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CLERK. 1. The clerk's office shall be kept at Chicago.

2. The clerk shall not practice either as attorney or counselor, in this court or in any other court.

3. He shall, before he enters on the execution of his office, take an oath in the form prescribed by section 794 of the Revised Statutes, and shall give bond in a sum to be fixed and with sureties to be approved by the court, faithfully to discharge the duties of his office and seasonably to record the decrees, judgments and determinations of the court. copy of such bond shall be entered on the journal of the court, and the bond shall be deposited for safe-keeping as the court shall direct.

4. He shall not permit any original record or paper to be taken from the court room or from the office without an order from the court.

5. All fees collected by the clerk which are not properly taxable as costs in any case and which are not by law required to be by him deposited in the treasury of the United States, shall constitute a fund to be expended by the clerk under the direction of the court in the purchase of law books for the library of the court.

6. The clerk shall keep an accurate and itemized account of all moneys received by him officially, including costs and fees in cases in the court and fees and moneys collected on any account whatever, and shall deposit the same as received daily to his credit as clerk and separately from all individual accounts in a national bank designated by the senior judge; and at the end of each month and whenever required by the court or senior judge shall submit to the senior judge a detailed report showing by items all moneys received and all paid out during the month and the total balances on hand from each and all sources of receipt. Each report shall be accompanied by a statement over the signature of the cashier or other officer of the bank in which the deposit is kept of the amount in the bank to the credit of the clerk at the close of the last day included in the report.


MARSHAL, CRIER, AND OTHER OFFICERS. 1. The crier and bailiffs of the court, before entering upon their duties, shall take an oath in the form prescribed by section 782 of the Revised Statutes.

2. The marshal and crier shall be in attendance during the sessions of the court, with such number of bailiffs and messengers as the court may from time to time order.



All attorneys and counselors, admitted to practice in the supreme court of the United States or in any circuit court of the United States, or in the supreme court of a state in this circuit, may become attorneys and counselors in this court on taking an oath or affirmation in the form prescribed by rule 2 of the supreme court of the United States (3 Sup. Ct. v.), and on subscribing the roll.


[As originally adopted. See page xxvii.)


[As originally adopted. See page xxvii.]



1. The judges of the circuit and district courts shall not allow any bill of exceptions which shall contain the charge of the court at large to the jury in trials at common law, and upon any general exception to the whole of said charge. But the party excepting shall be required to state distinctly the several matters of law in the charge to which he excepts, and those matters of law, and those only, shall be inserted in the bill of exceptions and allowed by the court.

2. A bill of exceptions shall contain of the evidence only such a statement as is necessary for the presentation and decision of questions saved for review, and unless there be saved a question which requires the consideration of all the evidence, a bill of exceptions containing all the evidence shall not be allowed.

3. No document shall be copied more than once in a bill of exceptions or in a transcript of the record of the case, but instead there shall be inserted a reference to the one copy set out. A motion for a new trial and orders and entries relating thereto shall not be set out in the transcript unless required by written precipe, of which a copy shall also be set out.

4. The cost of unnecessary matter in the bill of exceptions or transcript or in the printed record shall not be recovered of the appellee or defendant in error, and in its discretion the court will in case of dispute appoint a referee to determine and report what was necessary therein; and will tax the cost of the reference as shall seem just.


ASSIGNMENT OF ERRORS. The plaintiff in error, or appellant, shall file with the clerk of the court below, with his petition for the writ of error or appeal, an assignment of errors which shall specify separately and particularly each error asserted and intended to be urged. No writ of error or appeal shall be allowed until such assignment of errors shall have been filed. When the error alleged is to the admission or to the rejection of evidence, the specification of the error shall quote the full substance of the evidence admitted or rejected. When the evidence rejected is oral testimony a written statement of the substance of what the witness was expected to testify shall be filed and brought to the attention of the court before the retirement of the jury. When the error alleged is to the charge of the court, each specification of error shall set out the part referred to totidem verbis, whether it be in instructions given or in instructions refused, and shall state distinctly the grounds of objection to an instruction given. Such assignment of errors shall form part of the transcript of the record and be printed with it. When this is not done counsel will not be heard, except at the request of the court, and errors not assigned according to this rule will be disregarded, but the court at its option may notice a plain error not assigned. (See rule 24, post).


[As originally adopted. See page xxviii.]


[As originally adopted. See page xxviii.]


WRITS OF ERROR, APPEALS, RETURN AND RECORD. 1. The clerk of the court, to which any writ of error may be directed, shall make a return of the same by transinitting a true copy of the record, bill of exceptions, assignment of errors, and all proceedings in the case (necessary to the hearing in this court), under his hand and the seal of the court. The clerk may require of the appellant or plaintiff in error a written precipe stating in detail what the transcript shall contain, and when a precipe is filed shall insert a copy thereof in the transcript.

2. In all cases brought to this court, by writ of error or appeal, to review any judgment or decree, the clerk of the court by which such judgment or decree was rendered shall annex to and transmit with the record a copy of the opinion or opinions filed in the case.

3. No case will be heard until a complete record shall have been filed, containing in itself, and not by reference, all the papers, exhibits, depositions, and other proceedings necessary to the hearing in this court.

4. Whenever it shall be necessary or proper, in the opinion of the presiding judge in any circuit or district court, that original papers of any kind should be inspected in this court upon writ of error or appeal, such presiding judge may make such rule or order for the safe-keeping, transporting and return of such original papers as to him may seem proper, and this court will receive and consider such original papers in connection with the transcript of the proceeding.

5. All appeals, writs of error and citations must be made returnable not exceeding thirty days from the date on which the appeal is allowed, or the writ of error issued, whether the return fall in vacation or in term time, and be served before the return day. If a party be nonresident the citation and any other writ or notice necessary in the prosecution of the appeal or writ of error may be served upon such party's counsel or attorney of record, who for such purpose may not bs discharged unless another resident be designated of record in the case upon whom service may be made.

6. The record in cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction shall be made up as provided in general admiralty rule No. 52 of the supreme court,

[As originally adopted. See page xxix.]

[As originally adopted. See page xxix.]



The clerk shall prepare calendars of causes for the regular terms of this court, to be held on the first Tuesday of October in cach year, and for each adjourned session; placing thereon in proper chronological order only cases in which, the record having been printed, briefs upon both sides have been filed seven days before the beginning of the term or session.


[As originally adopted. See page xxx.)


[As originally adopted. See page xxx.]


DISMISSING CASES. Whenever the parties to a writ of error or an appeal shall, by their attorneys of record, sign and file with the clerk an agreement in writing directing the case to be dismissed, and specifying the terms on which it is to be dismissed, in respect to costs, and shall pay to the clerk any fees that may be due to him, the clerk shall enter the case dismissed, and shall give to either party requesting it a copy of the agreement filed, but no mandate or other process shall issue without an order of the court.


MOTIONS. 1. All motions to the court shall be reduced to writing, and shall contain a brief statement of the facts and the object of the motion.

2. One-half hour on each side shall be allowed for the argument of a motion, and no more, without special leave of the court, granted before the argument begins.

3. No motion to dismiss, except on special assignment by the court, shall be heard, unless previous notice has been given to the adverse party, or the counsel or attorney of such party.


PARTIES NOT READY. 1. Where no counsel appears, and no brief has been filed for the plaintiff in error or appellant, when the case is called for trial the other party may have the writ of error or appeal dismissed.

2. If the appellee or defendant in error fails to appear when the case is called, the court may proceed to hear argument on the part of the plaintiff in error or appellant and to give judgment according to the right of the case.

3. When a case is reached in the regular call of the docket, and there is no appearance for either party, and no brief on file for the appellant or plaintiff in error, the case shall be dismissed at the cost of the appellant or plaintiff in error.

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PRINTING THE RECORD. 1. In all cases the plaintiff in error or appellant on docketing a case and filing the record shall enter into an undertaking to the clerk with surety to be approved by the clerk for the payment of all costs which shall be incurred in the cause, shall deposit with the clerk twenty-five dollars to be applied to the payment of costs and fees, and from time to time when necessary shall, on the demand of the clerk, make further deposits for that use.

2. The clerk, upon the docketing of a case, shall forthwith cause an estimate to be made of the cost of printing the record and of his fees for preparing it for the printer and for supervising the printing thereof, and shall at once notify the attorney for the plaintiff in error, or appellant, of the amount of such estimate, which shall be paid to the clerk within ten days after such notice. If not so paid, the writ of error or appeal may be dismissed upon the motion of the opposite party, or by the court of its own motion.

3. The clerk shall cause the record in each case to be printed forthwith after the payment of such estimate, and shall immediately thereafter furnish to each of the respective parties at least three copies

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