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dispatched Colonel Tourtelotte to Little Rock, nine hundred and twenty-five (1,925)—there is no for the purpose of investigating the matter, means of ascertaining whether they were cast for or and the colonel, in his report of April 22d, against the constitution.
Prior to the act of Congress passed March 11, 1868, said the petitioners assured him it would take and which was promulgated in General Order No. 14, above six weeks before the frauds complained from the War Department, dated March 14, 1868, of could be traced up, and months before the there was no law or order in existence permitting investigation could be completed; that persons any other county or precinct. The act ahove
voters registered in one county or precinct to vote in registered in one county had been allowed to to authorizes “ any person duly registered in the State vote in another, upon the authority of the law to vote in the election district where he offers to vote of Congress, passed March 11, 1868, permit- when he has resided therein for ten days next preting registered persons to vote in any county ceding such election, upon his presentation of his by a ten days' residence in the same, which factory evidence, under such regulations as the dislaw, though not officially published, the judges trict commander' may prescribe, of election knew of, and apparently assumed to The order containing this law was not received execute it on their own responsibility ; adding until after the election, and the dispatch from the that the Republicans, on the other hand, had General-in-chief containing po intimation of this promade complaints to him that, by intimidation, and therefore prescribed no regulation for persons and in some cases by actual force, the opposite voting at other precincts than those in which they party had hindered them from going to the registered. polls.
It appears from the report of Colonel J. E. TourBut concerning the occurrences and final telotte that the registrars in Pulaski, Jefferson, and result of this election, whereby the new State law, determined, on their own responsibility, to re
Washington Counties, learning unofficially of this constitution of Arkansas is declared to have ceive the votes of persons registered in other counbeen ratified by the people by a majority of ties. 1,316 votes, it may be proper to subjoin that part the purpose of investigating the frauds alleged by
Colonel Tourtelotte was ordered to Little Rock for of the official report, transmitted by General those opposed to the constitution, and was informed, Gillem to the army headquarters at Washing; by the parties preferring the charges, that at least six ton, in which, after stating the facts returned weeks would elapse before they could be ready to proto him, the general seems to regard the ceed with the investigation, and that months would above-mentioned result of the election ques- deemed expedient. All the evidence bearing on the
be required to complete them. Such delay was not tionable, remitting its decision to the proper subject is transmitted herewith. authority as follows:
As there was no separate record kept of the 1,925 It will be perceived by the foregoing table that votes cast in Pulaski and Jefferson Counties by perthere were cast for the constitution twenty-seven
sons not registered in those counties, there are no thousand nine hundred and thirteen (27,913); against
means of ascertaining whether or not they were cast the constitution, twenty-six thousand 'five hundred for or against the constitution; and, therefore, if the and ninety-seven (26,597); total, fifty-four thousand reception of these votes by the registrars, under a law five hundred and ten (54,510); majority for the con
of the existence of which they had no legal notificastitution, one thousand three hundred and sixteen tion, is held not to invalidate the election in the two (1,316).
counties above named, the constitution appears to Had the election been conducted in strict compli- have been adopted by a majority of 1,316. ance with General Order No. 7, and the result been
In a question of such importance, and one purely indicated by the above figures, the adoption of the civil, in which the action to be taken by the district constitution would have been indisputable; but an
commander is not prescribed by section five of the examination of the foregoing table of returns shows
act of March 23, 1867, I have determined to forward that, in Pulaski County, the total vote exceeds the to
the entire record for the action of the proper authortal number registered by one thousand one hundred
ities. I am, General, very respectfully, and ninety-five (1,195). This is explained by the
Your obedient servant, registrars, who admit that they permitted persons
ALVAN C. GILLEM, Brevet Maj.-Gen. U. S. A. registered in other counties to vote on the presenta
Commanding Fourth Military District. tion of their certificates of registration, and without
General U. S. GRANT, taking their names, or the counties and precincts in
Commanding Armies of the U. S. which they claim to be registered; nor did the offi
Three weeks in advance of General Gillem's cers conducting the election in this (Pulaski) county comply with par. III., General Order No. 7, from these official report on this election, those who had headquarters, providing for the manner of conduct- been elected members of the State Senate and ing the election, by "checking off the voter's
name House of Representatives, upon the assumption on the precinct-book serving as the poll-book.” It that, in said election, the new State constituis, therefore, impossible to ascertain the number of tion had been ratified by the people, assembled the registered voters in Pulaski County who availed themselves of the right of franchise, and therefore together, on April 1, at Little Rock, to begin impossible to ascertain the number in excess of their sessions. The constitution had designated eleven hundred and ninety-five (1,195) who voted in that day and place for their meeting. They that county, and who were registered in other places. would have commenced their sessions on this It is also impossible to ascertain whether or not these persons have voted where registered.
day, had not the superintendent of the public The same irregularities occurred in Jefferson Coun- buildings refused to open for them the approty, where seven hundred and thirty (730) votes were priate halls as they requested. He refused on cast by voters claiming to be registered in other counties or precincts.
the ground that he had no official knowledge of these votes, eleven hundred and ninety-five of such assembly. Whereupon they caused (1,195) in Pulaski, and seven hundred and thirty the building to be opened by a smith with (730) 'in Jefferson-making a total of one thousand tools, and on April 2, 1868, began to hold
their respective sessions and make laws, among manding Sub-District of Arkansas, will see to the which is their adoption of the amendment to immediate execution of this order. the Constitution of the United States known
By command of Brevet Maj.-Gen. MODOWELL.
JOHN TYLER, First Lieutenant 43d Infantry. as “ Article Fourteen." These sessions of the
Brevet Major U. S. A., A. A. A. General. Assembly have been continued since without Official: interruption, except by recesses or adjourn- Nar WOLF, Second Lieut. 34th Infantry, A. A. A. ments. Its acts from the beginning may be General. looked upon as legalized by the subsequent By a subsequent order of August 4th, Generaction of Congress; though influential papers al Gillem, pursuant to directions from the army of the State published the reports of its pro- headquarters at Washington, declared the ceedings under the heading, “The Pretended State of Arkansas as separated from any furLegislature."
ther connection in military matters with the Upon these grounds has Arkansas been rec- State of Mississippi, and attached for the future ognized and readmitted by Congress as a to the Department of Louisiana, headquarState of the Union, and entitled to have her ters at New Orleans, whereto he enjoined the representatives sitting among those of the military commander of the late Sub-District of other States in both halls of the Federal Legis- Arkansas, at Little Rock, to report himself for lature; as appears from the following act instructions. passed in May and June, 1868:
Meantime, under the auspices of the new Whereas, The people of Arkansas, in pursuance of State constitution, General Powell Clayton the provisions of an act entitled an “ Act for tho had been elected Governor of Arkansas, and more effective government of the rebel States," on July 2, 1868, entered upon the duties of passed March 2, 1867, and the acts supplementary his office. thereto, have framed and adopted a constitution of State government which is republican in form, and
Serious disturbances having taken place in the Legislature of said State has duly ratified the various parts of the State, and enormities peramendment to the Constitution of the United States, petrated, especially within three counties, proposed by the Thirty-ninth Congress, and known Governor Clayton adopted severe measures to as article fourteen: therefore,
Be it enacted and it is hereby enacted, That the State suppress the disorders and restore public tranof Arkansas is entitled and admitted to representation quillity, for which purpose, on August 27, 1868, in Congress, as one of the States of the Union, upon he issued the following proclamation: the following fundamental condition: That the constitution of Arkansaş shall not be so amended or
Whereas, It has been made known to me that a changed as to deprive any citizen or class of citizens large number of
lawless and evil-disposed persons in of the United States of the right to vote who are en
the counties of Conway, Perry, and Columbia, in the titled to vote by the constitution herein recognized, laws of the State,' that a court of justice has been
State of Arkansas, are in open rebellion against the felonies at common law, whereof he shall have been broken up, and the civil authorities overpowered in duly convicted.
said counties, by bodies of armed men, who have
driven from their homes a large number of peaceable This bill was indeed vetoed by the Presi- loyal citizens; and that the officers of the law are dent; it has, however, become a law notwith- from violence, within either of said counties; and standing; and the Representatives of Arkansas, reliable information having been received that quiet on the basis of her new constitution, havo men have been assassinated, and attempts have been taken their respective seats in Congress. made upon the lives of others, in various other counIn consequence of the new condition of ties in this State, in which the laws are set at defiance,
the lives of officers are threatened, and the civil authings thus introduced in Arkansas, the com
thorities of the State are openly defied and set at mander of the Fourth Military District, by an naught, rendering it impossible for the constituted order dated June 30, 1868, its provisions, how- authorities of the law to preserve order and protect ever, to be reckoned as from June 22d, turned the
lives and property of the people : that State over to her civil authorities, recog- State of Arkansas, do hereby enjoin upon all persons
Now, therefore, 1, Powell Clayton, Governor of the nizing them to have the full power in the gov- within said State to keep the peace, and command ernment and administration of her affairs, as all bodies of armed men (not organized in pursuance follows:
of the laws of the State, or of the United States) to General Orders, No. 25.
immediately disperse, and return to their homes.
I do furthermore make known that I shall at once HEADQUARTERS FOURTH MILITARY DIS PRIOT, cause to be enrolled and organized the reserve militia DEPARTMENT OF MISSISSIPPI AND ARKANSAS, in pursuance of said act, and shall use, as far as may
VICKSBURG, MISSISSIPPI, June 30, 1868. be necessary, all the power and authority vested in 1. Official information having, this day, been re- me by the constitution and laws of the State of Arceived at these headquarters, of the admission, on the kansas, to preserve order, enforce the law, and pro22d inst., of the State of Arkansas to representation tect the lives and property of every person within the in Congress, it is hereby made known to all concerned State. that so much of the Act of March 2, 1867, and of the
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto several acts supplementary thereto, as provides for
set my hand, and caused the seal of military government in certain States, have become
the State of Arkansas to be affixed, at inoperative as to said State of Arkansas; and that
Little Rock, this the twenty-seventh Every thing in the hands of the military authorities
day of August, A. D. one thousand concerning its civil affairs will be immediately turned
eight hundred and sixty-eight. over to the several duly elected officers of the State,
POWELL CLAYTON, Governor. to date as from the 22d instant.
By the Governor: 2. Brevet Brigadier-General C. H. Smith, com
ROBERT J. T. WHITE, Secretary of State.
In accordance with the provisions of this which amounts to less than five millions, by proclamation, the enrolment of the State mi- “issuing new bonds and cancelling the old sitia was set immediately on foot by order of ones.” the commander of the regular army in Arkan- He recommended also, as a measure worthy sas, issued on the same day.
the attention of the Legislature at a future Public disturbances and criminal acts of vio- time, a new assessment of taxable property, lence did not cease, however; they continued one-third of which he says has heretofore esand even increased in frequency as well as caped taxation, assuming that “the taxes of enormity and extent of place; so that, on the great mass of tax-payers will be reduced November 9, 1868, Governor Clayton placed very nearly in the same ratio as the valuation ten counties of the State-Ashley, Bradley, is increased.” For the rest he sets down the Columbia, Lafayette, Mississippi, Woodruff
, best rule that "the burden of taxation rest Oraighead, Greene, Sevier, and Little River- equally upon all, in proportion to the property under martial law.
they possess." "For the purpose of perfecting the organ- Concerning the taxes to be levied on the ization of the militia and carrying into effect people under different titles and for various this proclamation,” a general order from head- purposes in detail, a number of tax-payers in quarters of the State of Arkansas, dated Arkansas signed and submitted to the considNovember 7, 1868, abolished the previously. eration of the Legislature during its session a existing districts and established in their stead memorial, of which the following is an extract: four military districts, apportioning to each re- “From the new tax law passed during your spectively a proportionate number of the coun- recent session, it appears that the taxes have ties in the State.
been greatly increased by adding new subjects In the House of the General Assembly of of taxation, by making new levies for extraorArkansas, at its session of November 23, 1868, dinary purposes, and by making provision for two memorials, addressed to the Legislature of a new assessment, from which the revenue the State, were duly presented and read, to be derived for the year 1868, even accordwherein the petitioners, proffering themselves ing to the moderate estimate of Treasurer advocates of peace, “most solemnly protest Page, will amount to $600,000, not including against the organization and arming of the the school-tax of one-tenth per cent., nor the militia and the levy of a tax for its support.” poll-tax for school purposes of one dollar, After consideration of the matter, the action which will amount to about $150,000 more, and answer of the House was, that all of the making, together, the sum of $750,000 for fifty-nine members present, without a dissent- State purposes alone, to say nothing about ing voice, adopted among other resolutions the county, town, and local railroad taxes, and the following:
United States internal revenue taxes and 3. Being fully persuaded of the preconcerted exist- licenses, which together will amount to at ence of wide-spread lawlessness and systematic as- least $1,750,000, altogether making the enorsassination of the friends of the government, State and national, in certain counties for months past, and the government ever cost before."
mous sum of $2,500,000—ten times more than the desperadoes without a single exception being still at large and defying the officers of the law, we do,
The unsettled condition of affairs greatly retherefore, most earnestly approve and indorse thé tarded the prosperity of the State, and has recent course of Governor Powell Clayton declaring afforded little opportunity for the development martial law in several counties.
of its resources. Of this deplorable condition of things, Gov- The vote of the State at the presidential ernor Clayton spoke at length in his message election was as follows: Total vote, 41,230. sent to the Assembly at the opening of its Majority for Gen. Grant, 3,074. In fifteen session in November, 1868. They seem, how- counties the registration and returns were ever, to have grown still worse afterward, not- rejected. The Legislature was divided as folwithstanding the organization and actual opera- lows: Senate Republicans, 21; Democrat, 1; tions of the militia.
HouseRepublicans, 79; Democrat, 1. As to the present political disabilities of a ARMY, UNITED STATES. The work of reportion of the white residents in the State, ducing the army has gone on with considerable who are looked upon to be the principal, if not celerity during the year. Orders were issued the only, authors of the criminal acts and dis- in November, 1867, to reduce all regiments of turbances which have so long kept and still infantry and artillery, with the exception of keep that community in anxiety, the Governor the ten light batteries, to the number of fifty said in his message that he desired see privates in each company, and to diminish the these disabilities removed as soon as it is safe recruiting rendezvous to four for cavalry and to do so;" namely, “when this class of peo- four for infantry. On the 3d of April, 1868, ple show a willingness to recognize and fully all enlistment for artillery or infantry service acquiesce in these measures, and support the was suspended, except in the case of old solgovernment established thereby."
diers desiring to enlist; and further instruoIn respect to the State finances, Governor tions, issued on the 24th of July, prohibited all Clayton expressed his gratification, and recom- enlistment or reënlistment in these two mended the funding of the State indebtedness, branches of the service. The war with the Indians on the Western plains prevented a bursement on these claims has already amountcorresponding reduction of the cavalry force, ed to about $54,000,000. and the services of a volunteer regiment of The cost of reconstruction during the year cavalry from the State of Kansas were accepted, was $2,261,415.02, and a balance of funds to which regiment was mustered in on the 6th of the amount of $467,626.46 remains available for October. Five stations for recruiting the cav- that object, which it is thought will finish the alry force remained open through the year. business.
The actual strength of all the regiments in The amount of money subject to the requisithe service, on the 30th of September, was tions of the Quartermaster-General for the year 43,741, and it was reported that the term of was $37,000,000, of which $36,500,000 were enlistment of 4,500 of these would expire be- disbursed. The surplus and new appropriafore the close of the year. The engineer, ordi- tions for the fiscal year, ending in 1869, amount nance, and other special branches of the service to about $15,000,000. The debts of Southern employed 4,340 men. Of 203 volunteer officers railroads to this department, for material furremaining in the service in November, 1867, nished and interest thereon, are $8,500,000. all have been mustered out but General How. This is chiefly due from four roads in Tennesard, the head of the Freedmen's Bureau. The see, namely: Nashville and Chattanooga; Northwhole number of colored troops mustered into western; Memphis, Clarksville, and Louisville; service during the civil war was 169,624; of and East Tennessee and Georgia. A large these 86,923 were mustered out, 20,236 were quantity of clothing and equipments was left discharged, 31,866 died, 14,887 deserted, 1,514 on hand at the close of the war, and no approwere killed in action, 1,344 missing in action, priation for new purchases has been made and 366 were transferred to the navy. Several since. colored regiments still belong to the army. More attention has been given, than hereto
The actual current expenses of the War De- fore, to the inspection of the army, and still partment for the fiscal year, ending June 30th, further improvements in that regard are sugwere $68,743,094.71, to which is to be added gested. The officers of the Bureau of Inspecthe sum of $9,961,405.43, old war debts paid · tion consist of a Judge Advocate-General, an during the year, making the total expenditures Assistant Judge Advocate-General, and eight of the department $78,704,501.14. The appro- Judge Advocates. The work of the bureau, priations for the fiscal year, ending June 30, 1869, thus far, is comprised in 15,046 records of miliwere $35,400,557.47, and it has been estimated tary courts, received, reviewed, and registered;. that there will be deficiencies to the amount and 1,457 reports on various subjects especially of $13,975,000. The requirements of the de- referred for opinion. partment for the year, ending June 30, 1870, The number of military arsenals in the are estimated at $65,682,380.85. The disburse- country is 27, including the national armory at ments of the pay department for the last year Springfield. Measures have been taken for the were:
sale of the St. Louis and Liberty Arsenals, and For the Regular Army..... .$17,803,963 53
legislative authority is recommended to sell For the Military Academy... 169,199 04 those at Rome, N. Y., and Vergennes, Vt., For Volunteer Services.. 42,696,444 08 and a new arsenal is required at Omaha. Total.......
The Bureau for Refugees, Freedmen, and .$60,669,606 65
Abandoned Lands, has been kept up through The expenditures of the Ordnance Burean the year, but there has been considerable reducfor the last fiscal year were $3,192,000, which tion in the number of officers and agents, and is less than three-fifths those of the previous arrangements are in progress to put an end to year. From the Commissary Department sup- all its functions, excepting those of collecting plies were furnished for freedmen and refugees claims for colored soldiers, and organizing and to the extent of $882,884 in the year 1867, supporting schools for the freedien. Treasury and $632,776 in the year 1868, making a total certificates and checks, for the settlement of of $1,515,461, of which the Freedmen's Bureau claims of colored soldiers and marines, have repaid $1,048,669. Army stores were issued been collected by the bureau to the number of to the Indians to the extent of $640,439 in 17,000, having a total value of nearly $3,500,1867, and $373,926 in 1868. Besides these ex- 000. During the past year transportation was penses outside of the ordinary claims on the furnished to 6,418 persons; 150,000 received department, $250,500 were paid for commuta- medical attendance; and 2,802,478 rations tion of rations, to soldiers who were prisoners were issued, affording subsistence to an average during the war, or to their heirs, under the of 16,000 persons daily ; 27 hospitals have act of Congress of July, 1864.
been closed and 21 still remain ; but efforts Claims to additional bounty were allowed are made to turn over the charge of the sick, during the year, to the number of 241,992, the infirm, and the insane, to the civil authoriinvolving an expenditure of $23,649,157.78. ties. The number of day and night schools in Since the act of Oongress granting this bounty, operation was 1,831, with 2,295 teachers, and 435,199 claims have been received, of which 104,327 pupils. The aggregate nu of 387,091 have been paid, 32,403 rejected, and Sunday and day schools of all kinds was 4,026, 15,705 remain unsettled. The aggregate dis- with 241,819 scholars; $942,523.66 were ex
pended in the support of these schools during Florida, have fully complied with the acts of Congress the year, besides the funds furnished by known as the reconstruction acts, including the act benevolent societies, amounting to $700,000, State of Arkansas to representation in Congress,"
passed June 22, 1868, entitled “ An act to admit the and about $360,000 contributed by freedmen. and the act passed June 25, 1868, entitled " An act to Fifteen normal schools and colleges have been admit the States of North Carolina, South Carolina, chartered and incorporated in different parts Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida to repreof the country. The total expenditures of the sentation in Congress," and that, consequently, so bureau during the fiscal year were $3,977,041.72, mentary thereto, as provides for the organization of and a balance of $3,622,067.99 remained on military districts, subject to the military authority of hand.
the United States, as therein provided, has become The corps of cadets on the 1st of June núm- inoperative in said States; and that the commanding bered 210 members, under the care and
instruc- generals have ceased to exercise in said States the
military powers conferred by said acts of Congress : tion of a superintendent, eight professors, and therefore, the following changes will be made in the thirty-two army officers. Fifty-four members organization and command of military districts and of the class were graduated on the 15th of June, geographical departments : and appointed to the army. The number of can
1. The Second and Third Military Districts having didates admitted during the last academic year Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida, will con,
ceased to exist, the States of North Carolina, South is ninety-six. The whole number of graduates stitute the Department of the South ; Major-General of the Academy, from its first establishment at George G. Meade to command. Headquarters at AtWest Point to this time, is 2,273; the total cost lanta, Georgia. has been $8,236,373. The full number allowed only of the State of Mississippi, and will continue to
2. The Fourth Military District will now consist by law at one time, when all the States are repre- be commanded by Brevet
Major-General A. C. Gillem. sented, is 290. It has been suggested of late 3. The Fifth Military District will now consist of that the number should be increased to four the State of Texas, and will be commanded by Brevet hundred.
Major-General J. J. Reynolds. Headquarters at AusAn artillery school was organized at the tin, Texas.
4. The States of Louisiana and Arkansas will conclose of 1867, by order of the General of the stitute the Department of Louisiana. Brevet MajorArmy, and Brevet Major-General Barry, colo- . General L. H. Rousseau is assigned to the command. nel of the 2d artillery, was assigned to its Headquarters at New Orleans, Louisiana. Until the command. It was established at Fortress Mon- arrival of General Rousseau at New Orleans, Brevet
Major-General Buchanan will command the departroe, and one battery from each of the five regiments of artillery was ordered to that post to 5. Brevet Major-General George Crooke is assigned, be used in the instructions and experiments of according to his brevet of major-general, to command the first year.
The course of instruction in- the Department of the Columbia, in place of Rouscludes both the theory and practice of that
relieved. branch of military tactics. The theoretical signed to command the Department of Washington.
6. Brevet Major-General E. R. S. Canby is reasstudies embrace mathematics, military survey- 7. Brevet Major-General Edward Hatch, Colonel ing, and engineering, artillery, military history, 9th cavalry, will relieve General Buchanan as Assistand military, international, and constitutional ant Commissioner of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedlaw.
men, and Abandoned Lands in Louisiana.
By command of General GRANT: Provision has, moreover, been made for in- E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant-General. struction in military telegraphy and signalling.
With regard to the employment of the troops Books on these subjects have been furnished in those States after the reëstablishment of the to each company and post, and steps bave been civil authorities, instructions were issued to the taken to provide the necessary telegraphic ap- several commanders on the 25th of August, paratus and equipments for signalling. A school based upon an opinion, given by the Attorneyfor study and practice in these branches has General on the subject. The important points been put in successful operation at Fort Grebel, in these instructions are contained in the folMaryland; and they have been introduced at lowing passage: "The obligation of the milithe Military School at West Point, and the Na- tary, individual officers and soldiers, in common val Academy at Annapolis.
with all citizens, to obey the summons of a Some changes were made in the military marshal or sheriff, must be held subordinate to districts and departments in the South, owing their paramount duty as members of a perto the admission to their normal relations in manent military body; hence the troops can the Union of several of the reconstructed States. act only in their proper organized capacity unThe changes are indicated in the following der their own officers, and in obedience to the order:
immediate commanders of those officers. The General Orders, No. 55.
officers commanding troops summoned to the Heade'as of the Anxx, APO-GENERAS. GBESOE,} aid of a marshal or sherift
, must also judge for The following orders from the War Department, himself
, and upon his own official responsibilwhich have been approved by the President, are pub- ity, whether the service required of him is lished for the information and government of the lawful and necessary, and compatible with the army and of all concerned: The commanding generals of the Second, Third, ties, and must limit his action absolutely to
proper discharge of his ordinary military duFourth, and Fifth Military Districts having officially reported that the States of Arkansas, North Carolina, proper aid in the execution of the lawful preSouth Carolina, Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama, and cepts exhibited to him by the marshal or