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was an occasion; but when the occasion came, under the pressure of which, or under the justification of which the thing could be done, it was done,and done skilfully. Let me say one thing further; and that is, that if slavery were abolished, as it was supposed to have been, throughout all Mexico, before the revolution and the establishment of the Texan Government, then, if it were desirable to have possession of Texas by purchase, as a means of preventing its becoming a British possession, I suppose that object could have been secured by making it a free territory of the United States as well as a slave territory.
Sir, in my great desire not to prolong this debate, I have omitted what I intended to say upon a particular question under the motion of the honorable Senator from Missouri, proposing an amendment to the resolution of the honorable member from Illinois; and that is, upon the propriety and expediency of admitting California, under all circumstances, just as she is. The more general subjects involved in this question are now before the Senate under the resolutions of the honorable member from Kentucky. I will say that I feel under great obligations to that honorable member for introducing the subject, and for the very lucid speech which he made, and which has been so much read throughout the o: country. I am also under great obligations to the honorable member from Tennessee, for the light which he has shed upon this subject; and, in some respects, it will be seen that I differ very little from the leading subjects submitted by either of those honorable gentlemen.
Now, sir, when the direct question of the admission of California shall be before the Senate, I propose—but not before every other gentleman who has a wish to address the Senate, shall have gratified that desire—to say something upon the boundaries of California, upon the constitution of California, and upon the expediency, under all the circumstances, of admitting her with that constitution.
Mr. CALHouN. One word, and I have done; and that word is, that notwithstanding the acquisition of the vast territory of Texas represented by the Senator from Massachusetts, it is the fact that all that addition to our territory made it by no means equal to what the Northern States had excluded us from before that acquisition. The territory lying west between the Mississippi and the Rocky Mountains is three-fourths of the whole of Louisiana; and that which lies between the Mississippi and the Ohio, added to that, makes a much greater extent of territory than Florida, and Texas, and that portion of Louisiana that has fallen to our share.
“A narrative of the Horrid Massacre in Boston, perpetrated on the evening of the fifth day of March, 1770, by soldiers of the Twenty-ninth Regiment,
which, with the Fourteenth Regiment, was then quartered there: with some
observations on the state of things prior to that catastrophe, originally printed by order of the Town of Boston, and sold by Elder & Gill, in Queen Street:” reprinted by J. Doggett, New York, and now sold by Redding & Co., No. 8, State Street, Boston, (in the immediate vicinity of the place where the tragedy occurred.) – 1 Volume, 8vo, 120 pages, neatly bound in cloth, – illustrated with an excellent copy of Paul Revere's picture of the event, and “a new and accurate Plan of the Town of Boston in New England"; complete price, fifty cents. The work contains the original official account of the Boston Massacre of the fifth of March, 1770. It was drawn up by a committee appointed by the town, consisting of the Honorable James Bowdoin, Dr. Joseph Warren, and Samuel Pemberton, Esq. The Report was submitted to a town meeting held at Faneuil Hall, by adjournment, on the 19th March, and was ordered to be printed. It was intended, principally, for circulation in England, and a vessel of war was chartered by the town, to take out copies to London. The present edition, with the exception of the subjoined “additional observations,” which are obtained from a copy of this Work in the Library of Harvard College, is an exact reprint from an original, in the Library of the New York Historical Society, containing the full appendix, certificates, &c. To which is prefixed an account of the events of the few days preceding the massacre, drawn up by the late Hon. Alden Bradford, and a Report, made by John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Joseph Warren, and others. The whole presenting, it is believed, the most complete and authentic account that has been published of the Massacre.