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In one of the girls' schools 31 out of 98 have tive officer, uniting courtesy and kindness with been baptized. Over $168,000 have been ex- strict discipline, a ready and eloquent preacher, pended in the last 36 years, with a result of 4 and an easy, graceful and accomplished writer. churches and 149 members.

He was a frequent and valued contributor to In Japan there is a mission of the American the Evangelical Review, as well as to the LuFree Mission Society. In the spring of 1867, theran papers; but, aside from his contributions Mr. Goble, the missionary, visited the northern to these, his baccalaureate and other addresses, portion of Sikok, the central Japanese island. and some occasional sermons and essays, he On the vessel were two Japanese passengers, has left little published matter to demonstrate naval officers of the princes of Awa and Tósa, his rare abilities. His health had been generthe latter having been a pupil in Mrs. Goble's ally robust, and his last illness, an affection of school. Through him Mr. Goble became ac- the throat, was of only eight days' duration. quainted with several influential Japanese offi- BAVARIA, a kingdom in South Germany. cers, from whom he received a very cordial King, Ludwig II., born August 25, 1845; sucinvitation to visit and locate himself in Tósa, ceeded his father, Maximilian II., on March 10, the southern part of Sikok.

1864. Prime minister (since January 1, 1867), VI. AFRICA.—The Baptists in Liberia have Prince Clovis von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst. 20 organized churches, 12 ordained preachers, Bavaria has an area of 29,373 square miles, and 1,300 members. They received assistance, and, according to the census of 1867, a popuuntil 1861, from the Southern Baptist Board. lation of 4,824,421, which was divided as folThe missionary premises of the Board at Yoru- lows among the eight provinces of the kingba were destroyed by a mob, and the mission- dom: aries driven to Lagos. One of the missionaries (Ur. Phillips) returns to America for his health,

Upper Bavaria.

..827,669 leaving Mr. Stone alone.

Lower Bavaria..

...594,511 Palatinate..

.626,066 The African mission of the American Union

Upper Palatirtate and Ratisbon. 491,295 is to be resumed.

Upper Franconia..

535,060 A missionary convention was held at Mar

Central Franconia.

..579,688 shall, on the Junk River, in Liberia, on Wednes

Lower Franconia.

..584,972 Suabia..

..585,160 day, March 25, and Thursday, March 26, 1868. Ten Baptist churches were represented. It

Total....

. 4,824,421 was unanimously voted to organize the "Liberian Baptist Missionary Union,” for “the evan

A census of religious denominations, taken in gelization of the heathen ” within the borders 1852, showed 3,176,333 Catholics, 1,233,894 of the republic of Liberia, “and contiguous Protestants, 5,560 other Christians, and 56,033 thereto.”. Twelve fields of missionary labor Israelites. In December, 1867, a new census were designated and commended to the care of religious denominations was taken, but its of the nearest churches. Rev. John T. Rich- results had not been published in January, ardson was appointed a commissioner to repre; Catholics would amount to about 3,300,000,

1869. It was thought that the number of sent the "Liberian Baptist Missionary Union" in the United States. Two young men were

Protestants 1,320,000, other Christians 6,000, chosen as students of divinity to accompany Israelites 64,000. The capital, Munich, had, the commissioner, in order to be educated for in 1867, 170,688 inhabitants.' The army, ac

cording to the law of January 30, 1868, conBAUGHER, HENRY L., D.D., an American sists, first, of the standing army, and, second, Lutheran clergyman, teacher and college Presi. of the landwehr. The standing army is divided dent

, born at Abbottstown, Pa., about 1805; into the active army and the reserve. The died at Gettysburg, Pa., April 14, 1868. He time of service is three years in the active graduated at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., army, three years in the reserve, and five years in 1825, studied theology at Princeton and Get in the landwehr. The active army consists of tysburg, was licensed to preach by the Maryland 49,949 men. In the budget for one year of the Synod, and elected pastor at Boonsboro, Md., ninth financial period (1868 and 1869), both in 1829 and in 1830 called to Gettysburg to

revenues and expenditures are estimated at take charge of a classical school, called into 87,144,606 florins. The public debt in April, existence by the exigencies of the Lutheran 1866, amounted to 334,405,150 florins (of Theological Seminary, already established which 121,739,300 was railroad debt). there. The school rapidly expanded into a

Bavaria celebrated, in 1868, the fiftieth ancollege, and in 1832 Rev. Dr. Krauth became niversary of the constitution, which, with its first President, while Mr. Baugher filled slight modifications, still exists in the country. the chair of the Greek language and Belles- The king, on this occasion, issued the followLettres. He continued in this professorship ing proclamation to the people : until 1850, when, on the retirement of Dr.

PalacE OF BERG, May 26th. Krauth from the presidency of the college, he Fifty years to-day have elapsed since the first King was chosen his successor, and continued in of Bavaria, my ancestor, Maximilian I., granted å that position until his death. He was an ex

constitution to the country. The principles on

which this fundamental law rests have not ceased to cellent and successful teacher, an able execu- rule, unrestrictedly, the nation, from that memorablo

the ministry.

day sa which the benefits of the per institutions farewell proclamation that he bad sought the drew.cher and made sure cordial the ties which for welfare of his people bevre

his own, and that stories have snited the prince and the people of his heart still glowed with atfection for Bavaria austr. I also will bear anize saclard of the and Germany. The twenty years which have constitution; and under its proteinz steier may passed since his abdication have been spent the prosperity of my essed country increase and by the King in dignified retirement, in the purbessene 11 mste enlid, for I find any higgest hap- saits of literature and art, and have doubtless pinces in that of my people.-Lots.

been happier than those in which he wore the On May 26th a treaty was concladed be- crown. His contributions from his private intween Bavaria and the United States as to the come to Catholic institations in the United nationality of emigrants. Its stipulations are States exceed 110.000 forios. More than simiiar to those of the American treaty upon twenty different institutions, chiefly educathe same subject with the North-German Con- tional, were thus aided by him. federation. (See Gzemasy.)

BEACH, MOSES YALE, an American publishBAVARIA, LUDWIG, KAEL Atatst (Loris er and editor, born in Wallingford, Conn., JanI.), Ex-Kisg op, born at Munich, August 25, uary 7, 1800; died in the same town, July 1756, died at Nice, France, February 29, 1863. 19, 1868. In early boyhood he exhibited He was the son of Maximilian Joseph, King of unusual skill in mechanies, and while attending Bavaria, and was educated at the Universities school, or at home, he was constantly whitof Landshut and Göttingen, and served in the tling out models of machines, or making curicampaign against Austria, in 1809. He had a ous contrivances of wood. When fourteen remarkable taste for the fine arts, and paid years of age he was apprenticed to a cabinetinuch more attention to painting and sculpture maker in Hartford, and, by diligence in perthan to the principles of government. He forming extra tasks, was able to purchase his saved as much as possible from his allowance freedom in his eighteenth year. After being as crown prince, to invest in works of art, and employed as a journeyman in Northampton, built at his own cost the magnificent Glypto- Mass., a short time, he went into business for thek, at Munich. On his accession to the himself, and it was not long before his cabinetthrone after his father's death, October 13, work was reputed to be the best in the country. 1825, he speedily became popular from his lib- Yet his business was unsuccessful, and he reeral schemes of government, economic reforms, moved to Springfield, where he neglected other and his enlightened patronage of letters and interests, to experiment with a gunpowder enart. He opened the first railway in Germany, gine for propelling balloons. Not succeeding and promoted the canal which opened water with this invention, he nest attempted to open communication between the Main and the Dan- steam navigation on the Connecticut River, ube. He removed the University of Landshut between Hartford and Springfield, and would to Munich, reorganized the Academy of Fine have done so, if the state of his affairs had not Arts, and erected the Odeon, Basilica, the Royal obliged him to cease operations before his Palace, the Gate of Victory, and the new Pina- steamer was completed. Others, for adopting cothek at Munich, and the Walhalla at Ratis- his plan, gained much credit, taking a steamer bon. In the sphere of learning he gave great over Enfield Falls, a feat that had been looked encouragement to the prosecution of historical on as impossible. Soon afterward Mr. Beach studies, and attested his taste for poetry, by invented a rag-cutting machine, which has the publication of two volumes, of his own been generally used by paper-mills, yet he recomposition, one entitled “Poems” (1829), the ceived no pecuniary benefit from his machine, other " Companions of the Walhalla" (1843). because he delayed taking out a patent for it. The ultramontane or clerical party, after a He next removed to Ulster County, N. Y., time, began to gain the ascendency over him, where he became interested in an extensive and the former liberal and constitutional mon- paper-mill, and though amassing a large proparch became a reactionist. In 1831 the ultra- erty in six years, he lost it all during the montanists began to predominate in his coun- seventh. This was the last of his reverses. cils,' and within the next ten years the num- In 1835 he came with his family to New York ber of convents was doubled. Behr, Eisen- City, where he bought an interest in The Sun mann, Volkhardt, and other liberals were ex- newspaper, and in a short time became its sole iled or imprisoned. In 1846, however, a change proprietor. The wealth which he acquired in was made; the minister Abel and his successor publishing this paper made him prominent in were both dismissed from office, and the King banking and other financial operations. Presicalled a Liberal to fill the place. The peers dent Polk sent him to Mexico, during the were, however, mostly reactionists. Serious Mexican war, to arrange a treaty of peace. riots ensued in 1848, and the people now be- The negotiations, though satisfactory, were gan to clamor for reforms, and for a special con- broken off by a false report, announcing that vocation of the Chambers (the Bavarian Legis- Santa Anna had annihilated General Taylor's lature). The King refused both requests, and army.

Mr. Beach retired from business in there were strong indications of a revolution. 1857, and up to the time of his death resided On the 21st of March the King abdicated in in his native town, where his liberality and favor of his son Maximilian, protesting in his readiness to aid in all movements for the im

provement of the place, and its intellectual and tives passed the Government bill for the continmoral advancement, greatly endeared him to gent of 12,000 men for 1869, being an increase its citizens.

of 2,000 men over the previous year, by sixtyBELGIUM, a kingdom in Europe. King, eight votes against forty-three. The bill proLeopold II., born April 9, 1865; succeeded his posing to divide the contingent into two secfather, Leopold I., on December 10, 1865. The tions, one effective and the other reserve, was only son of the king, Prince Leopold, born adopted, by sixty-six votes against thirty-five, June 12, 1859, died in January, 1869. Heir- after a very stormy sitting. The reduction apparent is now the king's only brother, Count of the time of service to twenty-four months Philip of Flanders, born March 24, 1837, mar- was adopted by eighty-seven votes against ried April 25, 1867, to Princess Maria of Hohen- twenty-one. The Chamber subsequently adoptzollern-Sigmaringen. The area is 11,373 square ed, by a majority of thirty-eight votes, a reoriniles. The population was estimated in De- ganization of the regimental lists. Previously cember, 1865, at 4,984,451, but in 1866, accord- (February 220), M. Lehardy's amendment, proing to the “provisional” results of the census posing that the army should be exclusively of that year, it only amounted to 4,839,094. composed of volunteers, had been rejected, by The following cities had above 100,000 inhab- seventy-four against eighteen. itants: Brussels, 163,434 (with eight adjacent Owing to the pressure exercised by France communities, 286,827); Ghent, 116,607; Ant- and other governments, the Government of werp, 123,571; Liege, 101,699.

Belgium has for years expelled a number of The ministry was reorganized on January 3, liberal refugees. "In May, the Chamber of 1868, so as to consist of the following mem- Representatives adopted the Government bill, bers: President of the Council and Minister proposing to renew until 1871 the law relating of Finance, Hubert Frère-Orban, appointed to foreigners residing in Belgium. During Jannary 3, 1868; Minister of Justice, Jules Ba- the debate the ministry stated that the exra, November 12, 1865; Minister of Foreign pulsion of M. Rogeard took place in conseAffairs, Jules van der Stichelen, January 3, quence of his attacks upon the Belgian Govern1868; Minister of War, General Renard, Jan- ment, and with a view to avoid eventual diffipary 3, 1868; Minister of the Interior, Eudore culties with France. General Prim and M. Pirmez, January 3, 1868; Minister of Public Vessinier were not expelled, but simply reWorks, Jamar, January 3, 1868. ·

quested to leave Belgium. The budget for 1868, as approved by the BELL, Henry H., U. S. N., a Rear-Admiral Chambers, fixed the revenue at 169,403,280 in the United States naval service, born in francs; the expenditures at 171,911,650 francs. North Carolina, about 1808; drowned at the The national debt, in 1868, amounted to 717,- mouth of Osaka River, Japan, January 11, 155,214 francs.

1868. Rear-Admiral Bell was appointed a The army, according to the law of April 5th, midshipman from North Carolina, in August, is to be raised, in time of war, to 100,000 men. 1823, and during his more than forty-five years

The exports and imports of Belgium, in of service in the Navy, twenty-five of which 1866 and 1865 were as follows (value in mill- were passed afloat, he saw more severe fighting ions of francs):

than has usually fallen to the lot of our naval commanders. His first experience, in naval warfare, was on board of the Grampus, when

she was engaged in clearing the coast of Cuba Europe.... 579.27 611.88

575.73

of pirates. He was connected with the East America. 157.78 185.37

24.12 India squadron for many years, and commandAsia,

ed one of the vessels of the squadron which, Africa,

1.29 1.30 in November, 1856, captured and destroyed Australia.

0.10

the four barrier forts near Canton, China. Total... 747.35 756.42 643.20 601.65

Early in the late war he was assigned to the

command of one of the first-rates forming the The amount of shipping during 1866 was as West Gulf squadron, took an active part in the follows: Arrivals, 4,568 vessels, of 1,067,886 capture of New Orleans, and the siege of tons; clearances, 4,478 vessels of 1,029,113 Vicksburg, and in the blockade rendered estons. The merchant navy, on December 31, sential service. For a time, in 1863, he was 1865, consisted of 98 vessels, together of 37,925 in command of the West Gulf squadron, and tons.

when Rear-Admiral Thatcher was ordered to An election for the renewal of one-half of other duty the command of it again devolved the House of Representatives, which, accord

In July, 1865, he was ordered to the ing to the Belgian Constitution, takes place command of the East India squadron, his rank every two years, resulted in the gain of one being then that of commodore. In July, 1866, member by the Government, or Liberal party, he was promoted to be rear-admiral, and, in which has now in the House seventy-three 1867, having served more than forty years in members, against fifty-one belonging to the the navy, he was retired; but Rear-Admiral Catholic party.

S. O. Rowan, who was to have relieved him, On March 13th the Chamber of Representa- had not arrived when he was drowned. He

EXPORTS.

IMPORTY.

COUNTRIES.

1866.

1865.

1866.

1865.

611.36
29.94
0.51

5.24

0.33

8.92
1.38

4.44

0.18

on him.

COUNTRIES.

the following statistics were reported of the September 30, 1867, from the mission press at churches in connection with the “Union:" Rangoon, a total of 90,750 copies of books and Number of churches, 2,411; of chapels, 2,642; tracts, comprising 5,502,800 pages. The theoof members, 221,524, a clear increase of 7,757. logical seminary at Rangoon has had an averAdditions to the ministry, 88; 25 new places of age attendance of about 58 pupils, who were worship have been erected at a cost of £33,623, supported at a total expense of $1,375.70, or and 31 others enlarged. The “General Bap- $23.72 each. Two missions (Bassein and Rantists," who lean toward the “Unitarians," re- goon) are supported in Burmah by the Amerported, in 1868, 20,399 members, 537 less than ican Free Mission Society. In the Bassein in 1865. The baptisms of 1867 fell short of mission there is 1 missionary on duty, with a those of 1862 by 619.

Karen co-laborer. Members, 5,862; village The “Baptist Union," at its meeting held in schools, 43; pupils, 1,173. In the Rangoon May, declared in favor of the establishment of mission there are 2 missionaries; nearly 1,000 an equitable system of national education, with members have been added in 6 years ; 20 new separation of secular and religious instruction, chapels were erected last year. Pupils in the the former only to be controlled by the State. schools, 1,500. The receipts of the Baptist Missionary Society The distinguishing feature of the Assamese were £39,912, the largest it ever has had ex- mission (Amer. Bapt. Miss. Union) during the cept in the Jubilee year. The number of past year has been the work among the Garos, missionaries and assistants was 58; of native . where a church of nearly 40 members has churches, 105; of members connected with sprung up almost in a day. There are two missions, 6,200.

schools, and four Garo assistants are already V. BAPTISTS ON THE CONTINENT OF EUROPE. engaged. There has been issued a total of -The Baptist Churches on the Continent of 547,400 pages of books and tracts from the Europe have generally been organized by the press of this mission. American Baptist Missionary Union, and most The Mission to the Teloogoos (Amer. Bapt. of them remain in connection with it. Accord- Miss. Union) reports the following statistics: ing to the last annual report of the Union, the Missionaries, 3, and their wives; native assiststatistics of the Baptist churches on the Conti- ants, etc., 9; stations, 6; members, 139, an innent of Europe were, in December, 1867, as crease of 93. Local receipts of over 1,200 rufollows:

pees have been realized at the Nellore station.

In Siam, the Amer. Bapt. Miss. Union supports 1 missionary and wife, and has 1 station.

There are 24 members, an increase of 2; France...

373

2 missionaries and their wives and 2 female Germany

12,631 11,894 Denmark

missionaries labor among the Chinese popula17 1,726 1,726 Holland.

tion of Siam. The number of members of this Switzerland.

292 mission is 53; number of baptized during the Poland. Russia..

857 Sweden..

In China, the Amer. Bapt. Miss. Union has 199 7,444 6,875

now two missions: the Southern China Mis297 23,796 22,462 sion (late Tie Chin) and Eastern China Mis

sion (late Ningpo Mission). The statistics of Outside of Sweden, where the Baptist missions the former mission were: Missionaries, 3, and are self-supporting and independent, there are, their wives; out-stations, 11; native assistants, in the European missions, 1,118 stations, with 9, 2 of whom have been ordained during the about 250 ministers and colporteurs ; 102 Sun- year. The statistics of the latter : Missionaday-schools, with 3,194 scholars. The church- ries, 4, and their wives; native assistants, etc., es in Sweden form 10 Associations.

16; stations and out-stations, 12; preaching. VI. Asia.—The missions of the American places, 13; churches, 5; baptized, 30; memBaptist Missionary Union in Burmah now con- bers, 178; local contributions, $93.49. A new stitute a separate Association. The convention station has been opened at Hang Chau, 100 of 1867 was attended by 91 members, of whom miles from Ningpo. It has 8 members. The 15 were American missionaries, 20 native or- Board of Foreign Missions of the Southern dained preachers, 38 native unordained preach- Baptist Convention sustains in China 7 Ameriers, and 18 native laymen. There are 10 dis- can missionaries with several native helpers, at tricts, with 20 missions. The number of bap- Canton, Shanghai, and Shantung. The mission tisms reported in 1866 and 1867 is 1,172; pres- has 180 members, of whom 39 have been bapent number of members, 19,231 ; pupils in tized during the year. The Seventh-Day Bapschools, 4,517; of churches, 360; of ordained tist Missionary Society has a mission church native preachers, 66 ; of unordained native of 20 members, with a native pastor. preachers, 246. The total of benevolent con- The mission of the Free-Will Baptists in tributions from 12 missions, for the two years, India has been more than usually successful. is 20,187 rupees. The contributions for schools, There are now some 70 or 80 pupils in the norbooks, etc., from 6 missions, 5,368 rupees. mal schools, over 900 in the boarding and day There have been issued in the year ending schools, and about 700 in the Sabbath-schools.

Churches,

1867.

Members,
Dec., 1867.

Members,
Dec., 1866.

358

67

52

3
1
3

60 292 352 918

312

year, 40.

Inhabitants

In one of the girls' schools 31 out of 98 have tive officer, uniting courtesy and kindness with been baptized. Over $168,000 have been ex. strict discipline, a ready and eloquent preacher, pended in the last 36 years, with a result of 4 and an easy, graceful and accomplished writer. churches and 149 members.

He was a frequent and valued contributor to In Japan there is a mission of the American the Evangelical Review, as well as to the LuFree Mission Society. In the spring of 1867, theran papers; but, aside from his contributions Mr. Goble, the missionary, visited the northern to these, his baccalaureate and other addresses, portion of Sikok, the central Japanese island. and some occasional sermons and essays, he On the vessel were two Japanese passengers, has left little published matter to demonstrate naval officers of the princes of Awa and Tósa, his rare abilities. His health had been generthe latter having been a pupil in Mrs. Goble's ally robust, and his last illness, an affection of school. Through him Mr. Goble became ac- the throat, was of only eight days' duration. quainted with several influential Japanese offi- BAVARIA, a kingdom in South Germany, cers, from whom he received a very cordial King, Ludwig II., born August 25, 1845; sucinvitation to visit and locate himself in Tósa, ceeded his father, Maximilian II., on March 10, the southern part of Sikok.

1864. Prime minister (since January 1, 1867), VI. AFRICA.—The Baptists in Liberia have Prince Clovis von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst. 20 organized churches, 12 ordained preachers, Bavaria has an area of 29,373 square miles, and 1,300 members. They received assistance, and, according to the census of 1867, a popuuntil 1861, from the Southern Baptist Board. lation of 4,824,421, which was divided as folThe missionary premises of the Board at Yoru- lows among the eight provinces of the kingba were destroyed by a mob, and the mission- dom: aries driven to Lagos. One of the missionaries (Ur. Phillips) returns to America for his health,

Upper Bavaria.

..827,669

.594,511 leaving Mr. Stone alone.

Lower Bavaria.
Palatinate..

.626,066 The African mission of the American Union

Upper Palatinate and Ratisbon. .491,295 is to be resumed.

Upper Franconia.

.535,060 A missionary convention was held at Mar

Central Franconia.

..579,688 shall, on the Junk River, in Liberia, on Wednes

Lower Franconia..

.584,972

Suabia... day, March 25, and Thursday, March 26, 1868.

.585,160 Ten Baptist churches were represented. It

Total.....

.4,824,421 was unanimously voted to organize the “Liberian Baptist Missionary Union,” for “the evan

A census of religious denominations, taken in gelization of the heathen ” within the borders 1852, showed 3,176,333 Catholics, 1,233,894 of the republic of Liberia, “and contiguous Protestants, 5,560 other Christians, and 56,033 thereto." "Twelve fields of missionary labor Israelites. In December, 1867, a new census were designated and commended to the care of religious denominations was taken, but its of the nearest churches. Rev. John T. Rich- results had not been published in January, ardson was appointed a commissioner to repre; Catholics would amount to about 3,300,000,

1869. It was thought that the number of sent the "Liberian Baptist Missionary Union in the United States. Two young men were Protestants 1,320,000, other Christians 6,000, chosen as students of divinity to accompany Israelites 64,000. The capital, Munich, had, the commissioner, in order to be educated for in 1867, 170,688 inhabitants. The army, acthe ministry.

cording to the law of January 30, 1868, conBALGHER, HENRY L., D. D., an American sists, first, of the standing army, and, second, Lutheran clergyman, teacher and college Presi- of the landwehr. The standing

army is divided

The dent, born at Abbottstown, Pa., about 1805; into the active army and the reserve. died at Gettysburg, Pa., April 14, 1868. He time of service is three years in the active graduated at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., army, three years in the reserve, and five years in 1825, studied theology at Princeton and Get in the landwehr. The active army consists of tysburg, was licensed to preach by the Maryland 49,949 men. In the budget for one year of the Synod, and elected pastor at Boonsboro, Md., ninth financial period (1868 and 1869), both in 1829 and in 1830 called to Gettysburg to

revenues and expenditures are estimated at take charge of a classical school, called into 87,144,606 florins. The public debt in April, existence by the exigencies of the Lutheran 1866, amounted to 334,405,150 florins (of Theological Seminary, already established which 121,739,300 was railroad debt). there. The school rapidly expanded into a

Bavaria celebrated, in 1868, the fiftieth ancollege, and in 1832 Rev. Dr. Kranth became niversary of the constitution, which, with its first President, while Mr. Baugher filled slight modifications, still exists in the country. the chair of the Greek language and Belles- The king, on this occasion, issued the followLettres. He continued in this professorshiping proclamation to the people : until 1850, when, on the retirement of Dr.

PALACE OF BERG, May 26th. Krauth from the presidency of the college, he

Fifty years to-day have elapsed since the first King Tas chosen his successor, and continued in constitution to the country.

of Bavaria, my ancestor, Maximilian I., granted a

The principles on that position until his death. He was an ex- which this fundamental law rests have not ceased to cellent and successful teacher, an able execu- rule, unrestrictedly, the nation, from that memorable

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