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* The Sandwich Islands are now be are datly increasing amongst the patives coming a place of great commerce, and a high sense of moral rectitade. Since the natives are making rapid strides to the commencement of the year 1821, no wards civilization. From the frequent less than twenty-eight ships and brigo visits they have had of late years from have visited these islands for the purpose Americans and English, they are daily of trade, or procuring supplies. The assuming our manners and customs, and natives themselves are now the owners forsaking their own. No longer is seen of ten square-rigged vessels, none less the bow or the spear-no more is heard than 120 tons, besides a namher of the shrill sound of the war conch, or schooners and sloops, all of which they the shrieks of the victim prepared for keep constantly going from island to sacrifice. Superstition is done away- island with sandal wood, provisions, &c. idolatry has ceased: the church.going They are priocipally manned by natives, bell' is now heard to break on the still. who manage them with skill and regular, ness of the Sabbath, and the cheering sty. While Captain Gardoer remained rays of Christianity have already begun at Woahoo, one of their vessels arrived to beam on these children of nature. from a voyage to Kamtschatka; she was There are now residing amongst them commanded by a White man, but manseveral of the Missionary Society from ned entirely by natives. For a quantithe United States, with their wives and ty of salt which she carried to the Gofamilies; by whom a school is kept, and vernor of Kamtschatka, she brought in á nnmber of the rising generation are retum a quantity of dried salmon, cord. taught the arts of reading, writing, age, canvas, cutlery, &c. The Goverdrawing, &c, which, together with the nor also made his Owhyheean Majesty exemplary conduct of all the society, a present of a large track of land, and and the moral and religious precepto de sent him a deed of it. They are pleased livered by the Rev. Mr. Bingham and with the success of the voyage, and will the Rev. Mr. Thurston lo the charcb, son undertake another."
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GAELIC SCHOOL SOCIETY. Protestants. A political apostacy from THE Gaelic Society's Schools, we are either side was immediately followed bappy to learn, now amount to seventy. by a corresponding religious apostacy,“ eight, containing 203 niales, and 2,198 if the name of religion could be applied females. The expenditure for the year to a profession which possessed so little bas been 2,635l. The further the Society of its true spirit. The abolition, about have extended their labours into the seventy years ago, of the heritable juris. interior of the Highlands, and the more diction of the chiefs, dissolved this anintimately its agents have become ac- cient bond of connexion ; and as the quainted with the local circumstances personal services of the people ceased to and pecgliar disadvantages connected be available to the aggrandizement of with the Islands, the more forcibly have the chief, and the increasing communithey been convinced, that under the or- cation with the Low Country introduced dinary means of instraction, little could among the higher classes more of the be effected for the instruction of the in. wants and the comforts of civilized life, habitants,
the income of land came to be changed “ The circumstances of the Highlan from men to money. The people, howders," remarks the last Report, “ have ever, remained; their babits, which, beey peculiarly unfavourable for im- though frugal, were desultory, were but provement. Originally the chain which ill adapted to labour with persevering bound the different members of the clans industry, even if the limited portion of together was connected by the closest soil which they continued to occupy, ties; and whatever advantages the chief could, by any exertion, be rendered enjoyed, circulated in some degree capable of producing a comfortable through every ramification of the tribe. subsistence for such a comparatively The rents of the estate were then paid crowded population. The chain of conin men; and it was necessary, by a fami- nexion which sustained them in an inliar communication throngh the whole, timate relation with the higher classes to preserve their attachment. The pro- being thus broken, and the people havfessed religion of the chief was the ing no means of introducing or cultiprofessed religion of the people; and vating such principles of moral improveas the chiefs adhered to the honse of ment as might raise them to a new and Stuan or Hanover, their followers be independent character, the consequence came with them Roman Catholics of has been an almost total extinction, in
remote districts, of the means of Intel- "Secondly, That the most desirable end lectual improvement, and of course of to be attained by learning to read is to the knowledge of the Gospel.”
be able to read the Word of God; and, Again : “ There were, and still are, Thirdly, That wherever the people within the Highland districts, multi- cannot come to the school, it is pecestudęs almost altogether excluded from sary to take the school to the people." the means of religions instruction. Se- Under these circumstances the Socie. parated into detached portions of from ty established its circulating schools for twenty to fifty families, few of these, in teaching the popnlation of the Hightire remote gleus or islands, hear more Jauds and Islands to read the Word of than five scrmons in a year: many of God in their native tongue; and since them only two; and some, such as the their cemmencement, it has commu, ivhabitants of St. Kilda, are scarcely Hicated instruction to above eighteen ever at all visited by any regular religi. thousand persons, who, bumanly speak. ous instructor. In almost the whole of jug, could not otherwise bave obtained that sequiestered population, the Bible that incalculably precious blessing. The was a sealed book; for althongh trans Timitation of the period of teaching in lated into Gaelic by the venerable these schools has been found to have a Society for propagating Christian Koow. powerful influence on the attendance fedge, as the schools supported by that of the pupils : and the intensebess with śnstitution were confined chiefly to por which many of them have applied thempulous districts, and to teaching the selves to the instructions of the teachers English language, the Gaelic Bibles lay has been truly gratifying. in the depôts unopened, and not unfre. In consequence of the exertions of this qnently a single Bible was all that could institution, packages of Gaelic Bibles, be found in a large district. Any little wbich bad for many years lain unopenreligions knowledge which the people ed, were onloosed; and so great has enjoyed was preserved principally by been the subsequent demand, that not oral tradition, and by passages of the only the whole of the copies which were Scripture transmitted by memory from them in the Highlands have been bought generation to generation."
rip, but also large quantities, which were “This deplorable state of ignorance lying in sheets in warehonses and stores, has not been continued from penuri. have been almost all expended, and vnsness, or extraordinary perversion in there are now no less than four new the people; but has been occasioned editious nearly ready to issue from the and perpetuated chiefly by their ex. press, a large number of which will be treme poverty. So strongly does their required to supply the demand. The partiality for the spot of their nativity fundamental principle of the Society preponderate over almost every other is directed to communicatiog a knowfeeling, that all the discomforts arising ledge of the Word of God; and the from an increased expense without any great increase of the sale of Bibles is, corresponding additional means of de. therefore, the best evidence that its laFraying it, are not sufficient to drive bours have been successful. “ It is to aliem from their hamlets in the glens, to this result," add the Committee, “ and the villages on the coast, where the to the influence of Sabbath-schools, and means of maintenance might be more not to the mere acquisition of the faculty easily obtained. Even on the coasts, of reading the Gaelic language, that however, at such a distance from the we have to ascribe the great moral incapital and the enterprise of mercantile provement which has been generally speculation, tbe inhabitants cannot al. observed to pervade the sphere around ways procure any thing like a comfort. the schools ; and the Committee indulge able subsistence; and vot unfreqnently the hope that the improvement will is a portion of that time, which would continue progressive, till the whole otherwise be employed in school, oc- couutry exbibits an aspect of cleanlicupied by the scholars in wandering ness, industry, and religions feeling, along the sea-shore at the time of ebbaccordant with the natural intelligence picking up a precarious meal from the and generous sentiments of this interestfish and tangle thrown on the beach." ing people."
The conductors of the Societyconsider, “ First, That the language which a per. IRISH SOCIETY FOR EDUCATION son can be most easily taught to read, IN THE IRISH LANGUAGE. is the langnage which he himself is ac- This Society, established in Dublin in customed to speak;
1816, has pow 47 stationary schools,
containing 2078 scholars, of wlom 888' ing the town. As he advanced, he was are adults; besides these, 6 masters, met by the most affectionate cheers of on the circulatory system, inspect and welcome, and in a moment was sura controul 10 schools each; forming a rounded by hundreds, eagerly striving total of 107 schools under the protection to shake the band of their common of the Society.
father and benefactor. The worthy Sunday-schools have been established Rector afterwards collected his flock in in the neighbourhood of each station the church, where they all joined in the where a fixed master is placed, to be national anthem of God save the nnder bis care, and to be snperintended king' in a manner truly affecting to by his daily scholars : by this means it every one present. is expected that between 60 and 100 “ Sir Charles and the party next moved new schools may be formed in the on towards Regent's Town. On his course of the ensuing year, with the Excellency's crossing the large stonesmall addition of 21. 125. annual charge bridge adjoining the town, he was met for each.
by a band of young school-girls, modest• Schools are about to be formed in ly and neatly attired, and decorated some of the jails; a large proportion of with flowers : the eldest girl snpported their inmates being acquainted with a banner on which was exhibited, the Irish language only.
« « Fear God-Honour the king." · In the distribution of the Scriptores, 1 Peter, ii. 17. the Society is assisted by the British 4. Obey them that have the role over and Foreign Bible Soeiety: 1000 copies you.' Heb. xiii. 17. of the Irish Testament received from "God save the king.' 1 Sam. 8. 24. that Society have been divided into ten “ His Excellency remained among bis parts eacht; by which means 10,000 affectionate Negroes for a considerable portions of the Scriptures are put into time, when their excellent Rector and circulation. An important addition is Superintendant, the Rev. W. Johnson, making to the stock of Irish books, led them in a body to the church, by the publication of the Scriptures in where they joined in hymos of thanksthe Irish character, under the care of giving to the Almighty. Mr. Thaddeus Connellan: the books
6. The version of the national anthem of Genesis and Exodus have appeared. of 'God save the king,' used on these
occasions, is a solemn offering of PROGRESS OF THE COLONY OF thanksgiving.” SIERRA LEONE.
Sir Charles MacCarthy afterwards We copy from a cotemporary public inspected the various establishments cation the following extracts from the in the peninsula: the following is an Sierra Leone Gazette, as illastrative of account of bis reception at Waterloo. the civil and religious progress of the “ As the path lay througb a thick colony.
wood, the party had to grope their way Sir Charles MacCarthy, the governor, in the dark : indeed, so impenetrable arrived at Freetown, on his retorn from was the barrier against light, that they his visit home, on the 28th of November, could not distinguish one another, much and resumed without delay his active less observe a small pocket compass attention to the colony, in all its de- with which one of the gentlemen was partments. On the Monday after his furnished. Led on by a Negro child six arrival, be rode to the Negro Towns of years old, the party moved forward Kissey and Wellington ; and, on Tues- throngh woods and wilds; and, what day, to those of Gloucester, Regent, was worse, through mangrove swamps, Bathurst, Leopold, and Charlotte. On which, occasionally taking them above these visits many gentlemen of the the middle, made them think seriously colony accompanied the Governor, who of swimming, till about nine o'clock, was every where received with the when the noise of distant voices ig warmest affection. Of bis reception at' dicated their approach to Waterloo. Gloucester and at Regent's Town, the A sbont or two from the party soon set following account is given in the Colo. the inhabitauts in motion; and in a few nial Gazette :
seconds, the village and its environs "As the Governor approached Glou- were entirely illuminated with torches." cester, the inhabitants, with their His Excellency was actually borde on Rector, the Rev. H. During, at their the shoulders of the crowd, from the head, greeted his Excellency on enter. point where he was met, to the house of
the Rev. Mr. Wilhelm, the Rector of value of the imports in 1821, was Waterloo, Firing, shouting, hozzaing. 105,0001., being an increase of 38,335l. singing, and clapping their hands (their on those of 1820, In the export trade strongest demonstrations of joy), did not twenty-six vessels are employed, concease for many hours.
taining 6805 tons. The Sierra Leone " What a scene for the philanthro- Gazette remarks: pist to contemplate ! In the midst - The success of the system parsued, of woods, in which, scarcely more than for some years past, in the internal two years ago, existed the dens of the management of this colony, has done leopard, are now to be found the peace away with prejudices the most inveterful habitations of man--where, instead ate; and its benignant influence rapidly of the growl of the tiger and the howl extends over the barbarons nations adof the hyena, tbe ear is saluted by the joining our possessions on the coast, hum of the busy cottage, and the 80- Even the Mohammedan powersof Foulala lemn peal of the missionary bell, sum- and of Massina eagerly court our countemoning to the praise of their omnipo nance and connexion : their traders and tent Creator whole flocks of beings, on messengers experience, in this colony, whom the light of the Gospel has lately a probity and good faith bitherto up. been shed ; and who, from a convic, known to them in transactions with tion of the spiritual change which has White men; nor does a single native been wrought within them, are to be return from heuce into the interior, heard rending the air with hallelajahs, without being, in some measure, diand with acclamations of gratitude to vested of his prejudices ; or without those generous individuals by whose having imbibed a feeling in favour of agency they have been thus fostered our manners and institutions. In con. and taught.”
sequence of this intercourse with the A new charter of the colony was most distant tribes of the interior, a promulgated on the 28th of December. knowledge of this colony is acquired by Under its operation, the different post them, which surprised our late travelsessions of his majesty on the coast, lers; the adventurous Doekard having from the twentieth north to the twen heard, with astonishment, the name of tieth south latitude, are consolidated MAC CARTH Y Pronounced with respect into one distinct government, under the on the remote banks of the Niger, governor and the council of Sierra
"Our population gradually increases Leone. The due adninistration of by the influx of natives from the neiglia justice, throughout the whole, is pro. bouring tribes; and, since the last cen. vided for, and suitable courts are sus, the number of victims rescued by established. The official returns, pub- the squadron from slavery has been con. lisbed in the Sierra Leone Gazette, in- siderable. Savage and uncultivated dicate growing prosperity in the com. as these new colouists are on their ata mercial concerns of the colony. In rival, it appears surprising with what the year 1821, thirty-two merchand ves- facility they acquire our language, and sels, of from 57 to 855 tons, had entered how soon they abandon their native the port of Freetown, The invoice customs."
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
witnessed during his procession to and Spark. The king closed the session from the hall, and on his return to of the Cortes in person, on Sunday his palace, were no very favourable the 30th of June. The speech, what- comment on this part of the speech. ever might be the feelings of the On the following day, strong sympspeaker, was couched in highly con- toms of dissatisfaction appeared in the stitutional language; and, among other barrack quarters of the royal guards; topics, expressed great confidence that and on the 2d of June four battalions tranquillity would be soon restored in broke out into vpen mutiny against the disturbed districts. The tumul the constitutional government, in contuous proceedings, which his majesty sequence, among other causes, of the