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and opinions of many persons in public life. The correspond. ing portions of the public and secret journals, the published letters of official functionaries during the same period, and works in which are to be found eotemporary private letters or remarks on the same topics or by the same persons, afford explanations too important to be overlooked. Yet they are scattered through various volumes, and, even in them, are found or traced with difficulty. The printed journals of the confederation, both public and secret, are not only voluminous but very imperfect. Much of the proceedings of Congress is entirely omitted in both, and they are so incomplete that it is frequently impossible to trace with accuracy the details of legislation even on topics of great public interest. To the secret journals there is no index, and that annexed to the public journals is far from being full. The diplomatic correspondence, which is exceedingly valuable, and constantly illus. trates the remarks of Mr. Madison and the debates he has preserved, extends through nineteen volumes; and the letters of many of the eminent men referred to, which treat of the same topics, are only to be found in various works subsequently published from time to time.

It has been thought, therefore, that it would be proper to make a brief reference at the end of the volumes to some of the principal of these passages; but in such a manner as not, in the slightest degree, to interfere or connect them with the text of Mr. Madison himself. They are annexed only in the belief that they will be of service to the reader and may facili. tate his researches. They are not as numerous as they might have been made, perhaps with additional advantage; and the form of a simple reference has been alone adopted, because it was not intended to introduce any commentary or remarks. The fulness and accuracy of these references have been

increased in a very great degree by the researches and aid of Mr. Sparks of Cambridge, Mr. Smith, the librarian of the Philadelphia library, Mr. Wall of New Jersey, Mr. ATHERTON and Mr. Hill of New Hampshire, Mr. Dıx of Albany, Mr. SHUNK of Harrisburg, and Mr. Force of Washington.

Explanatory tables of contents have been prepared and prefixed to each volume of the work, and a copious index has been added to the whole. Though not forming a part of the manuscript of Mr. Madison, they are thought to be indispensable.

WASHINGTON, 1st January, 1840.

To THOMAS JEFFERSON. Philadelphia, March 27,

1780

. 43

Enemy still at Charleston-Critical state of public affairs-Scar-

city in the Army.

To THOMAS JEFFERSON. Philadelphia, May 6,

1780 . . . . . . 45

Alarming situation of public affairs—Financial means described
Mentions that Connecticut has taken vigorous measures to supply
her quota of money and commodities—Change in the situation of

Congress occasioned by their dependence on the States.

To THOMAS JEFFERSON. Philadelphia, June 2,

1780

. . . . 47

Incursions of the Indians in New York, &c.—Military information

-An account of the surrender of Charleston on the 12th ult. pub-

lished by Rivington not believed-No tidings of the auxiliary force

from France—The condition of the Army renders an efficient co-

operation with it unlikely—Measures of the State of Pennsylvania

to give relief in the present crisis described.

To THOMAS JEFFERSON, Philadelphia, June 23,

1780

. 49

Return of Clinton with part of the Southern Army to New York-

Critical situation of General Washington-Patriotic scheme of the

opulent Merchants of Philadelphia.

To EDMUND PENDLETON. Philadelphia, Septem-

ber, 12, 1780 . . . . . 50
Congress have entered on a plan for finally ratifiying the Confeder-
ation-Recommendation to the States to cede the unappropriated
lands-Encouragement derived from the combination of the Mari-

time powers in support of their mutual rights.

To JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, September 19,

1780 . .

. . 51

Discussions in Congress on the resolutions left by him-The Ver.
mont business.

MUN

NDLETO

.

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To JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, October 17,

1780 . . .

. . 53

Action of Congress on the clause relating to Indian purchases

Military news. .

To JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, October 20,

1780 .

. . . 55

Uneasiness occasioned by the disappointment of foreign suc-
cours — Gloomy prospects for the Army in the winter-Remedy

suggested.
To Edmund PENDLETON. Philadelphia, October

31, 1780
Feeling in Congress relative to the British treatment of the cap-

tives in Charleston.
To Edmund PendLETON. Philadelphia, Novem-

ber 7, 1780 . . . . . 58
Charges of Dr. Lee and Mr. Izard against Dr. Franklin-Requisi-
tion by Congress for six millions of specie on the States—Effects

of pecuniary difficulty on the war, &c.

To Joseph Jones. Philadelphia, November ,

1780 .

. . . . 60

The Vermont business-New arrangement of the Army.

To JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, November 14,

1780 . . . . . . 61

State emissions of currency the bane of every salutary arrange-

ment of the public finances—Defensive condition of the magazines

- Inroads of the enemy into New York.

T. JOSEPH Jones. Philadelphia, November 21,

1780

. 62

Suggestions for legislation in Virginia –Depreciation of State emis-

sions—The policy Virginia should pursue relative to a territorial

cession.

To JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, November 25,

1780

. . . . . 64

Instructions to Mr. Jay, relative to the Mississippi claims of Spain

-Difference of opinion on the subject between Mr. Madison and

his colleague.

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