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preference given to the national mi- but ill deserves, has denominated the litia, and the understood intention of occurrence a calamity:" but we disbanding the royal guard. For se. agree with lord Liverpool that it was veral days the capital remained in a ' a flagitious act;" and we may add, state of tumult and consternation; till that it was one among several of those the royal guards, having made an at- late acts of the Ottoman government tempt to possess themselves of it by which, if they do not warrant the force, met with a vigorous and unex

armed interference of the other powers pected resistance, and were at length of Europe, at least demand their overpowered by the constitutional prompt and energetic remonstrances, troops, and forced to give up their with a view, if possible, to secure the positions. Many were killed, and civilized world from the shock of such numbers have been made prisoners. atrocities. The Turkish government The permanent deputation of the appears to have availed itself of the Cortes, alarmed by the menacing ap- first moment of relief from the terrors pearances which took place, had con- of a Muscovite invasion, to comvoked a special junta on the occasion; mence, with its characteristic ferocity, and it is stated that it urged the king the work of murder and revenge. to disarm his guards; but that he re- If Russia, as is alleged, has given up fused to do so, alleging that they were the Greek cause, she probably has faithful to the public interest, and de- done so, for a time, in deference to served not the accusation of being mu- the wishes of the allied powers, waittinous. The open violence, however, ing for some favourable conjuncture to which they had recourse alnıost im- to come forward with more certainty mediately afterwards, has left no doubt of success, and with less risk of colremaining as to the hostile purposes lision with those who are jealous of which they entertained in respect to her interference, than might at present the new order of things. The defeat be the case. But, whatever may he of their plans, and the consequent dis- the conduct of other powers, we should solution of their body, has of course have been glad had our own neutrality left the king in the power of the Con- exhibited a less rigid aspect in the stitutionalists, who appear to have hi- eyes of the unhappy Greeks, who must therto used their power with great mo- be deeply stung with the apparently deration. The ministry are said to have unfeeling neglect of the Christian goresigned their situations, to which no vernments of Europe. It is clear that other persons had yet been appointed. there are, in the present case, circum

TURKEY.-The late massacre at stanceswhich those governments would Constantinople of eighty or ninety consideras justifying their interference Christians, (we use lord London- in the internal affairs of other states. derry's statement,) ten or twelve of The conduct of the allied powers towhom were Greek merchants, who wards Naples is a proof of this. In were put to death in cold blood, under the spirit of this precedent, they would the pretext of their being hostages for surely be entitled to interfere for the the loyalty of the islanders of Scio, protection of the people against the while it has awakened new sympathies oppressions of their government, no in favour of the Greeks, has confirm- less than for the protection of the goed more than ever the indignation of vernment against the encroachments Europe against the Turks, and made of the people. And having interfered every humane mind increasingly de- for the latter purpose in the case of sirous to witness a curtailment of their Naples, it would manifest an excess power of doing inischief. The im- of fastidiousness to pretend that it pression which had widely gone abroad would be unjust to restrain the Turkish that these unhappy sufferers were un- government from trampling under der the guarantee of British protec- foot the dearest rights of its subjects, tion, appears from the statements of and setting at nought every law, dilord Liverpool and lord Londonderry, vine and human, for the gratification in parliament, to have originated in of its vindictive and relentless fury misinformation. The British ambas. No news of any importance have arsador had spontaneously employed his rived during the month, respecting humane representations in their fa- the naval or military operations of the vour; but had no power, and had given contending, parties. The Schah of no pledge, to secure them from mas. Persia is said to be pressing on with a sacre. Lord Londonderry, with a di- formidable army towards the Turkish plomatic courtesy, which the Porte frontier in Asia. CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 247.

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DOMESTIC.

the two years. Mr. Ricardo, however, The pressure of distress in the maintains that there is not at present afflicted districts of Ireland, though an efficient sinking fund of more than much alleviated by spontaneous bene-' about one million and a half. The volence and parliamentary grants, still chancellor's total estimate of expendicontinues very heavy, and is likely ture for the year is 51,192,0001., and of to remain so, at least till after the income (including a loan of 7,500,0001. potatoe harvest. The harrowing de- from the sinking fund), 54,253,0001. tails of poverty and famine have been The greater part of the chancellor so widely circulated, and have called of the exchequer's resolutions were forth such extensive synipathy, that it agreed to without a division : but on would be unnecessary for us to dwell the lottery clause the house divided; upon particulars; especially as, in con- 74 for, and 34 against it. Mr. Vans sequence of the king's letter, the cause sittart's only argument in its favour has been very widely advocated from was, that he wished those gentlemen our pulpits, and from house to house, who opposed it would point out some throughout the kingdom. Parliament other method of raising 200,0001. as has thought an Insurrection Act ne. little oppressive or liable to excite discessary for the peace of the disturbed content. We can scarcely believe that districts of Ireland; and we fear the so wise and estimable a man was sericircumstances of the case render some ous in the use of such an argument, such provision expedient; but we have which would apply just as well to the again to lament, that no comprehen- licensing of gambling houses, and even sive measures of a prospective kind of brothels, as practised in some paseem yet to have been matured, with tions. When relieving the country, a view to the permanent tranquillity, as was done lately, from two millions and for the moral and social improve- of taxes, it might, we conceive, have ment, of Ireland. The friends of that been practicable to have suppressed country onght not, however, to be this fruitful source of vice and misery. discouraged from doing what may be The Marriage Act Amendment Bill actually in their power, be it little or has been returned from the Lords to the much, for her welfare, because they Commons, with various alterations, may not be able at once to accomplish which have been adopted. We have larger plans for the promotion of her already promised to give an abstract civil, commercial, and ecclesiastical of its provisions. Our clerical readers interests. But as every single step ought to procure the Act itself. in this course, however inadequate to Mr. Wilberforce, on the 27th June, the full measure of her wants, is worth moved an Address to his majesty resecuring, we trust that they will be lative to the Slave Trade, which was content to think and legislate for her, unanimously agreed to. We have even if it be by small instalments, and not forgotten our pledge to bring the not to reject or to defer any measure whole subject, in no long time, before of allowed benefit, though it may fall our readers; but we must shortly disfar short of the exigency, under the miss it for the present. The chief plea that the whole system should at points of animadversion, by the speakonce be brought under investigation. ers on the occasion, were the obstinacy

The chancellor of the exchequer of Portugal, the inhumanity and bad has detailed his plan of finance for the faith of the French government, and year; but the intricacy of the accounts the unhappy jealousy which has hirenders it difficult to convey to our therto prevented the United States of readers a clear idea of their general Anierica from conceding a qualified results. We are glad to learn that right of mutual search. We earnestly measures are under consideration for recommend the consideration of this simplifying the public accounts, and last topic to our American readers, also for revising the cumbrous and who, we have the satisfaction to know, unprofitable system of the sinking are very numerous throughout the fund as now administered, with a view Union. We are convinced that if they to some more rational and intelligible will make themselves masters of the plan of proceeding. The chancellor' question, they will come to the conof the exchequer appears to calculate clusion with us, that Great Britain, a on a surplus revenue of more than five' country so notoriously jealous of her millions for next year, and of nearly maritime privileges, can have no mosix millions for the year ending Jan- tive in urging this measure on the uary 1824 ; at least of ten millions for United States, but such as ought to

.

Taise her far above unfrienilly suspio justify the condemnation of the vessel, cion (even if there were room for it, and of allowing due weight to be given which there is not), on the part of a to that decisive proof of the object of nation who have rendered themselves the voyage, which is 'afforded by the dear to the friends of humanity and peculiar mode of fitting and equipping religion throughout the world, by their slave-vessels : zealous efforts in this common cause, " That it is some alleviation of the and by stamping with its befitting pain produced by the almost uniform name of PIRACY what the tardier mea. ienour of these distressing accounts, to sures of the old world have only yet learn that the Cortes of Spain have subbranded with the ordinary designation jected all who should be found concern. of municipal crime.

ed in slave-trading to a severe punishThe following is the Address voted ment; and that with this evidence of a by the House.

just estimate of the guilt of the crime, we

cannot bút hope that they will not rest “ Resolved, nemise contradicente, That satisfied with a legal prohibition, but that an humble address be presented to his they will provide the requisite means majesty, to represent to bis majesty for carrying their law into execution : that the deep interest which this house

“That we find with concern that the has so long taken, and still continues to vessels of Portugal, so far from grad. take, in the Abolition of the Slave Trade, ually retiring from the trade, have been has led us to peruse with no little solici. carrying it on with increased activity, tude the papers relative to that subject, more especially on that very part of the which by his majesty's commands were

coast wbich is to the north of the Line, Jately laid before us; nor could we for- in direct violation of the treaty by wbich bear indulging a hope that his majesty's she had stipulated to confine her trade renewed representations and remon-, to the south of it: That we cannot but strances would have at length produced cherish the hope that the new Govern. the desired effect of cansing the vari. ment of Portugal will manifest a warmer ous governments by whose subjects the zeal for enforcing a treaty which every: slave trade was still carried on, serious. law, divine or human, binds her to obly to consider the nomerous and power. serve : ful obligations under which they lay, to “ That we have observed with no litile co-operate with his majesty, heartily pleasure tbe zeal for the Abolition of the and efficiently, in order to put an eud Slave Trade that has been manifested by for ever to this enormous evil:

the commanders of the ships of war of " But that we have learned with the United States of America, employed grief and shame, that with very few ex. on the coast of Africa, and the disposi. ceptions, every hope of this nature las tion they have shewn to co-operate with been altogether frustrated, and that we the officers of bis majesty's pavy for are still compelled to witness the strange their common object; but that we are and humiliating spectacle of practices concerned to have perceived in the which are acknowledged to be made up American Goverument o disposition to of '

wickeduess and cruelty by the very give up the objections it formerly urged goveruments whose subjects are never against the establishment of a mutual theless carrying them on upon a great right of examining each other's ships and continually increasing scale : on the coast of Africa :-That we had

" That we observe, however, with hoped that the powerful arguments used: satisfaction, that the powerful reasoning by a Committee of the House of Repre. and continued expostulations of his ma. sentatives in favour of this arrangement jesty's government, enforced by the would liave their just weight; . more strong and persevering remonstrances' especially that which points out the of his majesty's ambassador at the court difference, or rather contrariety, be. of the Netherlands, have at length pro- tween this conventional and qualified dnced an admission of the just construc- system and the right of searching nen. tion of the treaty with that power: tral vessels, withont any previous treaty,

" That we are glad to see thiąt some as claimed and practised in war. Above of the abuses have been corrected which all, that the consideration so strongly had prevailed in the conduct of the enforced, that it is only by the establishcourts of mixed jurisdiction at Sierra ment of some such system tliat the trade Leone ; but that experience bas proved can ever be effectually abolished, would The necessity of altering that provision, have induced the American Goverawhich renders it necessary for the slaves ment to consent to it, when the object piness of so large a portion of onr fel. advantages, and among the very fore. tow.creatures :

most in all the distinctions and enjoy. “ That with the deepest concern ments of civilized life, should thus, on we find, as in the last year, vessels its restoration to the blessings of peace, under the French flag trading for slaves and to the government of its legitimate along the whole extent of the coast of sovereign, appear, in fact, to be the Africa: at home and abroad, proposals chief agent in blasting the opening proare circulated for slave-trading voyages, spects of civilization, which even Africa inviting the smallest capitals, and tempt. had began to present, and in prolonging ing adventurers by the hopes of enor. the misery and barbarism of that vast mons profits :--That the few ships of continent war of that couotry stationed in Africa “ That, on the whole, we conjure his offer no material obstruction to the trade; majesty to renew his remonstrances, and por do the governors of her colonies to render it manifest that his interferappear to be more active; and all this ence has pot been a matter of form, but while the French government reprobates of serious and urgent duty :-That this the traffic in the strongest terms, and de- conntry will at least have the satisfac. clares, that it is using its utmost efforts tion of knowing that we have been active for the prevention of so great an evil :- and unwearied in making reparation to That it is deeply to be regretted that a Africa for the wrongs with which we government which has heep generally ourselves were so long chargeable, and regarded as eminent for its efficiency, we cannot doubt that we shall ulti. should here alone find its efforts so mately be able to congratulate his maentirely paralysed :—That, meanwhile, jesty on the success of his endeavours, we can only continue to lament that a and on his having had a principal sbare great and gallant nation, eminently fa- in wiping away the foulest blot on the voured by Providence with natural character of Christendom."

ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. Lord John George De-la-Poer Beres. Rev. J. Hall, Great Bedwin V. Backs. ford, Archbishop of Dublin, to be Arch. Rev. J. M. Colson, jan. Peatling R. bishop of Armagh and Primate of all Leicestershire. Ireland.

Rev. Richard Corfield, Upton Parva Rev. Dr. Magee, Bishop of Raphoe, R. Salop. to be Archbishop of Dublin.

Rev.Mr.Crossman, elected Incombent Very Rev. Archdeacon Bissett, to be of Christ's Church,in the Forest of Dean, Bishop of Raphoe.

Rev. W. H. Deane, Hintlesbam R. Rev. R. Lawrence, D. C. L. Regias Suffolk, Professor of Hebrew at Oxford, to be Rev. J. N. France, Stayley-bridge Archbishop of Cashel.

Perpetual Incumbency, Lancashire, Rev. A. Nicol, M. A. of Balliol Col. Rev. G.R. Gleig, Ivy Church R. Kent, lege, to be Canon of Christ Church, Rev. G, Dixwell Grimes, Emildon V. and Professor of Hebrew in the Univer. Northumberland. sity of Oxford.

Rev. G. Heming, Thundersley R. Rev. G. Gaskin, D.D. to a Prebend Essex. in Ely Cathedral.

Rev. H. Lowther, Bolton R, Camber. Rev. S. Briscall, St. Mary, South land. Kelsey, with St. Nicholas, South Kelsey, Rev. T. Silver, D. C. L. Great Staughanvexed, RR, co. Lincoln.

ton V. Honts. Rev. C. Campbell, Beechamwell R. Rev. W. 8. Whitelock Geduey V. with the R. of Shingham annexed, also Lincolnshire. Weaseubam All Saints V. and Weasen. Rev. T. Hale, Domestic Chaplain to ham St. Peter's V. Norfolk.

the Marquis of Salisbury. Rev. T. Chevallier, Lecturer of Great Rev. R. B. Paul, to be Domestic St. Andrew's, Oxford.

Cbaplain to the Earl of Falmouth.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. OXONIÆ COMMENSALIS ; F. A.S.; T. B.; D. R. N.; E. M.; ANNA; SCRUTATOR;

MEDIATOR ; B. X.; B. R.; and PATRUUS; are under consideration, " A Young Man" will find the late Mr. Scolt's Commentary, especially the “ Prac.

tical Observations," well adapted to his purpose.

ERRATUM.
P. 441, col. 1, line 1, in some copies, for sidered, read considered.

CHRISTIAN OBSERVER.

No. 248.]

AUGUST, 1822.

[No. 8. Vol. XXII.

RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

I

For the Christian Observer. least of the evils of the lottery ; PRESBYTER'S APPEAL TO HIS

which, as before remarked, avails BRETHREN THE CLERGY, ON

itself of some of the worst prinsome of the prevailinG ciples of hunan nature. It fosters INIQUITIES OF

the desire to be rich without làTHE TIMES,

bour, and without giving an equiWITH SUGGESTIONS FOR THEIR

valent ; and, in addition to covetSUPPRESSION.

ousness, idleness also, and selfish. (Continued from p. 402.)

ness, and ambition, are encouraged MUST next allude to PUBLIC by its instrumentality. If a blank

LOTTERIES, as productive be drawn, the issue is disappointof vast mischief, and rendering ment and discontent: if a prize, us, in their measure, obnoxious especially one of considerable aas a nation to the displeasure of mount, the result is most probably God. The lottery appears to me still worse; and it is well if it do an evil of the first magnitude. It not involve the destruction of the avails itself for the most part of gambler's happiness and usefulness the ignorance and the covetousness in this world, and his eternal welof its dupes. Few of those who fare in the next. The Divine blesspurchase tickets or shares are ing may be confidently looked for, aware how large a proportion of under one form or another, byerery the sum subscribed goes to Govern- man who industriously follows his ment; and fewer, of the artful ex. lawful vocation in the fear of God; pedients resorted to by the con- but by resorting to unwarranted fractors and schemers to indemnify expedients for getting rich, we themselves for their enormous exo tempt Providence, and may expect, penses, and to secure a rich sur- eveu should we attain our object, plus. In this species of gambling, that our apparent success will be ibe gambler plays at most unequal frowned upon by the Almighty, chances. A prudent man therefore, and prove a curse instead of a blesseven uninfluenced by religious prin- ing: “They that will be rich, fall ciples, would not buy lottery tickets, into temptation, and a snare, and since the chances are so much against into many foolish and burtful lusts, him that in the end he must lose. which drown men in destruction Now is it right thus to take advan- and perdition. For the love of tage of the ignorance of our fellow- money is the root of all evil, which creatures? Is Government justi: while some coveted after, they have fied in permitting the contractor erred from the faith, and pierced and his agents to bold out a tempto themselves through with many soring lure 10 the public, whose igno- rows." (1 Tim. vi. 9, 10.) rance of the plan prevents their

per- There are few vices which carry ceiving that the magnitude of the with them such immediate wretched gain is unequal to the risk encoun- ness as gainbling. Itdeeply excites tered in attempting to obtain it ? the passions: if it did noi, it would And yet the pecuniary loss sustain- be unintetesting: and what are the ed by the public is amongst the passions it excites ? Some of the

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