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spect, an educational value, in that it aids the imagination or assists us in making pictures, pictures of thought, and in forming distinct conceptions. The relation between these two things is very intimate. It seems to me that if I cared nothing at all about drawing as such, I should still regard this as one of the most important and suggestive lectures I have heard on the general subject of education.

The President announced the following committees :

ON NOMINATIONS.-D. B. Hagar, Warren Johnson, W. A. Mowry, S. S. Greene, James S. Barrell, M. C. Stebbins, T. W. Valentine.

TEACHERS AND TEACHERS' PLACES.-A. P. Stone, Thomas Tash, E. B. Hale.

RESOLUTIONS.—Merrick Lyon, Z. Richards, C. C. Rounds.

NECROLOGY.-Charles Hammond, Edward H. Allen, S. S. Greene.

At eleven o'clock, a paper was read by J. Baxter Upham, M. D., Chairman of the Committee on Music, of the Boston School Board, on “Vocal Music as a Branch of Instruction in our Common Schools.See page 161.

He was followed by L. W. Mason, a teacher of music in the Boston Primary Schools, who explained his method of teaching children, by a class of children from the schools of Lewiston.

The meeting then adjourned until two o'clock, P. M.

AFTERNOON SESSION. At the opening of the afternoon session, Francis H. Underwood, Esq., of Boston, was introduced, who presented an essay, on the “ Teaching of English Literature.” See page 186.

This was followed by a lecture by Rev. Dr. C. A. Bartol, of Boston, - The Idea of Industrial Education.

DISCUSSION. MR. RICHARDS of Washington spoke in favor of Kindergartens, and thought the kind of instruction given in them

should be continued through all the grades, up to the Polytechnic Scbool. Now, when the children are put into the common schools they are treated like so many animals ; the whole process of education in them tends to prevent growth in reference to preparation for real life. In ninety-nine cases in a hundred the chief qualification of the teacher in those schools is, to keep the children still. A fine set of desks and polished walls, except there is hung upon them sometimes a map or chart, are the chief attractions in a primary schoolroom. He thought there should be an industrial room in connection with the common schools, with appropriate tools, so that boys and girls might be taught the use of appropriate instruments, which they will need to use in after life.

Permission was given Mr. Valentine of New York, who was obliged to take his leave, to present the following resolutions as a mark of respect to the memory of William Seaver, one of the founders of the Institute, who died during the past year, at the age of 80 years. The resolutions were referred to the Committee on Necrology.

Whereas, An All-Wise Providence has, since our last annual meeting, removed by death Mr. William Seaver, late of Northboro', Mass., who was for nearly fifty years a highly successful teacher in that town, in Quincy, and in Cambridge, Mass., and who, moreover, was one of the original members of this Institute, therefore,

Resolved, That in this event we are reminded not only of our own mortality, but of the fact that the pioneers in this enterprise are rapidly passing away.

Resolved, That while we will pay all honor and respect to the few yet remaining fathers and founders of the American Institute of Instruction, and will ever cherish the memory of the departed who labored so wisely and so well in their generation, we who succeed them will give all diligence to perpetuate and perfect their work, until this, the most ancient organization of the kind in the world, shall accomplish all that its founders sought.

MR. VALENTINE said he noticed the great interest manifested at the announcement of the death of Dr. Lowell Ma

son. They all had a deep interest in him, and a great respect for his memory. He would himself have gladly walked ten miles to attend his funeral. But I wish to speak more particularly of Mr. Seaver, who was once well known to members of this Institute. He was a pioneer in this enterprise, though unknown to fame, having no titles, but simply an humble teacher.

I remember meeting with him many years ago, when this Institute met at Worcester. His age was nearly eighty; and I am certain that any person who ever taught school would have been interested in visiting him and hearing him recount his experiences. Like the old soldier of whom Goldsmith wrote, who “ Shouldered his crutch and showed how fields were won," so Mr. Seaver told of his experiences. I find his name was the ninth on the record of original members of the Institute ; and not one of those whose names precede his, is now living. I remember when he attended our meetings in the days of Wayland and Pierrepont. The fathers are passing away, and I feel that I am becoming one of the patriarchs. I believe that while we honor our revolutionary patriots and give them pensions, we should not forget the humble ones who led off in this great enterprise. If his name was not among the honored ones who held office, yet he did all that he could for the prosperity of this Institution.

The resolution was referred to the Committee on Obituaries.

On motion of A. P. Stone; the President, Secretary, and Treasurer were appointed a committee to consider the propriety of closing the present session of the Institute to-morrow at four o'clock.

The President announced that invitations had been extended to the members of the Institute to yisit the Androscoggin, Hill, and Bates Mills. These invitations were accepted, and the thanks of the Institute returned.

At quarter to five the Institute adjourned. The members immediately grouped themselves into three companies, each of which, under the gentlemanly escort of one of the citizens of Lewiston in attendance at the Institute, was conducted to one of the spacious mills, where, by the courtesy of the superintendent, every opportunity was given to see the machinery and the several processes of manufacture.

EVENING SESSION. The Institute met at 8 o'clock and was addressed by Hon. J. W. Patterson of New Hampshire, United States Senator. Subject, "Influence of Education upon Labor." See page 90.


THURSDAY, August 15, 1872. The Institute was opened at 9 ock, A. M., with prayer by Rev. Mr. Burgess of Lewiston.

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON NOMINATIONS. The Committee on Nominations reported the following list of officers of the Institute for the ensuing year. The report was accepted and the persons nominated were elected by ballot.


FOR 1872-3.
PRESIDENT.-M. C. STEBBINS, Springfield, Mass.

VICE PRESIDENTS.-William Russell, Lancaster, Mass.; Henry Barnard, Hartford, Conn.; Ariel Parish, New Haven, Conn.; George B. Emerson, Boston, Mass.; Daniel Leach, Providence, R. I.; Zalmon Richards, Washington, D. C.; John W. Bulkley, Brooklyn, N. Y.; David N. Camp, New Britain, Conn.; John D. Philbrick, Boston, Mass.; Ebenezer Hervey, New Bedford, Mass.; Henry E. Sawyer, Middletown, Conn.; D. B. Hagar, Salem, Mass.; A. P. Stone, Portland, Me.; John Kneeland, Boston, Mass. ; B. G. Northrop, New Haven, Conn.; T. W. Valentine, Brooklyn, N. Y.; Joseph White, Williamstown, Mass.; Charles Hammond, Monson, Mass.; Samuel S. Greene, Providence, R. I.; John W. Dickinson, Westfield, Mass.; Merrick Lyon, Providence, R. I.; Samuel W. Mason, Boston, Mass.; A. A. Miner, Boston, Mass.; Albert Harkness, Providence, R. I.; David Crosby, Nashua, N. H.; A. J. Phipps, West Medford, Mass.; George T. Littlefield, Charlestown, Mass.; Elbridge Smith, Boston, Mass.; F. F. Barrows, Hartford, Conn.; A. G. Boyden, Bridgewater, Mass.; Warren Johnson, Augusta, Me.; James S. Barrell, Lewiston, Me.; William C. Collar, Boston Highlands, Mass.; C. 0. Thompson, Worcester, Mass.; B. F. Tweed, Charlestown, Mass. ; D. W. Jones, Boston, Mass.; Thomas Tash, Lewiston, Me.; C. C. Rounds, Farmington, Me.; E. B. Hale, Cambridge, Mass.; Thomas Emerson, Newton, Mass.; A. P. Marble, Worcester, Mass. ; E. A. Hubbard, Springfield, Mass.

SECRETARY.-W. E. Eaton, Charlestown, Mass.
ASSISTANT SECRETARY.-Alfred Bunker, Boston, Mass.
TREASURER.-George A. Walton, Westfield, Mass.

COUNSELLORS.-J. C. Greenough, Providence, R. I. ; George N. Bigelow, Brooklyn, N. Y.; M. G. Daniell, Boston Highlands, Mass. ; W. A. Mowry, Providence, R. I.; N. A. Calkins, New York City;

J. W. Webster, Boston, Mass.; J. N. Camp, Burlington, Vt.; T. W. Bicknell, Providence, R. I.; J. G. Edgerly, Manchester, N. H.; A. E. Winship, Bridgewater, Mass.; C. P. Rugg, New Bedford, Mass.; E. I. Comins, Worcester, Mass.

Voted, To close this session at four o'clock this afternoon.

The annual report of the Directors was presented and placed on file. By this report it appears that the Committee on Publication has published three hundred copies of the annual volume, at an expense of three hundred and twentynine dollars and eighty-one cents. One hundred and seventy copies of the volumes have been sent to members of the Institute entitled to them. The library of the Institute remains at the rooms of the Massachusetts Teachers' Association in Boston, and in good condition.

The report of the Treasurer was received and placed on file. The report shows that the Treasurer has received, the past year, eight hundred and ninety-one dollars and ninetyseven cents; paid out eight hundred and sixty-two dollars and ninety-four cents. Balance, twenty-nine dollars and three cents. Money in treasury, two hundred and fifty dollars. Total balance in favor of the Institute, two hundred and seventy-nine dollars and three cents.

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