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(Nov. into the hands of a half civilized strap. one since your last anniversary. This ger who set so much value opon it; and steady progress towards the occupation they will join the Committee in praying of the whole country by these benefie thai, by the Divine blessing accompany- cent institutions, is bigbly encourag., ing it, it may prove to him, and many ing. Still much remains to be done. of his couutrymen, their guide to ever- There are yet six couuties which pose lasting lite."

sess no institution in connexion with Froin the Second Report of the Ludies' your Society, and eight more in which Branch of the same Society.

the Bible establishments are confined “ The Commitee bave particular plea. to only one town, and its immediate vi. sure in poticing the freqnent instances cinity. of the poor recommencing a Bible sub- “ The sum received in free contribuscription. A very poor woman, baving tions amounts to 2,6161.; making an ex: finished her subscription for a Bible for cess over that of last year of 1,4371. herself, is now subscribing for a Testa. “ The following fact will prove that ment for each of her seven children, in poverty is no bar to subscribing for the succession. In one association, five word of God, and should encourage Bible subscribers, baving completed those who engage in the work to visit their subscriptions, renewed them for every habitation, however apparently Bibles or Testaments for others in their wretched. 'Iu canvassing one district families; and, in another, a poor man, in the city of Dublin, a person was appreviously without a copy of the Scrip- plied to, of rather decent appearance, iure, (except as he borrowed it,) having who declined subscribing, alleging coinpleted his subscription for a Testa- that he could not afford it. The collecment, continued to subscribe for one for tors asked him if there were ang lodgers each child, saying, with God's bless in the livuse, 10 which lie replied, ing, his children would, in reading it, “There are several; but they are so obtain peace to their hearts, and then mixerably poor, that you may save your. they would find their wants in this world selves the trouble of going up to them.' to be very few.''

They however went up; and although From the Siateenth Report of the Hibernian they found the report not exaggerated, Bible Society.

they obtained three subscribers for “ The total number of Bible Institutions Bibles. On telling the man below of of every description now in connexion their success, he said, “I am ashamed with your Society thiqugliout the king of myself,' and put his name down as a dom, is, 111, being an addition of thirty. subscriber."

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

FOREIGN.

for the invasion of Spain have trusted FRANCE.-The late elections have in a considerable degree to the chances turned out in favour of the ultra-royal- not only of what might occur in the ist party, the party at present in power. negociations with England, and with We do not augur any thing perma. the members of the holy alliance, but nently favourable to the tranquillity of what might transpire respecting the of France, from any temporary acces- temper of the French people, and also sions to a cause so widely unpopular; the progress of evenis in Spaiu ilon the contrary, the probability of a self.' Had the success of either party strong reaction is increased by what- in Spain been complete, and apparentever tends to render the ultra-royalists ly irreversible, the Freuch governvainly confident of their strength, and ment would probably have not been heedless of public opinion. Nothing long in making its election. As matexplicit is declared respecting an inva- ters at present stand, its army on the sion of Spain. In this measure, many Spanish frontiers chiefly tends to keep of the nulitary, who are naturally up irritation throughout the whole eager for employment, might doubt- peninsula, and to encourage the antiless willingly concur with the ultra- constitutionalists to persevering opporoyalists, however little they may wish sition, which, but for this and other success to their object; but at present foreign countenance, might have died the reports are favourable to peace. It away. It seems doubtful, afier all, would seem probable that no decisive whether this army of observation, determination bas ever been formed originally stationed on the borders of on the subject; but that the advocates Spain, under the pretext of being a

sanitary cordon to prevent the impor- on all bands acknowledged to have tation of the Barcelona fever, has not burne an honourable part in this Conin reality been kept up for domestic gress, as respects interference with the purposes. But if this be the case, internal affairs of Spain. we may confidently predict, that the TURKEY.-The views of the Congovernment will experience as little gress respecting the affairs of Greece fidelity to its interests in its native and Turkey, are as little known as its' standing army, in a contest between determinations relative to Spain. Nor itself and the public, as popularity to are the proceedings of the hostile pare its cause from its Swiss stipendiaries. ties themselves clearly ascertained.

Spain. The casualties of the civilwar The rumours are, however, generally now raging in this unhappy country, favourable to the Christian cause. appear to have continued in favour of Chourschid Pacha is described as in the Constitutionalists. General Mina the most forlorn condition; and the bas obtained some recent successes Albanians are said to have deserted over the desultory bands of ihe “army the Ottoman standard. The Turksof the faith" in Catalonia, command- themselves, it is added, are indignant ed by the baron d'Erolles ; in conse- at their government, on account of quence of which the ultra-royalist its demand of the surrender of their party, which denominates itself the gold and silver into the public trearegency of Urgel, tias retired northi sury for the service of the war; and ward to Puycerda, a fortitied town at refuse to comply with the order. The the foot of the Pyrenees, and on the intelligence of the unprovoked and very frontiers of France. The Cortes inhuman massacre of the inhabitants seem firm to their cause, and are of Cyprus, has been confirmed. Men, making great exertions to raise troops woinen, and children perished, Jikó and to procure loans. The regency of the unbappy people of Scio, in one Urgel also has been negociating a loan indiscriminate slaughter; and it is in Paris : the probability of repay- even stated, that the Turks have dement, in either case, depends upon the termined to act upon these precedents, contingency of success; as the victor and, fighting, as they urge, in the is not likely to recognize the debts of cause of God and their prophet, to the adverse party. Among the prin- give no quarter to any Christian who cipal rumours respecting the inter- falls into their hands. Strongly as tions of the congress of Verona to- we deprecate the principle of internawards Spain are the following: that tional interference, without imperain consequence chiefly, it is alleged, tive necessity, we cannot see 'how of the strong representations of the Christendom can justifiably look on duke of Wellington, as to the impo- scenes like these, and not feel itself licy and injustice of hostile interfe- called upon to impose upon Turkey rence, no such measure will be adopt- an observance of the public laws of ed, unless in the event of some such Europe, and of all civilized countries, atrocious act as the murder of the which have heen grossly outraged in king, or an attempt to sow the seeds these proceedings. Will not the blood of sedition and revolution in other of the Sciotes and Cypriotes call down' countries, as was the case in the French for vengeance on their fellow-ChrisRevolution; but that strong represen- tians who refuse to interpose the arm tations are being made, or are to be of justice and humanity for their resmade to the ConstitutionalGovernment cue? We need scarcely add, that all to modify the more democratical parts accounts represent the internal state of its constitution, so as to render it of the whole of the provinces and a safer neighbour and example among islands involved in these disputes as the European nations. It has also most miserable; commerce, agriculbeen rumoured that the Cortes them- ture, and inanufactures utierèy lanselves are convinced of the necessity guishing, and no prospect, should hosof giving the king a final, instead of tilities continue mucii longer, but of only a provisional and temporary, veto famine and speedy depopulation. How on its enactments. These and other can British Christians be thankful rumours seem to be founded rather on enough that war has not for so many what the reporters consider probable years stained their domestic soil! or desirable, than on any actual know- How can they do enough to lessen the ledge of the proceedings at Verona, miseries of nations less favoured with which are conducied with the utmost liberty, education, and the blessings secrecy. Great Britain, huwever, is of the Gospelof peace ?"

734

(Nov.

OBITUARY.

who had bitherto regarded him with REV. EDWARD TOWNSHEND.

affection and admiration for his many On July the 24th, of the present year, attractive qualifications, had now the died the Rev. Edward Townshend, delight of secing whatever was amiable thirty-three years Vicaruf Bray, Berks, in his character brought under the and Rector of Hewley-on-Thames dominion of Christian principle, by thirty-eight years. He was the only the pervading influence of which he son of the Honourable and Reverend Edward Townshend, Dean of sure shine that God was glorified.

was now enabled so to let his light wich, who married Mary, daughter of

It was in the year 1798 ihat this General Price. Being deprived of his important change began to take place father when young, he was received in his religious character; and it is into the family of his uncle, the Hon- the more observable as he appeared to ourable and Most Reverend Dr. Corn

want no earthly good, and certainly wallis, Archbishop of Canterbury, could have no inducernent of a secular with whom he resided tili he went to kind, but quite the contrary, to take college. He received his educativa up his cross and -- “ follow his Reat the Charter-house, whence he re- deemer." So far as this world was moved to Christ's College, Cambridge, concerned, he seemed to possess every and gained a Tancred Scholarship. thing which could contribute to his The extraordinary elegance of his per- happiness, while of bis safety with son and inanners, jumed to his tigh respect to another life he had till now connexions, and a naturally amiable entertained no apprehension. But he and engaging character, rendered him had not, till this period,

" the true an object of admiration, or regard, us knowledge of God" he was ignorant envy, according to the different dis- of the holy and spiritual requirements positions of those with whom he asso- of the Divine Law: he was unacciated. His society was much courted, quainted with the peculiar blessings and he had not only a large acquaint- üf the Gospel; and, to use his own ance, but made many friends--iriends

expression respecting himself, he was who were much attached to him tu

“ å blind leader of the blind." He the end of his life. Yet with aļl these confessed, indeed, vaguely that he was outward excellencies, Mr. Townshend

a sinner; but he saw nothing of the was proud and irrilable. He could

sinfulness of sin, or of its deserts in seldom bear contradiction, and (as he the sight of God; and altogether he has often declared to the writer of this

needed as certainly, though not permeinoir) was " vainly puffed up by haps as obviously, as if he had been his tleshly mind" to seek the applause of a less ansiable and engaging chaof men far more than the favour of racter, a complete renovation of heart God. The benefits which a miercitul before he could be qualified for the Creator had bestowed upon hun only enjoyment of the leavenly world. rendered him the more inouyhtless of This change was very gradual. Mr. the Fountain whence they Huwed, and Wilberforce's “ Practical View of the Giver was forgottep in the sell: Christianity” appears to have been gratulation caused by the possession especially useful to him when the of his gilts. In the midst, however, subject trst dawned on his inind: of these worldly distinctions and en- but there was a sentence in the third joyments, it pleased Gud to bring ham chapter of that work which, for a long to a sense of his owu sintuluess and time, presented peculiar difficulty to his debasement, and to shew bien that all apprehension." Christianity," says bis natural advantages were of no Mr. Wilberforec, " is a scheme for revalue except as used to promote the conciling us to God when enemies, and glory of God. This was not, however, for making the fruits of holiness the accomplished without much inward effects, and not the cause, of our being opposition; for his early habits, his justified and reconciled.” Mr. Tuwns constitutional propensities, and other ferid was long before he could comprecircumstances, ali conspired to ren- hend this stateinent; till at length, der the contact arduvus. But the alier conversing one evening fully and power of Divine Grace at length earvestly with a friend on the point, iriumphed; and those Christian friei.ds with a particular reference to the third

chapter of the Romans, he obtained a " when he was reviled, reviled not clear view of the scriptural doctrine of again." The peculiar features of his justification by faith-a view which he renovated character were humility and never after lost sight of. He frequently charity, in the large acceptation of the spoke of that evening as the time from term; while that sincerity, firmness, which he dated his more distinct per- and integrity, which had always been ception of what he called Evangelical prominent features in his character, doctrines; but he had for months now slione with a still steadier and before lived under their influence by brighter lustre, being derived from the teaching of the Holy Spirit, for principles and motives infinitely above whose enlightening as well as sancti. the maxims of this world, or the fying aid he was daily praying, and suggestions of mere natural constituwhose promise, that they that seek tion or artificial refinement shall find, was fully verified in his ex- In his creed, Mr. Townshend was perience.

a genuine member of the Church of From this time Mr. Townshend England; a minister truly attached to walked closely with God, growing in her articles and services, and who grace and in the knowledge of his scrupulously adhered to all her forms, Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Nor got from bigotry, but from a sense of did the change which had taken place duty, and a conviction of their excelin his religious sentiinents, fail to dis- lence: yet he loved all who loved the play itself in his conduct, or to pro- Lord Jesus Christ, and never, it is duce in him the distinguishing and believed, allowed himself to draw inappropriate fruits which accompany vidious comparisons. Maintaining, in true repentance and faith. He speedily the spirit of neekness and candour, renounced many worldly pursuits in his own preferences, he allowed the which he had formerly indulged. He full rights of conscience to others, whewas no longer to be seen in those so. eher in or out of the Establishment. sorts of fashionable amusement io The doctrine of justification by faith which he had previously mingled, but alone, he held to be the great pillar of an atteudance on which he now felt every true church. To some points of was incompatible with the nobler ob- secondary consideration, respecting jects of his high vocation as a Chris- which much difference of opinion tian. In the exercise of bis ministerial exists, he assented just so far as he office, the change in his character was thought he saw them in the Bible, especially striking. " The grace of while he greatly regretted that they God was seen,” and its powerful in- should ever be so maintained, or so opfluence over his character displayed, posed, as to occasion the slightest in the servour and devotion of his breach of Christian charity. Christ public ministrations; in the deeper crucified, as the foundation of all our anxiety which he now manisested for dependence, and Christ, in his various the spiritual interests of his thock; in offices, becoming our“ wisdom, righte. the additional means of instruction ousness, sanctification, and redemp which he laboured to provide for their tion," constituted the subject of his welfare; in the frequency of his pas- public discourses and private teaching, toral visits among them; and in the and the ground of all his own hopes delight which he felt and expressed and expectations. He received every whenever any of them seemed to profit thing at the hand of God, as the gift of by his exertions in their behalf: 'Not free and unmerited grace; and he went was the power of true religion less on from strength to strength, as a re. conspicuous in the improvement of cipient of that grace, till be was rethose parts of his character which, as moved to appear before his God in the tas been mentioned, were naturally the heavenly Zion. most faulty. Ile who before was proud For several years previously to his became deeply abased in the sight of death, he found his strength declinings God, and learned to think more highly and therefore desired constantly to of others than of himself. Ile whose keep that solemn event in view. Many dunity before ler him to court the ad- quotations from his letters might be miration of his fellow-creatures, now adduced in proof of this; but one may renounced it as dangerous to his soul's suffice. Writing to a beloved friend health. He who was formerly ready and relative, a few months before his to take fire at injuries and affronts, decease, he says; “ We rejoiced to now received them with an exemplary hear of your safe arrival, through the portion of the meekness of Him who, blessing of God at the scene of a

your duties and's

your joys. May your fied the Scripture assurance, “ Thoit heavenly Father long continue you in shalt keep hiup in perfect peace whose the full and faithful discharge of the mind is stayed on Thee." He remark one, and a duly chastised enjoymented, that he had nut a ruffled thought;" of the other! Perhaps my mind may that he was “ severed from every be more led to these prayers in behalf earthly tie,” (dear as many were, and of others, and more especially of those one in particular); that his desire was I love, since it seems to be the will to depart and be with Christ, on whose of God to abridge me of the former, full salvation all his present hopes and and at the same time to forwarn me future expectations reposed. He disof no very distant dereliction of the played an entire resignation of bimlutter. God in his mercy grant that self and all that he had, into the these may be followed by a full frưi- hands of his Heavenly Father; estion of those which eye halh not seen pressing such views of his own sinful nor ear heard, &c., and which shall ness, as made the atonement of Christ be the portion of all who are his by in its personal application to himself, faith in Christ Jesus. You will not, I infinitely precious. He strongly felt trust, refer these expressions to gloom, the value of the Divine promises at or the melancholy effusion of acci- this trying period; and remarked : “I dental depression of spirits. No: these have often studied the promises of have no part in them. I have long God, and believed them, and knew been sensible of a gradual diminution that they were very full; but never both of mental and bodily powers. felt, nor could I have conceived, the This has evidently made great pro- full effect of them in my own experigress within the last two months; and ence till now." These promises were an interdict, under which my medical truly his support and consolation. The adviser has now laid me, more esper power and grace of Christ rested on cially from preaching and almost all hiin: his faith and patience were never professional exertions, confirms me in exhausted ; and his “ peace flowed on the persuasion, that my Heavenly Fa- as a river" to the last. His care for ther graciously designs by these visita- the souls of others, and his desire tions to putme on the watch. May I to glorify God, became increasingly pot deseai this his additional goodness, strong. He was sensible of his situabut be, if possible, in momentary expec- tion to the final moment of his earthtation of the God of my salvation ! ly existence, and closed bis eyes,doubtThis calls for your hearty Amen." less, with “ a hope full of immorta

The death-bed of this excellent man lity.” was a scene not to be forgotten. It veri

W.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

F.; J. S-, H; 111515; W. ReaÑ; S. B.; X., and R. G. will appear.
J. H; J. B-R; B. S.; J. M. W.; A constant READER; VIGIL; R. B.; and

A FAITHFUL FRIEND; are under consideration.
We mnch regret to find, that advertising Bills of a nature which we disapprove,

have, in one or two instances, been placed under our cover.' We have taken measures to prevent a recurrence of the evil; for which purpose it will be necessary, that persons sending Bills or Advertisements should transmit them to our Publisher, as directed on the Blue Cover, on or before the 201h of the month, to afford time for inspection. We must, however, again remind our correspondents, that we do not hold ourselves responsible either for bills os advertisements, except so far as to reject in toto such as are clearly exceptionable. Over the good taste and judiciousness of these articles of public information onr control is necessarily feeble. We are much obliged to several correspondents who have called our attention to the subject.

ERRATUM. For G. H., at the bottom of p. 635, and the top of p. 636, read George Harrison

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