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the sheriff of the county is empowered and directed conservative men, under the banner of the natics to make such assignments of his deputies and other Democratic party—a party faithful to the principles peace officers to the other polling-places, as may in of the Federal Constitution, as maintained by tea his judgment best subserve the purposes of quiet fathers of the Republic: be it therefore and order; and he is further required to report these Resolved, That the Democratic party of South Car arrangements in advance to the commander of the lina do unite with the national Democratic Party military post in which his county is situated. the country, and hold themselves ready, under the
10. Violence, or threats of violence, or of discharge Constitution and the laws, to cooperate with that e. from employment, or other oppressive means to pre- ganization in all principles, and in all measures, the vent any person from registering or exercising his may be regarded conducive
to the interests of the right of voting, is positively prohibited; and any whole country and of all classes of the people. such attempts will be reported by the registrars or Resolved, That the people of this State, incadre judges of election, to the post commander, and will all men prepared to act with the party, be earnesti cause the arrest and trial of the offenders by military invited to form Democratic clubs in every section of authority. The exhibition or carrying of deadly the State. weapons, in violation of General Orders No. 10, of 1867, at or in the vicinity of any polling-places during
The third resolution was in these words: the election herein ordered, will be regarded and Resolved, That the people of this State be urgentis treated as an additional offence.
recommended to go to the polls and vote against the 11. All bar-rooms, saloons, and other places for constitution of the Radical faction lately promulgated the sale of liquors by retail, will be closed from six in Charleston, and to vote for good and true men for o'clock of the evening of the 13th of April until six all offices within their gift. o'clock of the morning of the 17th of April, 1868; After some debate an amendment was adoptand during this time the sale of all intoxicating liquors at or near any polling-place is prohibited. The ed in the following words: police officers of cities and towns, and the sheriffs At the same time, in voting for officers under this and other peace officers of counties, will be held re- constitution, we would put on record our protest sponsible for the strict enforcement of this prohibi- against its validity. tíon, and will promptly arrest and hold for trial all
A fourth resolution was then offered, which persons who may transgress it.
read as follows: 12. Military interference with elections," unless it shall be necessary to repel the armed enemies of the Resolved, That, under the action of the State of United States, or to keep the peace at the polls,” is South Carolina, heretofore taken, we recognize the prohibited by the act of Congress, approved February negroes of the State as an integral element of the 25, 1865, and no soldiers will be allowed to appear at body politic; and, as in person and property, any polling-place, unless as citizens of the State they entitled to a full and equal protection under the State are qualified and are registered as voters, and then constitution and laws. "And that, as citizens of South only for the purpose of voting; but the commanders Carolina, we declare our willingness, when we have of posts will keep their troops well in hand on the the power, to grant them, under proper qualifications days of election, and will be prepared to act promptly as to property and intelligence, the right of suffrage if the civil authorities are unable to preserve the After some discussion, this was amended by peace.
substituting the words "colored population Nominating conventions of both parties were for "negroes," and in that form adopted. The held, to place candidates before the people for nominations were: for Governor, Hon. W. D. the State offices. The Republican nominations Porter, of Charleston; for Lieutenant-Goverwere made by the Constitutional Convention, or, Hon. T. O. Perrin, of Abbeville; for Secsitting as a nominating convention, and with retary of State, Ellison Capers; for Adjutant one exception were taken from the members and Inspector-General,
Colonel J. P. Thomas; of that body. For the office of Governor they for Treasurer, William Hood; for Comptrollernominated General R. K. Scott, a native of General, S. L. Leaphart; for Attorney-GenOhio, who had been for some time Assistant eral, I. W. Hayne; for Superintendent of EduCommissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau in the cation, J. A. Leland. State ; for Lieutenant-Governor, Judge Lem- The commanding general having received uel Boozer; for State Treasurer, N. G. Par- information from different sections of the State, ker, formerly from Massachusetts, who had " and from members of both political parties, served as an officer of colored troops in the that combinations have been formed, or ara war; for Comptroller-General, J. J. Neagle, now being formed, to prevent delay or hinder from New York, originally, however, a North the execution of the laws of the United States, Carolinian; for Secretary of State, É. L. Car- or by force, intimidation, or threat, to prevent doza, a colored man of intelligence and educa- persons from accepting or executing the
duties tion; for adjutant and Inspector-General, F. of any office or employment under the United J. Moses ; for Attorney-General, D. H. Cham- States, at the election to be held under authorberlain, a young man from Massachusetts, who ity of the law of March 2, 1867," issued an had served in the Federal army.
order on the 6th of April, warning all persons The Democratic Convention met at Columbia taking part in any such combinations that they on the 3d of April. The attention of the dels were "amenable not only to the penalties preegates was given, soon after the opening of the scribed under the authority of said laws, bat convention, to a series of resolutions represent- for the violation of the act of Congress 'to de ing the views of the party. The following fine and punish certain conspiracies,' approved were adopted without debate :
July 31, 1861." It was also declared to be the Whereas, In the opinion of this convention, the in- duty of the civil and military authorities " to terests both of our State and our common country im- secure to every registered voter the free and peratively demand the union of all good, wise, and full exercise of his right of suffrage, and this
luty must be fully, faithfully, and impartially strance was submitted in the House of Repreerformed.” Military commissioners were also sentatives, and there it was laid on the table. ppointed for each county with the powers of The principal ground of opposition to the conjustices of the peace, and sheriffs, constables, stitution, on the part of the Democratic party, police officers, and troops, if necessary, were is exhibited in the following passages from placed at their command for the enforcement the "remonstrance: ' of the regulations laid down in regard to the Section two of article eight enfranchises every election under the reconstruction laws. Some male negro over the age of twenty-one, whether a of the complaints had reference to the conduct convict, felon, or a pauper, and disfranchises every of colored citizens, and to these the command- white man who has held office in South Carolina. ing general considered it “proper to say that the in all elections, to ignorance, stupidity, and vice. elective franchise conferred upon them by law The superior race is to be made subservient to the carries with it no authority to restrict others inferior. Taxation and representation are no longer in the free exercise of that right; and that to be united. They who own no property are to levy while it is their duty not to regard threats or holders have to pay these taxes, without having any intimidation as to themselves, any combinations, voice in levying them! The consequences will be, to prevent by force, intimidation, or threats, the in effect, confiscation. The appropriations to supsame free exercise of this right by others will port free schools for the education of negro children, be unlawful, and will subject the offenders to for the support of old negroes in the poor-houses, the penalties prescribed by law and by military with a standing army of negro soldiers, will be crushorders. They are counselled to exercise the ing and utterly ruinous to the State. Every man's right of voting in a quiet and orderly manner, property will have to be sold to pay his taxes. giving offence to no one; and, after casting
We have thus suggested to your honorable body their votes, not to linger about the polling; of this constitution. We waive all argument
some of the prominent objections to your adoption places, but to return quietly to their homes and the subject of its validity. It is a constitution de to their customary avocations."
facto, and that is the ground upon which we approach The election took place without serious dis- your honorable body in the spirit of earnest remonturbance, and resulted in the choice of the Re- strance. That constitution was the work of Northern publican candidates for the State offices. The groes. Not one per cent. of the white population of
adventurers, Southern renegades, and ignorant nevote on the constitution was as follows: the State approves it, and not two per cent. of the
negroes who voted for its adoption understand what Against. Registered.
their act of voting implied. That constitution enfran
chises every male negro over the age of twenty-one, Abbeville..
2,821 1,100 3,921 1,381 and disfranchises many of the purest and best whité Anderson.
1,375 2,687 1,077 men of the State. The negro being in a large nuBarnwell.
5,718 3,357 687 4,044 1,674 merical majority as compared with the whites, the 8,053 4,939
5,099 2,955 effect is that the new constitution establishes in this Charleston... 20.144 12,282 8,334 15,616 4,528 State negro supremacy, with all its train of count3,471 1,750
2,731 Chesterfield 1,936
less evils. A superior race—a portion, Senators and Clarendon 2,353 1,403
707 Representatives, of the same proud race to which it Colleton 5,420 3,083
3,465 1,956 is your pride to belong-is put under the rule of an Darlington.. 4,667 2,710
3,401 1,266 inferior race; the abject slaves of yesterday, the Edgefield
4,514 2,512 Aushed freedmen of to-day. And think you that Fairfield... 3,509 1,986
there can be any just, lasting reconstruction on this 3,856 2,473
738 basis? The committee respectfully reply, in behalf 3,572 1,610
2,398 1,174 Horry 1,640
of their white fellow-citizens, that this cannot be. Kershaw. 2,743 1,406
1,735 1,008 We do not mean to threaten resistance by arms. But Lancaster.. 2,100 780 1,648
the white people of our State will never quietly subLaurens.
4,119 1,901 1,137 8,038 1,081 mit to negro rule. We may have to pass under the Lexington.. 2,595 1,105
221 yoke you have authorized, but by moral agencies, 3,741 1,586 1,565
590 by political organization, by every peaceful means 2,213 1,258
1,693 Newberry. 3,493 2,049
left us, we will keep up this contest until we have 1,603
1,114 489 regained the heritage of political control handed Orangeburg 5,159 2,957 1,167 4,124 1,035 down to us by an honored ancestry. This is a duty
we owe to the land that is ours, to the graves that it Richland..
4,628 2,501 1,248 3,749 Spartanburg.
contains, and to the race of which you and we are 4,449 1,430 1,983 3,413
1,036 alike members--the proud Caucasian race, whose 6,157 3,426
1.249 sovereignty on earth God has ordained, and they 3,383 1,490
2,261 1,122 Williamsburg.. 2,689 1,644
themselves have illustrated on the most brilliant York... 4,233 1,933 1,576 8,509
724 pages of the world's history.
After the passage of the act of Congress, of 183,597 | 70,758 / 27,288 | 98,046 | 85,551
June 25th, popularly known as the “Omnibus The constitution having been ratified, a copy Bill,” the Governor-elect issued a proclamation of the instrument was forwarded to Congress for the assembling of the Legislature on the for its approval.
The Democratic Central 6th of July. The new Governor was inauguCommittee at once framed a remonstrance rated on the 9th of July, and, in his inaugural against it, which was prepared by the Hon. B. address to the Assembly, declared his full conF. Perry, and sent three of their number to fidence in the validity and wisdom of the FedWashington, to urge it upon the attention of eral legislation which had been adopted in Congress. They argued their case before the reconstructing the State. On taking leave of Reconstruction Committee, and the remon- the office, which he had filled since November
435 802 627
1865, Governor Orr submitted a message to choice of the majority fell on Thomas J. Ros. the Legislature, in accordance with an invita- ertson, for the short term, ending in 1871, and tion which he had received, giving all the in- Frederick A. Sawyer for the long term, whici formation in his possession respecting the con- ends in 1873. Judges of the Supreme Court dition and necessities of the State, and he also were also chosen: F. J. Moses being selected issued an address to the people of South Caro- for Chief Justice, and A. J. Willard and S. L lina, in which he reviewed the period of his Hoge for Associates. A resolution with regard own administration, and recommended a cheer- to a memorial to Congress for the removal of ful cooperation with the existing authorities, disabilities was introduced, and referred to : for the restoration of prosperity in the State. committee, but not acted upon at this General Scott also transmitted a message to sion. A bill “to protect all persons in the the Legislature, calling attention to the various State in their civil rights, and furnish the measures required in the organization of the means of their vindication," was introduced in State Government, and recommending such the House of Representatives, which declared acts as he deemed expedient, in carrying into the civil equality of all citizens, and prohibited effect the different provisions of the new con- any discrimination on account of race or colo stitution. One of his most earnest recom- on the part of hotel-keepers, carriers of pas mendations was, that a memorial be sent to sengers, granters of licenses, etc. This bul Congress, praying for the removal of all polit- passed the House after long debate, and in the ical disabilities imposed upon citizens of the Senate was adopted with some important moiiState. The “Fourteenth Amendment" was fications, but the amendments were not conratified by a vote of 108 to 10, and the re- curred in by the House, and the whole measconstruction of the State was practically ure failed. completed by the withdrawal by military Many laws were passed during the session, order, on the 13th of July, of all the authori- the object of which was to effect & reorganizaties created by the reconstruction acts, “ex- tion of the machinery of the State government. cept so far as necessary for the inauguration The various courts provided for in the constiof the new State government, and to close up tution were organized, and laws enacted to unfinished business.” It was announced that regulate their proceedings. Several enactthe terms of office of all agents and appointees, ments were made relating to elections, but instituted for the purpose of carrying into ef none of these were of peculiar interest. A bill fect the authority of the military commander to amend the charter of the city of Charleston, in the civil government of the State, would making provision for an immediate municipal cease on the date of the proclamation of the election under regulations laid down in the President, announcing the ratification of the act, was vetoed by the Governor, and an atFourteenth Amendment; and that the tenure tempt to pass it over his veto was unsuccessof all appointees to civil office under authority ful. Among other measures relating to the of the reconstruction laws should terminate administration of affairs in the State, was a when their successors, elected or appointed homestead law and a law establishing a State under the constitutional laws of the State, police. Two laws were authorized, one to might be "duly qualified.” Further orders provide for certain floating obligations of the were given for completion of business connect- State, known as "bills receivable," and the ed with the functions of district commander, other to provide for the payment of interest and the final withdrawal of all such anomalous on the State debt. The Legislature adjourned authority.
on the 25th of September. The executive government of the reconstruct- The declared principles on which the Dernoed State of South Carolina consists of the follow- cratic party was organized,
at the convention ing officers: Governor, R. K. Scott ; Lieuten- of April, did not give satisfaction to the entira ant-Governor, Lemuel Boozer; Adjutant and body of Conservatives in the State. The point Inspector-General, Franklin J. Moses, Jr.; chiefly objected to was the concession made in Secretary of State, Francis L. Cardoza ; Comp- favor of qualified negro suffrage. In reply to troller-General, J. L. Neagle; Treasurer, Niles a letter of Judge Aldrich, condemning the acG. Parker; Attorney-General, D. H. Cham- tion of the convention, a member of the Demo berlain ; Superintendent of Education, Justus cratic Central Executive Committee gave the K. Jillson.
following as the "views and principles of the The Senate consists of 33 members, nine of Democratic party of South Carolinia
, as now whom are negroes.
Seven of the 24 white organized under the auspices of the April conSenators are Democrats. Only 48 of the 124 vention : members of the other House are white men, and of these but 14 are Democrats. The en
1. We maintain, "with President Johnson and the tire Legislature consists of 72 white and 85 construction programme, enacted and to be enacted colored members.
under the Military Bill of Congress, is unconstituOne of the first duties of the newly-organ- tional, illegal, and properly null and void. ized Legislature, and one in which great inter- Governor Orr, in his
2. We therefore repudiate the admissions made by est was taken, was the election of Senators to tutional Convention, wherein he acknowledged the Congress. After considerable canvassing, the legality of that body.
the so-called Consti
3. We maintain that to the States belongs the ques- Still another Democratic Convention was tion of negro suffrage. And further, believing an af- held on the 6th and 7th of August, at Columessential to party vitality, and a move in the direc- bia, for the purpose of nominating presidential tion of justice and fair dealing, we deem
it becoming electors. Speeches were made by General and right now to say what, in our sovereignty, we Wade Hampton and other prominent Conserwould be willing to concede to the colored element. vatives, and resolutions were adopted declarAnd further, the negro element in our midst, being a large one, we deem it statesmanship not to ig
ing: nore it.
1. We adopt the declaration of principles of the 4. We appreciate, as fully as any, the dignity and national Democratic party, and indorse the nominaclaims of the white race, and contend that their po- tions of Seymour and Blair. litical control of this state, and the country at large, 2. While entering a protest against the reconstrucis a right which must never be given up. This must tion acts, we rely confidently on constitutional agenbe, and shall be par excellence, a white man's gov- cies and peaceful instrumentalities to bring us the ernment.
peace we seek and the reforms we need. 5. But, at the same time, confident and strong in 3. We invite all to unite with the Democracy in the the knowledge of the white man's power, influence, effort to save free institutions and secure a genuine and resolve, we hold it magnanimous, just, and right, restoration to the Union, and put the republic on a to give the colored man a fair showing, and to set a career of honor, peace, and prosperity.. premium upon industry, intelligence, and worth, 4. That President Johnson, for resisting the agwhenever these elements are found in him. Wo gression of Congress, is entitled to the gratitude of would extend no consideration to the black man's the people. Radical advisers from the North, nor to his renegade 5. Our acknowledgments are due to the citizens, adherents South; but, as respects the great mass of soldiers, and sailors of the North who, amid the colored people themselves, in consideration of their storm of Radical passions, have raised their voice in own inexperience, and the influences to which they behalf of an insulted and outraged section. have been subjected, we are disposed to indulge 6. The State Central Committee is authorized to them yet longer.
fill vacancies resulting from the death or resignation Another convention was held on the 9th of
of presidential electors; also, to take such steps as June
for the purpose of sending delegates to may be necessary to insure a Democratic success. the National Oonvention at New York, and a
An address was soon after issued by the Excommittee was appointed to confer with the ecutive Committee of the party to the colored Executive Committee of the former conven
citizens of the State, in which they attempted tion. A harmonious meeting was held, which to show that the Southern Democrats are the resulted in the proposition that the present real friends of the colored men, and reproach convention appoint an Executive Committee the latter for numerous disorders which they of its own, and that the two be united at were led into by political excitement. an early day. This was unanimously agreed The negroes made a reply to this address, in to, and the only platform adopted was em
which they assume to prove, from the past braced in the following resolutions, which con- record of the Democratic party, that it had stituted a supplemental report of the commit- not shown itself a friend to the colored man, tee of conference:
and deny that they have any disposition to
excite disorders, or indulge in violence. DurResolved, That the Democratic party of this state ing the heat of the campaign some disturbduly appreciates and accepts the invitation from the Executive Committee of the Democratic party of the
ances occurred, and, on the 31st of August, United States, to send delegates to the general con- Governor Scott issued a proclamation, in which vention to be held in New York, on the 4th day of he stated that information had reached him of July next, to nominate candidates for the presidency armed and disciplined organizations, formed and vice-presidency of the United States
; but, inas- for
inCarolina labors will render it impossible for the timated, of the Democratic party. This was, white race to cast the vote of the State, at the next however, denied by the Democratic Commitpresidential election, it is recommended to the dele- tee, who further declared that “in the fugates appointed from this State to ask the counsel of ture, as heretofore, this party proposes to be a their brethren from other States as to the propriety party of peace, of law, and order, and conof their voting in the convention, and to govern fidently relies upon peaceful instrumentality, themselves accordingly.
Resolved, That having entire confidence in the and the ballot, to accomplish political reform, principles and patriotism of the Democratic party, which the interests of the State and country and believing, and trusting to their assurances that demand." The negroes were also accused of South, as they have done in the North, in the East, arming and
drilling companies, and threatening and in the West, the supremacy and government of danger to the whites, but no serious outbreak the white race-a white man's government-leaving occurred. One result of these excitements, to the states themselves to regulate their suffrage however, was the enactment of a law by the laws; and, also, that they will expunge the usurpa- Legislature " for the suppression of insurrecmilitary power, under what are called the reconstruction and rebellion.” This gave the Governor tion laws, and thereby restore to the Union the authority to call out the militia for this purpose, Southern States, such as they were before the enact- and to seize and control railroads and telegraphs, ment of said laws,we hereby pledge ourselves to the
as a part of the military establishment. support of the candidates of that party for President and Vice-President of the United States, to be nom
Several assassinations occurred during the inated at the coming convention in the city of New fall
, prompted, as is supposed, by political moYork, the 4th day of July next.
tives, the most notable of which were those of James Martin and B. F. Randolplı, both SPAIN, a country in Europe. From Janmembers of the General Assembly.
uary, 1868, until September, the country was At the presidential election in November, under the rule of Queen Isabella II. ; in Sep107,538 votes were cast, of which 62,301 were tember a successful revolution overthrew the given in favor of the election of General Grant, throne of the Queen, and the country was onand 45,237 were for Seymour: Grant's ma- til the close of the year under a provisional jority, 17,064. There are four congressional government. Queen Isabella II. was born Octodistricts in the State, three of which sent ber 10, 1830; succeeded her father on SeptemRepublican, and one a Democratic Representa- ber 29, 1833; was declared of age by decree of tive to Washington.
the Cortes, November 8, 1843; was married OcThe Legislature met in regular session on tober 10, 1846, to her first cousin, Francisco de the fourth Wednesday in November, and two Assis, Titular King of Spain, born May 13, 1822, weeks later adjourned into the month of Jan- son of the Infante_ Francisco, brother of King uary, 1869.
Ferdinand VII. Heir-apparent was Alfonso, The entire bonded debt of South Carolina Prince of Asturias, born November 28, 1857. amounts to $5,407,306.27, consisting of the The eldest daughter of the Queen, Infanta Isafollowing items:
bella, born December 20, 1851, married on May
14, 1868, the Count of Girgenti, brother of the Three per cent. stock, payable at the pleasure of the State
$38,836 60 ex-King Francis II. of Naples. The only sister Six per cent. fire loan, payable in 1870..... 314,453 89 of the Queen, Infanta Louisa, was born JanSix per cent, stock new State-House Six per cent, stock and bonds, funded debt 1,282,071 24 uary 30, 1832, and married October 10, 1846,
"484,444 51 to Antoine, Duke of Montpensier, youngest son Six per cent. bonds, Blue Ridge Railroad... 1,000,000 00 of the late King Louis Philippe of France. The Six per cent. bonds, new State Capitol. 511,600 00
right of Queen Isabella to the throne has alMaking a grand total of...... .$5,407,306 27 ways been contested by the family of her Interest due on the entire debt July 1, 1869....$365,204 82 father's brother, Don Carlos (born March 29, Interest due January 1, 1869.
169,214 88 1788; died at Trieste, March 10, 1855). Don Total interest....
Carlos, on May 18, 1845, resigned his claims to .$514,418 70
the throne in favor of his eldest son, Don CarThe regular report of the financial opera- los, Count of Montemolin, after whose death, tions of the State covers the period from the January 13, 1861, the second son of Don Carlos, 15th of May to the 15th of November. The Don Juan, born May 15, 1822, inherited the claim expenses of the Government during that time to the throne. Don Juan, after the revolution of were $409,688.76, while the receipts for the September, 1868, resigned his claims in favor of same time, including the funds on hand on May his eldest son, Don Carlos, Duke of Madrid, born 1st, amounted to $435,373.83. The estimated March 30, 1848 ; married February 4, 1867, to disbursements of the current year are put at Infanta Margareta, daughter of the late Duke $819,290.51, including interest on the public Charles III. of Parma. The act of renunciation debt to the amount of $330,692.38.
is dated Paris, October 3, 1868, and says: The reorganization of the public institutions "My only ambition being the happiness of the has made a good degree of progress during the Spaniards--that is to say, the internal prospast year. The Lunatic Asylum has been in perity of my beloved country and her prestige successful operation, and on the 7th of Novem- abroad—I believe it to be my duty to abdicate, ber contained 204 inmates. There is a new and do hereby abdicate all my rights to the penitentiary at Columbia, having 500 cells for crown of Spain in favor of my son Don Carlos." male convicts, and 48 for females. On the The attempts made after the expulsion of Queen 15th of January, 1868, there were 187 prison- Isabella from Spain, to effect a fusion of the ers in the penitentiary, 158 of which were ne- two lines of Bourbons, failed, and both Isabells groes.
and Don Carlos, who assumed the name Carlos The State has property in railroads as fol. VII., up to the close of the year, maintained lows:
their rival claims. Shares in Northeastern Railroad Company $120,000 00 ish ministry was composed as follows: Presi
At the beginning of the year 1868 the SpanShares in Spartanburg and Union Railroad Company.
250.000 00 dent and Minister of War, Marshal_Ramon Shares in Pendleton Railroad Company. 42,500 00 Shares in Greenville and Columbia Railroad
Maria Narvaez y Cámpos, Duke of Valencia Company,
433,960 00 (appointed July, 1866); Foreign Affairs, ArraShares in Blue Ridge Railroad Company... 1,310,000 00 zola (1867); Grace and Justice, Marquis de Shares in Columbia and Augusta Railroad Company..
42,200 00 Roncali (1867); Finances, Marquis de BarzaShares in Cheraw and Coalfields Railroad
nallana (1866); Interior, Bravo Murillo (1866); Company....
200,000 00 Shares in Laurens Railroad Company..
Public Works, Commerce and Instruction, Shares in South Carolina Railroad Company 24,000 00 Orobio (1866); Navy, Belda (1867); Colonies, Shares in Charleston and Savannah Rail. road Company........
Marfori (1867). On February 15, Severo Ca. Shares in Southwestern Railroad Bank. 6,000 00 talina was appointed Minister of the Navy. In Shares in Keowee and Tuckaseegee Turnpike Company....
of the death (March 23, 1868) of 6,000 00
the Prime Minister Marshal Narvaez, the whole Total..
$1,754,660 00 ministry tendered their resignation, and on the