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cient, with the aid of the glimmering attracted my attention during the of our wood fire,to dispel any fearful morning, was a finger-post of wood visions of the night. This little fastened to a tree and pointing down creek aud valley derive their name a grass path, and ou which was writ. from the murder of 18 or 20 Wbites ten" To Pensacola." I felt more lone. by the ladians, fifteen years since, lyand more distant from home at that They were camping out when the moment, than at any time since I Indians fell upon them; and the lost sight of my native shores. In scene of the massacre is marked out the afternoon we were surprized by by a black stymp in the garden. one of the most sublimely dreadful

We left Murder Creek by moon- spectacles I ever bebeld. Thou, light, at 4 o'clock on the 1st inst.; sands of large pine trees lay torn and passing by Burnt Corn, where and shattered on each other, only we quitted the usual road to Mo. one in four or five having been left bile, we took the nearer but more standing, by a dreadful hurricane solitary route to Blakeley. We which occurred a fortnight before, breakfasted with a very pleasing and the ravages of which extended family in the middle of the forest, nearly twelve miles. Some bad They were the first whom I heard been thrown down with such pro, regret that they had quitted Geor. digious violence, that their thick gia; they said that although they truokswere broken into two or three could do better here than in Geor, pieces by the fall , others were gia, the manners of their neighbours splintered from the top nearly to the were rough and ill suited to their bottom; while others were lyiug on taste, They stated, however, that each other four or five thick, with things were improving; that the their branches intertwined as if they laws respecting the observance of had been torn up by the roots in a the Sabbath were enforced ; and body. But it is in vain to attempt that they boped much from the li- to describe the spectacle. I will beral provision made by Govera- only say that the most dreadful ment, in the sale of the public laods, tossing of the ocean never impressed for an extensive school in the centre me so strongly with the idea of us. of everytownship of six miles square, controllable power, as this magni.

Their children were attending gratis ficent scene of devastation. Our (as is eustomary) the school in their road was so completely buried that township, whiel is already esta- we had to hunt our track at some blished, although the population is distance in the woods. My servant as yet very scanty. The master who observed,

“ What

a many hundred teaches Latio, and, I believe, French, miles people in England would go has a salary of 700 dollars рег

ap- to see such a sight !” It is such num, and the neighbours are pro- hurricanes as these that Volney viding him with assistant tutors. describes, as twisting off and lay. This liberal provision for schools in ing level the largest trees within the all the newly settled countries, does limits of their range ; and he very great credit to the American Go- aptly compares their course through vernment; and it is impossible to the forest, to that of a reaper estimate too higbly its probable ul through a field of wheat. timate effects. Our bost and his We had intended to stop at sunfamily gave us a little provision for set, as in these latitudes there is the night; as they told us that we little or no twilight; but as usual must not expoct to get"a bite" for we could not persuade ourselves ourselves or our horses in less than that the pighat would close upon us fifty miles, and we had already tra. immediately, and the ground was velled thirteen. Our road again lay so wet on the Table-land of the through a most solitary pine barren ridge,'t hat we proceeded in order to on a high ridge. The only thingwhich discover a better place to rest for CHRIST, OBSERV, No. 251.

4 Z


the night, till we found ourselves be- several times bent our steps, our nighted among the swamps, our spirits depressed by every succeshorses sinking and stumbling, sive disappointment. and frequently passing through At last, just as the moon rose, we water two or three feet deep, out of reached an elevated spot, where we wbich we could scarcely see our lighted our fire, toasted our bacon, way. The damps of the night in and after securing our horses by a this watery region, prevented our little fence of saplings, lay down on alighting to try to make a fire, till our blankets under the trees with the moon should enable us to pro no common satisfaction. ceed ; and indeed we did not think We started before four o'clock it prudent to disinount on account the next morning, and breakfasted of the alligators which abound here: at a house about ten miles distant. we had about sunset passed very The settlement establish near one. Our ears were stunned ed about fifteen years since-the with the frog concerts which now Indians, contrary to their usual and then arose and depressed our custom, having permitted it; but spirits, by intimating that we were although the owner had more than approaching another swamp, al. 2000 head of cattle grazing in the though it was too dark to see it. woods, he had neither milk nor What different emotions the frog butter to give us to our coffee. concerts in Africa excited in Mungo This is an extreme case; but it is Park, who bailed them as symptoms not uncommon, in this part of the of his approach to the water, for country, to be unable to procure which he was panting. This was either milk or butter where eighthe first time I had really felt in an leen or twenty cows are kept, solid awkward situation, and my servant's animal food being much preferred. spirits began to fail him. He told Humboldt, you recollect, in the acme afterwards, that for two hours, count of his journey from the mounthe perspiration was dropping from tains of Parapara to the banks of his face, and his knees were shaking the Apure, mentions arriving at a as if he was in an ague ; the more so farm where he was told of herds of as he was afraid that our pound of several thousand cows grazing in bacon, which was in his saddle-bag, the steppes; and yet he asked in would allure the alligators to him. vain for a bowl of milk. At the We were suddently surprized by house where we breakfasted, we a number of moving lights, which saw the skin of a bear drying in the led us to suppose that some persons sun: seven miles farther we passed were scouring the forest; but we a large panther, or tyger, as it is heard no noise : even when many called, which had been lately killed of them appeared to be moving and stuffed. At the next house round us within a few yards' dis- was the skin of a rattle-soake, which tance, all was silent when we the woman who lived there had stopped our horses. At last it killed a few nights before. At this flashed across my mind that these retired house we were detained moving lights must proceed froin two or three hours by a violent the beautiful fire-Alies we had often thunder storm with extremely heavy heard of, but which I had supposed rain. As soon as the rain abated were confined to the East. Even we set off again to Blakeley, which at such a moment I was delighted we were anxious to reach as it was with their beauty, evanescent as Saturday night. Indeed for the last it was ; for they soon disappeared. three days we had travelled fortyo Occasionallywe were again deluded five miles each day, in order to ar. by a solitary fire-fly at a distance, rive before Sunday; but to our diswhich twinkled like a light from a appointment, we found there was cottage-window, and to which we no church or meeting there of any

I am,

description : , and we accordingly quences, have received able and crossed the bay in the morning to early attention from your corresgo to church at this place (Mobile), pondents, I am encouraged to prowhere we were equally disappoint- pose the following queries, which ed; for, to the disgrace of Protest- appear to me of great importance ant America, no place of worship to Christians in this highly intellecis established here except a Catho- tual age; and the solution of which lic church, built by the French or will go far towards settling, without Spanish.

much controversy, some questions &c.

which greatly divide the opinions (To be continued.)

of professedly religious persons.

j. How far, consistently with the To the Editor of the Christian Observer. required by the Gospel, and with a

spiritual-mindedness and self-denial A VICAR of a country parishı who conscientious regard to its active is desirous of establishing a small duties, may the love of intellectual parochial library, would be much pursuits, and the admiration of liobliged to any correspondent of terary talents, be safely allowed ? the Christian Observer who is prac- 2. Supposing a person's natural tically conversant with the de- taste to be chiefly for those branches tails of the subject, to give him and of literature, which, however adorn. others similarly circumstanced, the ed by eminent talent, can, in point result of his experience respecting of fact, be considered only as elethat prime point, the choice of gant; and that the pleasures thence books. The Society for promoting arising, are those exclusively of Christian Knowledge has laudably a contemplative kind, abstracted patronised this great object; and from surrounding objects, and opmany excellent and invaluable pub- posed to the existing realities of lications appear on its list; . but life : what is the extent of sacriihe writer has many doubts as to fice required by religion ? the propriety of its exclusive plan, In this query, I do not include which allows of no other works novels; though I should perhaps being admitted into the same li- allow quidquid valeant for the brary with those from Bartlett's few splendid exceptions to their, Buildings. Who would exclude, general worthlessness. The literafor example, the Cheap Repository ture here alluded to is of a more Tracts, or Mr. Watkins's Tracts, intellectual and refined character. , or many of the Bristol Tracts, &c. ? 3. How far is it allowable to Is there any select but sufficiently study and admire, though only in extensive and varied list extant, of a literary point of view, those cheap, scriptural, and popularly in- writers who have expended the teresting books and tracts fit for the treasures of an elevated intellect on purpose; such as a judicious Chris- trifling-of course, I exclude motian and clergyman can cordially rally bad.subjects ? recommend, and which bis pa- 4. Keeping in view the inherent rishioners are likely to be gratified depravity, and, in a religious sense, with, and to read to their souls' the nothingness of man, what is healih?"

the sober estimate we may form of A COUNTRY VICAR.

human talent; and what is the de gree of admiration with which we

may legitimately regard mental atTo the Editor ofthe ChristianObserver. tainments ? Having frequently observed, in I cherish the hope that these your pages, ibat many questions queries will be answered by some difficult to answer accurately, but one who bas known by experience, involving great practical conse- or learned by observation, the fre

quent struggles between conviction omit to read the Act, or even why and inclioation, and who is aware an abridgment only of it should be how real and formidable a barriet read, but the mere incidental stateis often presented to the reception ment of a fact; though I readily of the Gospel, io its simplicity and admit, from the connexion in which purity, where the creations of fancy, the words stand, that you may bathe refinements of sentiment, and turally have understood them in the dignity of intellect have been the former sense. Sir James Stonlong and exelusively idolized. house was very ready with inteA YOUNG INQUIRBR. resting and appropriate anecdotes

on almost all subjects and occasions.

But from the anecdote related by To the Editor of the Christian Observer. him at the time referred to, and It appears that you have mistaken from the conclusion connected with the late Sir James Slonhouse's views it, thut a clergyman is not liable to respecting a clergyman's obligatiou any penalty for omitting to read to read the Swearing Act on the thé Act in question, the inference days appointed for that purpose was never drawn by me, not ought by the legislature, and your error to be by another, that Sir James perhaps may have arisen from angave a reason for the evasion of the ambiguous expression in my letter law, or that be meant to approve to you on the subject, in your Num. of such evasion. lo fact, be not ber for May 1820. I trust there only recommended but enjoined fore your usual capdour will allow me to read the Act, oran abridgment me to rectify your mistake, and to of it, at every stated period. The explain myself, if I have been the latter mode be preferred, not be otcasion of it. You have remarked cause the penaliy might be evaded, (vol. xix. p. 860), that Sir James for that might equally be effected Stonbouse * bas furnished a mode by a total omission, but because, of evading the law altogether;" and in his judgment, it was sufficient in your last Number (page 872), to fulfil the spirit, and to answer you have spoken of "Sir James every valuable end of the intention, Stonhouse's celebrated receipt for of the Act. evading the requisition in the case The principal reason of my former of the Act against profane Sweare communication to you on ibis subing." This representation the facts ject was, to prevent clergymen from of the case will not justify. Allow being illegally fined; as it had preme to say, that the worthy and viously appeared in the public Teverend Barobret always shewed papers, that several had been oben the greatest attachment to church liged to pay the penalty of five and state, and to the regular ob pounds, on the prosecution of some servance of forms and order ; and common and unprincipled informthat he neither provided the receipt ers. For surely no one can approve for the evasion of the law nor re- of a magistrate's levying a penalty commended it. He always required under circumstances in which the bis curate to read an abridgment law will not bear him out. Would of the Act, and recommended me it not, however, be a very unfair to do the same, agreeably to the and illegitimate inference, io assert advice given in his Hints to a Curate. that the omission of reading the Act This he considered sufficient in was approved or justified by me, foro conscientiæ, and as complying merely because, through your vawith the spirit of the law. His luable and extensively circulated telling me that I needed not fear work, I have made public (what does the penalty of the law, as it was a not appear previously to bave been mere nullity, was not to furnish generally kpowa) the clergyman's me with a reason why I should indemnity on the subject? Whe

ther, however, the Act against pro consideration of an Act of Parliafane Swearing, in the whole or in ment, which, however important in part, be now generally read or not, itself, is not calculated to afford any

cannot positively determine; but essential benefit by its recitation in as far as my observation or inqui- a congregation assembled together ries for several years past, in four for the worship of God. The genedifferent dioceses, have enabled me rality of persons would undoubtedly to judge, I am induced to believe obtain more information on the prothat it is not.

visions of the new Marriage Act, by It is a fact, sir, that according to å viva voce conversation of five mi. the literal requisition of the law, a nutes with a clergyman, than they clergyman is under the obligation would be likely to procure by its of reading between the 29th of Sep. recitation six times in the church. tember and the 29th of December, On the whole, therefore, I cannot in this year, the Marriage Act three doubt that your readers in general times,the Act against profane Swear. will approve of your views, Mr. Ediing twice, and the King's Proclama. tor, and think it “

very desirable tion against Vice and Profaneness that some of the members of our twice. These seven readings in four houses of parliament should exert teen Sundays, will occupy, if intelli- vigilant attention, to prevent the gibly and distinctly delivered, at introduction of clauses of this naleast on an average seven half hours. ture into the bills brought before What then is a clergyman to do the legislature." That he is lo abridge or hurry over

I am, sir, your's &c. the service of the church, I suppose Olpey, Bucks.

G. H. will not be admitted by any who er. tertain just sentiments respecting * We have readily admitted G. the worship of God. Is he then H.'s explanatory letier. Nothing to lengthen the two bours' morning certainly was further from our inservice by the addition of another tention than to inculpate ibe late half hour? Or is he to omit bis Sir James Stonhouse, whose “atsermon, or to shorten his usual dis- tachment to church and state and to course of half an hour or forty mi- the regular observance of fotos Dutes, to twelve or fifteen minutes ? and order," we as cordially acOr is be to read the documents in knowledge as our correspondent. question so rapidly as to shew a His life was truly exemplary, and contempt for them, or to render his publications are highly useful. them upintelligible ? Or is he to Our remarks related solely to his be condemned if, according to Sir statement above referred to, and James Stonehouse's advice, he not to his intention in making it. judges that he can fulfil the spirit His object, it appears, was simply of the law in foro conscientia, by to shelter a clergyman from the abridging and delivering the sub- punitive consequences of not having stance of the acts free from the re- literally complied with the statute ; petitions and technicalities of legal but the statement has been very language? Or, finally, may be read widely construed so as to encourage these documents after the sermon, a wilful and systematic violation of leaving it to the option of indivi- the law, in the expectation of imduals in the congregation, whether punity by means of a mere technical or not they will remain to bear objection. With this inference we them 3-In every point of view, are at variance in all its parts;. for a conscientious clergyman is sur-first, even allowing, for the sake of rounded with difficulties and em- argument, that a Cluistian is justibarrassments, and the attention of fied in wilfully and habitually viothe people is abstracted from the lating a law aot enjoining any thing essentials of religion, and the spiri- sinful, still, if informed against, and tual service of the Sabbath, to the found guilty, we doubt wbetber be

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