three times around the world, and jewelry enough for "all the world, and the rest of mankind,” if they do not wear more than they ought to. There are some very good schools in the State, and education is making progress.
DR. LAMBERT spoke briefly for New York, MR. Gross for New Jersey, and MR. PICKARD for Illinois, confining his remarks, however, to the details of the fire and its results. There are now as many pupils, within one thousand, in the schools of that city as there were last September. Although the loss was very great, and the suffering of many very severe, yet there were lessons of benevolence and charity taught by it that go far to compensate for all.
The PRESIDENT elect, M. C. STEBBINS of Springfield, was