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his arts happen to prove unsuccess- joining Bushmen. Mr. Barrow, ful, he has recourse to evasions, we recollect, supposes ibe Dafor saving his credit, similar to maras, who lie to the north of the those resorted to by the quacks of Orange River, in about the same more civilized countries. This is latitude as the Marootzee nation, almost the only instance of super- to be a people of Arabian origin. stitious belief or practice which It seems, indeed, by no means imoccurs in Mr. Campbell's account probable, that some colony from of the people he visited ; and it the opposite shores of Arabia, may seems to arise from the occasional have penetrated thus far into the droughts which occur in that region, south of Africa; but circumcision and which are greatly dreaded as prevails so extensively throughout the prelude to famine. There are, ihe whole of Africa, that it is not perhaps, hardly any uncultivated necessary to resort to this hyponations who have fewer ideas of a thesis in order to account for it. religious nature than these tribes The following are among the of Southern Africa. Mr. Camp- strange customs of these nations, bell was unable to collect with cer- The greater part of the Corannas tainty whether they had any real have a joint taken from the little belief in a Supreme Being, or in finger, the amputation being made the immortality of the soul. Their with a sharp stone. When replies to some of his questions on friendly connexion is formed bethese subjects, betray the most de- tween two individuals of the Bootplorable ignorance and stupidity, shuana tribes, the ceremony is to At the same time, they practise no take each other by the nose*. idolatry, and have, 10 all appear- Mr. Campbell observed five cuts ance, no rites or ceremonies of a across the left side of one man ; pagan superstition. How lament- an honourable distinction, which able soever their present state may marked that he had killed five of be, perhaps it may be found, hu- his fellow-creatures. This was manly speaking, less unfavourable probably in war, as assassination to the diffusion of sacred truth than does not appear to be common. the circumstances of some more ci- Some of their customs, however, vilized nations, where the Christian are dreadfully unnatural ; such as Missionary meets with formidable putting to death one of the infants, impediments from the distinctions when a woman has twins. An old of cast, and from ibe influence of female was allowed to starve at long-established institutions and Lattakoo, for want of food; and an opinions. What real Christian can old man, in the same place, was, refrain from pouring forth a prayer from total neglect, actually dethat these poor creatures may spee- voured by dogs. "Yet,” adds Mr. dily have their eyes and hearts Campbell, “ though the Matchapopened to the reception of that pees treat the aged, and those who Gospel which has brought life and immortality to light, and which * We are unwilling to withhold from is made the power of God unto sal. our readers the following very curious vation to every one that believeth ? and interesting piece of intelligence · It is a singular fact that the respecting the children at Lattakoo : practice of circumcision prevails
“ Their infants,” observes Mr. Camp
bell, among the Booishuana and Moro
cry or weep exactly as they do long nations : but it is unknown three or four years of age, bawl ont,
in England; but those, who are above among the Corannas, a tribe in their immediate neighbourhood. Vol. 1. p. 90.-Who would have sup
yo-yo-yo-yo-yo, - yo-yo-yo-yoryo.” Mr. Campbell considers the Co- posed that the children of South Africa rannas to be quite a different race
were so skilled in prosody, as to blubber from the Iloitentots and the ad. in a regular series of longs and shorts !
are very poor, like brutes, they are quantity, they never consider a friendly to each other, affectionate meal to be finished till all be eaten to their children, and sincerely up.” The following is a specimen lament the death of relatives." of their culinary skill. This may seem surprising; but
« The legs and feet of the rhinoceros, similar anomalies exist among na- being of a buge size, require to be tions far more advanced in civi- cooked in an oven, and the following lization than the Matchappees or curious method is adopted for the purMarootzees. The Hindoos, who pose:—The ants' nests are composed of put to death their aged relations, hard clay, shaped like a baker's oven, and the Chinese, who strangle their and are from two to three feet in height new-born infants, are examples, no
Several of these were excavated by the Jess striking, of the degree of people early in the morning, and i heir
innumerable population destroyed. The wretched depravity to which bu.
space thus obtained was filled with man nature may be sunk, and of lighted fuel, till the bottom and sides a state of society, comparatively became red hot within. The embers of civilized, in which, wbile many the wood were then removed, the leg kindly affections are undoubtedly or foot of the rhinoceros introduced, exercised, yet those very indivi. and the door closed up with heated clay duals whose circumstances most and embers. Fire was also made on loudly call for pity and assistance, the outside over the nests, and the flesh are the marked objects of neglect
was allowed to remain in it for several
hours. and cruelly. Nay, it has been highly relished by all the tribes." Vol. I.
Food cooked in this way is our lot to bave known not a few, born and educated in Christian Europe, who bave combined an Cookery, however, is not the unfeeling perpetration of all the only art in which the Marootzees atrocities of the Slave Trade, and have made considerable attainthe merciless infliction of torture
ments. on the slave, with strong attachment “ The Marootzees are confidently reto their relations, and with a rea- ported by other nations to smelt cop. diness, from whatever motive, to per: they profess the same themselves, perform acts of generosity and be- and they abound in copper articles neficence towards others. Doubt.
more than the other nations. They less the cause of these anomalies is behind the houses of some of their cap
asserted also that copper furnaces were in all cases the same, the want of tains, but we never could obtain a sight true Christian principle; and the of them. They did not flatly refuse, but only effectual cure for them is the put it off from time to time. Perhaps diffusion of Christian light, which they acted thus on the principle of the would put to shame such deeds of Birmingham and Sheffield manufacdarkness, even if it failed of its turers, being jealous lest others should grand object, the conversion of the obtain a knowledge of the art. heart to God. Its softening and
“ Moeelway married one of his fa. harmonizing tendencies would ren
ther's widows, who is a clever, good
looking woman, about ten or twelve der that religion a boon and bless
years older than himself. ing to mankind, even if it opened “ The following articles of trade are no certain prospect of immortal manufactured at Kurreechane :happiness beyond the grave. Iron - Pick-axes, adzes, battle-axes,
The progress of the Matchap- knives, assagais, razors, awls, drillpees and Marootzees in the art of bores, or bits, smith-tongs, hammers, cookery, will, probably, be not a little undervalued by our European
• We were somewhat surprised at the
introduction of this important article of gourmands, whom, however, they intelligence at this particular place; clearly excel in their capacity of
por can we, after much reflection, diseating; for " their stomachis being cover the relation whicb it beaps to the capable of receiving almost any manufactures of Kurreechane,
- Of ceros.
rings, beads. Of loory-Knife-handles, His claws are so firmly fixed, that whistles, arm and leg rings. Of Copper the Aying and terrified animal sel--Neck, arm, leg, and ear rings, beads. dom succeeds in freeing himself of Rushes--Baskets
, boonets. Of Lear from his rider; till the lion himself ther—Cloaks, caps, sandals, shields. Of
chooses to dismount." We caunot Wood-Various kinds of dishes, spoons.
well conceive a more uncomfortOf Cluy, &c.—Various sizes and pat able place for any rider, than the terns of pots, jars, goblets. Of
back of a cameleopard.-Mr.CampPipes.
• They grow much tobacco, both for bell has given a drawing of the their own consumption and as an article head of an animal he calls a uniof trade. In preparing it they boil corn, which appears to differ conthe leaves, which greatly reduces siderably from the common rhinoits strength, and renders it insipid to
It has a horn, nearly those accustomed to tobacco otherwise prepared; yet such is the power of habit straight, springing about ten inches
above the tip of the nose, and prothat they preferred it greatly to ours, jecting upwards to the length of though much stronger.
“ They have iron, found to be eqnal three feet. Behind this is a very to any steel. A cutler at Kurreechane short born, hardly visible at a would be able to support the mission distance*. The artifice of the almost without any expense to the jackall is worth relating, under this Society, if a disinterested man. Every head of observation. The field knife he manufactured, though without mouse, when pursued by this anibeing made to shut, would be worth a mal, escapes jo his biding place, sheep, and many of these he could make which is a cell under ground, with in a day. He would instantly find cas.
two holes or openings. In order tomers among the inhabitants of the towo, and those from other nations. A to secure his prey, the jackall rough-made axe is worth an ox.” Vol. I. strikes with his tail against one Pp. 275-277.
hole, to frighten the little animal,
and watches the other with open South Africa is rich in wild ani. mouth, to devour bim, on bis mals. The lion, the liger, the buf. exit. The jackall, it seems, infalo, the rhinoceros, the guacha, stead of being the liou's provider, or wild ass, striped like the zebra, feasts upon the remains of carcases the cameleopard, tbe jackall, and which the lion has abandoned. tbe ostrich, with many other va- The following description of a rieties of natural history, seem to salt lake, situate in the country of abound in these countries ; though the wild Bushinen, about 20 iniles the gradual introduction of fire. south of the Orange River, and arms among the natives, will 120 miles north of the present doubtless soon reduce their num- bouvdary of the colony, is curious ber. Twenty-eight lions were kil. and interesting. led, upon a single farm, at the noribern extremity of the colony, of three or four miles circumference,
“ At five P. M. the bed of a salt lake, in one month. The guachas travel suddenly presented itself to our view, in flocks, of several bundreds at a
covered with a thick crust of salt, but time, and those who hunt them destitute of water. Our waggons de. generally endeavour first 10 kill scended, and travelled along its side to their leader, which throws all the a small spring of fresh water, near its rest into confusion. A very curious southern extremity, during which we account is given of the lion and the walked upon the hard surface of the salt, cameleopard, “ The lion can sel. The whole resembled a large level field dom kill this animal, owing to the of deep snow, where a fall
of rain had thickness of his skin. He has
• The skeleton of the head of this been known to jump upon the back extraordinary animal is preserved in of the cameleopard, and to be the Museum of the London Missionary carried a distance of twenty miles. Society, in the Old Jewry.
been succeeded by a sharp frost. On would make him and his people digging into it, at different parts, we slaves ; but it was good that they found the depth of solid salt to be three
came: all were pleased with the and four inches, under which were mud and water; so that we were actually bad tbings, of commandoes.” Their
Word; and now they disapproved of borde up by the salt, as on ice during the winter of a northern climate. The readiness to listen to the preaching whole plain of salt, in consequence of of the Gospel, considering their the bright sunshine, sparkled as if very low state of intellectual culstrewed with diamonds of the first ture, is remarkable. At the time lastre, appearing like enchanted ground. of evening worship the call to come Therm, 72.
together was vociferated, some “ This noble work of the Creator calling out, “ Come and hear the stands solitary in the wilderness, seldom
news of the Son of God." This viewed by admiring eyes. Of so little
was of their own accord ; and value is it considered by the Bushmen in whose district it is, that probably they pumbers usually attended, listenwould sell it for a single ox; but when ing with great stillness to the the population shall increase, this lake preacher. Nor was the preaching may become more valuable than a mine without some effect. We find of gold or silver." Vol. II. pp. 285, 286. some of the young Matchappees
giving an intelligible account of There is some curious matter
what they had beard, and expressin the Appendix to these volumes: ing a wish that God would give but the Bootshuana tales, which them a heart to understand his are the essence of juvenile absur- word, for they found it very diffidity, are without point or moral that cult; and one of their chiefs, the we can discover; and Mr. Camp- uncle of the king, lamented “that bell's memorials of soine of the though his nation had been the natives, which he terms their lives, tirst to hear the word of God on are, unquestionably, the
most that land, and that though he had wretched specimens of biography assisted by this journey to carry the that were ever published. They Gospel to other nations, he himself afford little information, to be de- should neither have ears nor heart pended on, respecting the adjacent to understand it.”. We were parcountries, and consist of a tiresome ticularly struck with the language succession of predatory expedi- of a poor female Matchappee, tions, or bair-breadth escapes from named Manyena. buffaloes and lions. We shall next advert to what
" She called and told me," says Mr. occurs, in the course of Mr. Camp- Campbell, “ that when she first heard bell's volumes, to shew the effect of the Bible she did not think it was which Christianity has produced, her heart so exactly, she could not but
true; but when she found it describe or may be expected to produce, believe what it said. She was deteramong the degraded population of mined, she added, always to live near Southern Africa. At Lattakoo, it
some place where the word of God was the natives have preached, where she might hear about abandoned the system of going a crucified Saviour, though she should on commandoes, or predatory ex- starve. Jesus died for sinners, and she peditions, against the neighbouring would not leave the Word. She prayed tribes, for the purpose of carrying
that I might be carried back safe to off their cattle; and this bappy the Cape and to Englaud.” Vol. II. change the King Mateebe attributed expressly to the advice of The Mission, however, to Lattathe Missionaries stationed there. koo, is very recent. Among the “ The Word, he saw, was peace- Griquas, who live to the south of able. He had been told, that if that place, near the banks of the he received the Missionaries, they Orange River, the benefits of
Christian instruction have been engaged in prayer, and Africaner knelt enjoyed for a longer time, and are at his side. Twenty-four years before more signally displayed. The fol- this time they and their respective
adherents fought for five days against lowing extract will illustrate this
each other on the banks of the Great fact.
Orange River Africaner had now « After dinner we removed to Be- some intention of leaving the west side rend's kraal, about two miles distant, of Africa, and of taking up his resi. where a considerable number of people dence in the vicinity of Berend, for the assembled in the eveving to worship. remainder of his days.” Vol. II. pp. It was a motley meeting, being com- 237-239. posed of Griquas, Namaquas, Damaras, Bootshuanas, Bushmen, &c. No
We say nothing here of the miscongregation could bave sat more still, sions to the south of the Orange both without and within the tent, River, and within the bounds of though there was a cold wind blowing, the colony of the Cape of Good accompanied with darkness, thunder, lightuing, and rain.
Hope. Our foriner volumes con“ There was one circumstance in this tain such ample details, of the sucmeeting of a very affecting nature. I cessful labours both of the Morasaw before me, at this moment, wor- vian Brethren and of the London shipping under the same tent, and Missionary Society, as to render receiving the glad tidings of the Gospel
We are anxious with much feeling, the noted Africaner, rather to collect, from the account and Berend the Griqua captain. Till given us of those newer and more re. their conversion they were mortal ene. mies to each other. Berend was brought of the Orange River, such facts as
mote missions attempted to the north to feel the power of Divine truth several years before Africaner. When are calculated to encourage the hope the Namaqua chief was converted, of introducing the Gospel, with all be sent a message to the Griqua its attendant blessings, among those chiefs, confessing the injuries he had barbarous tribes which have now done them, and soliciting them at the for the first time been brought to same time to unite with bim in pro.
our knowledge. The road has at moting universal peace, and the im.
least been smoothed and prepared. provement of the people.
“ Africaner and Berend are both The kind reception which has been judicious, excellent Christians; and given to the missionaries by some their own feelings must have been of the native chiefs, and the actual strongly excited upon the present or projected establishment, with occasion. These patriarchal men are the fullest consent of the chiefs and pow kings, fathers, and priests, in their people, of missionary settlements so domestic connexions. They instruct far up in the interior, are favourable their families, preside among the omens of ultimate success. We see people in the absence of missionaries,
little danger for those establishand breathe nothing but peace on earth and good will to men. Thus when God ments, provided the missionaries,
and future travellers into the same blesses his people, he makes them blessings to others. With all the par. quarter, conduct themselves in the ticulars relating to these chiefs in view, peaceable and prudent manner what would Infidelity have said on con- which has distinguished all Mr. templating so interesting a scene? To Campbell's proceedings ; and, what agency would she have ascribed should 'these settlements flourish, this marvellous change in the characters they will, in no long time, send out of these men ? Could her favourite shoots and brauches to overspread system have exhibited such fruits, she the neighbouring districts. An would have called upon all men to fall impression has been made upon down and worship her!
the minds of several of the chiefs, “ The subject of address was- The invitation of God to the ends of the
that the missionaries are harmless, earth to look to Him, and to Him alone, friendly, and disinterested men, trafor salvation.' Bereud, on this occasion, velling into the interior for the pur