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their respective sessions and make laws, among manding Sub-District of Arkansas, will see to the which is their adoption of the amendment to immediate execution of this order. the Constitution of the United States known
By command of Brevet Maj.-Gen. MoDOWELL.
JOAN TYLER, First Lieutenant 43d Infantry. as " Article Fourteen." These sessions of the
Brevet Major U. S. A., A. A. A. General. Assembly have been continued since without Official: interruption, except by recesses or adjourn- Nat WOLF, Second Lieut. 34th Infantry, A. A. A. ments." Its acts from the beginning may be
General. looked upon as legalized by the subsequent By a subsequent order of August 4th, Generaction of Congress; though influential papers al Gillem, pursuant to directions from the army of the State published the reports of its pro- headquarters at Washington, declared the ceedings under the heading, “ The Pretended State of Arkansas as separated from any furLegislature."
ther connection in military matters with the Čpon these grounds has Arkansas been rec- State of Mississippi, and attached for the future ognized and readmitted by Congress as to the Department of Louisiana, headquarState of the Union, and entitled to have her ters at New Orleans, whereto he enjoined the representatives sitting among those of the military commander of the late Sub-District of other States in both halls of the Federal Legis- Arkansas, at Little Rock, to report himself for lature; as appears from the following act instructions. passed in May and June, 1868:
Meantime, under the auspices of the new Whereas, The people of Arkansas, in pursuance of State constitution, General Powell Clayton the provisions of an act entitled an "Act for the had been elected Governor of Arkansas, and more effective government of the rebel States," on July 2, 1868, entered upon the duties of passed March 2, 1867, and the acts supplementary his office. thereto, have framed and adopted a constitution of State government which is republican in form, and
Serious disturbances having taken place in the Legislature of said State has duly ratified the various parts of the State, and enormities peramendment to the Constitution of the United States, petrated, especially within three counties, proposed by the Thirty-ninth Congress, and known Governor Clayton adopted severe measures to as article fourteen: therefore,
Be it enacted and it is hereby enacted, That the State suppress the disorders and restore public tranof Arkansas is entitled and admitted to representation quillity, for which purpose, on August 27, 1868, in Congress, as one of the States of the Union, upon he issued the following proclamation: the following fundamental condition: That the constitution of Arkansaş shall not be so amended or
Whereas, It has been made known to me that a changed as to deprive any citizen or class of citizens large number of lawless and evil-disposed persons in of the United States of the right to vote who are en
the counties of Conway, Perry, and Columbia, in the titled to vote by the constitution herein recognized, laws of the State, 'that a court of justice has been
State of Arkansas, are in open rebellion against the felonies at common law, whereof he shall have been broken up, and the civil authorities overpowered in duly convicted.
said counties, by bodies of armed men, who have
driven from their homes a large number of peaceable This bill was indeed vetoed by the Presi- loyal citizens; and that the officers of the law are dent; it has, however, become a law notwith- from violence, within either of said counties ; and standing; and the Representatives of Arkansas, reliable information having been received that quiet on the basis of her new constitution, have men have been assassinated, and attempts have been taken their respective seats in Congress.
made upon the lives of others, in various other coun
ties in this State, in which the laws are set at defiance, In consequence of the new condition of
the lives of officers are threatened, and the civil authings thus introduced in Arkansas, the com
thorities of the State are openly defied and set at mander of the Fourth Military District, by an naught, rendering it impossible for the constituted order dated June 30, 1868, its provisions, how- authorities of the law to preserve order and protect ever, to be reckoned as from June 22d, turned the lives and property of the people : that State over to her civil authorities, recog. State of Arkansas, do hereby enjoin upon all persons
Now, therefore, I, Powell Clayton, Governor of the nizing them to have the full power in the gove within said State to keep the peace, and command ernment and administration of her affairs, as all bodies of armed men (not organized in pursuance follows:
of the laws of the State, or of the United States) to
immediately disperse, and return to their homes. General Orders, No. 25.
I do furthermore make known that I shall at once HEADQUARTERS FOURTI MILITARY DISTRICT, cause to be enrolled and organized the reserve militia DEPARTMENT OF MISSISSIPPI AND ARKANSAS, in pursuance of said act, and shall use, as far as may
VICKSBURG, MISSISSIPPI, June 30, 1868. be necessary, all the power and authority vested in 1. Official information having, this day, been re- me by the constitution and laws of the State of Arceived at these headquarters, of the admission, on the kansas, to preserve order, enforce the law, and pro22d inst., of the State of Arkansas to representation tect the lives and property of every person within the in Congress, it is hereby made known to all concerned State. that so much of the Act of March 2, 1867, and of the
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto several acts supplementary thereto, as provides for
set my hand, and caused the seal of military government in certain States, have become
the State of Arkansas to be affixed, at inoperative as to said State of Arkansas; and that
Little Rock, this the twenty-seventh every thing in the hands of the military authorities
day of August, A. D. one thousand concerning its civil affairs will be immediately turned
and sixty-eight. over to the several duly elected officers of the State,
POWELL CLAYTON, Governor. to date as from the 22d instant.
By the Governor: 2. Brevet Brigadier-General C. H. Smith, com
ROBERT J. T. WHITE, Secretary of State.
In accordance with the provisions of this which amounts to less than five millions, by proclamation, the enrolment of the State mi- “issuing new bonds and cancelling the old litia was set immediately on foot by order of ones." the commander of the regular army in Arkan- He recommended also, as a measure worthy sas, issued on the same day.
the attention of the Legislature at a future Public disturbances and criminal acts of vio- time, a new assessment of taxable property, lence did not cease, however; they continued one-third of which he says has heretofore esand even increased in frequency as well as caped taxation, assuming that "the taxes of enormity and extent of place; so that, on the great mass of tax-payers will be reduced November 9, 1868, Governor Clayton placed very nearly in the same ratio as the valuation ten counties of the State-Ashley, Bradley, is increased.” For the rest he sets down the Columbia, Lafayette, Mississippi, Woodruff, best rule that "the burden of taxation rest Craighead, Greene, Sevier, and Little River- equally upon all, in proportion to the property under martial law.
they possess. For the purpose of perfecting the organ- Concerning the taxes to be levied on the ization of the militia and carrying into effect people under different titles and for various this proclamation,” a general order from head- purposes in detail, a number of tax-payers in quarters of the State of Arkansas, dated Arkansas signed and submitted to the considNovember 7, 1868, abolished the previously- eration of the Legislature during its session a existing districts and established in their stead memorial, of which the following is an extract: four military districts, apportioning to each re- “From the new tax law passed during your spectively a proportionate number of the coun- recent session, it appears that the taxes have ties in the State.
been greatly increased by adding new subjects In the House of the General Assembly of of taxation, by making new levies for extraorArkansas, at its session of November 23, 1868, dinary purposes, and by making provision for two memorials, addressed to the Legislature of a new assessment, from which the revenue the State, were duly presented and read, to be derived for the year 1868, even accordwherein the petitioners, proffering themselves ing to the moderate estimate of Treasurer advocates of peace, “most solemnly protest Page, will amount to $600,000, not including against the organization and arming of the the school-tax of one-tenth per cent., nor the militia and the levy of a tax for its support." poll-tax for school purposes of one dollar, After consideration of the matter, the action which will amount to about $150,000 more, and answer of the House was, that all of the making, together, the sum of $750,000 for fifty-nine members present, without a dissent- State purposes alone, to say nothing about ing voice, adopted among other resolutions the county, town, and local railroad taxes, and the following:
United States internal revenue taxes and 3. Being fully persuaded of the preconcerted exist- licenses, which together will amount to at ence of wide-spread lawlessness and systematic as- least $1,750,000, altogether making the enorsassination of the friends of the government, State
mous sum of $2,500,000—ten times more than and national, in certain counties for months past, and the desperadoes without a single exception being still the government ever cost before." at large and defying the officers of the law, we do,
The unsettled condition of affairs greatly retherefore, most earnestly approve and indorse the tarded the prosperity of the State, and has recent course of Governor Powell Clayton declaring afforded little opportunity for the development martial law in several counties.
of its resources. Of this deplorable condition of things, Gov- The vote of the State at the presidential ernor Clayton spoke at length in his message election was as follows: Total vote, 41,230. sent to the Assembly at the opening of its Majority for Gen. Grant, 3,074. In fifteen session in November, 1868. They seem, how- counties the registration and returns were ever, to have grown still worse afterward, not- rejected. The Legislature was divided as folwithstanding the organization and actual opera- lows: Senate-Republicans, 21; Democrat, 1; tions of the militia.
House—Republicans, 79 ; Democrat, 1. As to the present political disabilities of a ARMY, UNITED STATES. The work of reportion of the white residents in the State, ducing the army has gone on with considerable who are looked upon to be the principal, if not celerity during the year. Orders were issued the only, authors of the criminal acts and dis- in November, 1867, to reduce all regiments of turbances which have so long kept and still infantry and artillery, with the exception of keep that community in anxiety, the Governor the ten light batteries, to the number of fifty said in his message that he "desired to see privates in each company, and to diminish the these disabilities removed as soon as it is safe recruiting rendezvous to four for cavalry and to do so; " namely, “when this class of peo- four for infantry. On the 3d of April, 1868, ple show a willingness to recognize and fully all enlistment for artillery or infantry service acquiesce in these measures, and support the was suspended, except in the case of old solgovernment established thereby.”
diers desiring to enlist; and further instrucIn respect to the State finances, Governor tions, issued on the 24th of July, prohibited all Clayton expressed his gratification, and recom- enlistment or reënlistment in these two mended the funding of the State indebtedness, branches of the service. The war with the Indians on the Western plains prevented a bursement on these claims has already amountcorresponding reduction of the cavalry force, ed to about $54,000,000. and the services of a volunteer regiment of The cost of reconstruction during the year cavalry from the State of Kansas were accepted, was $2,261,415.02, and a balance of funds to which regiment was mustered in on the 6th of the amount of $467,626.46 remains available for October. Five stations for recruiting the cav- that object, which it is thought will finish the alry force remained open through the year. business.
The actual strength of all the regiments in The amount of money subject to the requisithe service, on the 30th of September, was tions of the Quartermaster-General for the year 43,741, and it was reported that the term of was $37,000,000, of which $36,500,000 were enlistment of 4,500 of these would expire be- disbursed. The surplus and new appropriafore the close of the year. The engineer, ordi- tions for the fiscal year, ending in 1869,
amount nance, and other special branches of the service to about $15,000,000. The debts of Southern employed 4,340 men. Of 203 volunteer officers railroads to this department, for material furremaining in the service in November, 1867, nished and interest thereon, are $8,500,000. all have been mustered out but General How- This is chiefly due from four roads in Tennesard, the head of the Freedmen's Bureau. The see, namely: Nashville and Chattanooga; Northwhole number of colored troops mustered into western; Memphis, Clarksville, and Louisville; service during the civil war was 169,624; of and East Tennessee and Georgia. A large these 86,923 were mustered out, 20,236 were quantity of clothing and equipments was left discharged, 31,866 died, 14,887 deserted, 1,514 on hand at the close of the war, and no approwere killed in action, 1,344 missing in action, priation for new purchases has been made and 366 were transferred to the navy. Several since. colored regiments still belong to the army. More attention has been given, than hereto
The actual current expenses of the War De- fore, to the inspection of the army, and still partment for the fiscal year, ending June 30th, further improvements in that regard are sugwere $68,743,094.71, to which is to be added gested. The officers of the Bureau of Inspecthe sum of $9,961,405.43, old war debts paid . tion consist of a Judge Advocate-General, an during the year, making the total expenditures Assistant Judge Advocate-General, and eight of the department $78,704,501.14. The appro- Judge Advocates. The work of the bureau, priations for the fiscal year, ending June 30, 1869, thus far, is comprised in 15,046 records of miliwere $35,400,557.47, and it has been estimated tary courts, received, reviewed, and registered; that there will be deficiencies to the amount and 1,457 reports on various subjects especially of $13,975,000. The requirements of the de- referred for opinion. partment for the year, ending June 30, 1870, The number of military arsenals in the are estimated at $65,682,380.85. The disburse- country is 27, including the national armory at ments of the pay department for the last year Springfield. 'Measures have been taken for the
sale of the St. Louis and Liberty Arsenals, and For the Regular Army.. .$17,803,963 53
legislative authority is recommended to sell For the Military Academy. 169,199 04 those at Rome, N. Y., and Vergennes, Vt., For Volunteer Services... 42,696,444 08 and a new arsenal is required at Omaha.
The Bureau for Refugees, Freedmen, and Total.....
Abandoned Lands, has been kept up through The expenditures of the Ordnance Bureau the year, but there has been considerable reducfor the last fiscal year were $3,192,000, which tion in the number of officers and agents, and is less than three-fifths those of the previous arrangements are in progress to put an end to year. From the Commissary Department sup- all its functions, excepting those of collecting plies were furnished for freedmen and refugees claims for colored soldiers, and organizing and to the extent of $882,884 in the year 1867, supporting schools for the freedinen. Treasury and $632,776 in the year 1868, making a total certificates and checks, for the settlement of of $1,515,461, of which the Freedmen's Bureau claims of colored soldiers and marines, have repaid $1,048,669. Army stores were issued been collected by the bureau
to the number of to the Indians to the extent of $640,439 in 17,000, having a total value of nearly $3,500,1867, and $373,926 in 1868. Besides these ex- 000. During the past year transportation was penses outside of the ordinary claims on the furnished to 6,418 persons; 150,000 received department, $250,500 were paid for commuta- medical attendance; and '2,802,478 rations tion of rations, to soldiers who were prisoners were issued, affording subsistence to an average during the war, or to their heirs, under the of 16,000 persons daily; 27 hospitals have act of Congress of July, 1864.
been closed and 21 still remain ; but efforts Claims to additional bounty were allowed are made to turn over the charge of the sick, during the year, to the number of 241,992, the infirm, and the insane, to the civil authoriinvolving an expenditure of $23,649,157.78. ties. The number of day and night schools in Since the act of Congress granting this bounty, operation was 1,831, with 2,295 teachers, and 435,199 claims have been received, of which 104,327 pupils. The aggregate number of 387,091 have been paid, 32,403 rejected, and Sunday and day schools of all kinds was 4,026, 15,705 remain unsettled. The aggregate dis- with 241,819 scholars ; $942,523.66 were ex
Population of diocese in 1861.
No. of clergy.
PROVINCE OF YORK.
598 601 630 45
PROVINCE OF CANTER
In Africa.—Cape Town (metropolitan), Mau- of New York, north of the southerly boundaritius, Grahamstown, St. Helena, Orange River ries of Columbia, Greene, and Delaware CounState, Central Africa, Natal, Sierra Leone, Ni- ties), and one from the Diocese of Western ger region.
New York. The election of the Rev. C. F. In Australia and Polynesia.-Sydney (me- Robertson, as Bishop of the Diocese of Mistropolitan), Adelaide, Melbourne, New Castle, souri, was confirmed, and two missionary bishPerth, Brisbane; Goulburn, Tasmania, New ops, the Rev. B. W. Morris for Oregon and Zealand (metropolitan), Christ Church, Nelson, Washington Territories, and the Rev. 0. W. Wellington, Waiaku, Dunedin, Melanesia, Ho- Whitaker for Nevada, were appointed. A nolulu, Grafton, and Armidale.
canon was passed in regard to the formation In America.---Montreal (metropolitan), To- of new dioceses, the main provisions of which ronto, Newfoundland, Fredericton, Nova Sco- are as follows: 1. Satisfactory evidence is to be tia, Huron, Columbia, Quebec, Ontario, Ru- submitted to the General Convention that adepert's Land, New Westminster, Jamaica, Bar- quate provision has been made for the support badoes, Antigua, Nassau, Guiana.
of the episcopate. 2. There must be within the The following table gives the names of the limits of the new diocese at least six parishes dioceses of the Church of England, the (total, and as many presbyters who have been canonnot-Anglican) population of the territory over ically resident in the diocese at least one year. which the diocese extends, and the number of 3. There must be left in the old diocese at least the clergy and parishes in each:
twelve parishes and twelve presbyters. 4. There
shall be but one bishop in any city. Dioceses parishes. existing within the bounds of any State were
authorized to establish for themselves a fedYork 930,216
erate council or convention, to decide and de
liberate upon the common interests of the Carlisle..
272 Church within the limits of their State, proChester 1,248,416
370 vided the powers they propose to exercise are Manchester. 1,679,326
approved by the General Convention before Ripon. 1,103,394
determinate action is taken. The canon on Sodor and Man.
parochial boundaries was amended by adding to the second clause of the sixth section the
following words: “But nothing in this clause Canterbury.
474,607 536 857 shall be construed to prevent any clergyman London..
2,570,079 716 324 Winchester. 1,267,794 1,012
of this Church from officiating in any parish St. Asaph's.
246,337 250 185 church, or in any place of public worship used Bangor...
134 by any congregation of this Church, or elseBath and Wells.
where within the parochial cure of the minisChichester..
363,735 592 St. David's.
ter of said congregation, with the consent of 432,689 527 411 Ely 480,710 720
the clergyman in charge of such congregation, Exeter
953,763 954 694 or, in his absence, of the churchwardens and Gloucester and Bristol.. 568,574 648 459 vestrymen or trustees of such congregation, or Hereford
232,401 466 358 Lichfield
a majority of them."
The eleventh canon was 1,221,404 879 625 Lincoln
801 repealed, and the following substituted in its Llandaff.
No minister in charge of any conNorwich..
667,704 1,161 908 gregation of this Church, or in case of vacancy Oxford.
or absence, no churchwardens, vestrymen, or Peterborough. 486,977 715
trustees of the congregation, shall permit any Rochester
377,337 671 471 person to officiate therein without sufficient Worcester. 857,775 661 442 evidence of his being duly licensed or ordained
to minister in this Church. Provided that Total for England and
nothing herein shall be so construed as to for20,209,671 | 17,667 12,539 bid communicants of the Church to act as lay The Triennial General Convention of the readers.” The clergymen of the Church of Protestant Episcopal Church of the United England in Canada were recognized as admisStates met in the city of New York, on the sible to all the rights and privileges of their 7th of October. The new Diocese of Nebraska brethren of the Church in the United States. was admitted after considerable debate on the With reference to propositions for union with use of the word "council" instead of conven- other branches of the Church, the House of Bishtion in the journal of its diocesan convention. ops were authorized to appoint a committee The resolution of admission was, however, un- from among their own number, which shall be conditional, making no reference to these an organ of communication with the other terms. Four new dioceses were erected, one branches of the Church, and with the different from the Diocese of Maryland (embracing the other Christian bodies who may desire inforEastern Shore of Maryland), two from the Dio- mation or conference on the subject; the said cese of New York (the one embracing Long committee to be entitled “The commission Island, and the other the nineteen counties of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the
United States of America on Church Unity." mons adopted, on April 28th, the resolution proThe House of Bishops subsequently appointed pared by Mr. Gladstone, by a majority of sixtyBishops McIlvaine, Whittingham, Atkinson, five votes. The proposition was rejected by Clark, and Coxe, the committee upon Church the House of Lords. The Bishops of the EsUnity. The joint committee on intercommun- tablished Church were unanimous and the ion with the Eastern Churches reported favor- Anglican clergy almost unanimous in their opable progress for the project, and the commit- position. The Presbyterian Church of Scottee were continued, with the power to corre- land, which is the state church of Scotland, and spond with the authorities of the Russian and the Irish Presbyterian Church, which annually other branches of the Oriental Church, for the receives from the state government a regium acquisition of further authentic information, donum (a royal present) of £30,000, likewise and to report the result to the next General passed resolutions against Mr. Gladstone's bill. Convention. A committee of bishops was ap- The Wesleyan Connection were non-committal. pointed to confer with the Metropolitan and All the other religious denominations of Great Patriarch of the Russian Church in regard to Britain strongly supported Mr. Gladstone and the Russo-Greek Diocese of Alaska and its pro- the Liberal party. At the election of a new posed intercommunion with this Church, and House of Commons, in November, the Liberal also with the Anglican Bishop of Rupert's party had a majority of over 110. The ConLand in regard to the transfer of the commu- servative Ministry resigned, and Mr. Gladstone nicants of the Church of England in Alaska to formed a new Liberal Ministry, which is the jurisdiction of this Church. The conven- pledged to carry through the disestablishment. tion continues the recognition of the Protes- Previously the report of the royal commistant Church of Sweden. The following canon sioners on the revenues and condition of the on divorce was adopted : “No minister of this Church of Ireland had appeared (the report is Church shall solemnize matrimony in any case dated July 27, 1868), and recommended imwhere there is a divorced wife or husband of portant reductions as to the benefices of the either party still living; but this canon shall Irish Church. The report is signed by the not be held to apply to the innocent party in a Earl of Meath, as chairman, by Earl Stanhope, divorce for the cause of adultery, or to parties Lord de Vesci, Sir Joseph Napier, and Messrs. once divorced seeking to be united again.”. A Shafto Adair, John T. Ball, Evelyn Shirley, new canon, similar to that for the trial of bish- George Clive, and Edward Howes; and it ops, was adopted on the trial of ministers. forms, with summary, tables, and schedules, a Provision was made for the correction of typo- bulky volume of more than six hundred pages. graphical errors in the Prayer Book. A new The report is replete with interesting informacanon on assistant bishops was adopted. They tion on the Irish Church. It states that the may be elected in case of disability of the total revenue of the Irish Church from all bishop, and succeed him if they survive him, sources is £613,984; 1,319 benefices have a and may vote in his stead in the General Con- church population of over forty, and extending vention, but can have no additional vote if he to 5,000 and upward. The bishoprics suggested is present. A commission of laymen, presby- for abolition are Meath, Killaloe, Cashel, and ters, and bishops was authorized to revise Kilmore. The majority of the commissioners the version of the psalms and hymns, and re- are in favor of leaving one archbishopric only, port to the next General Convention. The that of Armagh. All bishops are to receive preparation of Prayer Books in German, £3,000 a year income, and an additional £500 French, and Swedish was directed. Increased when attending Parliament. The Primate is solicitude was expressed respecting the mis- to get £6,000, and the Archbishop of Dublin, sionary work among the freedmen, and practi- if continued, £5,000. The abolition is recomcal measures were recommended to advance it. mended of all cathedrals and deaneries, except The convention declined to act definitely on eight. With a view to a rearrangement of the subject of ritualism. The subject was re- benefices, it is proposed that ecclesiastical comferred to the House of Bishops, who were re- missioners shall have extended powers to supquested to set forth, for consideration and press or unite benefices. All benefices, not adoption by the next General Convention, having a Protestant population of forty, to be such additional rubrics to the book of Common abolished. The estates of all capitular bodies Prayer as in their judgment may be deemed and of the bishoprics abolished are to be vested necessary. It was resolved that, meanwhile, in ecclesiastical commissioners, and the surplas in all matters doubtful, reference should be of all property vested in them to be applicable made to the Ordinary, and no changes should at their discretion to augmentation of benefices. he made against the counsel and judgment The Ecclesiastical Commission is to be modiof the bishop:
fied by the introduction of three unpaid layThe most important event in the history of men and two paid commissioners, one appointthe Church of England was the resolution of ed by the Crown, the other by the Primate. the House of Commons in favor of disestab- The management of all lands is to be taken out lishing the Anglican Church in Ireland and of the hands of ecclesiastical persons and placed its appointment of a Liberal Ministry pledged in those of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. to carry out this policy. The House of Com- The commissioners expressly state that they