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these disturbances, for which he claimed a a right, and I fulfilled my duty as a soldier; and it reactionary origin; but, respecting the wish is lamentable that, in a free country, there should be again expressed on this occasion by the Provi- persons who reprobate the exercise of rights and the
performance of duties. My task might terminate sional Government, he immediately returned here ; however, now that I have broken the silence I to Portugal. In the following letter, addressed had imposed on myself, I believe it is better not to to the Politica, a Madrid newspaper, the Duke throw the pen aside without refuting certain unpublicly explained his views:
founded accusations concerning events anterior to
the revolution of September. Among other things ESTEEMED SIR: I had resolved to observe an abso- is has been circulated that we had seen with inditlute silence as long as the transitory situation of our
ference from our retreat at San Telmo the accomcountry should last, till its definitive termination. plishment of the events which had caused the deepest The excitations of the press, sometimes hostile and sensation in Spain. The 'allegation is completely sometimes favorable, the manifestations of which false. If I did not take part in the war in Africa in have assumed a personal character to which I cannot 1859, most certainly it was not my fault. Official
documents show that I did crave at that time the remain indifferent, have sufficed to induce me to change my intentions. I have thought that the honor of pouring out my blood for my adopted Infanta and myself ought to make public, as our last country, as I had done in 1844 for the defence of the word, the manifesto we addressed to the Provisional interests of France on the very same African soil, at Government on October 30th, which ended by the the head of a company of brave Spaniards belonging declaration"; "We are willing to respect all the reso
to the Foreign Legion. One must remember, also, lutions arrived at by the national vote, the legitimate that in 1866,
when many agitators of nowadays did source of political rights in free countries. You
not show any sign of life, the Infanta, at the peril of will remark that there is not a single reserve in that her life, on account of the state of her health, after frank and loyal manifestation. Spain, whatever
may took to travel to Madrid, to give to the court liberal
having unsuccessfully demanded an amnesty, underher citizens ; we should serve her, if we could be counsels ; she was only requested not to utter any useful to her, and forever and in all circumstances, accused by some of being fanatic, by others of being
other word relating to politics. We have been also our hearts will share her fortunes and her misfortunes. But if my resolution to remain silent has atheists; therefore we must be very explicit upon been unshaken till now, if I have been able to hear able to publicly fulfil our religious duties in the An
that point. We, fervent Catholics, who have been I am in duty bound not to consent that the feeling of delican town of London, in the Evangelical city of patriotic abnegation that, in spite of our wishes, Edinburgh, in the Calvinistic city of Geneva-we do would have kept us at the mouth of the Tagus till not understand that those, not belonging to the the day, when, thinking that the freedom of Spain religion we deem the true one, possess, for that reawas endangered in Andalusia, I came to offer my found in other nations. I conclude, because I insword to the Provisional Government, should be construed as a want of sympathy for the complete tended to write a refutation and not a programme of regeneration of our country. That step of mine political principles. It is enough for me to express, having met the approval of some and the censure of clearly and peremptorily, that I do share those which others, I find myself in the imperious necessity of have been proclaimed by the revolution and welexplaining it. Absent from Spain, but without have comed by the nation. By authorizing you to publish ing been prohibited from reentering her territory, my letter, in the exercise of a right now practised in and belonging to the Spanish army, I felt it was both
our country, which, among other liberties, enjoys my duty, and my right to offer my services, should the freedom of the press, I have only to assure you occurred at Cadiz, and judging the seriousness of solved, perfectly and entirely, to continue to belong those events by the narrations and the telegrams
to the new Spain-to the free Spain. published in the newspapers, I concluded, with the
(Signed) ANTOINE D'ORLEANS. aid of the information I possessed, that perhaps
LisBox, December 19, 1868. those events were the result of a combination between the several elements opposed to the revolution,
The aspiration of the Duke de Montpensier and I thought my duty was to proceed to the point found a very determined opponent in the Inof junction of the army forces to place myself at the fante Don Henry de Bourbon (a brother of the disposal of the Government. In the conviction that King), who addressed to the Provisional Govit was more honorable in a soldier to wait for orders at the immediate centre of danger rather than at a
ernment the following curious letter : long distance, I did not think necessary to officially GENTLEMEN: When I observe the feverish ambition announce my voyage before having arrived on the which devours the Duke de Montpensier; when I field of action. Another consideration confirmed me witness the explosion of pretensions hatched for many in my views that, if events had been decided and a year to take possession of the monarchical power in order restored before having reported myself to the Spain-in Spain, free and independent, to which he governor-in-chief to offer to him my services and · returned without honor as a fugitive, when his father, accept the post assigned to me, I should be able to Louis Philippe, fell from the throne by that provireturn to Lisbon without having taken any official dential justice which marks chastisement on the brow step which could be possibly taxed with vainglory of certain kings; when everybody knows that he has and useless offer of service. "My prevision was well no title and no right to our
country, so jealous of its founded, for on my arrival at Cordova I learned that dignity, more than the hospitality which all civilized the events of Cadiz were on the point of having a people accord to those who take refuge in it when favorable issue. I learned also that there were no driven from their own; when I examine this stranger, reactionary elements to fight against, and my duty a prince without energy or elevation of character, and being to abstain from any interference in the con- 60 full of vanity and selfishness that he thinks every flicts between the Liberal parties-conflicts which I thing due to him, and that no one in the world should deplore-I immediately returned to Lisbon. My last refuse him the distinguished honor of becoming his step being explained, I must tender my thanks to all courtier ; when his cupidity accepts with one hand the members of the press who have justified it ac- the gifts and favors of Isabella II., and when, ungratecording to their own inspiration. To those who have ful and traitorous, he strives with the other to usurp censured it I will only say that, when I crossed the the place of his benefactors who reposed full confifrontier to offer my services as a citizen, I exercised dence in him; when I see him coldly speculating at
a distance on the blood-stained field of Alcolea, ready which were granted to their opponents. On to rush, without, however, exposing himself to dan- Saturday, December 5th, an armed demonstrs a dead body; when I find him at Lisbon watching tion was made by the Republicans at Cadiz for the favorable occasion of imposing himself on
which the authorities considered it their daty Spain, and impatiently counting the moments, and, to repress. Accordingly, the assemblage was after those moments calculated by him, settling with called upon to lay down their arms. This de miserable niggardliness the accounts of his cook; mand they not only refused, but commenced fashion, desiring to meddle in the recent struggle to erect barricades. Sharp fighting took place which has left the noble and liberal city of Cadiz in at the commencement, but the insurrectionists, mourning; and when, to crown this Orleanist con- having obtained possession of the park of artispiracy, I hear Spaniards, unworthy to bear that hon, lery, very soon held all the chief places in the name of this stranger forced upon us as if it were the city, and the foreign consuls were placed in the name of a hero, and when they thus trample under custom-house facing the sea, in case the fleet foot the ashes of the martyrs of Carral—the ashes of should attempt a bombardment. Immediately the illustrious members of the Spanish army shot by on the news reaching Madrid, large bodies
of the treachery of the Madrid Government, delivered over to Louis Philippe-when I behold all this, I can- troops were dispatched to Cadiz, General Canot help asking what is the talisman and what'are the ballero de Roda having the chief command. privileges of this pretender?
This officer at once declared Cadiz blockaded I, who count more than twenty-two years of suffer- and, on arriving there, so disposed his troops ing and political persecution, of which Louis Philippe as to surround the city closely. He then (Dean banished from my country and from my home- cember 12th) issued a proclamation to the infeel indignant as a Spaniard, and as belonging to habitants, in which he called upon them to lay the Liberal party, at the unjust and unpatriotic privi- down their arms, and guaranteed to them in leges accorded to Montpensier.
the name of the Government that their lives In the name of justice, I, who have never desired would be saved. the place coveted by the intriguer of whom I speak
He granted a delay until - I, who would consider myself debased if I bore next day, in order that old men, women, chilthe title of pretender, for my aspirations are those of Gren, and peaceably-disposed citizens might the honest citizen who knows the high value of self- leave the city. denial-I, who place the glory of Washington far higher than that of Cæsar-1 address myself to the by the consul of the United States, to General
The insurgents sent a delegate, accompanied Provisional Government of the nation to be allowed to return to my country, and to humbly occupy, as I Caballero, offering to place their arms in buildever had the habit of doing, my rented apartment in ings which he should designate. This the genMadrid which contains the little I possess.
eral did, but on the following morning the inThe remains of my parents, those of one of my surgents altered their tone, and offered to sur. children, and of my wife, are in Spain; and those remains, so dear to me, call me near them. I do not render
their arms into the hands of the consul like Montpensier, seek a crown-Montpensier who, of the United States; but General Caballero de in the possession of his many millions, might livé Roda refused to entertain such a proposal, and contented and silent. All I ask for is the sunlight declared that hostilities would at once be comof my beloved native land—that air of country, of home, which every citizen who is free from crime has menced if the arms were not placed in the a right to enjoy.
military buildings. The insurgents thereopon At the same time I demand from the equity of the yielded to his orders, and the troops, under the ly just to be reinstated in the naval service to which and took possession of the city. This occurred Provisional Government another thing which is equal command of General Caballero, at once entered I belong. The Duke de Montpensier being recognized as field-marshal of the Spanish army, the rep
on December 14th. resentatives of the party for which I have so much
In the last days of December another fierce suffered cannot hesitate to restore my sword to me, conflict occurred between the Republicans and of which I was deprived by the vengeance and the the regular troops at Malaga. The Government reasonable I appeal to the friendly relations subsist- called on the National Guard of that city to ing between me and General Prim at the time when give up their arms, which demand was resisted. he, like me, was exiled.
When the commander-in-chief at length moved Receive, gentlemen, the assurance of the esteem down on the city (December 31st), and anwhich is the result of every good action, and the tes- nounced that a day's delay would be granted timony of my gratitude for the favorable opinion I for submission, the insurgents were at first dishave merited from you. HENRI DE BOURBON. Paris, December 21st.
posed to listen to him, but they were finally
urged to continued resistance by the more deThe Provisional Government, during the termined spirits among their own number. last weeks of the year, was greatly perplexed General Caballero de Roda then prepared to by the activity and the progress of the Repub- capture the barricades by force. The insurlican party, who were making demonstrations gents were strongly intrenched in the Trinity in the provincial towns in furtherance of their quarter of the town, and this was not occupied principles. The Provisional Government and till after a heavy bombardment in which the its officers greatly exasperated the Republican ships joined), and the most desperate hand-toparty by using their whole influence in behalf of hand fighting. The troops finally obtained sethe monarchists. The Republicans complained cure possession of the whole place (January 1, that the Government, which had received no 1869). They made an immense number of authority from the people, denied to them rights prisoners, of whom, the greater number were
released, though over two hundred were re- ban forces, Carlos Manuel Cespedes, and the served for trial.
members of the Provisional Government adOn the 10th of October, an insurrection broke dressed a letter to the Government of the Uniout in the island of Cuba. The movement had ted States, in which they asked for recognition been prepared, even before the beginning of as belligerents, and gave the following account the Spanish revolution; but the latter hastened of their strength: and matured the plans of the leaders. A dec- We now hold much more than fifty leagues of the laration of independence was issued, dated interior of this island in the eastern department, Manzanillo, October 10th, which thus stated the among which are the people (or communities) of reasons for and the objects of the movement:
Baire, Yara, Barrancas, Datil, Cauto,
Embarcadero, Guisa, and Horno, besides the cities In arming ourselves against the tyrannical Govern- of Bayamo and Holguin, in all numbering 107,853 inment of Spain we must, according to precedent in all habitants, who obey us, and have sworn to shed to civilized countries, proclaim before the world the
cause the last drop of blood in our cause. that impels us to take this step, which, though likely In the mentioned city of Bayamo we have estabto entail considerable disturbances upon the present, lished a provisional government and formed our genwill insure the happiness of the future.
eral quarters, where we hold more than three hunIt is well known that Spain governs the island of dred of the enemy prisoners, taken from the Spanish Cuba with an iron and blood-stained hand. The for- army, among whom are generals and governors of mer holds the latter deprived of political, civil, and high rank. All this has been accomplished in ten religious liberty. Hence the unfortunate Cubans being days, without other resources than those offered by the illegally prosecuted and thrown into exile or executed country we have passed through, without other arms by military commissions in times of peace. Hence than those taken from the enemy, and without other their being kept from public meetings,
and forbidden losses than three or four killed and six or eight to speak or write on affairs of state; hence their re- wounded. monstrances against the evils that afflict them being looked upon as the proceedings of rebels, from the Numerous engagements occurred between fact that they are bound to keep silence and obey. the Cubans and the Spanish forces, as at Tunas Hence the never-ending plague of hungry, officials (October 26th), Villa del Cobre, at the
foot of from Spain to devour the product of their industry Mount Alta Garcia (between Puerto Principe and labor. Hence their exclusion from public stations and want of opportunity to skill themselves in and Nuevitas), and Moran. The Cubans, being the art of government. Hence the restrictions to badly armed, were unable to drive the Spanwhich public instruction with them is subjected, in iards out of the towns; but they maintained a order to keep them so ignorant as not to be able to control over a very large portion of the central know and enforce their rights in any shape or form whatever. Hence the navy and standing army, which and the eastern departments. Well-informed are kept upon their country at an enormous expen- correspondents of American newspapers in Haditure from their
own wealth to make them bend their vana estimated their strength at about 50,000. knees and submit their necks to the the iron yoke that The Spanish Captain-General Lersundi found disgraces them. Hence the grinding taxation under the forces at his command insufficient to subwhich they labor, and which would make them all perish in misery but for the marvellous fertility of due the revolt, and he urgently asked for and the soil. On the other hand, Cuba cannot prosper as received numerous reënforcements. In the last she ought to, because white immigration that suits days of December the Spanish General, Count her best is artfully kept from her shores by the Span- Valmaseda, advanced with four thousand ish Government, and as Spain has many as time pro- troops to attack Bayamo, the seat of the Proing hitherto fulfilled her promises; as she continues visional Government. to tax us heavily and by so doing is likely to destroy In the first manifesto which the Cubans our wealth; as we are in danger of losing our proper issued, the abolition of slavery was mentioned ty, our lives, and our honor under further Spanish among the reforms which the successful revotion utterly' revolting to manhood; as great nations lation would effect. The sentiments of the have sprung from revolt against a similar disgrace, Cubans on this subject became gradually more after exhausted pleadings for relief; as we despair of outspoken, and on the 27th of December Genlonger live deprived of the rights which other people tion of emancipation:
justice from Spain through reasoning, and cannot eral Cespedes issued the following proclamaenjoy, we are constrained to appeal to arms to assert our rights in the battle-field, cherishing the hope that The revolution of Cuba, while proclaiming the inour grievances will be a sufficient excuse for this last dependence of the country, has proclaimed with it resort to redress them and secure our future welfare. all the liberties, and could not well commit the great To the God of our conscience and to all civilized na- inconsistency to restrict them
to only one part of the tions we submit the sincerity of our purpose. Ven- population of the country, Free Cuba is incompatgeance does not mislead us, nor is ambition our guide. ible with a slave Cuba, and the abolition of the SpanWe only want to be free and see all men with us ish institutions must include, and by necessity and equally free, as the Creator intended all mankind to by reason of the greatest justice does include, the be. Our earnest belief is that all men are brethren. abolition of slavery as the most odious of all. AboliHence our love of toleration, order, and justice in tion of slavery has, therefore, been mentioned among every respect.. We desire the gradual abolition of the principles proclaimed in the first manifesto issued slavery, with indemnification; we admire universal by the revolution, and in the opinion of all Cubans, suffrage, as it insures the sovereignty of the people; truly liberal, its entire realization must be the first we demand a religious regard for the inalienable of the acts for which the country employs its conrights of man as the basis of freedom and national quered rights. But as a general measure it can only greatness.
be fully effected when the country, in the full use of The movement rapidly spread over the whole its conquered rights can, by means of nniversal sufof the eastern and central departments. Ten it through to real advantage, both for the old and the days later, the general-in-chief of the Cu- new citizens. The object of the present measure is
not, nor can it be, the abrogation of a right which sada, the one other mentionable Cuban leader, those who are at present directing the operations of served with credit on the side of Juarez during the the revolution are far from believing themselves en- intervention in Mexico. The soldiers of the revolt titled to invade ; thus precipitating the solution of are of the rawest kind. A good part of them have so difficult a question. On the other hand, however,' been recruited from the emancipated slaves of Cesthe Provisional Government could not in its turn pedes, Arango, and Aguilero. Many of the weapons oppose the use of a right which our slaveholders pos- are of the poorest kind, but I have heard that a cersess in virtue of our laws, and which many of them tain number of Enfields have been furnished them, wish to exercise-namely, to emancipate their slaves and lately some hand-grenades. It is told me that at once. It also sees how desirable it is to employ at no help, or exceedinglý little, has reached them from once in the service of the country the freedmen, and the North. Among some other things of their own how necessary to make haste to prevent the evils device, they have been employing wooden cannon, which they and the country might receive from a good for one shot and no more. failure to employ them immediately. The Government, therefore, urges the adoption of provisional
SPALDING, Very Rev. BENEDICT JOSEPH, dispositions, which are to serve as a rule for the mili- D. D., administrator of the Roman Catholic tary chiefs in the several districts of this depart- Diocese of Louisville, Ky., a learned and able ment, in order to solve the questions presented to Catholic clergyman, born in Marion County, with which I am invested, I have now resolved that Ky., in 1810, died at Louisville, Ky., August the following articles be observed:
4, 1868, of injuries received by the accidental 1. Free are the slaves whom their masters at once burning of the drapery of his bed. He was sent present to the military chiefs for this purpose, the at an early age to St. Mary's College, in his owners reserving, if they choose, a claim to the in- native county, and, having passed through the demnification which the nation may decree. 2. The freedmen shall, for the present, be em
course of study there, entered the Diocesan ployed in the service of the country in such a manner Seminary at Bardstown, wbere he continued as may be agreed upon.
his studies, with a view to the priesthood. In 3. To this end a committee shall be appointed to 1832 he went to Rome and entered the College of find for them employment, in accordance with regula- the Propaganda, where he graduated with high tions to be issued.
4. In other cases, the slaves of loyal Cubans and honors in 1837, and was shortly afterward eleof neutral Spaniards and foreigners shall continue to vated to the priesthood. Returning home in work, in accordance with the principle of respect for the latter part of the year named, he tanght property proclaimed by the revolution.
for several months the students in the theolo5. The slaves of those who have been convicted of being enemies of the country, and openly hostile to gical seminary of St. Thomas, and was afterthe revolution, shall be confiscated with their other ward assigned the position of agent and eciproperty and declared free without a right to indem- nome in St. Joseph's College. In this responsi6. The owners who shall place their slaves in the the institution. In 1840 he engaged with the
ble position his services were of great value to service of the revolution, without freeing them for the present, shall preserve their right as long as the Rev. John Hutchins in establishing a first-class slavery question in general is not decided.
seminary for boys in Breckinridge County, 7. The slaves of the Palisades, who may present which they jointly carried on for two years themselves to the Cuban authorities, shall at once be with great success, and with much benefit to declared free, with a right either to live among us or to remain among the mountaineers.
both religious and secular education in that 8. The isolated refugees who may be captured, or portion of the State. In 1842 Dr. Spalding was who may, without the consent of their masters, pre- called to Bardstown, having been appointed vicesent themselves to the authorities or military chiefs, president of St. Joseph's
College. He remained shall not be received without consulting with their in this position till July, 1814, when he was masters.
named by his bishop pastor of the Church of St. Of the leaders of the insurrection, the Ha- Joseph's, at Bardstown. He continued in charge vana correspondent of the New York Tribune of the Bardstown congregation till 1849, when gives the following account:
he received the appointment of pastor of the Car General Cespedes, the hero and chief of the revolt, thedral church, Louisville, and vicar-general of was, I am well assured, a lawyer and property-owner, the diocese. This position he retained till the and at the opening of the war emancipated his slaves day of his death, with but two short intervals has travelled in the United States. His second in while the see was vacant, when he was investcommand, Arango, the Marquis of Santa Lucia, is a ed by his eriors with the administratorship native of Puerto-Principe, and at taking part in the of the diocese. During the sixteen years of insurrection also manumitted his slaves. General his vicar-generalship, though performing ardu. Aguilero was a man of great wealth, and had held ous duties in connection with the temporalionce under the Government the office of mayor over the town of Bayamo, just burnt by the rebels. He, too, ties of his Church in Kentucky, as well as those released his
slaves. General Donato Marmol bears which devolved upon him as pastor of the Csthe repụte
of having genuine military talent, as he is thedral church, he never received any salary said to have defeated his opponents in most of their beyond his food and raiment, but dispensed Eastern District. He is admired for the ready in- largely of his own private fortune to those who vention of a new weapon of defence in war, which were in need. His property, which was coll is called the horquetilla, and is a kind of hook siderable, was left for benevolent objects. He be made without much trouble, of wood, is held Catholics, for his blameless life, his generous
was greatly beloved by Protestants as well as the right the rebel brings his rude machete, a kind liberality, and his courteous and self-sacrificing of sword, down upon his Spanish foe. General Que- disposition.
STEVENS, THADDEUS, an American states- his death was serving his seventh term. In all man and reformer, born at Peacham, Caledonia these Congresses he was a recognized leader. County, Vt., April 4, 1793; died in Washinge During three sessions he was chairman of the ton, D. o., at midnight of Tuesday, August 11, important committee of Ways and Means, and 1868. His parents were poor. He was a held the position of chairman of the Commitsickly child, and lame; but his strong intel tee on Reconstruction of the Thirty-ninth and lect was early detected by his mother, who Fortieth Congresses. He also served on other toiled with all her strength to secure for him committees, his last important position being the benefit of an education. The boy was am chairman of the Board of Managers, on the bitious, and turned his few opportunities for part of the House, in the impeachment of Presiimprovement to such good account that he dent Johnson before the Senate. Mr. Stevens speedily succeeded in qualifying himself to en- was also a member of the Baltimore Conventer Dartmouth College, whence he graduated tion, in 1864, and voted with the Pennsylvania with honor in 1814. Immediately after leav- delegation for Mr. Johnson for Vice-President. ing Dartmouth, he removed to York, Pa., Thoroughly radical in his views, hating slavery where he taught a school for a livelihood and with all the intensity of his nature, believing read law carefully and steadily through the in- it just, right, and expedient, not only to emantervals of the day and night. Admitted, after cipate, but to arm the negro and make him a many discouragements, to the bar, he soon at- soldier, and, after the war, to make him a cititained a good practice and rose to eminence in zen and give him the ballot, he led off in all his profession, which for many years he fol- measures for effecting these ends. The Emanlowed without participating in politics. The cipation Proclamation was urged upon the election of John Quincy Adams to the presi- President by him on all grounds of right, jusdency, and the bitter contests which followed tice, and expediency; the Fourteenth Amendthe triumph of the Democrats in the election ment to the Constitution was initiated and of General Jackson in 1828, and his decided ac- pressed by him. He advocated and carried, tion, aroused the political fervor of Mr. Stevens, during the war, acts of confiscation, and proand he threw himself into the contest with all posed the most rigid and stern measures against the zeal and ardor of his nature. He took the Southern people to the last day of his life. sides with the Adams party, and when that STOCKTON, Rev. THOMAS HEWLINGS, D. D., merged in the Whig party he became an a Methodist clergyman, author, and poet, born active Whig. In 1833 he was elected to the at Mount Holly, N. J., June 4, 1808; died in Legislature by the Whigs of Adams County, Philadelphia, October 9, 1868. At the age of and was returned by the same party during the eighteen, though in frail health, he essayed years 1834–35–37–41. In 1836 he was a to become a printer, but, finding himself dismember of the Pennsylvania State Constitu- qualified for this work, he studied medicine. tional Convention, and took an active part in But, having become the subject of a religious all the important debates in the framing of change, his attention was directed to the minthat instrument; but, being then, as always istry, and, just before he was twenty-one years since, hostile to slavery, he refused to sign the of age, he preached his first sermon. He took document because it restricted suffrage on ac- charge of a circuit the same year on the Eastern count of color. After the adoption of the con- Shore of Maryland, and his eloquence, fervor, stitution, Mr. Stevens was again in the Legisla- and remarkable command of language drew ture. This was a period of intense political great congregations wherever he preached. In excitement. For å time two Legislatures 1830 he was elected editor of the Methodist were in session, Mr. Stevens being the leading Protestant, but declined the appointment. In spirit in one, and an equally ardent Democrat 1833 he was stationed at Georgetown, D. O., in the other. They finally coalesced without and in December of that year elected chaplain violence, and united in the choice of a Speaker, of Congress. In 1835 and 1837 he was again and in other acts of legislation. In 1838 Mr. elected to the same position, and meantime Stevens was appointed a Canal Commissioner, published two small volumes of poems, and and managed, so far as he had the power, the compiled a church hymn-book. In 1838 he resystem of internal improvements of Pennsyl- moved to Philadelphia. From 1847 to 1850 he vania with skill and ability. In 1842 Mr. resided in Cincinnati
, and while there was Stevens removed to Lancaster, which, subse- unanimously elected president of the Miami Uniquently was his home. He immediately took versity, but declined the position. In 1850 he á front rank at the bar, and was engaged in removed to Baltimore, where he remained six many important cases. The interval from 1842 years, pastor for most of the time of two to 1848 was devoted to his profession, but, in churches, one Methodist Protestant, the other the latter year, he was elected to the Thirty-sec- Associate Reformed Presbyterian, and enond Congress from the Lancaster district, and gaged also in literary labors. In 1856 he reardently opposed the repeal of the Missouri turned to Philadelphia, which was thenceforCompromise, the Fugitive Slave Law, and the ward his home, though he was in 1862 and 1863 Kansas-Nebraska Bill. In 1859 Mr. Stevens again chaplain of Congress. He was for the was again returned, and continued in Congress twelve years 1856–1868 almost constantly pasby successive reëlections, and at the time of tor of the Church of the New Testament, and