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connected with the duty of love Lastly, how does this fear opeto him? We love him because he rate in death? lo the immediale first loved us; and it is this love, prospect of that awful event, the in union with the happiness arising believer can rest his soul secure from keeping his commandments, from the assaults of the last enemy that prevents the believer com- only on the promises of God in mitting those transgressions which Christ Jesus. Yet, as a proof of tarnish the character of all who, bis not being a self-deceiver, and wbile they profess to love Christ, that he really possesses that reneware led astray by the fear of man, ed character to which those prowhen they ought to be guided by mises are attached, he finds comthe fear of God. Where the love fort in the reflection, “ I have set of God is sincere, it will always the Lord always before me;" that be accompanied by the fear of God, is, I have feared him ; not indeed because it will always excite the perfectly or meritoriously, but at desire to please him, and conse- least sincerely, and am therefore quently 10 abstain from all ini- included in that gracious promise : quity, and to perfect holiness in the “ To you that fear my name, shall fear of the Lord.
the Sun of Righteousness arise with And how is the fear of God con- healing in his wings; and ye shall nected with the duty of prayer to go forth and grow up as calves of God? They that worship God, the stall.”
A READER, must “ worship him in spirit and in truth;" that is, in a manner somewhat suited to the glorious atIributes of the Being they adore. Tothe Editor of the Christian Observer, They must therefore keep a strict watch over their thoughts, impress- I OBSERVE in a periodical publied with deep veperation while call- 'cation which has recently fallen into ing upon a God of spoiless purity- my hands, some remarks on the of almighty power-of boundless Jewish kingdom in Abyssinia, as wisdom-of consummate and eternal mentioned by Bruce, and before justice. Angels stand in awe be- noticed by Peter Heylin, (but see fore the Lord God of Hosts, when also Calmet's Dictionary, and Lucontemplating and adoring his great dolph's History of Ethiopia, printed and glorious perfections, and, in an 1681, folio,) from which I appreattitude of humility, cover their faces hend that an opinion is likely to with their wings, crying " Holy- gain ground, that the descendants holy-boly." Where, ihen, is the of the house of David are still rehuman being who would presume maining and distinguishable, and to approach this Almighty Creator their genealogy publicly preserved. without feeling, or wishing to feel, The consequence of this being gesomething of this angelic awe hum- nerally credited, may be, that a bling yet animating his heart ?- Pseudo Messiah may arise, declar“ Thou, Lord, art worthy to be ing himself to be the Son of David, feared, and to be had in reverence for whose sake the sceptre has been of all them that approach thee ;” preserved to Judah, in the mounand this reverential fear coustitutes lains of Abyssinia, and thus not a sublime and a necessary part of only many Jews, but even some the worship of his creatures. Un- Christians, may fall into the deless a man can appeal to the lusion. Our Lord's words, Matt, Searcher of hearts and say, “ Lord, xxiv. 23, are very empbatical: “ If thou knowest ” that I fear as well any man say unto you" (my proas “ I love thee,” he is not a Chris- fessed followers), « Lo here is tian, and can perform none of the Christ, or there-believe it not." duties of a Christian acceptably. It is evident that the persecutions of the Jews from Christian nations, are Arabian Tales, and the rabbinical closed, or are closing ; consequent stories concerning that prince. ly a great crisis may be looked for; When our Lord, in his discourse nor can we believe that the powers to his disciples (Matt. xxiv.), gives of darkness behold with indiffers to them the warning to beware of ence the endeavours now in pro- impostors who should presume to gress for illuminating a people hi- appropriate to themselves his name therto long " sitting in darkness and character, does it not imply and the shadow of death." We that even Christians would be exhave had painful specimens of posed to such a temptation, and what might seem an incredible, or that it would be one of no small at least an unaccountable,credulity, danger? I am aware indeed that in a country so favoured as England the passage refers to the events with the light of science and reli- which accompanied and followed gion, in the reception given to the the siege of Jerusalem, when false reveries of Joanna Southcote and Christs arose, and put to hazard the other impostors; and I am there. faith of the early Christians, as well fore ansious that no plausible foun. as deluded numbers of their Jewish dation should be unsuspectingly laid countrymen; but does not the spifor the future erection of such a rit of ibè caution still apply? And delusion as that to which I have may there pot even now be reason referred. That a number of Jews to interpose a warning, especially may for ages have resided in Abys- since the affairs of the Jews begin sinia under a chief of their own na- to attract, and justly, a degree of tion, is a fact I am not disposed to attention bitherto unknown since question ; but that this chief is a the Apostles' days, lest satan, taklineal descendant from Solomon, by ing advantage of circumstances, a son of the Queen of Sheba, I con- should introduce unawares « the sider equally fabulous with the deceivableness of unrighteousness ?"
E. M. B.
REMARKS DURING A JOURNEY that gambling was going on to a THROUGH NORTH AMERICA. great extent, in a detached build(Continued from p. 632.)
ing belonging to the hotel where
I was staying; but as I have some Mobile, on the Gulph of Mexico, times heard the same rumour when 3d April, 1820.
staying at the York House in Bath, It was with much regret that I left or an hotel in the west of London, several kind and interesting friends let us hope (if we can) that it was, whom I had met with at Charleston, in both cases, a libellous report.-I Our last day there was Sunday; and was pleased to see the Slaves appathe dimination of carriages at the rently enjoying themselves on this church door evinced that the fa- day in their best attire, and was shionable society was dispersing, astonished in observing the efforts and ibat many families had already they make to preserve as a body retired to their plantations after the that self-respect which they know races. The places of worship ap- is not felt for them by their pro. peared well filled; but many of the prietors. They generally use Sir and strcels were noisy, and exhibited Madam in addressing each otber, as little of a Sabbath scene as Hyde make the most formal and particu. Park or Piccadilly. I was told also lar inquiries after each other's fa
mihes. They frequently adopt the revolutionary war; and it is delight. names of the families in which they ful to read the liberal and pacific, live. Thus, the principal male-ser- sentiments which his letters to his vant in Col. F.'s family, is Col. F.; daughter breathe at the very mothe pripcipal female servant, Mrs. ment when his plantations were F.; while half a dozen Miss F.'s overrun by British soldiery, and will give their names to as many the lives of himself and his family chamber-maids if they bave them. were in imminent danger. Surely it In the evening I visited the prison, would tend greatly to increase our as I have done in most towns where detestation of war and all its out. I had the opportuvity; but the turn- rages, if we allowed our imaginakey was intoxicaled, and I could tion to dwell more on the friendly obtain little information as to the sentiments which the liberal and general plan of management. The Christian part of hostile nations prisoners, I understood from an often feel towards each other, at assistant, have a liberal allowance the very moment when public aniof meat, bread, and broth daily; mosity and fury rage the loudest. but no work, and no instruction In 1776, Colonel Laurens writes except from occasional visits of the from Charleston, to his daughter clergy, of whom the Black mini- then in England sters are the most assiduous. I saw
“ Act your part well, my dear: one earnestly engaged in prayer love God, and all things will work with the Black prisoners, one of together for your good. It is mewbom was just committed for the lancholy to see the abuse of many murder of his master. The Black good houses in this town, which are separated from the White pri- are now made barracks for the soners, the male from the female, country militia, who strip the paper the greater from the lesser crimi- hangings, chop wood upon parlour nals. I saw and conversed with floors, and do a thousand improthe murderer of Dr. Ramsay, the
The men of war at historian, I was told that the crime Georgia have swept Mr. Arthur occurred under the following cir- Middleton's plantation, upon Sacumstances. The man having shot vanna river, of about sixty-five a lawyer whom he had retained on Negroes. Wright's savannah is some business, Dr. Ramsay had within three or four miles of it; given evidence that he was insane; probably some solitary escaping wbich the maniac learning, watched man may come within two or three an opportunity and shot him also. days to inform me of like mischiefs He has been confined in prison done there, and at Altamaha, by ever since, and is a pitiable object. those Sabeans and Chaldeans. Be If you are as well acquainted with it so, I will say, Blessed be the the character of Mrs. Ramsay as, name of the Lord. We must exfrom its uncommon excellence, I péct a visit from the British very hope you are, you will be interest- soon. In these circumstances every ed by this allusion to her husband. man bere holds his life by the most If you have never met with her precarious tenure, and our friends “ Memoirs," let me entreat you to abroad should prepare themselves forgo, no longer the gratification for learning that we are numbered and improvement you can bardly with the dead. You will in silence fail to derive from them. They submit the future progress and final exbibit a character which will not determination of events to the wise shrink from a comparison with that order of that superintending Being of the most eminent female Chris- who holds the scales of justice in tians of any age or country. Her his hand. Your part will be to join father, Colonel Laurens, was Pre- with the sons and daughters of piety, sident of the Congress during the and pray incessantly for peace;
CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 251. 4 Y
peace to all the world, especially of India." These trees are great the country in which you reside favourites with the inhabitants; but (England), and that to which you they are too strongly associated in more particularly belong; and you my mind with yellow fever, to be will lament that it is your father's agreeable. The streets are ununhappy lot to be engaged in war, paved; and except in the middle in civil war, God's severest scourge path, which is a heavy disagreeupon mankind."
able sand, they are covered with These sentiments are worthy a grass. The horses, as in most of Christian father, when addressing the towns in the south, are upshod. his Christian child ; and cold and The late fire has given the town base must be that heart which could a most desolate appearance, yet the feel hostile to an enemy who could inhabitants are most unwittingly breathe them at such a moment of running up wooden houses again suffering and irritation.
with great rapidity. Fires are conWe set out from Charleston on tinually occurring in this country. the 28th February, and arrived at A large one happened while I was Savannah on the afternoon of the at Savannah; another at Charles29th, travelling all night, and com- ton; and we had a serious alarm at pleting in the mail stage 110 miles Washington. Brick houses, however, in twenty-seven hours. On mount- are daily becoming more common. ing our sorry vehicle we found our In Charleston a person is stationed equipage reduced to a peace estab- every night on the steeple of one of lishment of two horses, and our the churches, to watch and give stages were occasionally thirty miles the alarm in case of fire, as the long. We saw nothiog particularly inhabitants are never free from the interesting in our route, except the apprehension of an insurrection of cotton plantations, where the Ne- the Slaves in the confusion of a pregroes were hard at work under a meditated or accidental conflagrabroiling sun and a driver's lash. tion. The late fire in Savannah Experience had taught us not to produced many instances of inditrust to this deceitful climate; and vidual generosity, as well as proofs we found all our sea coats insuffi- of general liberality in the other cient to protect us against the ex- States. A letter of the Mayor, cessive cold of the night. In pass- returning the New York contribuing through the swamps, we were tion, of nearly 30001. because it enveloped in a thick mist, which, was accompanied with a request in summer, must be highly dan- that it might be impartially distrigerous. Indeed our driver told us buted among the Black and White that on two stages on this road last sufferers, a request which implied autumy, they lost five drivers, who a reflection which the southerners fell a sacrifice to fever. In the resented, was not generally approvmiddle of the night I heard the ed. It shews, however, very stronghowling of wolves; and when walk- ly the sensitive state of feeling on ing before the stage, as we ap- the subject of slavery between the proached Savannah, I started an Northern and Southern States. alligator about six yards from me, Of the society at Savannah I saw which plunged off the road into little, except of the merchants in some water. It was then as intense- their counting-houses; and, after ly hot as it had been cold a few spending a short time at an extennights before.
sive rice plantation in the neighSavannah is situated on a river bourhood, I set off in the stage of the same name, and is laid out for Augusta on the 11th. My serin long and very broad streets, vant had gone forward the precedwhich meet at right angles, and are ing day, when the stage was filled lined with trees called * The Pride with gamblers returning in ill humour from Savannah, where the having come from Charleston to inhabitants, in consequence of their superintend his plantation for two recent calamity, had decided that or three weeks. He was a mile or there should be po races.
two from home when I arrived, and In proceeding from the coast to a little Slave was sent to belp me Augusta, 200 miles in the interior, to find him in the woods. As the we pass for forty or fifty miles little fellow walked by the side of along a level plain ; the greater my horse, I asked him if there was part of which is covered with losty any church that the Slaves attendforests of pine, oak, elm, tulip, ed on Sunday. He said no, there plane, and walnut.
About one- was none near enough, and he had ibird of this plain consists of im- never seen one. I asked him if he mense swamps, which, interlock- knew where people went to when ing with each other, form part of they died, and was much affected a long chain which stretches for by the simple, earnest look with several hundred miles along the which he pointed to the sky as be coast of Georgia and the Carolinas, replied, "To Fader dere." penetrating from ten to thirty miles I remained with my bost till the into the interior. In these swamps, following day, and found him very in addition to the trees above men- sensible and intelligent, and full of tioned, you meet with cypress trees information with respect to the of an
enormous growth, beech, present and former state of the maple, the magnolia grandiflora, country. I enjoyed my tête-à-tête azaleas, andromedas, stalmins, and visit greatly; although the sidea variety of flowering shrubs, whose saddles which I saw in the lognames I would send you if I were stable, and the ladies' names in the a botanist. Soon after leaving the books which composed the little plain, you reach what are called library, occasionally seduced my the Sandhills, 200 to 300 feet above imagination from our disquisitions the level of the sea, when exten- on the expense of producing rice sive forest plains and green savan- and cotton, to the reading and nabs, and occasional ascents of riding parties which were to give more or less abrupt elevation, suce interest and animation to these ceed each other, until you ap- sylvan solitudes as soon as the proach Augusta. There you find summer should drive the female yourself surrounded by immense part of the family from the city. cotton plantations, and all “ the The fact is, this residence is a pomp and circumstance” of com- wooden bouse with a convenient merce; carts coming in from the establishment, erected in one of country with cotton, and crowding the healthy spots which I have dethe streets, or rather avenues, of scribed as occasionally found in the this rural town; tradesmen and pine barrens; and, although there agents bustling about in different di- appeared to be only just room for rections; wharfs loaded with bales; the house to stand, my host was and steam-boats darkening the air regretting that a few trees had with their black exhalations. At been unnecessarily cut down in bis the hotel where I lodged, there absence, and he had planted others were seventy persons daily at table; in their room. I observed too that but General who was there the vegetable matter under the trees with his lady and staff, gave me was carefully raked together, in a polite invitation to join his party, order to be removed ; and with of which I occasionally availed my- these precautions my host told me self. On the 13tb, I went to visit his family were able to spend the a very extensive and opulent cot- summer months there, while others ton planter, a few miles from Au- were driven to town. He said if I gusta. I found him quite alone, would come back in the summer,