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it holds, in the state in which it was dis- filius Edwardi Regis Angliæ super crescovered. The intaglio represents an urn, tam suam, et illam pennam conquisivit de ornamented with a small figure of Victory Rege Boemiæ quem interfecit apud Cresse in a biga, trampling upon a warrior who in Francia ; et sic assumpsit sibi illam bas fallen upon one knee. Above the pennam quæ dicitur Ostrich Fether quam handles of the urn are two figures of prius dictus Rex nobilissimus portabat Atlas, bearing globes on their shoulders. super crestam. Et eodem anno quo dictus

Seth William Stevenson, esq. of Nor- strenuus et bellicosus Princeps migravit wich, F.S.A. exhibited an ivory casket of ad dominum, scripsi libellum istum manu considerable size, ornamented with bas. propria, videlicet anno Domini 1376, et reliefs, probably not of later date than the dictus Edwardus Princeps obiit vi idus fourteenth century, and believed to be of 'Junii, videlicet die Sanctæ Trinitatis continental workmanship. It is one of apud Westmonasterium in magno Parliathose ivory caskets adorned with carvings, mento, quem Deus absolvat, quia fuit fios which, though varying in form, size, and miliciæ mundi sine pare." In the margin in artistic design, have yet various features of these manuscripts representations are of remarkable similarity that strongly mark given of the prince's feather, labelled. them as emanating from a common origin, We have therefore a contemporary stateinasmuch as they graphically exhibit re- ment in point: but Sir Harris Nicolas presentations of subjects bearing reference confesses that, although Ardern's opinion to certain popular legends and favourite is entitled to great weight, he does not romances of the middle ages. An ivory feel quite convinced of its accuracy; and chest formerly belonging to the Rev. Mr. he still expects that proof will some day Bowles, of Idminston in Wiltshire, and be found, that the ostrich feather and the afterwards to Gustavus Brander, esq. very mottoes Ich dien and Houmout were desimilar in size and general description to rived from the prince's maternal House of the present casket, was engraved by Carter Hainault. in bis“ Specimens of Ancient Sculpture Sir Henry Ellis laid before the Society, and Painting." The agreement, however, as a reading only, a letter which he had of this with Mr. Stevenson's casket is received last year from the Rev. Dr. Oliver, general only as to subjects ; several points of St. Nicholas's Priory at Exeter. It of difference are so material as fully to contained the substance of a very curious shew that they are two distinct pieces of roll of the year 1326, preserved among the workmaaship, and that one is not a copy archives of Exeter Cathedral : the inven. of the other. Mr. Stevenson's letter was tory of the personal goods and chattels of accompanied by a descriptive account of Walter de Stapledon, Bishop of Exeter ; the basso-relievos on the front, back, ends, who, upon the sudden return of Isabel, and lid of his casket, the reading of which Queen of Edward the Second, to England, was deferred to a future evening.

was beheaded with two of his servants at A letter from Sir Nicholas Harris the Standard in Cheap, on the 15th of Nicolas was read, supplementary to the October that year, by the citizens, or Memoir communicated by him last year, rather by the mob, of London, “because," on the Origin and History of the Badge of says Stow, “ as the saying was, he had Edward, Prince of Wales. Sir Harris gathered a great army to withstand the Nicolas then stated that there was no con. Queen." The property was divided into temporary authority for the popular idea the following heads : 1. Church Ornathat the Ostrich Feathers were derived ments; II. Books; III. Chamber; IV. from the crest of the King of Bohemia, Wardrobe; V. Hall; VI. Cellar; VII. who was slain at Crecy, and that it could Bakehouse; VIII. Kitchen ; IX. Larder; not be traced to any earlier writer than X. Plate (vasa argentea): followed by Camden. He has since found, at the end the enumeration and value of the live and of the anonymous historian of the reign dead stock on the estates belonging to the of King Edward the Third, printed by see of Exeter, in the several counties in Hearne, a remarkable passage quoted from which the Bishop had property. the medical treatise of the celebrated physician John de Ardern; of which there A considerable quantity of medals, pot. are several copies in the British Museum, tery, pins, &c. have been discovered at but only two containing the passage in Droitwich by the workmen emploved on question. In his chapter on Hemorrhoids, the line of the Oxford and Wolverhampton Ardern says, that he has depicted on a pre Railway, and also the foundation of a villa vious folio a nastere (a species of clyster of very considerable dimensions, containpipe), and a feather of the Prince of Wales, ing in one of the rooms a pavement in adding-" Et nota quod talem pennam excellent preservation. albam portabat Edwardus primogenitus

73

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.

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PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.

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bis servants & 18 the 15th of e citizens, or

HOUSE OF Lords.

the last week for which they had any June 3. The Marquess of Lansdowne return, namely, the week ending May 29, moved the second reading of the Poor the expenditure in all works, including Relief SUPERVISION (IRELAND) Bill. drainage, had been only 53,0001., and a The Earl of Ellenborough objected that considerable reduction had been made the Bill would have the practical effect of since then. The relief system by rations making the Chief Secretary and the Under was a great improvement on the system of Secretary in Ireland the real adminis relief works ; it was more economical, trators of the Poor-law; and that the and it was more directly felt by the raterelief of the poor would thus be mixed up payers, as it was required that on every with party prejudice and party patronage. advance a rate should be struck. The -The Marquess of Lansdowne said the 300,0001. voted in March had all been Bill was founded on the necessity of placed to the credit of the Relief Comentrusting the administration of the law mittees, and there were applications to the to persons who were directly responsible Treasury for about 600,0001. more. The to Parliament. It was read a second time number of persons receiving rations daily without a division.

in the last week was 2,253,000; and the June 10. The Marquess of Lansdowne

best estimate which he could form was moved the second reading of a Bill for

that 2,600,0001. would be the cost up to establishing a new BISHOPRICK AT Man the harvest, one-half to be raised by loan CHESTER. The means existed of support and the remainder by rate.

The yote was ing this new episcopal dignity out of funds agreed to. consecrated to the episcopal maintenance.

June 2. The JUVENILE OFFENDERS It was considered inexpedient however to

Bill, introduced by Sir J. Pakington, add to the number of prelates in that

for giving magistrates greater powers for House, and this Bill would enact that, the summary conviction of youths charged saving the rights of the two archbishops, before them with offences, was considered and the sees of London, Durham, and in committee.-Mr. Escolt opposed the Winchester, the other bishops would take clause giving the magistrates power to their seats in that House by seniority. sentence juvenile offenders to whipping.– After several objections had been discussed. The committee divided-For the clause, 55; the Bill was read a second time without a against it 7.–Mr. Bodkin objected to the division.

clause giving magistrates a power to substi. June 15. Lord Stanley moved the fol tute a fine for flogging, and the committee lowing resolution on the Intervention in again divided---For the clause, 30 ; against PORTUGAL :-" That the papers presented it, 27.

The other clauses were then to both Houses of Parliament, by Her agreed to. Majesty's command, afford, in the opinion

June 3. Sir G. Grey moved that the of this House, no justification for the

House should go into committee on the recent interference of this country, by Prisons Bill, and explained the general force of arms, in the internal affairs of object of that measure, as well as the CusPortugal.”—The Marquess of Lansdowne tody of Offenders Bill, with which it was defended the conduct of Government, and

connected. The Prisons Bill proposed to was supported by the Duke of Wellington. constitute a new board of management Their Lordships divided : for the motion

for the three Government or national pri. 47, against it 66.

sons of Milbank, Parkhurst, and Penton

ville. The members of the board would HOUSE OF COMMONS.

consist of men of large experience, whose May 31, In Committee on the Des. attention had been directed to the subject TITUTE Poor (IRELAND) Bill, for grant. of prison discipline, aided by a paid Coming temporary relief, the Chanelclor of missioner, who would be required to give the Exchequer moved that a further sum

his whole time to the duties of the comof 600,0001. should be granted for the mission, to be in constant communication relief of destitution in Ireland. He with the Secretary of State, and, in fact, stated that the relief works had been to discharge all the functions which are at almost entirely abandoned, and that for present exercised by the governor of Mil. VOL. XXVIII.

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bank prison and the inspectors of prisons. ing-frames. He therefore opposed it, as a It was also intended that the hulks and measure interfering mischievously with the other places for the confinement of con- rights of property, and fraught with injury victs should be placed under the control to the workmen, whom it proposed to beof the same board. The second bill, which nefit.-On a division the Bill was lost, was entitled “A Bill to Amend the Law the second reading being negatived by 77 as to the Custody of Offenders,'' proposed to 57. to place the Irish convicts on the same June 10. The adjourned debate on the footing as the English and Scotch, with PRISONs Bill, relating to the abolition of reference to transportation ; and that of Transportation, was resumed, when, after fenders under sentence of transportation some debate, a division took place,-for the in Great Britain or Ireland may be re- committal of the Bill-Ayes, 124; Noes, moved from the county prisons in which 76: Majority in favour of the Bill, 48. they are severally confined to any other June 1l. Mr. Hume moved a resolution, prison or penitentiary, by order of the “That in the judgment of this House the Crown. Transportation having failed armed interference of this Government bealtogether as a secondary punishment, tween political parties in PORTUGAL is unand having given birth to a system of warrantable in principle, and likely to lead atrocious criminality amongst the convict to serious and inischievous consequences." communities who were assembled together - Lord John Russell said that the censures in distant colonies, the Government pro passed on the Government were founded pose that the first or strictly penal part of on the supposition that they had been enimprisonment shall be passed in the prisons gaged in establishing in Portugal an abso. of this country, and that at the expiration lute Government, and in maintaining there of a limited period of separate contine a despotic power; but the supposition was ment, the convicts shall be employed in an error. The capture of Das Antas and this country, at Bermuda, or at Gibraltar, his troops which had taken place would on public works; and it, after this period, lead to the acceptance by the Junta of the the sentence of transportation remain still, proposed terms, and thus the peace and that they shall be removed to the Austra- liberties of Portugal would be restored.lian colonies, and there placed in the same The debate was resumed on the two fol. position as the prisoners now emerging lowing days, when it terminated by the from the second class of punishment House being counted out. with this exception, that, instead of having June 16. Mr. S. Crawford moved the undergone a process which has been de second reading of a Bill for giving Com. moralizing to an appalling extent, they PENSATION TO Tenants in Ireland for shall have reaped benefit from a system improvements, and to establish fixity of conducing largely to moral and mental tenure in certain cases. He recommended improvement.

the measure as a means of promoting the June 9. The Chancellor of the Exche application of capital to agricultural im. quer moved a series of resolutions agreed provement in Ireland.-Mr. Monahan, to by a select committee, with respect to Solicitor-General for Ireland, moved that the RAILWAY Bills now before the House. the Bill should be read a second time on The committee had determined against that day six months. The Government, compulsory suspension and selection, but he said, were preparing a general measure they recommended that a power should be on the subject, and the machinery of the given to companies of suspending their present Bill would be found inefficacious. own proceedings, and carrying forward -After a short debate the House divided, the progress they had made in committee and the numbers were-For the second to a future Session, the deposits being in reading, 25; against it, 112: majority the meantime returned to the depositors. against the Bill, 87. It was also intended to introduce a provi- June 18. On the order of the day for sion in all present and future Bills, pro going into committee on the Health OF bibiting the payment of any interest or Towns Bill, Colonel Sibthorp moved dividend out of capital.

that the Bill be read that day three months, Sir H. Halford moved a renewal of the -Lord J. Russell should have been glad debate (adjourned from the 5th May) on had the metropolis been included in the the second reading of the Hosiery Ma. Bill; but, yielding to expediency, he exNUFACTURE Bill. --Mr. M. Gibson met it cluded the metropolis, with the hope that with direct opposition. The Bill con in a short time it would be also subject to tained provisions for preventing the inter a similar measure.—The House dividedvention of middlemen between the stock For the amendment, 50; for going into inger and the master manufacturer, and for committee, 191.-The Bill was then comprohibiting persons from hiring out stock mitted pro forma.

FOREIGN NEWS.

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MEXICO.

SPAIN,

TAHEITE. The Madrid Gazette publishes a royal The Moniteur has published despatches decree, authorising Don Manuel Godoy, from Rear-Admiral Bruat, dated Papeete, Prince of Peace, to return to Spain. An in the island of Moorea, on the 7th Feb. other decree partly establishes the decimal 1847, announcing the complete submissystem of coinage. M. Pacheco and Count sion of Queen Pomare, and of the entire de Thomar regulated, on the 1st June, population of the Society Islands, to the the conditions of the intervention in Por French Protectorate, The Governor went tugal, so far as Spain was concerned, to meet the Queen at Moorea, and at the Spain to place 14,000 men at the disposal interview which he had with her in the of Queen Donna Maria, and to pay those Protestant temple, he told Pomare that if troops as if they were in her service; and she had joined him from the beginning Portugal undertook to complete the ex many misfortunes would have been avoidtraordinary allowance. The Carlists are ed, and recommended her not to listen in still in considerable force in Catalonia. future to those foreign influences which

had been so fatal to her. The Queen rePORTUGAL,

plied, that she was determined to join him On the 31st May the British squadron in future in all things for the good of the off Oporto captured the three armed government; and that she was, moreover, steamers, and some other transports, un resolved not to pay attention to mendader the orders of the Junta, on their com cious words. The Governor afterwards ing out from the Douro, and having on re-established her, in the name of King board 2,500 troops, destined for St. Ubes. Louis Philippe, in her rights and authoThe vessels seized by the allied_squadron rity, which she was from that day to exwere the following :-steamers, Royal Tar, ercise in all parts of the kingdom, as the Mindello, Porto, corvette Eighth of July; Queen recognised by the Government of merchant vessels, Florda Amizade and Amor the Protectorate, da Patria, and six hiates, in all 12 vessels, the military commander of the expedition being the Conde das Antas, and the naval The Mexican army, under Santa Anna, commander an Englishman, named Salter, has been defeated at Cerro Gordo. The who deserted at the commencement of engagement opened on the 17th of April this insurrection from the paval service of with a slight skirmish. On the 18th a the Queen of Portugal. The order to sur combined attack was made upon Santa render was obeyed without resistance. The Anna's position: and shortly after noon Junta were fully informed that such an on that day Santa Anna himself gave the expedition would be intercepted; and there signal and example of fight, accompanied can be little doubt, therefore, that the by General Almonte and Canalizo, and a chiefs of the Junta, who wished to accept few thousand men, towards Jalapa. The the terms offered to them, but who were Mexican loss in the engagement is estiprevented from doing so by the violence mated at 300, subsequently swelled in the of their followers, sent this expedition out pursuit of the fugitives towards Jalapa, to sea on purpose that it should be taken, and that of the Americans in killed and and in order that they might thus have a wounded at 250. Five general officers fair excuse for submitting, as they seem were captured, and the whole Mexican afterwards to have done. Thus, within a army was completely disorganised. Santa fortnight after the decision of the 21st of Anna's carriages, papers, plate, and bagMay was taken, the civil war has been gage, fell into the hands of the Americans; quietly put an end to, and the waste of life Jalapa and Perote surrendered without and property which it was occasioning has resistance, and at the capital the defeat of been arrested. The prisoners were landed the General had created the greatest alarm. and secured in Fort St. Julien. The Lis. Puebla was threatened. Santa Anna, with bon government made a very strong effort from 1000 to 2000 troops, was at Ora. to retain the command of that fort, but zaba, and, it is said, had written to the after a lengthened discussion, during which capital for money and reinforcements. Admiral Parker declared that if the point His applications are said to have been unatwas not conceded, he would send the whole tended to. He contemplated the institu. of the prisoners, steamers and all, back to tion of a guerilla warfare upon the enemy. Oporto, the demand made by bim, of com The capture of Tuspan was effected on the plete command in the fort, was granted, 18th of April, without much loss. The and a Major's guard of 200 marines occu Americans were beginning to feel th pied the place.

effects of the climate severely,

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CHINA.

forts near Wampoa were served in like In consequence of the repeated aggres- mapner; and on the 5th the six forts of sions of the Chinese upon British subjects the city of Canton. In all 847 iron ord. in the neighbourhood of Canton, and the nance and 32 brass ordnance were deunsatisfactory replies of the Imperial stroyed. The Chinese submitted just in High Commissioner to the demands for time to arrest the destruction of Canton. redress made by her Majesty's Plenipo. The whole of these important operations tentiary, Sir John Davis, his Excellency have been conducted without the loss of a on the 1st April instructed Major-Gen, man. The General acknowledges in his d'Aguilar, C.B. commanding her Majes- despatch the assistance of Lieut.-Col. ty's troops in the island of Hong Kong, Brereton, C.B. (the second in command), to proceed to Canton and demand repa. Lieut.-Col. Phillpotts, the commanding ration on the spot. Capt. McDougall, Royal Engineer, Major Aldrich (Aide-deof her Majesty's steam-frigate Vulture, camp to the General), Capt. J. Bruce, was the senior naval officer in the Chinese 18th Regt. as Adjutant and Field engiwaters; and these officers, accompanied neer, Capt. Clark Kennedy, as Quarterby H.M. 18th Regt, and the 420 Madras master, Lieut.-Col. Cowper, C.B. 18th Nat. Inf., immediately proceeded up the Regt., Major Fitzgerald, 42nd Madras river to execute their purpose. The forts N. Inf., Capt. Durnford, R. Eng., Lieut. at the Bocca Tigris were surprised early on Edm. Sargent, Aide-de-camp to Sir John the morning of the 2d April, the guns Davis, Captains Graves and Campbell of spiked and ammunition destroyed, and the 18th Regt., and Captains Stuart and the garrisons permitted to retire without McLeod of the 420 Madras N. Inf. molestation. The next day four strong

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES.

Her Majesty has been graciously pleased Sir John Duckworth's action off St. to command that a medal should be struck Domingo, 6th Feb. 1806.-(Admiral Sir to record the services of her fleets and R. Stopford and Vice-Admirals Sir F. W. armies during the wars commencing in Austen and Sir S. Pym.) 1793 and ending in 1815, and that one Capt. Brisbane, H. M. ship Arethusa, shall be conferred on every officer, non. with H. M. ships Anson, Fisgard, and commissioned officer, petty officer, soldier, Latona, capture of the Island of Curaçoa, seaman, and marine, who was present in 1st Jan. 1807. any action, naval or military, to comme- Capt. Michael Seymour, H. M. ship morate which medals have been struck by Amethyst, capture of the Thetis, 10th command of Her Majesty's royal prede. Nov. 1808. cessors, and distributed to superior of Capt. Stewart, H. M. ship Seahorse, ficers, according to the rules of the service capture of Badere Zaffer, 6th July, at that time in force. The following is 1808. the list of actions for which gold medals Capt. William Hoste, H. M. ship are issued to flag officers and captains : Amphion, with H. M. ships Cerberus,

Lord Howe's action of the ist June, Active, and Volage, action off Lissa, 1794.

13th March, 1811.-(Rear-Admirals Sir Lord St. Vincent's action, off Cape St. J. A. Gordon and Phipps Hornby.) Vincent, 14th February, 1797.-(The Ad- Capt. Christopher Cole, H. M. ship mirals of the Fleet gold medals.)

Caroline, capture of Banda Neira, 9th Lord Duncan's battle off Camperdown, Aug. 1810. 11th Oct. 1797.-(Adm. Sir W. Hotham.) Capt. (now Adm. the Hon. Sir John)

Lord Nelson's battle of the Nile, Ist Talbot, H. M. sbip Victorious, capture of August, 1798.

Rivoli, 22d Feb. 1812. Captain (now Admiral) Sir Edward Capt. Broke, H. M. ship Shannon, Hamilton, H.M. ship Surprise, re-capture capture of Chesapeake, Ist June, 1813. of the Hermione, 25th Oct. 1799.

Capt. E. Palmer, H. M. ship Hebrus, Lord Nelson's battle of Trafalgar, 21st capture of L'Etoile, 27th March, 1814. Oct. 1805.-(Adm. Sir E. Codrington Capt. (now Rear-Adm.) H. Hope, and Vice-Adm. Sir C. Buller.)

H. M. ship Endymion, action with PreSir Richard Strachan's action, 4th sident, 15th Jan. 1815.) Nov. 1805.

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