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men !'

cumstance which had placed her, in the “Fatal chooser of the slaughter. words of Scripture,' a little lower than O'er you hovers Odin's daughter ; the angels !"" Vol. III. pp. 343–346. Hear the choice she spreads before ye,These volumes contain a con

Victory, and wealth, and glory; siderable portion of poetry, much

Or old Valhalla's roaring hall, of which would not disgrace Sir Her ever-circling mead and ale, Walter Scott himself. Most of the The joys of wassail and of fight.

Where for eternity unite pieces are either connected with

Headlong forward, foot and horsemen, the story, and cannot be detached,

Clarge and fight, and die like Norseor, if capable of being detached,

Vol. III. pp. 26, 27. are scarcely appropriate to our

The following is in a different pages. We shall, however, ven

style. It is the farewell of Cleve1ure on a specimen. The follow- land to Minna. We should have ing is an imitation of an ancient thought its pathos improved if it Northern war-song.

had come from better lips, and “ The Song of Harold Harfager. under less revolting circumstances. “ The sun is rising dimly red,

** Farewell! Farewell! the voice you The wind is wailing low and dread;

hear From his cliff the eagle sallies,

Has left its last soft tone with you, Leaves the wolf his darksome valleys; Its next must join the seaward cheer, In the mist the ravens hover,

And shout among the shouting crew. Peep the wild dogs from the cover,

"The accents which I scarce could Screaming, croaking, baying, yelling, Each in his wild accents telling,

form Soon we feast on dead and dying,

Beneath your frown's controlling Fair-bair'd Harold's flag is flying.'

check,

Must give the word, above the storm, Many a crest on air is streaming,

To cut the mast, and clear the wreck. Many a helmet darkly gleaming,

“ The timid eye I dared not raise, Many an arm the axe nprears, Doom'd to hew the wood of spears.

The hand, that shook when press'd to All along the crowded ranks,

thine, Horses neigh and armour clanks;

Must point the guds upon the chase, Chiefs are shouting, clarions ringing,

Must bid the deadly cutlass shine.
Louder still the bard is singing, .“ To all I love, or hope, or fear,-
* Gather footman, gather horsemen ; Honour, or own,-a long adieu !
To the field, ye valiant Norsemen !

To all that life has soft and dear, *%" Halt ye not for food or slumber;

Farewell! save memory of you!" View not vantage, coudt not number;

Vol. II. pp. 239 210. Jolly reapers, forward still,

We have now devoted as much Grow the crop on vale or hill, Thick or scattered, stiff or lithe,

space to this tale as our limits perIt shall down before the scythe.

mit, and more perhaps than some Forward with your sickles bright,

of our gravest readers may think Reap the harvest of the fight

necessary. Our comments we must Onward footmen, onward horsemen,

reserve to another Number. To the charge, ye gallant Norsemen!

(To be continued.)

REVIEW OF REVIEWS.

wide circulation, I am led to beTothe Editor of the Christian Observer. lieve your reviewer overlooked a HAVING observed your favourable most extraordinary sentiment in Review of the Rev. Mr. Bradley's the Eighth Sermon, 4th edition, Sermons, from which, and other vol. I. pp. 145, 146 ;--a sentiment commendations, they have bad a which fills my mind with horror,

as applied to the pure and imma. is not intended for, and ought not culate human nature of our ever to be construed into, an approval blessed Redeemer, the Lord Jesus of every individual sentiment or Christ; a sentiment which to my own expression. There are few publiknowledge is spreading widely and cations, even among those which undermining the faith once de- we most highly esteem, and should livered to the saints, and directly with least reservation commend, leading to, and can only end in, tbe in which there may not be passages denial of his Divinity altogether. that we might think liable to just

In vain will the author's quali- exception. But it would far exfications undo the appalling sense ceed the bounds of a critique of which can alone be put upon the ordinary length, to analyze each following expressions :

paragraph of a work, with a view • • •“But there are other and still to notice every sentence which apmore painful infirmities yet behind, pears to deserve either encomium the infirmities which are the effects of sin ; or blame. sinful infirmities, the pain which is caused We shall not, however, on the in the soul by its conflicts with evil lusts and present occasion content ourselves unhallowed tempers !!**** The text with this general statement, but tells us, however, that he was in all shall freely express our own opipoints tempted like as we are ; and nion on the point at issue between again another Scripture says that he Mr. Bradley and our corresponwas made in the likeness of sinful flesh; that be took onr nature upon him, not dent; first, however, in justice as it was in our first parents in a state of to the author, transcribing the innocence, not as it is now in the glorified whole passage, with bis “ qualificasaints in heaven, but as it is impaired and tions," which our readers may degraded by the fall.—*** He knew what think, notwithstanding the denial it was to be under the guilt of sin.of J. S., have soine considerable,

Truly he bore the punishment of though not sufficient, tendency to sin. He made his soul an offering modify the “ appalling sense of for sin. “ The chastisement of his expressions."

of liis expressions.” It is as follows. our peace was upon him.” “He (We quote from the 2d edition.) bore our sins in his own body on

“ But there are other and still more the tree." The purity of his cha- painful infirmities yet behind the infirracter qualified him for this work; mities which are the effects of sin, sinfor be was " the Lamb, without ful infirmities ; the pain which is caused blemish and without spot, who did in the soul by evil lusts, tempers, and no sin, neither was guile found habits. Are these then included in the in his mouth,” much less in his Apostle's words? There is one expresthoughts or dispositions.

sion in the text which seems, on the first As I presume you will think it view, to exclude at once all these eview of Reviews-Bradley's Sermons. [MARCH, he felt and tasted in all their bitterness He was “tried in all points like as many of those effects of sin to which

sources of sorrow from the sympathy necessary to put your readers on

of Christ. He was tempted or exertheir guard against these errors, so

cised by all the varions calamities of contrary to the avowed sentiments buman life, but yet he was without sin. of the Christian Observer, I have The text, however, tells us, that he was taken the liberty of calling your in all points tempted like as we are; attention to the subject.

J. S.

and again, another Scripture says, that

he was made in the likeness of sinful In reply to these strictures of flesh; that he took our nature upon him, our correspondent, so far as they

not as it was in our first parents in a 'concern ourselves, it is only neces.

state of innocence, not as it is now in

the glorified saints in heaven, but as it sary to state, that we did not review

is, impaired and degraded by the fall. the first volume of Mr. Bradley's

Not that there was any sin in him; he Sermons, but the second only; and

was perfectly harmless, perfectly pure, that, even if we had reviewed both,

without spot, or blemish, or any such a general commendation of a work thing: but though he was free from sil,

we are ;' and he can doubtless feel man is liable in the present state. He knew what it was to be under the guilt cunistanced, not because tempta

the more for us when similarly cirof sin; not that he was ever really guilty, tion or trial had any tendency to but he was dealt with as though he were. 'God,' says the Apostle,' made him to

seduce him, or required, if we may be sin for us, who knew no sin. Hence so speak, any particular effort to he was made to taste of the sufferings repel it, but because, on account that are the consequences of guilt.” of his holy nature, the very sug'

On perusing the whole of this pas. gestion of evil to his mind, though sage, we perfectly accord with J. s. he felt not any inclination to yield that some parts of it are expressed in to it, was immeasurably painful to a manner extremely exceptionable ;

him.-Divines should also beware though we cannot for a moment sup

of carrying the comprehensive gepose--indeed the contrary is evident neralities of Scripture into excepthat Mr. Bradley intended to in

tionable details. Thus, in the pastimate that our Lord had any pro- sage in question, the expression pensity to sin, however he might

“ in all points” (kata mavra) seems be " exercised" with temptations to scarcely capable of sustaining so it. The origin of the improper lav- minúte a comparison as that which guage which J. S. reprehends, seems

Mr. Bradley has instituted. There to us partly to lie in the equivocal are many individual temptations

with which our Lord could not meaning of the word “ temptation." In one sense, our Lord could not be be literally assailed, because there tempted to any evil; for instance, of life which he did not experience.

were circumstances and conditions to pride, or ambition, or presump- He was not, for example, a parent, tion; yet, in another sense,

he was tempted to these very sins,--that is, Besides all which, the passage ap

a husband, a magistrate, or a ruler. salan tempted him to thein, as we find recorded in the Gospels. He plies to the “ infirmities” of our suffered temptation from without; nature, rather than to the temptabut, uolike us, lie felt no tempta- the text is beautifully, and we think

tions to actual sin. The import of lion from within. Temptations were presented to him; but they glanced, correctly, paraphrased in a wellblunted and powerless, from the ims known hymn which first appeared penetrable shield of his immaculate some years since in our work, (Vol. sanctity. This distinction should for 1812, p. 91,) and bas subsealways

be kept prominently in sight, quently been transcribed in several in commenting on such passages

collections of sacred poetry : as that which forms the subject of “ When gathering clouds around i Mr. Bradley's discourse; nor should .

view," &c. even the laudable desire to comfort We perfectly coincide with the the afflicted, and support the weak, following remarks of Beza on the lead a Christian minister to such a passage in question. mode of expression respecting our

“ I allow that no sufferings can blessed Lord, as may seem to inti. fall upon Christ, now be is glorified; mate that there is any immediate but thus múch is certain, that by the analogy in the manner in which He expression in the text is signified experienced the force of templa- that complete sympathy between the tion, and that in which it assails members and the Head-that is, us frail and sinful creatures. In the church and Cbrist-on wbich general, in speaking of our Lord, St. Paul so often expatiates. Morethe term “ tried" would more near- over, the Scriptures, when speaking ly correspond with the scriptural of Christ glorified, adapt them idea, and be less liable to miscon- selves to our apprebensions, the ception, than the word "tempted," same as when speaking of God. We

believe ibat Christ dwells in glory useful nor safe.......Our Lord did at the right hand of the Father, not merely assume the substance of where he is said to be touched with our body and animal life (anime) the feeling of our infirmities; be- but became subjeet to all our affliccause, whatever injury is done to tions, and to the penalty of all our us, he considers as done to himself, sins, but still in such a manner that as when he exclaimed from heaven, every thing in him was upright and “ Saul, Saul, wby persecutest thou perfect: nor was there in him any me?' To go into deeper specula. ihing of the flesh, that is, the vicious tions on this subject, I think neither principle, warring with the Spirit.”

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

&c. &c.

GREAT BRITAIN.

bably not in quite this proportion; cach PREPARING for publication :—The Life return being more perfect than the for. of J. Goodwin, by Thomas Jackson ;- mer, and therefore augmenting the num. Considerations on Calvinism and Rege. ber. Only seven returns were deficient neration, by the Rev. W. B. Knight;- in 1821. Ossian, with original Notes and a Dis. Cambridge.-Doctor Smith's Annual sertation, by H. Campbell ;-Journal Prizes, to the two best proficients in of a Voyage to Greenland, by Capt. mathematics and natural philosophy Manby ;- The Travels of Theodore among the Commencing Bachelors of Dacas, by C. Mills ;-An Inquiry into Arts, are adjudged to Mr. H. Holditch, the Truth and Use of the lately tranş. of Caius College, and Mr. M. Peacock, lated Book of Enoch, by Mr. Overton. of Bene't College, the first and second

In the press : The works of Armi- wranglers. pius, with the Author's Life;—A System M. Dupin, a French writer, gives the of Avalytic Geometry, by the Rev. D. following illustration of the labour perLardner ;-Elements of Self-improve. formed by steam engines in this conn. ment, by the Rev. T. Finch ;-A Third try. The great pyramid of Egypt re. Volume of the Remains of H. Kirke quired for its erection above 100,000 White, by Robert Southey ;-Oriental men for twenty years. The volume of Literature, as a sequel to Oriental Cus. the pyramid is 4,000,000 cubic metres, toms, by the Rev. S. Burder ;--Essays its weight about 10,400,000 tons. The on the Recollections wbich are to sub. centre of gravity is elevated 49 metres, sist between earthly Friends, re-united from the base; and, taking 11 metres in the World to come; and on other Snb. as the main depth of the quarries, the jects, religious and prophetical; by the total height of elevation is 60 metres, Rev. T. Gisborue, A. M.

which, multiplied by 10,400,000 tons,

gives 624,000,000 tons raised one metre. The following is a summary of the re. The total of the steam-engines in Engturns of the population of Great Britain, land represents a power of 320,000 in the years 1801, 1811, and 1921. horses. These engines therefore in work England8,331,431 9,538,827 11,260,555 for 24 hours would raise 862,800,000 Wales 541,5-16 611,788 717,108 tons one metre high, and consequently, Scotland 1,599,068 1,805,688 2,092,014 647,100,000 tons in 18 hours, which sur

passes the produce of the labour spent 10,472,018 11,956,303 14,069,677 in raising the materials of the great Army, Na

pyramid. vy, &c. 470,598 610,500 310,000 The air.pump, no longer confined to

the service of experimental philosophy, 10,942,646 12,596,803 14,379,677 has been of late years introduced with This statement gives an increase in the good effect into many of our manufactwo last returns of 18 per cent. on Eng. tories. We lately mentioned a useful land; of 17 one-fifth on Scotland, and application of its powers in the pro15 six-seventhis on Wales. There doubt. cesses of dying, sizing, and wetting less has been a large increase, but pro. down paper for printing, &c. as prac

ance.

tised in the Bank of Ireland. Another the honour of our laws that they refuse modern application is in the process of to uphold any claim, agreement, or even sagar refining. It is a circumstance ge- bond wbich is proved to be " contra nerally known that fluids boil at a lower bonos ipores." temperature beneath an exhausted re.

UNITED STATES. ceiver than when exposed to the ordinary The evils of dram-drinking, so forcipressure of the atmosphere. The sugar bly pointed out in this country, are felt refiner, taking advantage of this prin- still more strongly in many parts of North ciple, encloses the pan containing the America. A committee of gentlemen saccharine fluid in a close vessel, when was appointed some time since to inquire by the continued action of an air.pamp, into the causes of pauperism in the city the air is so far rarified as to produce of New York. They stated, as the reebulition at a temperature uot exceed- sult of their investigation, that the most ing, perhaps, 100 deg. of Fabrenheit's prominent and alarming cause of the thermometer; which not only causes a distress of the numerous poor in that saving of time and fuel, bat materially city was the inordinate use of spirituous diminishes the risk of charring the liquors. Seven cases out of eight they sugar.

could trace to this source. The“ Moral It has been decided in the Court of Societyof Portland stated, in 1816, King's Bench, that, in the event of an that out of 85 persons in the work-house article pawned not being redeemed with. of that town, 71 were reduced to that in twelve months and a day, the pawn. condition in consequence of intemperbroker, though authorised to sell it, may be called upon to account to the owner

INDIA, &c. for the amount of sale, deducting only A case of some interest respecting the sum advanced, with interest and ex- Indian Marriages lately came before the penses. If the article is pot actually Court of the Recorder of Bombay. sold, it may be redeemed even after the Mr. A. B. bad been married at Seroor, twelvemonth and day have expired; it in the presence of two witnesses, to Mrs. not being the design of the law to give C. D., by the officer commanding the the pawn-broker any advantage from forces, there being at that time no cleforfeited pledges, except recovering rical establishment at Seroor. The opi. the amount of his loan, interest, and nion of counsel was: “ Tbat this is a expenses.

The rate of interest was valid marriage to some intents and purfixed as high as was considered sufficient poses, but not to all. Marriages in the for the profits of the trade, without any British dominions in the East Indies are additional source of remuneration. governed by the same law which pre

An applicatiou was lately made to the vailed in England prior to the Marriage Lord Chancellor, on the part of Mr. Act, except where solemnized by mini. Murray, the publisher of Lord Byron's sters of the Scotch Church; which mar“ Cain,” for an injunction to restrain a riages are rendered valid by a recent printer named Benbow from pirating act of parliament. This marriage is that work. The Lord Chancellor re. binding on the parties : a subsequent plied, thal, having read the poem, be marriage by either with a third person, entertaiued a reasonable doubt' of its during the life of the other, would be character; and therefore, until the par. void. The children would be to most ties could shew that they could maintain purposes legitimate ; but as there was an action upon it, he must refuse an no priest to perform the ceremony, there injunction. The immediate consequence are certain rights convected with real of this decision unhappily may be to property, to which, according to a long inundate the country with cheap edi- series of old cases, the parties so mar. tions of exceptionable works, hitherto ried would not be entitled. It is impro. restricted in their circulation; but the bable that the parties, or their issne, ultimate effect, we trust, will be salu. would suffer inconvenience from the tary, as authors will be discouraged in marriage being in some degree defective, writing, and book sellers in publishing, as the occasions on which such defects works in which neither can hope to se- would prove injarious are rare; but to cure a copy-right. Hone and Carlile make every thing safe, another marriage themselves stand in danger of having is necessary: it should be liad in coosonie of their most lucrative publications firmation of the first, and npon no acpirated with impunity by their fellow. count in the ordinary form, as if no labourer Mr. Benbow.-It is much to former marriage had taken place,"

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