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three colors only—black, white, and rose pink. reëlected the three following years. He twice This portrait is in the possession of his family, declined, during the period of his service as and shows that even at an early age the artist Governor, an election to the United States had acquired a delicate sense of art in the ar- Senate—from an unwillingness to be further rangement of the drapery, the tenderness of drawn away from his cherished profession. In the expression of the mouth, the modelling, 1847 he was elected by the Legislature a judge and the freedom of touch in the painting of of the Superior Court, and of the Supreme the hair, some of which characteristics are ap- Court of Errors, and remained on the bench as parent in his latest pictures." Finding that one of the associate judges of the Supremo his passion for art was so strong, his father Court, until he reached the age of seventy, wisely allowed him to pursue the necessary when his term expired by limitation of law. studies to become a painter. Having learned He then retired to private life, carrying with what he could of his art, and become a very him, however, the unabated interest in public fair portrait-painter in Syracuse, he came to affairs, and in religious and charitable enterNew York in 1833, or the beginning of 1834, prises, which made his life so honored and useand became a pupil of Trumbull

, and subse- ful to the last. Since 1827 he had held the quently of Quidor, a fancy painter of some appointment of Professor of Law in Trinity note. While here, he painted portraits of College. He received the degree of LL. D. Captain and Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt, for from the University of New York in 1838. which he received the modest sum of fifty dol- ENGLE, Rear-Admiral FREDERICK, U. S. N., lars each. He also painted in oils some scenes a distinguished officer of the Navy, born in from Irving's and Paulding's works, which Delaware County, Pa., in 1799; died in Philwere thought very creditable for so young an adelphia, February 12, 1868. He entered the artist. After a residence of little more than service November 30, 1814, and had consea year in New York City, he returned to West- quently been a naval officer for more than ern New York and practised his profession, fifty-three years, of which almost twenty had confining himself particularly to portrait-paint- been passed afloat. At the beginning of the ing, for about ten years. He returned to New Mexican War he had risen to the rank of York City in 1845, and in 1846 became a captain, and commanded the Princeton, winmember of the National Academy of Design. ning distinction by his services in the blockadFrom that time he had been a resident of New ing squadron. When treason threatened the York or its immediate neighborhood, though capture of the United States Navy, Captain occasionally absent for several months at Al- Engle, as an officer worthy of confidence, was bany or Washington. He had painted a large sent to China to assume command of the number of portraits, and all were remarkable Hartford, and brought that powerful ship for the fidelity of their likeness, the vigor and home to aid in overcoming the South. His perfection of their coloring, and for presenting advanced age disabled him; he was therethe sitter in his most characteristic and effec- fore assigned to the command of the Navytive expression. In private life he was one of Yard at Philadelphia, and subsequently became the most genial and social of men.

Governor of the Naval Asylum in that city. ELLSWORTH, WILLIAM WOLOOTT, LL. D. He was promoted to be rear admiral on the an eminent Connecticut jurist, born in Wind- retired list, July 25, 1866. Finally, after a sor, Conn., November 10, 1791 ; died at Hart- long life of honorable service to his country, ford, Conn., January 15, 1868,' He was the he resigned his office, and remained thencethird son of Oliver Ellsworth, second Chief forward waiting orders, until his death. Justice of the United States, and a twin brother EUROPE. The aspect of Europe during the of the late Henry L. Ellsworth, long Commis- year 1868 was, on the whole, of a pacific sioner of Patents at Washington, D. O. He character. The great powers seemed desirous graduated from Yale College in the class of to preserve peace, and none of the important 1810, and at once commenced his legal studies international questions—the German, the Rounder Judges Reeve and Goald in the Law man, and the Eastern-brought on a war. School at Litchfield, and afterward continued There was, however, one serious breach of them in Hartford, in the office of his brother- the universal peace—the revolution in Spain. in-law, the late Chief-Justice Williams. He Being unconnected with any of the great inwas admitted to the bar in 1813, and was en- ternational complications which have agitated gaged in the successful practice of his profes- Europe for years, its effects did not extend besion until 1829, when he was elected to Con- yond the change of the form of government gress and twice reëlected at the expiration of in Spain. It occupies a remarkable place in his term. He resigned, however, at the close the history of European revolutions for the of the first session of the Twenty-third Con- rapidity with which it spread, and the univergress, to return to his profession. He was a sal support it met with. Within a few weeks member of the Judiciary Committee during the after the raising of the first insurrectionary whole of this period, and a member of the cry, in September, it overthrew the throne of committee appointed to investigate the affairs Queen Isabella. For the remainder of the of the United States Bank at Philadelphia. In year Spain was administered by a Provisional 1838 he was chosen Governor of the State, and Government, which represented three parties,

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the “Liberal Union,” the “Progresistas," and Turkish ambassador left Athens, and the the “Democrats.” The determination of the Greek ambassador Constantinople, and the future government of Spain was referred to relations between the two countries became so the Constituent Cortes, to be elected by uni- unfriendly that, for some days, a war was reversal suffrage, in January, 1869. Hardly any garded as inevitable. But the great powers of opposition was made to the Provisional Govern- Europe promptly interfered, and agreed upon ment by the few partisans of the ex-Queen, or a European Conference, to be held in Paris in the Absolutists (partisans of the family of Don January. (See CANDIA, GREECE, TURKEY.) Carlos); but serious dissensions arose in the No agitation at all 'was caused during the last weeks of the year between the Republican year by the question of the annexation of party and the Provisional Government. The Rome to Italy, or by the efforts made in Gerlatter, instead of awaiting the decision of the many for the consummation of German unity. Constituent Cortes on the form of government, The Roman question again formed the subject used their whole influence in behalf of the re- of a diplomatic correspondence between the establishment of a monarchy. This led to Governments of Italy. and France; but the bloody conflicts in Cadiz and Malaga, and Italian party of action took no steps toward threatened more disturbances during the com- another expedition against the temporal powing year. The strength of the Republican er, and the Italian Government put off to the party was a surprise to the entire world, and future all its hopes for consummating the unity even appeared to be greater than in any other of the kingdom. Prussia expressly vindicated monarchical country of Europe. (See SPAIN.) her right to comply with the application of

Soon after the beginning of the Spanish revo- any of the South-German States for admission lution, insurrectionary movements broke out into the North-German Confederation; and in Cuba. Being at first somewhat undefined, the Government and people of Baden expressed and directed partly against the reëstablishment a great desire to enter the Confederation at of a monarchical government in the Spanish once, but practically no step was taken in addominions, and partly for severing the connec- vance, and, this being so, France appeared very tion of Cuba with Spain, they soon became anxious to avoid any quarrel with Prussia. entirely a war of independence. The great (See FRANCE, GERMANY, ITALY.) majority of the population in Cuba showed it- The party of progress in Europe, which self in sympathy with the insurrection, and at aims at narrowing the prerogatives of royalty the close of the year still held out against the and of aristocracy, and of reconstructing the Spanish forces. (See SPAIN.)

states on the principles of popular sovereignty England, at the beginning of the year, found and universal suffrage, gained several imporherself at war with Abyssinia. The landing of tant victories during the

past year. In Spain the troops had begun in October, 1867, but & the Provisional Government ordered the munireal advance did not take place until January, cipal elections and the election for the Con1868. Hardly any resistance was offered by stituent Cortes to take place, on the basis King Theodore until the arrival of the English, of universal suffrage; and as three of the politin April, 1868, before his stronghold, Magdala, ical parties—the Republicans, the monarchical where he made a desperate fight, and, after the Democrats, and the Progressists—are in favor capture of the fort, fell by his own hand. The of universal suffrage, it was expected that, English troops at once evacuated the country. whatever form of government may be decided (See ABYSSINIA.)

upon by the Constituent Cortes, universal sufRussia is steadily advancing in Central Asia, frage will be engrafted upon the new Spanish and, during the past year, conquered the wholé Constitution. Next in importance was the country of the Emir of Bokhara. The Rus- great victory of the Liberal party in England. sian Government disclaims any intention of They had, in 1867, compelled the Tories to annexing, for the present, additional territory; consent to a considerable enlargement of the but, at all events, she is steadily increasing her law of suffrage. This year the majority of the power and influence in Asia. Russian writers House of Commons, under the leadership of claim that Russia is, and England and France Mr. Gladstone, passed resolutions in favor of are not, Asiatic powers, and that the time will disestablishing the State Church of Ireland, come when European powers like England and when thereupon Parliament was dissolved and France will receive notice to quit Asia. and an appeal made to the people, the new (See Russia.)

election largely increased the Liberal majority The insurgents in Candia continued through- in the House of Commons, and led to the forout the year to defy the authority of the Turk- mation of a Liberal Cabinet, under the leaderish Government, being encouraged by the ship of Mr. Gladstone. The Liberal ministry in frequent arrival of men and ammunition from Austria, which was appointed in December, Greece, and by the sympathy of Russia and 1867, maintained itself, notwithstanding all the the United States. In December, the Turkish violent attacks upon it on the part of the priestGovernment presented to that of Greece an hood. The Concordat of 1855 was abolished, ultimatum, demanding a pledge that no further and the principles of religious and civil liberty aid should be given Candia. The ultimatum struck deep root throughout the land. was rejected by the Greek Government, the In France the Liberal party remained de

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