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It was so called, because it was constructed in Holland, entirely of wood, and, being brought over in pieces, was erected in this place with wooden pegs only, not a single nail being used in the whole fabric. Its situation is even yet pointed out by the seventh and eighth arches of London Bridge, from the Southwark end, being still called the draw lock, and the nonesuch lock. On the London side of the bridge, the Nonesuch House was partly joined to numerous small wooden dwellings, of about twenty-seven feet in depth, which hung over the parapet on each side, leaving, however, a clear space of twenty feet in the centre; though, over all these, its carved gables, cupolas, and gilded vanes, majestically towered. Two sun-dials, declining east and west, also crowned the top on the south side; on the former of which was painted the old and appropriate admonition of Time and Tide stay for no man;' though these ornaments do not appear to have been erected until the year 1681, in the mayoralty of Sir Patience Ward.
We know not at what exact period London Bridge was first occupied by shops, but in the survey of bridge-lands, it appears very probable that some of the shops in the Bridge-street were actually erected on the bridge. Houses with distinguishing signs, bowever, must have been built upon this edifice at a very early period; for the first notice of one is in the fire which broke out at the Pannier, at the north end of the bridge, in 1504 ; wbilst the next is not older than 1619, and occurs in a letter written October the 6th, by George Herbert, the pious author of the Temple, and printed at the end of Izaak Walton's Lives. The principal ancient residences of the London booksellers were St. Paul's Churchyard, Little Britain, Paternoster-row, and London Bridge: the title-pages of many books showing that they were printed for publishers on the latter site.
There were also chapels. The custom of erecting religious houses on bridges is certainly of great antiquity. A notable instance of this kind was on the bridge at Droitwich, where the road passed through the chapel and separated the congregation from the reading desk and pulpit. Another famous bridge-chapel is also to be found erected over the river Calder, at Wakefield, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. This beautiful fane was built by King Edward IV, in memory of his father, Richard, Duke of York, who was killed in the battle fought near Wakefield, on December the 31st, 1460. Markets, too, were held on London Bridge.
In 1760, all the buildings on London Bridge were removed: but it is not for us to go through all the alterations and accidents which the author so circumstantially relates. We ought, however, to mention, that the history of the water-works-of the estates and their produce-of wages and salaries, showing the value of money—and of a multitude of other relative circum
stances,-is replete with information, and must be esteemed of great importance by the citizens and corporate body of London.
In January 1665-6 (as noticed by Pepys), a hurricane blew away the pales on London Bridge, upon which a jesting ballad was made at that time, and we quote it to prove how much has been stolen from it by later writers.
Some Christian people all give ear
Unto the grief of us-
The which it happened thus :
By fault of a carpenter's son,
Woe worth the time may Lon-
And all such block-head fools;
For meddling with edge tools.
Which put out in sucb flames,
Which lies beyond the Thames.
With water underneath;
As birds therein do breathe,
And yet the fire consumed the brigg,
Not far from place of landing ;
It fell down,-pot with standing.
So many pewter dishes,
Both boil'd and roasted fishes!
For building that was sumptuous,
For being too contumptious !
Pray list to what comes ater;
I'll warm you with the water !
Where these children did slidema,
Which keeps both time and tide-a. All on the tenth of January,
To the wonder of much people ; 'Twas frozen o'er that well 'twould bear
Almost a country steeple !
Upon a place too thin:
That they did all fall in.
And with the king great wager makes ;
He sigh'd,-and would have drawn stakes.
And laid a hundred pound;
For three children there were drowned ;
ers stricken, whose name was John ; Who then cried out as loud as he could,
• Oh Lon-a, Lon-a, Lon-don, • Oh, tut-tut-turn from thy sinful race !'
Thus did his speech decay:
He had no more to say.
The water ran down their throats,
Before they could get any boats!.
Ye parents all that children have,
And ye that have none yet,
And teach them at home to sit.
Or else upon dry ground,
If that they had been drowned !
For fear they should go fro him ;
Uptie 'em-and you'll undo 'em.
And rid them from all fears ;
And God bless-some of the peers ! Howell the poet has some very bombastic verses in praise of the bridge-an imitation (with augmentation) of Sannazario's sonnet to the Bridge of Venice. It runs thus
When Neptune from his billows London spyde,
This bridge of wonders is the paramount ! Yet, notwithstanding this author's praises of the Bridge of the World,' as he calls it, he makes us acquainted with what may be considered as an ancient satire upon it; since he says, 'If London Bridge had fewer eyes, it would see far better. The arches of this edifice, and the dangerous passage through them, have also given rise to another quaint saying, which is recorded in the Rev. J. Ray's Collection of Proverbs, and which is, ‘London Bridge
was made for wise men to go over, and fools to go under.'
In MARCH 1829.
SOLAR PHENOMENA. The Sun enters Aries at 37 m. past 8 in the evening of the 20th of this month, and he rises and sets during the same period as in the following
TABLE Of the Sun's Rising and Setting for every fifth Day. March 1st, Suu rises 35 m. after 6, sets 25 m. past 5 6th 25
Phases of the Moon.
7 in the morning Full Moon ....20th........51........ 1 in the afternoon Last Quarter ..28th........19.
7 in the morning
. . . . . . . .