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work highly desirable. The college light in the popular languages, which committee have made arrangements will prove useful in the translations of with Mr. F. Carey, the author of the the Scriptures. Bengalee Encyclopædia, for taking up A complete model has been made in the subject. The committee have also ivory, on a scale of three inches to ten sent suitable persons into various parts feet, of the celebrated Tauj at Agra, by of the country, furnished with lists of the late Captain Fordyce and Captain such rative works as they already pos. G. Hutchinson. It has occupied nearly sess, and with directions to purchase twelve years' labour, and is stated to or transcribe any work they meet with, give a very beautiful and accurate ex. not contained in this list. By this means hibition of that vast monument of past various works have been brought to oriental magnificence.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
The Seasons contemplated in the SpiEssays on all the Scriptural Names rit of the Gospel : six Serinons; by the and Titles of Christ; by the late Rev. Rev. Thomas Gillespie. 12mo. 48. 6d. William Goode, Rector of St. Ann's An Explanation of the Five Books of Blackfriars, &c. 6 vols. 8vo. 31. 3s. Moses. 3s.
Select Passages from the Bible, ar- A Charge delivered to the Clergy of "ranged under distinct heads, for the the Diocese of Gloucester in 1822; by use of Families and Schools; by A. the Lord Bishop of Gloucester. 4to. Adam. 12mo. 4s. 60.
The Genuine and Apochryphal GoAn Abridgement of the Prophecies, spels compared ; in a Visitation Charge; as connected with Profane History, by Dr. Butler of Shrewsbury, Arch. both Ancient and Modern; in qnestion deacon of Derby. and answer : selected by Mrs. Smith.
MISCELLANEOUS. 12mo. 78. 6d.
Memoirs of Mary, Queen of Scots; The Epistles of Paul the Apostle by Miss Benger. 2 vols. 8vo. 'translated, with an Exposition and Cottage Biography, being a Collection Notes; by the Rev. Thomas Belsham. of the Lives of the Irish Peasantry; by 4 vols. 8vo. 21. 128. 6d.
Mary Leadbeater. 12mo. 3s. 6d. The Seaman's Prayer-Book. 18mo. Remains of the late A, L, Ross, A.M. 29. 60.
With a Memoir. 12mo, A respectful Letter to the Earl of An easy Method of acquiring the Liverpool, occasioned by the Speech Reading of Hebrew with the Vowelimputed [imputed ?] to his Lordship at Points. On a sheet. ls. 6d. the Isle of Thanet Bible Society Meet- Political Fragments of Ancient Py. ing; by the Rev. H. H. Norris. 8vo. 7s. thagoreans. Translated from the Greek;
Six Village Sermons; by the Rev. E. by T. Taylor. _8vo. 65. Berens. 12mo. 18. 68.
Geological Essays; by Joseph SutLectures on some important Doctrines cliffe. 8vo. 45. of the Gospel. By T. Raflles, LL.D. An Introduction to Fossil Organic 12mo. 78. 6d.
Remains ; by James Parkinson, 8vo. 128. A Sermon on Covetousness; by the The History of Preston, and the Rev. R. H. Shepherd. 1s.
Guild Merchant. 410. 158. The Claims of the Society for Pro- The first five Books of Livy, with moting Christian Knowledge; a Ser. English Notes; by J. Hunter, LL.D. mon; by the Rev. J. Algar.
12mo. 58. Sermons; by Jonathan Walton, B. D.
An Historical Review of the Spanish 2 vols. 8vo.
Revolution; by E. Blaquiere. 8vo. 185. Scripture Chronology, on a new plan. The different Modes of Cultivating 28. 6d,
the Pine-Apple. 8vo. 98. Sexaginta Conciones, nunquam ante. A System of Mechanics; by the Rev. hac promulgatæ; Lithographice Im- J. R. Robinson. 8vo. 13s. pressæ fideliter MSS. imitantes. A A Letter to Sir Humphrey Dary, Bt. Presbytero Ecclesiæ Anglicanæ *. on the Application of Machinery to
The Book of Common Prayer. With calculating Mathematical Tables ; by Notes, &c.; by the Right Rev. R. Mant, C. Babbage, M.A. 4to. 1s. 6d. D.D. 368. medium, 31. 128. royal paper. Essays on Subjects of important In.
quiry in Metaphysics, Morals, and Reli• We beg leave to refer the Rev. gion; by the late Isaac Hawkins Browne, Presbyter to our announcement of a 8vo. 158. similar work of Mr. Warner's. Christ. Irad and Adah, a Tale of the Flood; Observ, 1821, p. 661.
by Thomas Dale. $v0, 8s. 6d,
An Analytical Dictionary of the En- A Letter to the Earl of Liverpool, on glish Language ; by David Booth, Part the subject of the Greeks; by Thomas I. 78. 6d.
Lord Erskine. Svo. 2s.6d. Specimens of the German Lyric Poets, An Appeal to the British Public, in consisting of Translations in Verse from the Cause of the Persecuted Greeks; Barger, Goethe, Jacobi, Klopstocke, by the Rev. Robert Chatfield, LL.D. &c. 8vo. 108. 6d.
The first part also of the volume we are AFRICAN INSTITUTION.
obliged to pass over more cursorily than The annual publication of the Society we could wish. We extract the follow. has this year augmented to a closely ing passage from the speech of Mr. printed volume of 412 pages; present. Cunningham, partly for the consideraing a large collection of important and tion of our readers, and partly as an interesting-inuch of it, unhappily,most apology for ourselves, if any apology afflicting
intelligence. The volume is be needed, for urging this great quesdivided into three parts. The first con. tion so often and earnestly in the pages taios an account of the Proceedings at of a religious miscellany. Mr. Cun. the Sixteenth Annual Meeting, with the ringham remarked, that speeches of the Duke of Gloucester; the “ He was much struck with the stateMarquis of Lansdowne ; Earl Nugent; ment that their funds had this year deLord Calthorpe ; Sir T. Acland, Bart.; clined, and that they were vow in a the Right Hon. J. C. Villiers ; Messrs. state of depression. To what was such Wilberforce, Brougham, Warre, W. a circumstance to be traced, more par. Smith, Rice, Wilbraham, Randolph, ticularly when compared with the sucBowring, and Stephen; the Rev. W. cess which attended the progress of Dealtry; and the Rev.J.W.Cunuingham. other institutious? Perhaps the cause The second contains the Report of the of this difference was to be traced to Directors; and the third, an Appendix the fact, that a sufficient attempt had of documents. Of the facts in the not been made to place this institation Report, we liope before long to give as on that broad basis of religious and copious an analysis as our limits allow. moral feeling which had produced such For the details in the Appendix,we must an effect in other cases; and which, far refer our readers to the publication it- above all considerations of policy and self. They relate to the present state expediency, impressed such a powerful and laws of the Slave Trade in different interest on those who were under its in. parts of the world, and under various fuence. This great question ought to Aags ; particnlarly the wide extension rest on the widest basis; it was entitled of the traffic by the French, both on the to do so: nor ought they to stop until eustern and the western coast of Africa; it was placed on its right foundation; a --to the correspondence of the British foundation firm as the will of God, and and other governments on the subject;- ample as the wants of human pature. to the discussions in the French Cham. It war, true that people were so apt to bers, in the course of which is given at be absorbed in one favourite object, length a speech of the Duke de Bro- that they turned with difficulty to others. glie, which, for knowledge of the sub- Else the excellent individuals who were ject, eloqaence, and general ability, engaged in Missionary Societies could well deserves general perusal;--to the not fail to see the great importance, to proceedings of the American Coloniza. their own success, of attaining the ob. sion Society; the cheering progress of jects of the African Institution. They the settlement of Sierra Leone ; the who were engaged in the dissemination abolition of the Slave Trade at the Mau- of the Gospel, especially in Africa, ritius ; the extinction of the Slave Trade ought to be aware how grievously the and Slavery by the Independent States Slave Trade was opposed to their efof South America ; and other points forts to improve the existing opportura connected with the general subjectnities, of which they might otherwise
so largely avail themselves, of commu- claim of this institution upon tlieir as. nicating the glad tidings of salvation sistance seems, therefore, irresistible. to that suffering continent. It was im. “ It is a deep conviction that greatly portant, therefore, to the Christian Mise augmented funds will be indispensable sionaries engaged in the great work of to the new and multiplied exertions evangelizing Africa, to see how this de. which are called for, that has made testable traffic raised a barrier against the African Institution adopt, for the the ingress of Christianity, far more im- first time, the play pursued by so many passable than the wall of China, and other public societies for beneficent made them appear to be unsuccessful purposes, of having a more public meet. Missionaries, because they were not ing than heretofore, instead of contin. sufficiently active and zealous Aboli- ing its invitations to its own subscribers. tionists."
as The Directors are persuaded, that, To the same effect the Report ob- had it been understood that the lostitutestable traffic. But they had renounced to their cordial approbation as the init with abhorrence. Nor was this all. fant Republics of South America, for The people of property in those states the conduct which they had adopted were possessed of large uumbers of respecting this detestable traffic, and slaves; and it was natural for every still more in respect to the state of Slaselfish passion to oppose the surrender very itself. General Bolivar, who had of such a species of property. Yet the previously been at the head of the Ve. first measure of the Columbian Govern- nezuelan Government, began the good ments was in decided opposition to all work there, and did so by the enfranthose narrow notions of self-interest, chisement of his own slaves, 700 or 800 which had, in other instances, 80 strong. in number, for he was a most opalent ly interfered with all attempts to ame- landed proprietor. From the beginning Jiorate the condition of the slaves, and he denounced the Slave Trade as an to prepare the way for their emancipa- intolerable evil; but he had the man. tion. They had not only decreed the liness not to stop there, but to carry entire abolition of the Slave Trade, but his principles into their fall practical they had adopted the regulations which effect. To perpetuate slavery beyond were best calculated, in no long time, the dire necessity of the case, would in to give freedom to the unfortunate be. his view have been inconsistent with jugs now in slavery, and to their de. the abolition of the trade. To omit scendants. He held in his band a letter any fair opportunity of relieving those from a gentleman in that quarter, which who had been the victims of that gross contained the Law of Emancipation injustice, from the chains it had impassed by the first General Council of posed upon them, would, he conceived, Columbia. From this it appeared, that be as indefensible an act as that of the an amendment, fixing the emancipation robber who should avow his crime, ad. of the rising race at twenty-five instead mit its enormity, and yet withhold reof eighteen years of age (the original stitution of his booty. Fifteen years proposition), was negatived by a ma- had now elapsed since Great Britain jority of ten votes to one. All born, had decreed the abolition of the Slave therefore, after the Revolution, are to Trade, and what had been done in her, be free at eighteen years of age. And colonies which tended to abridge the such was the horror of that assembly, period or lighten the chains of Slavery? composed of enlightened men from Was it not true at this moment, that every district, at the continuance of the child born yesterday in these colo. Slavery, under any modification, that nies was still a Slave, and that for they had established a fund, by a ge- ever? No effective measures whatever neral tax upon property, for the pro- had yet been adopted there towards the gressive redemption of all who were extinction of slavery. Human beings still in bondage. All Slaves who had were still liable to be sold at the will assisted in a military capacity, in achieve of a master : they were still liable to ing the independence of the Republic, be torn from their families, and from were at once declared free. He need all their local ties and connexions, and not say how pecaliarly so noble a sent into a distant colony. They were sacrifice entitled them to the gratitude destitute of any available legal protecof this Institution. It was most grati. tion, being without the means of apfying, further, to learn, that all the la. pealing to courts of justice for redress. bouring classes in the state of Colum. That brutal system of acting, not on bia, the newly enfranchised as well as the moral feelings, but on the bodily senthose who had not yet been redeemed, sation of pain—the driviug, the flogging were all peaceably at work, and that the system-was still continued in our utmost harmony prevajled among them. islands. The conduct of the vew states It was also a principle adopted by the of South America was indeed raised Colombian Goverument, that colour in moral value by the coutrast it preshould not in any degree disqualify per. sented to that of the British colonies. sons from aspiring to public offices, He again hoped that pablic opinion whether civil or military: all, of what would do much in aiding their object ever colour, were entitled to the same for the general abolition; and he earprivileges as White men : the career nestly trusted, that they would see the to glory and bonour was alike open to necessity of putting the funds of the all. He must repeat, that he knew of Institution upon such a footing as would no country which was so justly entitled enable them to diffuse, as widely as might be necessary, that information which charitable Protestant benefactors and was calculated to arouse public opiniou fellow-subjects in England. in their behalf throughout the world.” “ This work of mercy originated with
tion needed pecuniary support, it would « To Sierra Leone and its immediate not have been withheld; but it was prodependencies, the blessings of civiliza. bably supposed that the Slave Trade tion and religion are now, as it respects was already abolished, and therefore Western Africa, almost exclusively con- that to subscribe to this Institution fined ; and till Europe shall have honests would be to misapply funds which were ly and effectually executed the sentence more urgently needed for other purso long ago passed on the Slave Trade, poses of charity. But when it shall be there is no hope that they can flourish generally known that benevolence, gra. to any material extent beyond those li- titude, and the duty of making reparamits. Whence then does it arise, that tion for injuries which we ourselves the supporters of Christian Missions in have committed, concnr in enforcing on Africa are so insensible to this view of the people of this country the obliga. the subject? The difficulties which they tion of contributing to its funds, the meet with, in diffusing Christian truth Directors cannot but indulge a sanguine on that continent, are not to be traced hope that those contributions will not to the ignorance of the people, to their be withheld.” prejudices, their superstitions, their in. From the speech of a zealous, en capacity for instruction : the radical lightened, and long-tried friend of evil is the Slave Trade; and the only Africa, Mr. Stephen, we copy some practicable mode of putting an end to interesting and consoling intelligence, this accorsed traffic, and opening a fair followed by a few observations, not in. field for the spirit of Christian enter. deed consoling, bat eminently season. prize, is by heartily aud liberally sup- able and important, porting the efforts of the African Insti- « The motion which he had to snb. tution to effect its entire and universal mit, went to express their gratification abolition. They will thus, be pursuing that South America had, at the moment the most direct mode to the attainment of establishing her own independence, of their great object, the propagation decreed the speedy extinction, not only of Christianity. So long as this traffic of the Slave Trade, but of Slavery itself, continues, it raises against them a bar. in that interesting quarter of the globe. rier which they cannot pass. Should While he most cordially assented to all those who profess to be earnest for the that had beeu so well and so truly said moral and religious improvement of the of the conduct of the United States of African race, continue so backward in America respecting this traffic; while lending their aid to that Society which he heartily concurred in the tribute to alone labours for the annihilation of this the Cortes of Spain for their late act; guilty trade; and should the dcaler in he must still say, that there was somehuman blood, through their supineness, thing in the conduct of the new Columbe still left to ravage that desolated bian Governments which deserved a continent, will not their responsibility higher meed of commendation, under be great? And, after generations shall the peculiar circumstances of their case. have passed away, what progress can Those Governments were possessed of they reasonably hope will have been an immense and fertile territory, their made in the noble work which they are means of improving which were nar. so zealous to promote, that of diffusing rowed only by the scantiness of their the blessings of Christianity among the population, which they might naturally degraded population of Africa? The have thought of enlarging by this de
our generous and compassionate frieuds DR. O'SHAUGHNESSY'S LETTER in England, by whose zeal and piety TO HIS CLERGY.
immense soms poured in on the LondonWe are requested, by the Committee Tavern committee of management, by for the distressed Irish, to insert the whose anxiety for our relief all possible following letter from the titular Bishop means were adopted—charity sermons, of Killaloe to his clergy. It is certainly benefits of balls and theatres—and conceived in a very grateful and con. having tried all other measures, collecciliating tone towards his Protestant tions from door to door were resorted fellow-subjects. We could, however, to, with considerable success. have spared a theatrical exclamation; “ In the history of the world is there nor are we quite reconciled to men. to be found an instance of such benevo. tioning « balls and theatres" withi lent feelings as are now manifested ? « charity sermous, in a solemn form and by whom? by the illustrious Ento be read in places of Divine worship. glish Protestants, in favour of the destiIndependently of other objections, tute Roman Catholics of Ireland. balls and theatrical performances are “As the apprehension of fainine must most uoproductive vehicles of benevo- soon be done away, by the prospect of lence; as in general, after paying the an abundant harvest, this same great expenses, very little is left for the cha. nation is turning its thoughts towards a rity.
supply of night and day covering, for “ Dear Sir,
men, women, and children, of our half“ You will mention from your altar, naked peasantry. on Sunday next, that Dr. O'Shaugh. “ Heavenly God! can those wretched nessy, R. C. Bishop of Killaloe, re- poor people ever forget such kindness ! quests that the pastors of the distressed -[Here let the congregation kneel districts of said diocese should, at their down.)– Therefore, with our heart and respective chapels, excite their flocks voice, let.us offer our fervent prayer to to unite with the clergy in expressing the throne of the Eternal God, humbly their heartfelt and everlasting grati and earnestly beseeching him, that every tade, for the unexampled, necessary, spiritual and temporal happiness and and timely relief administered to them, prosperity may be the reward of this through the paternal influence of our unheard-of munificence, in favour of beloved Sovereign, by the kind gene. the destitute population of this unforrosity of the government, and by the tunate country. qumerous donations of our benefactors " August 3, 1822." in Ireland; bat above all, by our truly
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
acquitted. These trials strongly disFrance.—The French papers have play the agitated state of public feelbeen chiefly filled with the continua- ing in France; a state of things not tion of the trials, in the assize court likely to be remedied by the striking of Poictiers, of General Berton and his partialities which seem to influence accomplices, for the late conspiracy the judicial tribunals in the conduct of at Saumur; and with the details of trials affecting points of state policy. another course of state trials, in Paris, The guilt of the condemned parties in of 25 prisoners, for the conspiracy these trials appears to be established, at Rochelle. In the former, Berton and there is little room to doubt that and five of his associates have been the ringleaders wished to effect a recondemned to death, and eight others volution. But some of the proceedings have been sentenced to heavy fines on their trials, even if we allow the and imprisonment; in the latter, four final decision to be substantially just, have been capitally convicted, seven were no better than a mockery of jusare to be imprisoned, one is liberated, tice. To say nothing of the improper but placed under thirteen years of po- and partial interference of the judges lice superintendance, and thirteen are with the prisoners and witnesses, and
CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 249. 4 K