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for inclosing the following circum- form in half a year, the bishop may stantial account, as related in the release him upon that bond; where. Preface to Dr. Owen's Sermons, upon a friend of this poor man dep. 30, printed at London, 1721*. sired Dr. Owen to give his letter to A CONSTANT READER. the bishop on his behalf, which he

readily granted. The bishop, havExtract from the Preface to Dr. ing read it, told the person who Owen's Sermons.

delivered it, that he had a particu“ Notwithstanding the Doctor's lar kindness for Dr. Owen, and non-conformity, he had some friends would deny him nothing he could among the bishops, particularly Dr. legally do. Nay, saiib he, with my Wilkins, bishop of Chester, who service to him, I will strain a point was very cordial to him; and Dr. to serve him. (This was his very Barlow, bishop of Lincoln, for. expression). But, says be, this merly his tutor, who yet, on a

being a new thing to me, I desire a special occasion, failed him, when little time to consider of it; and if lie might have expected the service I can do it, you may be assured of of his professed friendship. my readiness. He was waited upon

“The case was this:-Mr. John again about a fortnight after, and Bunyan had been confined to a

his answer was, That indeed be gaol twelve years, upon an excom- was informed he might do it; but, munication for non-conformity. the law providing that in case the Now there was a law, that if any bishop refused, application should Iwo persons will go to the bishop of be made to the lord chancellor, the diocese, and offer a cautionary who thereupon should issue out an bond that the prisoner shall con- order to the bishop to take the

customary bond, and release the * A letter, signed “ B. Hanbury," has prisoner: now, said he, you know just appeared in a contemporary Maga. what a critical time this is, and ziue, in reply to a paper in that work, I have many 'enemies; I would copied, with additions, from the communication in the Christian Observer.

desire you to move the lord chanIn this letter Mr. Hanbury brings evi

cellor in this case, and upon his dence to prove that it is “ only by infe

order I will do it. To which it was rence that Zoar-street Meeting is said to replied, This method was very have been Bnnyan's." Wilson, in his vo- chargeable, and the man was poor, luminous “Historyof Dissenting Church- and not able to expend so much es," takes no notice of Bunyan's alleged money, and being satisfied he could connexion with Zoar-street Meeting- do it legally, it was hoped his lordhouse; but, treating of " Duke-street ship would remember bis promise, Park, Southwark," says,“ This Meeting. there being no straining a point in house belonged to a very ancient so- Nhe case. But he would do it upon ciety of General Baptists. The former

no other terms; which at last was Meeting-house, which was an ancient building, is said to have been the place done, but little thanks to the where the celebrated John Bunyau bishop.” most usually preached when in Lon. dou.” Mr. Hanbury therefore recommends the admirers of Bunyan to ex

Tothe Editor of the Christian Observer. plore Duke-street Park Meeting. In allusion to the Jewish custom of house," instead of Zoar-street Meeting. releasing a prisoner at the Passover, house, in search of their antiquarian it was for many agês the practice in entertainment. Mr. Hanbury further thinks, that in the account which says

some parts of Christendom to libe

rate one or that Bunyan “preached several times

more persons from about London, particularly in the parish boods at the annual commemoof Southwark," the word parish is a

ration of our Saviour's resurrecmisprint for park, there being five tion. This custom is said to have parishes in Southwark,

been preserved among the Vene

tians as late as towards the close of abolished ;-- or, if abolished during the last century: and I should be the reign of French principles, much obliged to any of your whether it bas been revived since readers who, in this age of tra- the late political and religious velling, may bave had occasion to changes; and if so, with what pass an Easter in Venice, to inform ceremonies. me whether the practice has been

P.Q.

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Travels in South Africa, undere may be traced to the Slave Trade;

taken at the Request of the Lon. the effect of which is to brutalize don Missionary Society ; being not only its victims, but the pera Narrative of a Second Journey petrators and agents of its atrociin the Interior of that Country. ties. The latter are indifferent to By the Rev. John CAMPBELL, all objects but that of their lawless 2 vols. London. 1822. pp. 706. and cruel gain ; and among the

former, the trade necessarily proIt is dismal to look at a map of duces that state of universal disAfrica, and there observe the blank trust and suspicion, and that insewhich stretches through the centre curity of person and property, of that vast continent. An area, which, while they prevail, 'must measured from the 10th degree continue to cover a large part of north of the equator, to the 25th Africa with its present obscurity. degree of south latitude, and com- Fortunately for the traveller whose prehending a width, in some parts, advance into the interior of that of 20 degrees of longitude, pre- continent we have now to notice, sents nothing but a mighty void, the horrors of the Slave Trade have concerning which, except that we not yet penetrated to the line of guess it to be land, we know almost his march; and, although the peoas little as we do about the regions ple whom he visited appear to, in the moon. The Portuguese bave stand at a very low point in the possessed settlements on the east- scale of civilized existence, and ern and western coasts for more although many of the worst evils of than two centuries. The distance savage life are to be found among between the extremne inland boun- them, yet they are not cursed with daries of Congo and Angola, on this tenfold aggravation of them all. the one side, and those of Mozam-. Hence, in part, the comparative bique on the other, probably does security which our traveller ennot exceed one thousand miles. joyed, during his adventurous Yet, during their long period of progress. possession, they have made no at- We are certainly disposed to lempts towards discovery in the think, that if discovery is at length interior, or towards promoting an to extend itself in the interior of intercourse between the opposite Southern Africa, it must be by the coasts. Such a state of contented labours of such enterprizing tra. ignorance, and such a total absence vellers as Mr. Campbell, aided by of enlightened curiosity, so oppo- the zealous countenance and co. site to the early babits of the Por- operation of the local authorities at tuguese, surely never before dis- the Cape, whose best encouragegraced the annals of a country, ment, we are persuaded, will never calling itself civilized. The cause be wanting, either to the curious

CHRIST. OBSERV. No, 245, 2 Q

traveller, or to the disinterestedand cious gift of the Gospel, may penebenevolent missionary.

trate as far as the mouth of the As men, we take a lively inte- Niger, or the mountains of the rest in all attempts to enlarge our Moon, and return in safety to end knowledge of the earth and its his pilgrimage in his native land. inhabitants; and as Christian Ob

We gave some account of Mr. servers, we take a more than com- Campbell's first journey, in our mon interest in such attempts, when work for 1815; and we now inwe find them connected with the tend to present our readers with a growth and diffusion of true reli- brief review of his recent volumes. gion. But, even that interest is They are published, as the former heightened, whenever, as in the was, at the expense, and under the present instance, the information superintendence, of the London relates to a part of the globe which Missionary Society. Amidst such excites so many painful reco!lec- a mass of information as the pretions, and to which we owe so deep sent work exhibits, it is evident a debt of reparation. It is on this that we can make only a scanty ground chiefly that we bring a selection ; and all we can promise second journey of Mr. Campbell's our readers is, to follow ihe train Southern Africa before the no- veller throughout that part of his tice of our readers. We cannot, progress which extends beyond indeed, bestow great praise upon the limit of his former journey, and his work as a composition. It is to insert a few of the most interestthrown too much into the form of a ing passages relating to the interior tedious and minute diary. There of Southern Africa. We shall reis a frequent recurrence of the same

serve, for the close of this article, little circumstances, related in

some reflections on the subject of nearly the same words.

The Christian Missions. reader is seldom enlivened by The traveller, Barrow, as well as interesting observations, proceed- our author, had before penetrated ing from comprehensive views of as far as Lattakoo, a town situated human nature; and the style is as in about 27 degrees south latitame and flat as any desert in the tude, and more than 100 miles continent of Africa. Whatever to the north of the Orange River*. oases the author might find in his In their present journey they took travels, he has treated us with none a different route from the former, in his language and composition. passing by the site of a projected Yet his work is well worth reading, new town, to be called Beaufort, at because it abounds in matter of the northern extremity of the cofact, upon which we may rely with lony. Between this and the Orange confidence. Every now and then River, they had a tedious and sometoo, some curious circumstance

what hazardous journey across the rises up to relieve the general bea- couutry of the wild Bushmen. viness of the perusal. In short, These are a race of poor, wanderwe much admire Mr. Campbell's ing savages, half-famished, and so courage, enterprise, and activity ; inured to dirt, that, when advised we most highly venerate bis Chris- to wash themselves, “ they were tian and benevolent motives; and much diverted with the idea, and we cannot form a more suitable seemed unable to comprehend wbat wish, either for bim, or for our- end could be answered by such an selves, or for Africa, than that, operation." This country abounds encouraged by his past success, and by the rapid progress of the

* Qur anthor left Cape Town, Janumissions he has founded, he may friends, and the necessary Hottentot

ary 18, 1820, in company with two again renew his journey, and bear- attendants. Their conveyance coning with him, as before, the pre- sisted of waggons, drawn by oxen.

It may

with lions. The waggons forded circular shape, shallow in the crowns the Orange River, where it was a and very neat. A great concourse of quarter of a mile broad, and soon people soon collected; and when the brought them to Griqua Town. captains arrived they immediately came Here are a small missionary settle- hands, some of them instantly asking for

forward, and saluted us by shakiug. ment, and a school, conducted ac

snuff. The children, though tbey had cording to the British system, of seen White people before, were shy,and more Than one hundred children,

some shewed much timidity, but a little who appear to make good progress attention soon made them familiar. in their education. On arriving at The chief presented us with two pots New Lattakoo, our author was re- full of thick milk, which, from its cool. ceived in a friendly manner by the ing effects, was very agreeable, the King Mateebe, and by the Chief weather being sultry. He tasted both of Mashow, an adjoining territory, that they contained nothing poisonous.”.

before he presented them, to shew A missionary station had been Vol. 1. pp. 122, 123. formed at Lattakoo, since the former visit of Mr. Campbell, and

Froin Old Lattakoo Mr. Campa commodious place of worship bell proceeded to Meriboh whey, in erected, capable of containing four the Tammaba country. hundred persons. Mr. Campbell here be observed, once for all, that was encouraged to proceed farther the natives of this part of Africa, norib, notwithstanding the fate of as in most other districts of savage Dr. Cowan and his party, who life, are divided into an infinite were murdered by the natives, number of small tribes, passing some years ago. The reply of under different names,

but appearMateebe to Mr. Campbell when he ing to have no regular acknowproposed to visit the King of Ma. ledged boundaries, and being much show is remarkable: "I will never confounded together by a similarity hinder the progress of the word of of features, language, manners, and God.” Old Lattakoo is a place customs. Excepting that all of bifty miles to the north of the New them own independent chieftains, Town, and each contains a popu- and make predatory incursions lation of about four thousand. upon their neighbours, they bave The people of this couutry are perhaps little more right to be conmost persevering dancers. The sidered separate races of men, than dance which was given in honour the different inhabitants of our Engof Mr. Campbell's arrival, con- lish counties. Mr. Campbell's work tinued six hours, without interrup- abounds with hard, unpronouncetion, and without weariness. They able vames of countries which no

also wonderfully fond of European probably ever heard of snuff, and emptied his boxes with- before. But many of these crabout mercy. The following pas- bed appellations are in reality the sage presents a not unpleasiug distinctions of a people amongst picture of this uncultivated race of whom little real difference of nabeings.

tional character is to be found. It « On entering Old Lattakoo,” says must be admitted, at the same Mr. Campbell, “ the inhabitants of all time, that these tribes exhibit some descriptions, old and young, rushed out considerable varieties. Perhaps, from every quarter towards the wag. The most palpable feature of ingons. We found Mahoomoo Peloo (or provement which can be mentioned, Richheart) the chief, in the square, in

as distinguishing civilized from sathe middle of the town,sitting with some of his principal captains on each side vage life, consists in the possession of him, ready to receive us. He was

of a wrillen language. The tribes employed in sewing a leather cap.

of Southern Africa are totally desTwo women who stood near him, were

titute of this. But the degrees of eccupied in making rush bonnets of a barbarism are as numerous as the

are

degrees of civilization, and the them. The interpreter sat at the tentprogress of the natives, in some of door, and repeated in their language the most common and useful arts, what was said, with an audible voice. seems to advance, as we proceed It was very gratifying to observe the farther northward into the interior. silence and attention that prevailed

during the whole time." Vol. I. pp. The following description of

167, 168, African scenery is not uninteresting. Mr. Campbell is chiefly de- Mr. Campbell proceeded to Mascribing the country between Old show. “Walking on the outside Latlakoo and Meribohwhey.

of the town," he says,

we counted “ During the whole of my journey, rather divisions of the place. As

seven or eight villages around, or from the Cape to Lattakoo, the surface of the gronnd was bare, except on the cending two eminences to see the banks of rivers; but here, as far as

extent of their cultivated land, we could be seen in every direction, it was

had a view of several hundred acres covered with wood. The trees were of Caffre corn: many of the stalks not close to each other, but scattered, were eight and nine feet high, and and sometimes in clumps, having the bad a fine appearance.”—The agriappearance of a vobleman's park. The culture of these tribes is confined only part of Africa I had observed in to patches in the immediate vicinity the former jourvey at all resembling it of iheir towns; all the rest of the was in the neighbourhood of the Mala. lareen River, about a hundred miles to country being either forest, wilderthe eastward of New Lattakoo. Long ness, or pasture-land. Their riches grass grew every where among the consist chiefly in catile, particutrees; and, though on the verge of win. larly oxen, which seem to thrive ter, the heat and the scenery around greatly in these parts. Inoculation had the feeling and appearance of an for the small-pox prevails among English summer. Therm. 80. It dif. the natives of Mashow, and is said fers from Zureveld (or Albany), that to have been derived from White part of the colony bordering on Caffraria to which the emigrants have goue. the Portuguese of Mozambique,

men to the north-east, doubtless There, the woods are very extensive; who might have been the means of cept to Caffres. In this part of Africa, propagating the distemper itself the traveller thinks himself surrounded among the natives of the interior, by a wood which he never reaches, the as well as its alleviation. The trees seeming to separate as he ad- population, in and about Mashow, vances." Vol. I. pp. 133, 134.

amounts to ten or twelve thouHis account of a sermon, preach- sand; and the circuit of the corn. ed to the natives of these parts, who fields, belonging to this population, now lieard a Christian missionary is not less than twenty miles. The for the first time, is a piece of moral buffalo and rhinoceros, as well as scenery which is still more interestlions, abound bere, and are very ing.

large and ferocious. In these " 24th. At pine A. M. the tent was

countries, it appears that the king filled with the principal men, and a

is executioner, as well as judge. numerous congregation opposite the A message came from the king to tent-door ;-when I addressed them on the people in the square near the wag. the manifestations of God's power, wis- gons, requiring some men to come and dom, &c. in his works, by wbich they assist him in punishing a criminal. were surrouuded; of his intimate know. Several instantly ran to assist, and we ledge of their thoughts, words, and followed them to a neighbouring incloactions; the need which they and all sure. The young man was laid flat on pations have of a Saviour ; and that the ground, and four men held his God had provided the very Saviour arms and legs : the king stood at his they needed. I concluded by stating head and a servant at his feet, both that our chief business at Meribohwhey having large whips of the rhinoceros was to declare the good news unto skin, resembling a lady's whip in Eng.

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