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Do the encouragers of smuggling breach of our revenue laws, from ever reflect on the great expense the pulpit. incurred to support the laws and But while I reprobate offences protect the fair dealer ? And have against the revenue, I would rethey ever heard of the daring out- commend to our financiers to view rages and open violence occasioned the subject of taxes in a moral as by smuggling transactions, attended well as pecuniary light. Hogarth's in nota few instances with bloodshed pictures of Gin Lape and Beer and murder? Must not every Cliris- Street, might be sufficient, one tian, every humane, every patriotic would think, to induce public men heart, shrink from a practice which to devise measures to check the causes such dreadful violations of prevalent use of ardent spirits. every moral, social, and political It would also be an act of deep obligation ? I trust that none of the moral and religious advantage, to grumblers at taxation are among diminish the litigation and perjury the friends of smuggling.
arising from our revenue laws. I With regard to the wealthy female might add much on a variety of - purchasers, of lace, shawls, and kindred topics, but, for the presilks, --who have not even the ex- sent, only suggest these brief hints cuse of economy for their offence, for the consideration of your but who often give bigber prices readers.
C. V.P. for smuggled foreign articles than for British gouds of the same kind, and perhaps equal in quality, and tothe Edilor of theChristian Observer. who, in fact, are often deceived, by Good Mr. Editor, giving foreign prices for home ma- I have always fully concurred with -nufactures, and their lords, who you in the enormity of the African encourage and allow the breach of Slave-trade, because I have no inthe laws ihemselves have made; I terest in doing otherwise ; but am would not only increase the penal- grievously offended at your venturties, but endeavour to attach incon- ing, as you seem to do in your last venience and disgrace to the com- Number, to attack the very prinmission of any act of smuggling. ciple of slavery, and to wish for the
How would a female of common immediate amelioration of the conhumanity, vested in Lyons silks, dition of the slaves in our colonies, French shawls, gloves, and stock and ibe ultimate abolition of the ings, feel on attending the trials of system itself. I am persuaded you those whom she had encouraged cannot bave given due attention to to employ personal resistance, and the many excellent arguments which perhaps murder, in the course of have been urged in favour of slavery their violation of the law, in order in geperal, and of Negro slavery in to import ibose illegal articles of particular. I could detail to you luxury ?
many powerful syllogisms of my We have many admirable socie- own on the subject; but as they ties formed for the encouragement might lose some of their weight for of moral and religious improve- want of my name being appended ment; and if one more were added, to them, I shall content myself with founded on a resolution never, di- translating the following valuable rectly or indirectly, to encourage chapter from Montesquieu's Esprit smuggling, but, on the contrary, to des Loix, for your edification, and use every fair means for suppressing that of your readers. His reasonit, I consider that much benefit to ing appears to me quite conclusive.
the public might result from such The last sentence is an excellent an institution. Much good might anticipatory censure on the Conalso arise from serious expositions gress of Vienna, and especially on of the evils which flow from the our own government, for troubling their beads with these matters. The general one on the side of mercy and French cabinet understaud Mon- pity ?"— Montesquieu, De L'Esprit tesquieu better.
des Loir, liv. xv. c. 5. PHILO-DOMITIAN.
“ On Negro Slarery.
For the Christian Observer. “ If I were called upon to defend our right to make the Negroes our
QUAKER ADDRESS ON THE SLAVE
TRADE. slaves, I should say as follows:
“The good people of Europe, The Society of Friends, whose huhaving exterminated the natives of mane and zealous exertions for the America, are bound to make slaves suppression of the Slave Trade need of those of Africa, in order to re- no panegyric, have just issued an duce such a quantity of land to energetic " Address to the Inbabicultivation.
tants of Europe, on the iniquity” of “ Sugar would be too dear if that direful traffic, wbich deserves we did not employ slave-labour on extensive circulation. After stating the plantations.
that a regulation was made up“ The creatures about whom all wards of sixty years ago, which has This stir is made, are black from continued in force to the present head to foot; besides which, they time, that those who persisted in have such snub noses that it is in the unrighteous traffic in Negroes, possible to feel pity for them. when pains had been taken to con.
" We cannot for a moment ima- vince them of their error, should gine that the Deity, who is an all- no longer be considered as belongwise Being, could have placed a ing to the society; and that, from soul, and much less any good or their known principles and congenerous principle, in a body all duct relative to this great quesover black.
tion, they can have no commercial “We may judge of the colour or political end whatever to answer
the skin from that of the hair, by ihus advocating the rights of the which, among the Egyptians, the oppressed, they proceed to plead best philosophers in the world, was the cause of Africa, “on the sima matter of such importance that ple, but firm, basis of Christian · they put to death every red-haired principle.” person who fell into their hands. “We have rejoiced," they remark,
“ It is a proof that the Negroes" to bear that the respective gohave not common sense, that they vernments of those countries, whose think more of a necklace of glass subjects are still implicated in the beads than of gold, which, among traffic, have proceeded so far as civilized nations, is of such vast they have hitherto done towards 'importance.
its abolition ; but we have learned, “ It is impossible to suppose that with deep regret and sorrow, that these people are human beings; it is still pursued to a great and for if we could suppose them to be truly lamentable extent, and that human beings, it might begin to be under circumstances of aggravated thought that we ourselves are not cruelty, by the subjects of those Christians.
very powers. We bear that nume“ Persons of little minds exag- “Tous vessels are still lovering along gerate the injustice which we in- the shores of Africa, to procure dict upon the African race; for if cargoes of human beings, and trau- the matter were as they say, how sport them to distant lands, whence is it tbat it has never entered the they are designed never to return; beads of the princes of Europe, who and that the trade which the Conare always making so many useless gress at Vienna in 1814 pronounced treaties among each other, to make a to be the desolation of Africa,
the degradation of Europe, and the to spread terror and desolation afflicting scourge of humanity,' has through their peaceful dwellings. been carried on with increased He foments wars between neigheagerness in the course of last year. bouring chieftians, in order to
« It is under ihe influence of supply himself with their subjects, Christian love and good will, that the victims of his avarice. Having we are now engaged to express our thus either stolen or bought bis felinterest on behalf of this injured low-men, who are equally with himpeople. In thus introducing our self entitled to their liberty, and of selves to the notice of our conti. which he possesses no right whatDental neighbours, we feel that we ever to deprive them, he hurries need not offer any apology, consi- them to the vessel that may be waitdering them as our brethren, as the ing in some adjoining creek, to rechildren of one universal Parent, ceive the objects of his cruelty ; or as fellow-professors of a belief in he chains them with iron fetters, or one and the same merciful Saviour. loads them with heavy yokes, and The same feelings which lead us to drives them, like the beasts of the consider the natives of France, of field, to the shores.
There new Spain, of Holland, of Portugal, and distresses await them : they are of the other nations of Europe, as our violently conveyed on board the brethren, induce us to extend this ships stationed to receive them, endearing appellation to the inha- stowed beside each other, like bales bitants of Africa. Our heavenly of goods, and conveyed across the Father has made of one blood ail Atlantic to the place of their destinations of men that dwell upon the nation.
The horrors of this pasface of the earth; and we are all sage cannot be adequately describthe objects of that great redemp- ed, even by those who have been tion which comes by our Lord and witnesses of them. Faivt, then, must Saviour Jesus Christ. And although be the idea we can form of the situathe kindreds of the earth are divid- tion of upwards of three hundred ed into distinct communities and human beings, in a comparatively nations, we are all bound one unto small vessel, each limited 10 so naranother by the ties of love, of bro- row a space, that it often happens therly kindness, and compassion. they cannot lie on their backs. But the nations of Europe are unit- Here they are subjected to miseraed by an additional bond. To thein ble reflections for the power of has been granted a blessing, which reflection in common with us they has not bitherto been enjoyed by undoubtedly possess-on the past, the greater part of the natives of the present, and the future. Their Africa: This blessing, this invalua- shrieks, and cries, and groans, ble treasure, is the Bible in which ought to be sufficient to excite pity is contained the record of the Go. in the hardest heart. Arbitrary, spel of Christ.
cruel power, is often exercised to “ Permit, us, then, as fellow-pro- prevent those attempts at insurrec. fessors of the Christian name, to tion to which their situation prompts remind you of the complicated ini- them. And such is their state of quity of the Slave Trade. Possessed desperation, that they are often of a superior force, which he has ready to have recourse to suicide. acquired by a greater knowledge of The noxious and pestilential effluvia the dreadful arts of naval and mili- that arise from their close confinetary warfare, the slave-trader visits ment between decks, (which are the coasis of unoffending Africa. often not more than three feet He employs his agents to tear her apart,) or from the illness of their inhabitants from their country, their companions, produce loss of apfamilies, and their friends; to burn petite, disease, and, in many intheir villages, and ravage their fields; stances, suffocation, and other distressing forms of death. And here plunder and to ravage, to spread let us bear in mind, that these cruel- desolation and terror, to practise ties are practised in violation of injustice and cruelty in their most the laws of many of the nations of odious forms ; and thus have causEurope; and that the slave-dealers, ed the name of Cbrist to be blasin their attempts to elude the ope. phemed among the gentiles through rations of the law, have recourse to them. fresh acts of oppression to accom- “ We appeal to all who have felt plish their wicked designs.
that love of their country which is “When released from their hor- inherent in our nature ; who can rible prison, the surviving slaves appreciate the blessings and enjoyare exposed to sale like cattle, and ments of social life ; who can form consigned to pass their days in the an estimate of the endearing relaloss of liberty, far separated from tion of parents and children, of their nearest earthly ties, and ex- brothers and sisters, of husband posed to such acts of domineering and wife. We entreat all to reflect violence as a capricious master or on the violation of these feelings his dependents may be disposed to which is now practised on the conti. exercise. Such is the cruelty prac. dent of Africa ; to cultivate in their tised upon thousands and tens of minds from day to day, and from thousands of innocent sufferers, not year to year, sentiments of pity for by men who might attempt to pal- ihese poor unbappy sufferers ; - to liate their conduct on the plea of embrace every opportunity of adretaliating injuries, but by those vocating their cause among their who, when they themselves are en- neighbours, with Christian firmjoying the blessing of liberty, when ness and love and to obtain and the comforts of social life are withio diffuse correct information, on the in their reach, leave their native nature and extent of the traffic, by land for the sake of sordid gain, every means in their power, and in and spread desolation, distress, and such a way as becomes the subjects misery, amongst a people who have of a Christian government.” never injured them. May the na- “ We hope that none will be distions of Europe consider in time heartened from doing their utmost the awful consequences that await in this good cause, from the thought such accumulated guilt!"
that their efforts will be of liule The Address proceeds to shew the avail. No one kuows, let his staunjust and unchristian nature of the tion be ever so obscure, let bis traffic, and to answer the principal sphere of action be ever so limited, arguments which interested and what may be the result of his percvil-minded persons have invented severing attempts in the cause of to justify enormities. It then justice and mercy. Great events concludes as follows:
have often followed what appeared “ The nations of Europe owe a
to be but small and unimportant heavy debt to Africa. Instead of beginnings. And we earnestly enimproving the opportunity of their treat those whose influence may be commercial intercourse with that more extensive, to lose no time, to unoffending people, to exemplify neglect no opportunity of pleading The excellence of the Christian re- a cause in which the happiness and ligion, by the kindness of their con- comfort of an incalculable number duct, and the parity of their mo- of our fellow-men are most deeply rals ;-instead of endeavouring to involved." convey to them a knowledge of “ The voice of reason and justhose exalted views, of that increase tice, the voice of humanity and reof temporal bappiness, which the ligion, proclaims, that the Slave spirit of Christianity produces; Trade is an iniquity of the deepest many of them have gone forth to die. May then the friends of the abolition of this abominable traffic, some of our countrymen, visiting wherever they are scattered, com- or resident in the canton de Vaud, bine their efforts in this righteous for distributing tracts, bolding Sun. cause ! may their energy and ala- day evening religious assemblies, crity be in proportion to the enor- and exciting the inhabitants to mismity of the evil -and may it please sionary zeal and co-operation. It the Almighty Parent of the universe is not my intention to enter into the to basten the period of its extirpa- merits of the controversy ; respecttion, and by this and otber means ing which those readers who are to prepare for the coming of that anxious to know more of the subday, when, from the rising of the ject may find ample information sun even unto the going down of in the attack of M. Curtat, and the the same, his Name shall be great reply of M. Du Plessis-Masset, lateamong the gentiles; and in every ly published at Geneva. The only place incense shall be offered unto passage which I purpose to quote is his Name, and a pure offering !" ihe following, in which M. Curtat
It would only weaken the force exhibits ibe opinions which our of this earnest and seasonable ap- Christian brethren on tbe continent peal, to add any thing to it, except entertain of our duty, our facilities, à devout aspiration, that its affect- and our readiness, (would that the ing statements may find admission
last were as widely demonstrable to the heart of every reader, and in- as the others!) respecting misduce those who have never yet come sionary exertions. The passage has forward in this interesting cause, to withhold no longer their prayers, "I cannot however resist furnishing their exertions, and their liberality, the opposers of Suoday evening services from injured and afflicted Africa. io our own country, with a new arguGreat as at present may appear the ment from M, Curtat's quiver; namely, obstacles to lie full success of their the uuhappy fate of Eutychas, in conlabours," in due time they shall sequence of an evening sermon.
would appear," says M. Cartat, “ that reap, if they faint not.”
C. the only example of evening worship
mentioned in the New Testament was
related for no other purpose but to shew Tothe Editorof the Christian Observer. us its dangerons consequences. It is
true that Eutyclins was restored to life ALTHOUGH the wide extension of by a miracle; but what must have been a missionary spirit in this country the sorrowful emotions of the Apostle, is to be ascribed to a far higher the anguish of the relatives, and the principle than national pride, it grief and disturbance of the whole as may not be amiss to reinind my sembly! Should but one accideut, even countrymen of the expectations
the slightesi, occur in the dark in a eberished throughout every part of conventicle, or at going out, it could
not but cause vehement exclamations the Christian world, of the zeal, liberality, and success of British against the faithful who frequent them,
against these anlawful meetings, and missionary enterprize; or rather, and perhaps even against religion itself." I would say, of the obligations M. Cartat is somewhat bappier in his which result from our favourable argument, when he observes, that to national circumstances, and which rich Englishmen, who lose their Suuday well-judging foreigners often esti- morning in bed, and their afternoon in mate even more highly than our- the enjoyment of a late dinner, an evenselves. I am reminded of the sub
ing service may be very necessary; but ject, by a passage in a pamphlet that for his simple countrymen, who be. recently published at Lausanne, model at sunset the preceding evening,
gin their Sunday after the scriptural from the pen of M. Curtat, the
and rise early on the day of sacred rest, chief pastor of that place. The the Christian Sabbath legitimately ends object of the work is to censure at sunset; and that a Swiss bas, in fact,