Imagens da página

buted to my safety. This acknow- of which the ancient writing had ledgment, however, is more parti- been obliterated, though not comcularly due to the female part of pletely, to furnish vellum for the the nation. In all my wanderings transcription of other productions. and wretchedness, I bave found them Some further discoveries of a simiuniformly kind and compassionate; lar kind in the Vatican Library and I can truly say, as my prede- were noticed in the Christian Oba cessor, Mr. Ledyard, has eloquently server for 1820, p. 129. But the said before ine, To a Negroe wo- most interesting of these discoman I never addressed myself in veries are large portions of the the language of decency and friend. Gothic version of the Scriptures. ship without receiving a decent and The particulars are detailed by Sig. friendly answer. If I was hungry nor Maï, and his colleague Signor and thirsty, wet or sick, they did Castillionæi, in a work lately pubnot hesitate, like the men, to perform lished at Milan, entitled, “ Ulphia generous action.

In so free and læ partium ineditarum, in Ambrosi. kind a manner did they contribute anis palimpsestis, repertarum, speto my relief, that if I was dry, I cimen, &c.” This publication is in drank the sweetest draught, and Latin, and necessarily expensive; if hungry I eat the coarsest morsel, and very few copies have found with a double relish."

their way to this country. Your These are the people whose pro- readers, therefore, may not be disgressive improvement will, I hope, pleased to see the following abridged ere long, vindicate the prophetic account of this part of its contents strain of one of our most beautiful taken from Mr. Horne's valuable and devotional poets:

“Supplementary Pages” to the third But his mother's eye

edition of his “ Introduction to the That gazes on him from her warmest sky, Critical Study of the Scriptures," Sees in his flexile limbs uptutored grace, Power on his forehead, beauty in his face;

just published. Mr. Horne has acSees in his breast where lawless passioos rove, companied his description by a The heart of friendship, and the home of love;

very interesting and well-executed Sees in his mind, where desolatiou reigns, Fierce as his clime, upcultured as his plains,

fac-simile of one of these codices' A soil where virlue's fairest flowers might shoot, rescripti. And trees of science bend with glorious fruit;

The researches of M. Mas and Sees in his soul involved in thickest night, An emanation of eternal light,

his colleague have been rewarded Ordained inidst sinking worlds his dust to fire, with the discovery of five Codices And shine for ever when the stars expire.

Rescripti, containing portions of But I must lay down my pen for the Gothic version. They are as the present; though I have much follow, more to say on the subject, and 1. The first of these Gothic ma. shall resume it before I leave this nuscripts consists of 204 pages, place.--I am, &c.

quarto, on vellum. The latter (To be continued.)

writing contains the Homilies of Gregory the Great on the Prophe

cies of Ezekiel, and from the chaTothe Editor of theChristian Observer.

racter must have been executed Your readers were early apprized before the eighth century. Beby your learned correspondent, neath this, in a more ancient Gothic T. Y. S., in your volume for 1820, hand, are contained the following p. 162, of the discovery made by Epistles of St. Paul: Romans, 1st Angelo Maï in the Ambrosian Li- and 2d of Corinthians, Ephesians, brary at Milan, of various ancient Philippians, Colossians, 1st and classical fragments, particularly the 2d of Timothy, Titus, and Pbileprincipal part of the last work of mon; with a fragment of the Cicero de Republica, upon palim. Gothic calendar. Several of these pseste manuscripts, - manuscripts Epistles are entire; of others only

as the

[ocr errors]

fragments remain. The manuscript covered 'fragments of ancient auis apparently written by two dif- thors, and a fragment of a Gothic ferent copyists; one of whom wrote Homily, in which several passages more beautifully and correctly than of the Gospels are cited, appathe other; and various readings, in rently in a translation from some of a smaller hand, may occasionally the Greek fathers.

D. be traced in the margin. Entire leaves have been turned upside down by the re-transcriber.

Tothe Editorof theChristian Observer, 2. The second manuscript, also That prudence is essential to the quarto vellum, contains 156 pages. completeness of the Christian cha. The Latin writing on it is of the racter, will not be denied. He who eighth or ninth century, and com- bestowed upon His people prises Jerome's exposition of Isaiah. spirit of power and of love," was Under this has been discovered, also mercifully pleased to endue though with difficulty, on account them with “ a sound mind.And, of the thickness of the Latin cha- as the greatApostle was himself preracters and the blackness of the eminently distinguished by "sound ink, the Gothic version of the Co- wisdom and discretion,” so he sucrinthians, 1st and 2d Galatians, cessfully employed every instru-, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, ment to conciliate the Jew, and to Thessalonians (ist and 2d), and attract the Gentile. Titus.

There is one department of reli· 3. The third manuscript is a gious prudence, to which the attenquarto Latin volume, containing the tion of your readers has not, to the comedies of Plautus, and Seneca's best of my recollection, been called tragedies of Medea and Edipus. by your numerous correspondents. Under these Signor Maï has dis- I allude to the recommendation of covered fragments of the two books religious books to persons avowedly of the Kings, Ezra, and Nehemiah. kostile to the genuine spirit of ChrisThis discovery is the more valu- tianity, or who may be said like Gal. able, not only because not the lio, to care for none of these things.smallest portion of the Gothic I have myself perceived, in more version of the Old Testament was than one instance, the unhappy known to be in existence; but be- effects of furnishing a friend or recause it refutes an idle tale repeated lation, with a “ serious book," withby Gibbon after preceding writers; out first considering how far it may namely, that Ulphilas suppressed be calculated, by the blessing of the four hooks of Kings, lest God, to engage his attention, to they should tend to excite the fierce soften his prejudices, and to “win" and sanguinary temper of his coun- his mind to “ the excellency of the trymen.

knowledge of Christ Jesus our 4. The fourth specimen is a Lord." lu the cases to which I single sheet, small quarto, con- allude, either the bluntness of the taining four pages of St. John's phraseology, the Gospel, in Latin; under which are extravagance of the illustration, found the very fragments of the or the frequent use of such “ expe25th, 26th, and 27th chapters of St. rimental” terms (not to mention Matthew which are wanting in the those which partake of a controcelebrated manuscript of the Gothic versial character) as are wholly unGospels preserved at Upsal, and intelligible to any but the estausually known by the name of the blished and advanced Christian, Codex Argenteus.

have at once repelled the reader, 5. The fifth is a volume of the even before he could be said to proceedings of a council of Chalce- have had the doctrine, which the don, under which have been dis well-meaning author intended to



maintain, fairly represented to him. phical memoir an historical narraSo that it might, perhaps, be justly tive a book of travels, or inte. said, that it was not so much the resting Christian poetry, -are more essential, principles of Christianity likely to gain admittance to the as the peculiar form which they prejudiced or thoughtless mind, assumed in an injudicious publi- than publications which exhibit the cation, that proved offensive to the same Divine truths in an express mind of the reader, and defeated didactic form. For instance, the the salutary intention of his friend. Christian Researches of a Buchanan

It may be replied, that “ the or Jowett, or the Memoirs of Henry things of the Spirit of God are Martyn or Kirke White, are more foolishness to the natural man,” likely, by the blessing of Him withand that this fact will sufficiently out whom nothing is strong or holy, explain the circumstances which í to engage the affections of the have just stated. This proposition youthful, or to soften the asperities I fully admit in its fair scriptural of the prejudiced, mind, than Law's extent; but I cannot assent to the “Serious Call,"or“Alleine's Alarm," conclusion intended to be derived or many excellent treatises which from it. If of two treatises which enter deeply into the spiritual life, develop with equal clearness and warfare, and triumph of the mafidelity “the truth as it is in Jesus," tured Christian. Nor should we the one is better calculated than forget that even the classical prethe other to remove prejudices and dilections of an irreligious friend to excite attention,' doubtless an may very innocently guide our irreligious friend should be pre. choice of a religious book to be sented with that which is the more presented to him. conciliatory and striking. In ge- I will only, in conclusion, recomneral, perhaps, those works which mend to the consideration of your convey the doctrives of the Fall - readers, in reference to their conthe Crucifixion – Justification by duct with worldly relatives and grace through faith-the renova. friends, that “ He that winneth tion of the suul by “ the power of souls is wise;" together with the the Holy Spirit," --and, in a word, practice of an Apostle, “I have all that may upite the heart in love fed you with milk, and not with and gratitude to the Redeemer- meat.” through the medium of a biogra

Πισις. .


The Conversation of our Saviour of Dr. Jarvis, if it were not from

with Nicodemus illustrated ; a the great importance of the quesSermon, preached June 20, 1821, tion which it involves, and our de before the Annual Convention of sire of marking from time to time the Protestant Episcopal Church, the progress of the controversy rein the State of Massachusetts ; specting it. The sermon itself is not, with Notes, and an Appendix on we think, remarkably striking in its Regeneration. By S. F. JARVIS, arguments, or clear in its arrangeD.V. Rector of Si. Paul's, Boston. ment; but it is followed by an apBoston. 1822. pp. 76.

pendix which contains some truly

valuable observations, and the whole We should scarcely perhaps be publication assumes a higher imjustified in reviewing the discourse portance from its expressing, as we

p. 11.

apprebend, the prevailing opinions perance.' When we feel these holy of our brethren in the American motions, we may be sure that the Spirit Episcopal Church. It thus affords of God is breathing upon our hearts.” us the opportunity of observing the pp 10, 11. sentiments of a body of persons But this passage is followed by who, with a few unessential varia

a sentence which we fear


lead tions, subscribe the same articles, to a spiritual indifference and selfuse the same formularies, and are confidence, which the respected ausubject to the same ecclesiastical thor wouid without doubt be among polity as ourselves ; and who, be the first to deprecate. ing unconnected with the parties which unhappily divide our English

“ And even," says he,“ when the Church, may be considered in the corrupting pleasures and occupations of light of umpires rather than of dis- the world bave deadened its influence, putants. An impartial opinion from in the soul, there may still be some

and all tbat is holy seems to be expiring such a body must always be import- gentle, undulating motion, some solitary ant, and especially at the present and soine slight act of goodness, which juncture, when the reviving piety will shew that the divine priuciple of and zeal of the clergy of our churcb, life is not wholly spent, that the sinner and the growing prevalence of a may yet revive, and be saved from everspirit of charity and brotherly love, lasting deatb." afford strong indications of the in

We now proceed to the Noteg creasing influence of the Holy Spirit and Appendix, which mark a care of grace and truth among us. ful and diligent student, and .couo

The sermon, as we have already tain several critical observations intimated, is the least interesting which throw much light on the part of the publication. It attempts great question to which they refer. to paraphrase the conversation of The first note to which our app. our Lord with Nicodemus, and then probation is drawn, is that which proceeds to offer some practical gives a summary (pp. 24–26) of remarks. The most striking part the evidence for the practice of of the illustrations of our Saviour's baptizing proselytes amongst the discourse, is the following.

Jews. It is not original, but it is “ The wind,” said he, « bloweth clear and perspicuous. The fourth where it listeth, and thou hearest the note (p. 27.) also, on the various sound thereof, but canst not tell whence senses in which the words flesh and it cometh, and whither it goetb : 80 is spirit are used in the New Testaevery one that is born of the Spirit. In ment, is learned, candid, and in our language, the illustratiou loses much the main satisfactory: of that beauty and force, which it has

The Appendix, which follows the in the original, where the same word Notes, forms the largest division of denotes both wind and spirit. The wind the pamphlet. It begins by a disis invisible, and superior to our con. trol. We know nothing of its existence cussion of the precise import of the and its operations but by its effects. We word Regeneration : it then endeasee the clouds driven by its force; we vours to ascertain the meaning of hear it sighing among the leaves of the the word Resurrection, and its forest; we feel its refreshing coolness. connexion with the preceding ; Sometimes it seems to be suspended, and it lastly shews the affinity of and we should almost doubt of its exist. several other expressions in the ence, if we did not perceive the thistle's New Testament which relate to down to be toating gently along its cur. this subject, with the two words rent. It is so with the operatious of the Spirit of God upon the soul of man. We previously illustrated. know its presence by its effects. We

1. The exact import of the word are told that the fruit of the Spirit is madeyyeveoi'a, regeneration, is to be love, joy, peace, loug-suffering, gentle. ascertained, according to our auness, goodness, faith, meekness, lem- thor, by determining what-was the

ordinary sense attached to it in the rical sense to be the admission or age and country in which the sacred translation into the state of grace writers lived ; by examining the which takes place, as he judges, at passages of the New Testament in baptism, when rightly received. In which it occurs ; and by consulting each sense he limits the meaning to the ancient and modern commenta- a change of state, and omits, or tors. This course is pursued with nearly so, that change of nature much patience and accuracy. The which our English divines have very result of the investigation we give generally included in their definiin our author's words,

tion of it. We confess we prefer,

in this view, Dr. Hammond's ob. " We bave now examined the mean

servation, as quoted by our author. ing of the term nahryyousoia, regeneration, as used by the sacred writers, accord.

“ The word tansyyevepra, Dr. Haming to the three rules of interpretation mond maintains, properly signifies a mentioned at the begioning of this dis.

new or second state, which he supports sertation. We have seen that as a term by reference to the definitions of the of Grecian philosophy it denoted in its Greek grammariars, and the use of the proper sense the re-union, or state of term by the Pythagoreans, • In sacred re-union, of the same soul and the same

writers it is used,' he observes,' for the body, after they had been separated by reanrrection, whether that of the future death; that in like mapper it was em

being of body and soul, or that which ployed by the Grecian Jews, according Christ is pleased to make preparative to to their jaster sentiments concerning the it, the spiritual proselytism expressed futare state, to denote the final resur

by that phrase, Titus iii. 5, the change rection of the body, and its re-uniou and renovation of the soul and affecwith the soul; that in a metaphorical tions in this life, and as a token and sign sense it was used by them to denote the of that work of Christ's, it is nsed for renewed existence of things in this baptism, that being born of water and world, such as the state of the world

the Holy Ghost, Jobb iii.'” pp. 55, 56. after the deluge, or the state of the Jewish nation after they had been re. This seems to us to embrace the stored, as a body politic, at the termi. whole range of this vast subject, nation of the Babylonish captivity. We without weakening what is in fact have seen that there are two passages the foundation of the entire fabric, only in which the term occurs in the the spiritual change of the beart New Testament; that in one of these, and affections from sin and the it appears from the scope and design of the author, to be used in the metapho. world, to God. It is with sincere rical sense; that in the other, judging pleasure that we proceed to state, also from the context, it is somewhat that Dr. Jarvis does not consider doubtful whether it is in the metapho. the grace of the Holy Spirit as inrical or the proper sense; but that in variably accompanying the outward both, its general meaning is obvionsly act of baptism with water. His the same as that in which it was under admissions on this point are so imstood by the Jews in general. And by portant, as to have formed one of an examination of many eminent com

our chief motives for noticing his mentators, ancient and modern, the learned of different nations, different publication. ages, and different comuiunions, we find that such has been the generally re

“ The question has been asked and ceived interpretation of the universal discussed with considerable warmth,

whether the Holy Spirit always accomchurch.” pp. 58, 59.

panies the nntward act of baptism with It will be seen by this extract, water. But it is one of those onprofiithat our author conceives the pro- able questions, my brethren, which the per meaning of the word regenera- that they do gender strifes. Is it not

Apostle cautions us to avoid, “knowing tion, to be the admission or trans. enough for us to know that in receiving lation into the state of glory which the outward and visible sigu' we rewill take place at the resurrection ceive the promise of the 'inward and of the righteous; and its metapho- ... spiritual grace;' and that nothing will

[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »