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utterable sufferings and death of fountain then of all our blessthe incarnate Son of God? What ings was, was the first cause of this vast 1. “ The great love wherewith scheme of beneficence to a lost God loved us." God is love : this world? Was there any merit in is the original bond of union bemankind to constitute a claim to tween him and the creatures whom this stupendous display of Divine he has made,--the inexhaustible philanthrophy? Were there even source from which flow all the any mitigating circumstances to blessings of creation, preservation, smoothe the way to its exertion ? and redemption. We are not to The farthest from it possible. No- view the Almighty as a tyrant, thing can be stronger than the lan- more prone to inflict penalties than guage of the Apostle, in the very to confer mercies. Such is not his verses which go before the text, as character: he is “ the Lord God, to the universally sinful and guilty full of compassion and gracious, condition of the whole human race; long suffering, and plenteous in and these expressions are in full mercy and truth.” The whole plan accordance with the general tenor and accomplishment of human salof the sacred Scriptures. Merit vation originated in this Divine atthen is completely out of the gues- tribute; for “ God so loved the tion. If Divine compassion had world, that he gave his only bewaited till mankind deserved the goiten Son, that whoso believeth exercise of it, or even till they ear- in him should not perish but have nestly sought after it, their case everlasting life." had been hopeless. The blessing, 2. But the Apostle speaks not spring from whatever source it only of the great love of God as might, must, as far as respects us, the source of the benefits bestowed be free, without money and without on us, but also of the "richness of price ; a point so essential to be his mercy.” Love was the moving known and felt, that the Apostle, in cause; but tbis love had been the fifth verse, stops in the very abused and requited with ingratimiddle of his argument to enforce tude: our sins also had separated it. “ By grace ye are saved ;" a between us and our Creator; bis parenthesis short but most signifi. image in our souls was defaced, cant, and leading us to beware of and there was nothing left in us imputing any of the merit or the calculated, if we may so speak, to power of our spiritual life, resur- attract the kind regard of an equirection, or salvation to ourselves. table and Holy Being. On the In order, however, to prevent any contrary, he was justly displeased possibility of misappreheusion as with us on account of our transid ibis vital point, he does not con- gressions, and even the love which tent himself with the parenthesis he bore to his once innocent, but in the text; but the moment he now fallen and rebellious creature, has finished his sentence he repeats would not interpose to thwart the aud enlarges on the doctrine in the severe claims of truth and justice. succeeding verses (the 8th and 9th), Under these circumstances love where he says,
By grace ye are look the form of mercy. He loved saved, through faith, and that not us because he had created us; and of yourselves; it is the gift of he compassionated us because we God; not of works, lest any man had fallen from the high privileges should boast." As far then as re- of ur creation. Love was his inspects us, there was nothing, ex- clination to do us good: mercy cept indeed our extreme misery was pily added to love, and disand helplessness, to cause the played in compassing and cominfinite display of Divine benefi- pleting our redemption. cence recorded in the text. The 3. But the Apostle adds yet
another motive which co-operated hope in the world, dead to religion in the Divine Mind in the work of and heedless of our everlasting out salvation, namely, “that in the welfare. Let conscience fairly anages to come God might shew the swer these momentous inquiries: exceeding riches of his grace, in aod let it be our constant and kindness towards us through Christ earnest "prayer that God would Jesus." He saw fit to connect the bestow on us a new heart and renew exhibition of bis own glory with a right spirit within us; and that the redemption and sanctification we may henceforth live as becomes of our fallen race. He determined those who profess to be quickened to add lustre to his attributes in the and raised with bim who is by name eyes of his universal creation, by at least and profession their Lord making mercy and truth to meet and Master and Example. together, righteousness and peace to kiss each other. “The ages to come,” that is, both the times of the Gospel
Tothe Editor of the ChristianObserver. dispensation and the eternal ages I WAS much pleased to find a of futurity, were to witness this correspondent, in your Number for exuberance of the Divine compas- August, drawing the attention of sion, and to celebrate and adore your readers to some points of the Author of so inestimable a gift. the highest interest to University Greatly as the perfections of God students. On the common occurs were exhibited in the works of rences of life, books without nuncreation and the ordinary dispen- ber have been solidly, beautifully, sations of an all.wise Providence, I might say divinely, written. Wheit was his “ kindness towards us in ther our peculiar afHiction be from Christ Jesus,” in mercifully effect. loss of friends, fortune, or health, ing our redemption, in bringing us our peculiar temptation from irrelito the knowledge of it, in leading gious superiors, dangerous stations us to newness and holiness of life in life, or inward corruption, we as the grateful recipients of it, and may find in the writings of eminent) in bestowing on us its blessed fruits Christians abundant consolation or in a future world, that was most warning. But from the application mphatically to exhibit “the ex- of these general topics the case of seeding riches of his grace." Strictly a student is in a considerable measpeaking, we might suppose that sure removed; and his chief temphiman happiness could add no- tations are the more dangerous, thing to the unalterable self-derived because the world tells him that fel city of the Supreme Author of the passions and motives which as all blessings; yet God has not dis- a Christian he has to dread are dained to humble bimself to our in themselves honourable and usecapicities by representing the ex- ful. He must labour diligently for hibiion of his glory as a motive honours which he professes not to with bim for causing his love to desire : he must exert every nerve operate for our redemption, sancti. to gain an eminence which, tremfication, and eternal happiness. bling at the thought of its nume
What then remains but that we rous temptations, he often sinseriously ask our own hearts; cerely fears to reach. He is per“Are we partakers of these bene- haps cut off from the society of fiis?" Are we quickened by the religious friends, the guides of his Holy Spirit? Are we raised from childhood and youth, and is forced the death of trespasses and sins ? into a degree of contact with indiAre we exalted in our affections viduals of far other spirit. His to spiritual and heavenly objects } literary duties, which require in-' Or, on the contrary, are we stil tense devotion of mind, necessarily living without God and witho call off his thoughts in a great meaa
sure from dwelling on heavenly This mental conflict-a conflict objects. He seems to the world which involves a paradox worthy to be making fame his idol. The of Christiavity--is a source of great man of business may shew that his anxiety in addition to the ordinary affections are not set on worldly circumstances which depress the possessions by his works of charity student; such as his seclusion, the and love; but how can a religious solitude giving birth to melancholy, student inform the world that he the lassitude arising from continued seeks not honour for its own sake? exertion of mind, aud, to use a com. Failure perhaps is the only thing mon phrase, the “ nervousness"? that can prove the state of his heart, which ihese usually produce. Those by manifesting bis cheerfulness who have never been in the situa. under disappointment; and there tion alluded to can scarcely imagine may be monents in which he may the dreariness which a severe stufeel disposed to pray even for fai- dent often experiences, when at Jure, if failure be necessary to vin- iidnight, while every thing is still dicate, either to himself or to others, and ai repose around him, he at the real character of bis religious length closes his books and feels principles *.
thai all his labour is indeed, except • The following passages in the late so far as it conduces to higher obMr. Hey's letters to one of his sons con- jects, vanity and vexation of tain so much useful advice to college spirit.” And thus exhausted in students, and place in so Christian a mind and body he is to meet bis light the grounds ou which they should God before retiring to his feverish diligeutly cultivate their academical repose. It is to this point I would studies, that I cannot refrain from urge particular attention. Among quoting them :-“ A candidate for a de- tlie several snares of a college resi. gree should submit to an examination dence, by which, unless great vigi. as a matter of duty, not for the purpose lance be used, the means of grace of exaltation. I wish you and your brother to be diligent in your studies, will be rendered ineffectual to the because God has commanded you to be
soul of the student, and (to use the 80: Not slothful in business; fervent words of your correspondent) “the in spirit, serving the Lord. Be not heart will almost invariably become greedy of honours; they have a great cold to the most affecting and im tendency to puff up the vain heart of portant subjects," the circupman; but be diligent from higher mo- stance just mentioned deserves :0 tives." "I consider academical bonours be seriously considered and guarded merely as tokens of your having at- against. Let the religious student tended to the duties of your station ; empty and vain in themselves; but not never reserve his regular devotions to be despised, as evidences of the re. for the last half hour before retir. spect you have paid to your academical ing 10 rest. It is indeed a pious duties.
and delightful practice to give the “ I sent you forth into the danger of a close of each day to God; but let college life, because I judged that lite the student appoint a much earlier to be a proper, and, in some sense, a period of the evening for his more necessary, preparation for the mivistry which you have chosen. But I would quit these inestimable privileges, and not have you go one step out of the way encounter the temptation arising from of duty for all the honours which it is the want of such helps! - That you possible yon should obtain. Reasoning may be a step or two higher on the on these solid principles, I consider the Tripos ! I tell you freely, that I liad situation into which you wonld throw rather bear you were the first senior yourself by going to S. You would de- optime by keeping in the way of doty, prive yourself of all the means of grace and the enjoyment of these spiritnal which you might enjoy in our family, in privileges, than the first wrangler by our religious society, and iu our public running yourself into needless tempt worship. And for what end are you to tation. These are my views,"
fixed devotions, including, as of indifference and formality; for bitcourse they ought, prayer, medi- terly will be have cause to mourn tation, self-examination, and the if he once allow the words of devoreading of the holy Scriptures. tion to become so trite that he reThis edifying process, if delayed peats them without feeliøg their till the powers are exhausted by force. For the miscbief does not study will generally be cold and stop at this point; it soon extends spiritless: nor is it very reverent to from the daily to the Sunday serset apart for heavenly things, a time vice. Sunday indeed, from the in which the mind is languid and very circumstance of this daily use worn out with the labours of the of the church service, is not at day. Men of business cannot al. college marked out from other days ways choose their own hours, and in the distinct way which prevails must therefore submit to what they without the academic walls; and cannot controul; besides which, though this ought to suggest to their pursuits are often of such a the collegian that Sunday does kind that a religious mind turns not differ from the rest of the from them at the close of the day week in merely reading a form of with conscious emancipation and worship, and should lead him to with a delightful spring and vigour distinguish it (as our church into heavenly contemplations : buttended) by a religious observance the student, who has the regulation of the whole day, yet not rarely, of his time at his own command, has is the contrary effect produced. not the same excuse for deferring in the occupations too of ihe Lord's bis devotions 10 the extreme verge day, our spiritual enemy is apt to of the day; and in his case to do gain an advantage over the student so is the more inexpedient and by leading bim to substitute theoinjurious because of the peculiar logical for devotional studies. The character of his occupations, and line is often so very fine between the the less marked transition in his two, that it is advisable (as indeed employments.
in all cases of temptation) to keep While on the subject of daily clearly at a distance from it. This prayer, I would notice a snare in unhappy substitution of scientific ibe path of religious young men at for practical divinity, deprives our universities. I allude to the those who have been almost every ordinary attendance at chapel, which hour of the week toiling in the dust is very properly secured in our of earthly things, of ihe refresh. academical regulations. There can. ment they might derive from those not be conceived a more delightful green oases, those " islands of the break of the daily toil of a religious blessed," which are so graciously student than these services might scattered along the wilderness. It be made; but in fact they are too is with pain I proceed to observe, frequently found even to be a disad- that the deadness of soul which vantage lo spiritual mindedness in steals on the collegian in his pubreligion. The frequency of attend. lic worship, even extends to the ance, the repetition of the same most awful of the Christian myste. service, excellent as it is, the in- ries, the communion of the body difference and coldness which too and blood of Christ; especially generally prevail on all sides, the when, in addition to his own defiJingering ihoughts of worldly sub+ciency of spiritual appetite, he jects from which the collegian has sees around him countenances enjust separated, all conspire, unless barrassed from conscious untitness, the greatest care be taken, to ren- or cold from unconcern, or settled der his prayers formal and heart
• Ες Οασιν πολιν..ουνομάζεται δε όχωρος ουless. Let him earnestly pray aud τος κατά Ελλήνων γλωσσαν, Μακάρων νήσος. strive against the first approaches of Herodot. 3, 20.
into a more awful expression of lege should be a reading man* : Dot pride and carelessness. Directions perhaps to the extent above intifor removing these impediments to inated, but so far at least as to dethe efficacious use of the means of vote regularly a certain and ample grace, I do not pretend to give. number of hours every day to his I cannot, however, but recommend academical studies. The publicato every religious student (though tion of some periodical work harthe advice is not altogether con- ing the growth of religion in our nected with the subject under.dis- colleges as its principal object cussiou) to let his sentiments be might be highly useful, or at least known in bis college as early as he a frequent allusion to the subject can consistently with modesty, in such established publications as humility, and wisdom. His course the Christian Observer; and many will thus be safer and much more of your readers, Mr. Editor, would comfortable 10 himself. This early hail with great pleasure, some fraokuess and consistency of cha- occasional essays on the subject racter will cut at the root of num- in your magazine. berless temptations which would otherwise assail him. Let him also
* Mr. Hey says : “The first things that make it bis sincere and
a minister (or one preparing for the
persevering prayer that God may not grant him ministry) should regard, are a right
knowledge of the doctrines of the Go. these honours to which he is con- spel, and an experimental acquaintance scientiously aspiring, if his success
with their efficacy opon his own heart: would in the slightest degree inter- but every qualification that can render fere with his growth in grace and his labours useful to mankind is wortha in the knowledge of his Lord and the pursuit. Among these latter qualiSaviour. Let him from the first fications niust be ranked a competent take high ground: let him firmly share of learning, obtained in such a close the door against the splendid
manner as to cultivate the understand. bales of worldly merchandize, if ing; and the power of exercising the the infection and the plague of sin public functions of the ministry in a
decent and impressive manner. Do not is to be introduced with them. It forget to read well. How many learned is to those who have not yet com- men are defective in this nseful talent? menced their collegiate residence A minister who is to officiate in a that I chiefly address myself: my re- church where so much reading occurs marks will appear obvious enough as in onr National Establishment, ought to those who bave already resided; to be able to perform this office in a but, in general, students are not
manner that shall not disgrace the sosufficiently aware of the danger lead. I am aware that your voice is
lenin services in which he is to take the before hand; and their ignorance not a good one ; but this should orge is one great cause of their danger. you to make up the deficiency, as I have mentioned religious students; inuch as possible, by a proper method because every religious man at col- of using it.”
REMARKS DURING A JOURNEY invitation, which I gladly accepted, THROUGH NORTH AMERICA. to accompany a genileman to his
(Continued frona p. 561.) rice plantation about thirty miles Charleston, South Carolina, distant. With the interesting cha
26th Feb. 1820. racter of this excellent and venerI WROTE to you on the 19th inst. able friend, I have already inade and soon afterwards received an you acquainted. Descended from