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months ago cheerless and solitary, has' lorn and comfortless. I trust the inbeen brought into contact with the rest structions she received there, were the of its species."
happy means of leading her to the SaThe Society are most anxious to build viour as her hope and portion.” a suitable house for the objects of their “ It is impossible," remark the Di. bumane care ; the expense of which will rectors, “ to trace the progress of this be at least 15001. or 20001.; but they are one mind through its short history withsatisfied that the friends of the Society out thankfulness and joy. Not long ago will see the necessity of the measure, she was as dark as midnight. Her pas. and cheerfully meet the call made on sions knew no right principle of con. them, not only to give the elements of trol-her conscience was unenlightened: moral and religious principles, but also, through the influence of a natural imas far as possible, to guard the inte. pediment to knowledge, she had no idea resting objects of their benevolence of a future state. But light gradually from the presence of vice and the in- dawned upon ber-he light of k pow. roads of temptation, which they cannot ledge, and the light of religions truth; effect in their present house. They aud haviug rapidly secured the must have received, during the year, eight essential benefits which judicious inchildren; and there are at present ate struction could convey, she has cast tending school, fifty-two.
aside the imperfect frame which still in The Directors mention the death of a some degree fettered her intellectual young woman who was educated in the powers, and we trust has risen as a gloinstitution, who gave evident proof that rified and perfect spirit to the throne of she had there acquired the principles of light. How distant are the two extremes true religion. “ I am quite satisfied,” of this scale of progress ! All moral says a gentleman, in the letter which an. impediments to the reception of relinounced her death, that she knew gious troth were made more strong by herself to be a sinner, and that all her the analogous uatural barriers to the works were quite upaviling to merit reception of any instruction whatever in God's favour. She was very attentive the ordinary methods. But both have to secret prayer, and asked the writer been effectually overcome; and the deaf of this letter to pray for her. Once, on and dumb child, in whose countenance, being asked what she was thinking of, at one time, scarcely a ray of intellishe replied with composure, Heaven!'" geņce appeared, is now, we trust, an
-“ I am quite satisfied," the letter con. immortal inhabitant of the realms of tinues, " ibat, had it not been for your peace and perfection." useful and very excellent institution, Subscriptions are received by Mr. J. her situation would have been truly for. F. Gordon, the Secretary, Edinburgh.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
sisted in, it may cause very serious FRANCE.— The speech of the king of consequences.
From some recent France to the chambers gives a glow- measures, it would appear that the ing description of the advancing pro- ministry wish to strengthen their sperity of that country. As !ar as hands by the accession of some of matters of finance are concerned, there the popular party to their cause.—The seems reason for congratulation; for army on the Spanish border is still from the estimates for the year, there retaineil, ostensibly to prevent the imappears to be a surplus of nearly four- portation of the Barcelona fever; but teen millions of francs above the cur- more probably as a pretext for keeprent expenditure, and this after a large ing up a force for anti-revolutionary annua remission of taxes during the purposes, whether at home or abroad, last four years. But we are inclined and for suppressing the political fever to think that the speech treats too which prevails on either side of the lightly the late political disturbances. Pyrennees, than from any feeling of There are many obvious indications the necessity of repelling the late phythat the ultra-royalist system is ex- sical contagion in Spain, which the tremely unpopular, and that, if per- best French physicians have prorunc Affairs-Turkey.
3 E 2
[JUNE, nounced to be unsusceptible of trans- foreign influence, which it seems the portation. We cannot help, thinking, wish of the Cortes to infuse into the however, that it would be a hazardous minds of the people. experiment to embark a French army The latest accounts from the Havanin an attempt to crush the nascent nah state, that there have been partial liberties of Spain.
risings of the Slaves in that island. Spain. This country is still very ill PORTUGAL.---A conspiracy has been at ease; and in addition to the intestine detected in this country, but not apcommotions so naturally to be expect- parently of sufficient importance to ed from the late political changes, the disturb the general union which seems friends of the Constitution seem to to prevail in the nation under the new apprehend danger from the temper of order of affairs. The Government has mind with which some of the courts with considerable spirit dismissed the of Europe view the new system of SardinianChargé d'Affaires, on account government in that country. After of a demur on the part of his court to the example of Naples, we cannot acknowledge the validity of the late assert that such apprehensions ought political changes in Purtugal. Were to be accounted visionary; but there any foreign power to attempt hostile is reason to hope, that if the Spanish interference in the affairs of the PeNation shall continue true to the cause ninsula, Spain and Portugal would of its own independence, the other doubtless unite in a common cause ; powers are not likely to venture upon and should their resistance prove suchostile interference, especially after the cessful, their example would probably memorable lesson of the late penin- extend itself to other countries, and sular war.
Unhappily, however, the become the signal for similar revoopposing factions in Spain are in a lutions in the despotisms of middle state of warfare between themselves. Europe. The Cortes, as if to bring the state of TURKEY.—The rumours of the last the country at once to a decisive issue, few weeks, strengthened by the cirhave sent up to the throne an address cumstance of Russia not having availed of an extraordinary character; in which herself of the spring for opening her they describe themselves as over- campaign, and by the positive declarawhelmed with grief at the frightful tion of the French government, in the calamities which afflict their country,” king's reply to the chamber of peers, and anticipate " outrages, disasters, lead to the expectation that war will and an effusion of blood," caused "ey not be declared between Russia and the influence of foreigners in foment- Turkey. The basis of the arrangement ing their troubles, and by the supine- between the two powers is stated to be, ness of their own government in re- an agreement on the part of Turkey tó pressing the anti-constitutional spirit evacuate the principalities of Wallachia which prevails in various quarters. and Moldavia, which Russia had deThey urgently supplicate the sing manded from the commencement of without delay to allow the wational the negociations. The evacuation militia and volunteer forces to be having been agreed upon, and begun to largely augmented ;-to make known be put into execution, Russia is stated to the powers of Europe, that the to be willing to renew the discussions Spanish Nation is not disposed to ad- at Constantinople, in conjunction with mit of foreign interference, and is pre- her allies. We do not place much faith pared to defend itself against every on the accuracy of this statement. hostile aggression ;-to watch over the What terms have been secured for conduct of public functionariesinimical the Greeks, it does not appear; but to the Constitution;--to repress faction the increased popularity of their cause wherever found ;-but especially to throughout Europe, would seem adopt the most energetic measures render it improbable that Russia against those of the clergy who "abuse should relax in her demands in their their sacred and august function " to favour. Should they even be left to “ preach up rebellion," and " to fan their own resources we should not the fire of discord, and to light the despair of their ultimate success, contorch of superstition.” If any thing sidering the magnitude of the stake can bind together the hearts of Spa- for which they contend, and the adniards, and induce them to merge vantages they derive from the nature their national differences, it surely of their country. Their success, unwill be that strong feeling of jealousy assisted by Russia, might also superand indignation at the supposition of sede those political jealousies which
have hitherto deterred some of the tithe system is allowed by all parties European governments from affording to be an evil of enormous magnitude. their countenance to the Greek cause. The litigation which it causes is niost
CAINA.- A temporary suspension injurious to the interests both of the of the trade between this country and clergy and of the people. The evil China has taken place, in consequence does not arise from the litigiousness of a dispute between some British of the clergy; but from the minute sailors of the Topaz, and the natives; subdivisions of property, the poverty in which, to cover the retreat of his of the people, and the religious differmen, the first lieutenant of the Topaz ences between the pastur and his nogave orders to fire, and two Chinese minal fock. An income of three or were killed. The Chinese authorities four hundred pounds per annuni is to demanded two sailors to be given up be collected perhaps from a thousand to be tried by the laws of the country; or fifteen hundred families, depressed which the Captain, knowing that the with poverty, and almost all hostile to men would inevitably be strangled, re- the minister and his claim. Governfused. The suspension was not likely to ment proposes, as a partial remedy, be of any long continuance, as it was to allow incumbents to make a comthe interest of all parties to renew the position with landlords for the tithes intercourse.
on their estates for twenty-one years.
Leases of this sort are always open to DOMESTIC.
much abuse : though, under all the cirThe state of Ireland, and the reme- cumstances, the measure appears usedies for its afflictions, have been large- ful as far as it extends; but it is not ly discussed in Parliament. Among adequate to meet the evil, which remany other sources of evil, the state quires a general transfer of the liability of the Established Church in that to tythe payments from the tenant to country, and the want of employment the landlord, the amount to be periodi. for the greatly increased population, cally assessed by competent authority. demand especial attention. The prc- We have only room to glance, in sent distress has indeed called forth conclusion, at various other important the exertions of charity and sisterly subjects brought before parliament. regard from Great Britain to a large Mr.Canning's bill, for restoring Roman extent, in addition to which Parlia- Catholic peers tó a seat in the house ment have given 50,0001., and passed of lords, has been negatived in that a vote of credit for 100,000l., to be made assembly.—Sir James Mackintosh has use of in affording work to the un- procured a pledge from the house of employed poor; but no comprehensive commons to take the criminal code plans have yet been laid before the into full consideration early next seslegislature with a view to the general sion, with a view to mitigate its rigonr, amelioration of the condition of the and to reform our police and prison people of that country, or for the re- discipline.—Some important discusmoval of the abuses which prevail sions have taken place respecting the there. With regard to the church, marriage laws, which we shall advert and to every subject connected with the to hereafter.-Mr. Western brought morals and religion of the people, it will forward a measure respecting the curnot be denied by any one that much, rency, which we allude to only for the very much, remains to be done. It will purpose of recording the firmness with not indeed be possible in a moment which the government and legislature to counteract the various evils grow. have pledged themselves to maintain ing out of the anomalous nature of an the existing laws inviolate.-Several ecclesiastical establishment obnoxi- important measures are in progress ous to the great bulk of the people; for altering our commercial laws; but but, even in reference to this point, we have no room at present to detail much might be gained, by making particulars. the church more efficient as a religious The subject of the Peterborough institution, and by exciting the af- Questions has been again brought fection and diligence of her clergy to before the house of lords, in conseevery due exertion of piety and charity. quence of a petition from the Rev. But in the mean time it seems incum- Mr. Grimshawe, complaining of the bent upon the legislature to remove rejection of the Rev. Mr. Thurtell as every positive grievance, and to carry his curate, on account of Mr. Thurtell's into effect the work of conciliation answers to the questions being unand improveinent. The state of the salisfactory to the bishop. Lord Dacre, Lord Holland, Lord Calthorpe, and In the former instance, the petition the Earl of Harrowby, expressed a had not been laid upon the table; their strong opinion against the proceedings lordships appearing to entertain a of his lordship, who was obliged to hope that the strong dispprobation become his own advocate ; not one of expressed of the bishop's proceeding, his right reverend brethren, of whom by all who took any part in the discusmany were present, having thought sion, would prevent any necessity fit to utter a syllable in support of his for having recourse to ulterior meamode of proceeding, though urgently
Our own views of the whole called upon to favour the house with subject have been so often stated, that their views on the question. We cer- we do not think it necessary to entainly could have wished that, on a large on it at present. His lordship subject so peculiarly within their pro- intimated that he had abridged his vince, some of their lordships had list of questions. We have not yet frankly stated their opinion. The seen the amended edition, and therelord chancellor voted for the recep- fore can say nothing of it. We undertion of the petition, though without stand that the subject is likely to be meaning to inculpate the bishop. The mooted in the house of commons bco petition was ordered to be received. fore the close of the present session.
To the Editor of the Christian Observer. was fully proved by his subseqnent
rapid and progressive“ growth in grace, THE REV. J. J. DEWE. and the knowledge of bis Lord and Sa. The following short memoir has been viour Jesus Christ.” After this decided written with a view of adding to the alteration in his views, he became zea. many instances upon record, of the ef. lously interested in the eternal welfare fective support derived from genuine of his fellow.creatures, and expressed Christianity, in seasons of the deepest an ardent wish, that, if possible, le depression and distress; instances might spend his life in preaching to which, if they cannot convince those others that Gospel which, he trusted, “ who would not be persuaded though had become the “ power of God unto our Lord rose from the dead,” are yet the salvation" of his own soul. The bias, eminently calculated to console the of his mind, on this subject, was so
stranger and pilgrim upon earth,” who, strong, that his friends thought it right in travelling to a better country," to yield to his wishes ; and he was ordreads the “ dark valley” which lies be. dained deacou to the church of St. tween the land of his sojourning and his Peter's, Nottingham, in December 1814, eternal home. The subject of this brief His ministerial exertions were marked notice was the second suu of the Rev. by assiduity and faithfulness, and, there J. Dewe, Rector of Breadsale, in the is reason to believe, were accompanied county of Derby. After receiving a abundantly by the blessing of God. classical education at home, he resided About eighteen months after his ordisome years in a large town, with a view nation, he was presented to the perpe. to the medical profession. Though not tual curacies of Parwick and Alsop; at that time under the influence of reli. which parishes lie found in a deplorable gion, be was mercifully preserved from state of spiritual ignorance, and much the vices into which young men simi. involved both io vice and poverty. But larly circumstanced too often fall. His by preaching the Gospel faithfully and principal check was the fear of wound- diligently, in season and out of season; ing the feelings of his pions parents. by teaching, exhorting, and rebuking At about the age of twenty-one, he be continually, both iu public and from came deeply impressed with a sense of house to house; and, above all, by con. his alienation from God, of bis danger stantly imploring that Divine blessing
a sinner, and the necessity of a npop his labours on which alone he dechange iv his principles and affections. pended for success, he had, in a few His views of Divine truth were at first years, the satisfaction of seeing a mate. comparatively obscure; but his sincerity rial change in the moral and religious
State of his people. In addition to this wisdom, rigliteonsness, sanctification spiritual improvement, he enjoyed the and redemption." happiness, with the liberal support of The symptoms under which he labour. his excellent patron, of carrying into ed were now relieved; and for a time his effect some judicious plans for the relief sufferings were in a great measure sus. of their temporal distresses.
pended. But still, being fully convinced, At home or abroad, in public or in notwithstanding the hopes now enterprivate, amoug rich or poor, learned or tained by his friends of his recovery, unlearned, he never seemed to forget that he was near his eternal rest, all that it was his duty to “be about his his thonghts seemed absorbed in medimaster's business." He bad, I think, tation upon his approaching change. more than any person I ever get When the last attack seized him, he knew, “ a single eye to the glory of shewed many indications of bis increasGod :" he was ever upon the watch for ing“ meetness for the inheritance of opportunities of doing good ; and, in the saints in light." The Bible appeared every conceivable manner, both“ spent surprisingly perspicuous and familiar and was spent" for his people and for to him. “Every thing in Scripture," the world,
he said, " appears to me beautifully Mr. Dewe had, for some time, been clear and symmetrical : many passages in a delicate state of health, and was at which I had before studied, I now view length compelled, though very reluc. quite in a new light; and I think I tantly, to relinquish the regular dis- could explain to you the whole Bible, if charge of his public duties for more than I bad strength." a year previously to his death, which lo addition to the foregoing particulars, took place on the 4th March, 1822. I cannot omit mentioning this faithful When first he had reason to believe the servaut of God as an example of paking of terrors to be approacbing, he tience under affliction. For many weeks said, “ Eternity is very awful: it gives together, he was obliged to sit up in bed me an idea of infinite space, upon which or on a sofa day and night, in much there is nothing upon which I can rest bodily distress, and without the power of the sole of my foot." Sbortly after add- sleeping more than a few minutes at a ing, “ But Christ is like a bright star time: yet not a murmur ever escaped shining in the dark expanse; and fixing his lips. I shall never forget with what my eye upon him, I shall be safe. He an expression of resignation he once will be my guide, as the pillar of fire said of his sufferings, “ This is hard was to Israel travelling by nigbt.” Hav. work, but I am content ; I am in the ing been for a time absorbed in the con. hauds of a merciful God, and he can templation of eternity, be seemed to and does support me on a bed of lanview the approaching scene with addi- guishing." tional composure. “ Observe,” he said, When he thonght death nearly ap“ I feel impressed with ave, but not proaching, he said, with great earnestwith dread, at the prospect before me. ness, “ Do tell my dear people that on The valley of the shadow of death is a dying bed, in the immediate prospect dark, but I am fully confident that I of eternity, I am deeply convinced of shall be supported; • I fear no evil, the truth of the doctrines I have held I believe I can with perfect sincerity and preached to them.” Throughout say to my God, • Thy will be done.'' bis illness, he nttered much that was The real tranquillity and resignation of strongly indicative of the happy state of his mind were evident to all around his mind. “ I feel anxious," said he, him, and fully evinced the sincerity addressing his surrounding relatives and with which he spoke. Nothing at this attendants," to give you an account of time seemed so dreadful to him as the my experience during my affliction, as idea of man recommending himself to I shall not be lovg with yon. It may be God by his own works: he said he felt useful to you and to others, to know, horror-struck at the thought, asserting what the experience of a dying Chrisrepeatedly his assurance that salvation tian is. I seem to have tasted of almost was wholly of grace, and that the atone every spiritual trial and joy during my ment and merits of Christ were the only illness. I have at one time been over. safe grond of our hope and reliance whelmed for a moment by sceptical Throughout the whole of his affliction doubts, at another with painful apprebe contiüually recurred to this topic. hensions respecting my own interest in " Christ,” he said, " is my all; he is my Christ. But now all trial seems to be