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may be due to him, it shall be the duty of the clerk to enter the case dismissed, and to give to either party requesting it a copy of the agreement filed; but no mandate or other process shall issue without an order of the court.

21.18

MOTIONS. 1. All motions to the court shall be reduced to writing, shall contain a brief statement of the facts and objects of the motion and shall be served upon opposing counsel at least five days before the day noticed for the hearing

2. One-half hour on each side shall be allowed to the argument of a motion, and no more, without special leave of the court, granted before the argument begins.

3. No motion to dismiss, except on special assignment by the court, shall be heard, unless previous notice as above has been given to the adverse party, or the counsel or attorney of such party.

22.

PARTIES NOT READY. 1. Where no counsel appears, and no brief has been filed for the plaintiff in error or appellant, when the case is called for trial, the defendant may have the plaintiff called, and the writ of error or appeal dismissed.

2. When the defendant fails to appear when the case is called for trial, the court may proceed to hear an argument on the part of the plaintiff, and to give judgment according to the right of the case.

3. Where a case is reached in the regular call of the docket, and there is no appearance for either party, the case shall be dismissed at the cost of the plaintiff in error or appellant.

23.

PRINTING RECORDS.

1. All records shall be printed under the supervision of the clerk, and upon the docketing of a cause, he shall cause an estimate to be made of the expense of printing the record, and his fee for preparing it for the printer and supervising the printing, and shall notify the party docketing the case of the amount of the estimate. If the amount so estimated is not promptly paid over to the clerk and for want of such payment the record shall not have been printed when a case is reached for argument, the case shall be dismissed.

2. Upon payment of the amount estimated by the clerk, thirty copies of the record shall be printed, under his supervision, for the use of the court and of counsel.

12 When typewritten, an original and three copies should be filed.

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3. In cases of appellate jurisdiction the original transcript on file shall be taken by the clerk to the printer. But the clerk shall cause copies to be made for the printer of such original papers sent up under Rule 14, section 4, as are necessary to be printed; and the whole of the record in cases of original jurisdiction.

4. The clerk shall supervise the printing and see that the printed copy is properly indexed. He shall distribute the printed copies to the judges and the reporter, and one or more printed copies to the counsel for the respective parties.

5. If the expense of printing and supervision shall be less than the amount estimated and paid, the clerk shall refund the difference to the party paying same. If the expense is greater than the estimate the amount of such excess shall be paid to the clerk before he shall file the printed record or deliver copies to the parties or their counsel.

6. In case of reversal, affirmance or dismissal, with costs, the amount paid for printing the record and of the clerk's fee shall be taxed against the party against whom costs are given.

7. The plaintiff in error or appellant may, upon filing the record in this court, file with the clerk a statement of the errors on which he intends to rely, and of the parts of the record which he thinks necessary for the consideration thereof, and forthwith serve on the adverse party a copy of such statement. The adverse party within ten days thereafter, may designate in writing, filed with the clerk, additional parts of the record which he thinks material; and, if he shall not do so, he shall be held to have consented to a hearing on the parts designated by the plaintiff in error or appellant. If parts of the record shall be so designated by one or both of the parties, or if such parts be distinctly designated by stipulation of counsel for the respective parties, the clerk shall print those parts only; and the court will consider nothing but those parts of the record, and the errors so stated. If at the hearing it shall appear that any material part of the record has not been printed, the writ of error or appeal may be dismissed, or such other order made as the circumstances may appear to the court to require. If the defendant in error or appellee shall have caused unnecessary parts of the record to be printed, such order as to costs may be made as the court shall think proper.

All statements and stipulations filed hereunder shall distinctly and accurately refer to the pages of the original certified record, as well as the documents to be printed or omitted.

8. At the time of filing the record and docketing the cause, counsel for the plaintiff in error or appellant in patent cases may furnish the clerk with copies of patent office drawings and specifications to be used as inserts, and the same, if in proper form and of convenient size, shall be used in printing the record (without cost to the parties. (As amended March 2, 1900.)]

9. The fee of the clerk for preparing the record for the printer, indexing the same, supervising the printing, and distributing the copies, for each printed page of the record and index, twenty-five cents.13

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13 See order of the supreme court establishing a table of fees for the cir('uit courts of appeals, page cxxxix.

24.

BRIEFS. 1. The counsel for the plaintiff in error or appellant shall file with the clerk of this court, twenty copies of a printed brief, and serve upon counsel for the defendant in error or the appellee one copy thereof, at least ten days before the case is called for arguinent.

2. This brief shall contain, in order here stated:

(a) A concise abstract or statement of the case, presenting succinctly the questions involved, in the manner in which they are raised.

(b) A specification of the errors relied upon, which, in cases brought up by writ of error, shall set out separ itely and particularly each error asserted and intended to be urged; and in cases brought up by appeal the specification shall state, as particularly as may be, in what the decree is alleged to be erroneous. When the error alleged is as to the admission or to the rejection of evidence, the specification shall quote the full substance of the evidence admitted or rejected. When the error alleged is to the charge of the court, the specification shall set out the part referred to totidem verbis, whether it be in instructions given or in instructions refused. When the error alleged is to a ruling upon the report of a master, the specification shall state the exception to the report and the action of the court upon it.

(c) A brief of the argument, exhibiting a clear statement of the points of law or fact to be discussed, with a reference to the pages of the record and the authorities relied upon in support of each point. When a statute of a state is cited, so much thereof as may be deemer1 necessary to the decision of the case shall be printed at length.

3. The counsel for a defendant in error or an appellee shall file with the clerk twenty printed copies of his brief and serve upon counsel for plaintiff in error or appellant one copy thereof, at least three days before the case is called for hearing. His brief shall be of a like character with that required of the plaintiff in error or appellant, except that no specification of error shall be required, and 110 statement of the case, unless that presented by the plaintiff in error or appellant is controverted.

4. When there is no assignment of errors, as required by section 997 of the Revised Statutes, counsel will not be heard, except at the request of the court; and errors not specified according to this rule will be disregarded; but the court, at its option, may notice a plain error not assigned or specified.

5. When, according to this rule, a plaintiff in error or an appellant is in default, the case may be dismissed on motion; and, when a defendant in error or an appellee is in default, he will not be heard, except on consent of his adversary, and by request of the court.

6. When no counsel appears for one of the parties, and no printed brief or argument is filed, only one counsel will be heard for the adverse party; but, if a printed brief or argument is filed, the adverse party will be entitled to be heard by two counsel.

[Note.Briefs signed by counsel who are not members of the bar of this court or fully qualified under the provisions of rule 7, will not be considered by the court. See, also, subdivision 2 of rule 26.]

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25.

ORAL ARGUMENTS.
1. The plaintiff in error or appellant in this court shall be entitled to
open and conclude the argument of the case. But when there are
cross appeals they shall be argued together as one case, and the plain-
tiff in the court below shall be entitled to open and conclude the argu-
nient.

2. Only two counsel will be heard for each party on the argument of
a case.

3. One hour on each side will be allowed for the argument, and no more, without special leave of the court, granted before the argument begins. The time thus allowed may be apportioned between the counsel on the same side at their discretion: provided, always, that a fair opening of the case shall be made by the party having the opening and closing arguments.

26.

FORM OF PRINTED RECORDS, ARGUMENTS, BRIEFS AND PETI

TIONS FOR REHEARING.
1. All records printed for the use of the court must be printed on un-
ruled white writing paper, nine and one-quarter inches long and six anil
one-quarter inches wide. The printed page exclusive of any marginal
note, reference or running head, must be seven inches long and four
inches wide, excepting in patent cases where counsel furnish to the
clerk at the time of docketing the cause patent office drawings and
specifications for insertion. In such cases the margin of the record
may be sufficiently enlarged to accommodate such drawings and specifi-
cations. The record must be properly indexed. Pica double-leaded is
the only mode of composition allowed.

2. All arguments, briefs, and petitions for rehearing, printed for the
use of the court, must be printed on unruled white writing paper, nine
and one-quarter inches long and six and one-quarter inches wide. The
printed page, exclusive of any marginal note, reference or running
head, must be seven inches long and four inches wide. Pica double-
leaded is the only mode of composition allowed.

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[Rule 28 was amended March 2, 1900, so as to read as follows:]

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OPINIONS OF THE COURT.
The original opinions of the court shall be filed with the clerk of this
court for preservation, and when so filed the same shall be deemed to
have been recorded within the meaning of this rule.

29.

REHEARING. A petition for rehearing may be presented within 30 days after judgment. It must be printed, and briefly and distinctly state its grounds, and be supported by certificate of counsel that in his judgment it is well founded, and that it is not interposed for delay. Twenty printed copies must be filed with the clerk of this court.

30.

[As originally adopted. See page xxxv.]

31.

COSTS. 1. In all cases where any suit shall be dismissed in this court, costs shall be allowed to the defendant in error or appellee, unless otherwise agreed by the parties.

2. In all cases of affirmance of any judgment or decree in this court, costs shall be allowed to the defendant in error or appellee, unless otherwise ordered by the court.

3. In cases of reversal of any judgment or decree in this court, costs shall be allowed to the plaintiff in error or appellant, including the cost of the transcript from the court below, unless otherwise ordered by the court.

4. Neither of the foregoing sections shall apply to cases where the United States are a party, but in such cases no costs shall be allowed in this court for or against the United States.

5. When costs are allowed in this court, it shall be the duty of the clerk to insert the amount thereof in the body of the mandate, or other proper process, sent to the court below, and annex to the same the bill of items taxed in detail.

6. In all cases certified to the supreme court or removed thereto by certiorari or otherwise, the fees of the clerk of this court shall be paid before a transcript of the record shall be transmitted to the supreme court.

7. Upon the clerk's. producing satisfactory evidence, by affidavit or the acknowledgment of the parties or their sureties, of having served a copy

of

any bill of fees due by them, respectively, in this court, on such parties or their sureties, an attachment shall issue against such parties or sureties respectively to compel payment of said fees. 14

14 See order of the supreme court establishing a table of fees for the circuit courts of appeals, page cxxxix.

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