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GARDEN CITY

NEW YORK
DOUBLE DAY, PAGE & COMPANY

1925

COPYRIGHT, 1923, BY
DOUBLEDAY, PAGE & COMPANY

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES

AT
THE COUNTRY LIFE PRESS, GARDEN CITY, N. y.

Wahr
2-15-26

12819

PREFACE

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H ERE are at least two distinct the- | with other forms, as may be seen in Walories concerning the compilation of ter Prichard Eaton's "The Menace from

a book of selections from literature Above," where it is associated with exposiintended to supplement the study of rhet tion, or in the selection from John Maseoric. The advocates of one theory con field's Gallipoli, where it combines with tend that the student, particularly the narration. Although emphasis has been college freshman or sophomore, will se placed upon modern writing, especially in cure the greatest benefit by the reading those selections in which the exposition of and study of modern writers who deal ideas has been the paramount purpose of with the familiar ideas and problems of the author, the chief object has been to the present age-or who at least repre give the reader an insight into the various sent the modern point of view. While stages in the development of literature, acknowledging the partial truth of this particularly of those types where form, contention, others (among them the com style, and tone are linked with ideas for pilers of this volume) feel the very great the artistic expression of emotion-as in desirability of broadening the cultural the familiar essay and the short story. foundation on which the undergraduate These essentially literary genres, revealmust build his education. A knowledge ing as they do the personality of the of the stages through which our literature author, have a perennial charm; it is has passed, and a familiarity with some of ideas grown obsolete that lack interest. the recognized masterpieces, are an es To achieve a selection of material satsential prelude to any true appreciation of isfactory to every one is too ambitious an what is best in our modern literature. ideal. Nevertheless there are several powIf the student has no further opportunity erful factors which to a certain extent deto continue his literary studies, he still termine one's choice. Not only must one has a knowledge-though scarcely pro consider the general worth of the article found of the whole field; if more inten and the importance of the author in litersive work is desired, the basis for such ature-certainly two essential consideraspecialization is already laid. In gen tions but he must also take into account eral it may be said that it is easier for the definiteness with which it illustrates most graduates to find the time and in the desired type; the degree in which it clination later in life for the reading of represents the author's chief work; the contemporary authors than for the study limitations which space and the difficulty of the early masters.

of securing privilege of reprint impose; Consequently, a double purpose has de the adaptability of the article for freshtermined the make-up of this book: (1) man reading, especially in mixed classes ; that of coördinating with a course in rhet and the desirability of avoiding threadoric the expository, argumentative, and bare specimens with which college freshnarrative sections; and (2) that of afford men are already familiar. ing by progressive readings a chronologi In the annotation of the texts the cal survey of the material within the vari editors have sought rather to offer sugous types. Description as a distinct form gestive information that will aid the stuof discourse has been omitted, for it is dent in the appreciation of his reading rarely found except in brief essays. It than to be either comprehensive or recappears to best advantage in combination ondite. Wherever the need for a little

KV

28-4

research is obvious the student has been viate the congestion of an over-worked left to his own resources. The custom reserve shelf and may suggest some soluof translating foreign quotations has, tions of the diverse problems to which the however, been uniformly adhered to. | teaching of English everywhere gives rise.

In view of the catholicity evident in the range of material here offered, it is RUDOLPH W. CHAMBERLAIN hoped that this volume will serve to alle

JOSEPH S. G. BOLTON

Syracuse, New York
July, 1923

CONTENTS

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• •

1. EXPOSITION (Introduction) . . . . . . . . . . . .

A. INFORMATIVE PROSE (Introduction) . . . . . . . . . .

CHARLES DARWIN: Struggle for Existence

..

.

· · · · · · · ·

MATTHEW ARNOLD: Celtic Elements in English Poetry . . . . . . . .

John Ruskin: The Nature of Greek Myths . . . . . . . .

WILLIAM James: Habit.

LAFCADIO Hears: The Bible in English Literature .

GIFFORD PINCHOT: The Relation of Forests to Stream Control . . . . .

ARNOLD BENNETT: Why a Classic Is a Classic . . . . . . . . . .

Herbert CROLY: How the Promise Has Been Realized . . . . . .

JOHN GALSWORTHY: Evolution . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Wu TINGFANG: American Manners. . . . . . . . . . . . .
WALTER PRICHARD EATON: The Menace from Above . . . . . .

Sir Philip Gibbs: For What Men Died . . . . . . .

B. THE FAMILIAR ESSAY (Introduction) ....

Francis Bacon: Of Studies

Of Great Place . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Of Truth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

T. T.: Of Painting the Face . . . . . . . .

SIR THOMAS BROWNE: On Dreams . . .

ABRAHAM Cowley: Of Myself. .

SIR RICHARD Steele: Recollections of Childhood. . . . . . . . . .

Joseph ADDISON: Westminster Abbey . . . . . .

On London Cries . . . . . . . . . . . .

Samuel JOHNSON: The Garret . . . . . .

OLIVER GOLDSMITH: Beau Tibbs at Home. . . .

LEIGH Hunt: Getting Up on Cold Mornings . . . . . . . . . . .

CHARLES LAMB: Dream Children: a Reverie . . . . . . . . . . .

Poor Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

WILLIAM HAZLITT: On Going a Journey . . . . . . . . . . . .

WASHINGTON IRVING: Traveling. . . .

Thomas De Quincey: On the Knocking at the Gate in Macbeth ...

King at the Gate in Macbeth . . . . .

JAMES Russell Lowell: At Sea . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Robert Louis STEVENSON: An Apology for Idlers . . . . .

GILBERT K. CHESTERTON: On Sandals and Simplicity . . . . . . . .

Samuel McCHORD CROTHERS: The Toryism of Travelers . . .

ROBERT CORTES HOLLIDAY: Caun't Speak the Language . . . . . . .

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