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present at least a picture of the approaching The Book of Thought. 2 vols.- This foe, so true in its lineaments as to awaken work consists of a selection of “ Passages in time the unsuspecting heart of youth, from various writers relating to Religion, and make it grateful for its foreknowledge Morals, Manners, and Characters," noted of what, under other circumstances, it down in the reading of a literary and might not have had power or will to es. studious man. The only fault we find cape from safely, or to encounter with with it is, that the author has so seldom success.

quoted his authorities; we presume he often copied out the extract, and forgot

the book from which it was taken. Yet Warnings of the Holy Week. By the the name of an author seems to awaken Rev. W. Adams. These lectures were attention, to excite curiosity, and often to preached by the author in the church of lead to a further perusal of his writings. St. Peter in the East, Oxford, during the As books have so multiplied that to select holy week of 1842. With a few altera. is difficult, and to read all impossible and tions, they are published as they were de- useless, such selections as these, if made livered. To each lecture is prefixed the with judgment and taste, are very desigospel narrative of the events to which rable; and we think they will grow in allusion is made in it. The lectures them. favour with the public, and become more selves appear to be composed with great numerous. If placed in classes, as to sub. care, and contain much useful instruction jects and dates, they might be made some. and affectionate and earnest exhortation; thing far higher in their purpose than and, all of them being connected with merely to afford an hour's agreeable some portion of the sacred history, are reading. well calculated to excite and detain atten. tion. The Warning of Pilate, the Signs of our Lord's Presence, and the Remedy The French Prompter of Mons. Le for anxious Thoughts, are among those Page, arranged in the Dictionary form, is with the excellence of which we were likely to become as popular as his other deeply struck, where all are worthy of excellent works; for such a manual will praiso, and, being once read, will be read never be a useless companion, even when again.

the language is supposed to be acquired.

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD. June 14. This day was the Commemoration of Founders. The Bishops of Win. chester, St. Asaph, and Oxford, were present. The honorary degree of D.D. was conferred on the Right Rev. G. J. T. Spencer, of Univ. coll. Bishop of Madras; the Rev. Augustus Short, M.A. of Christ. church, Bishop designate of Adelaide, South Australia; and the Rev.Robert Gray, M.A., of Univ. coll. Bishop designate of Cape Town, Cape of Good Hope ; and the degree of D.C.L. on Gen. Sir Pere. grine Maitland, G.C.B. late Governor of the Cape of Good Hope; and on Henry Herbert Southey, M.D., F.R.S., Physician in Ordinary to his late Majesty King George IV. The Rev. Charles Perry, D.D., late Fellow of Trinity college, Cambridge, Bishop designate of Melbourne, Australia, was also admitted ad eundem gradum. The Creweian oration was delivered by the Rev. W. Jacob. son, Public Orator. His observations were principally allusive to the foundation

of Sir Robert Taylor, and the galleries of art recently erected from the funds of Dr. Randolph, assisted by the munificence of the university. The prize compositions were afterwards recited in their usual order.

The Chancellor's Prizes have been adjudged as follow : viz.

Latin Verse."Turris Londinensis." John Conington, B.A. Fellow of University.

English Essay.-"The Political and Social Benefits of the Reformation in England." Golden Smith, B.A. Stowell Fellow of University.

Latin Essay."Quatenus Reipublicee intersit, ut Jurisprudentia Romanorum inter litteras fere humaniores colenda proponatur." Edwin Palmer, B.A. Fellow of Balliol.

Sir Roger Newdigate's Prize for English Verse,- Prince Charles Edward, after the Battle of Culloden." John Adams, Commoner of Magdalen Hall.

Dr. Ellerton's Theological Essay on

ght. 9 role. This ction of "Passagens elating to Religia, Characters," noted

of a literary and Only fault me ind thor has so seidon ; we presume be extract, and forget

THE LONDON LIBRARY.

t was taken. Vs

seems to take Osity, and often t) 1 of his writings lied that to select all impossible and as these, if Bade e, are very desi ey will grow in nd become more lasses, as to subbe made some

Jear also.

r purpose than our's agittable

of None. Le Sonary form, is ar as bis other

& manual will 00, EVEN THER be acquired.

ROYAL SOCIETY OF LITERATURE.

“ The Importance of the Translation of expenditure of the last year had each been
the Holy Scriptures" has been awarded about 6,8001.
to John William Burgon, B.A. Fellow of
Oriel; and Mrs. Denyer's Theological
Essay, the subject “ Prædestinationis et

May 29. The sixth annual meeting of Electionis nostræ in Christo pia conside the subscribers of this institution was held ratio dulcissuavis etineffabilis consolationis in St. James's-square, Lord Lyttelton in plena est vere piis," has been adjudged to the chair. During the year just closed, the Rev. William Jackson, M.A. of Queen's 112 new names have been added to the College.

list, being an increase of seven in number, and of income of upwards of 2001. beyond

those of the previous year. The aggre. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE.

gate number of members on the 1st of The Porson Prize, for the best transla. May was 720 annual, and 115 life. The tion of an extract from one of our great funds of the year have been rather heavily poets into Greek verse, has been adjudged drawn upon by the expenses of removal to Mr. G. J. Gill, of Emmanuel College.

to the present premises in St. James's. This prize was gained by Mr. Gill last square ; but the whole, including the ad

vance of 3001. made by the Society's The Chancellor's gold medal, for the bankers, have been paid off. Very conbest English poem, was awarded to Henry siderable and important additions have Day, of Trinity Hall; subject, “Sir been made to the library, which at preThomas More."

sent numbers more than 30,000 volumes. The Camden medal for Latin hexameter The circulation of books during the year verse was awarded to James Camper

was 33,643, an increase of about 6,000 Wright, of King's College ; subject, “ Èc.

over the previous. The receipts were clesia Cathedralis cuper apud Indos ex 2,9111. 198. 10d., and the expenditure structa."

2,7901. 198. 9d., leaving a balance in hand
Sir Wm. Browne's medals have beeu of 1211. Os. Id.
adjudged as follow :-

Greek Ode.--B, F. Westcott, Trinity.
Subject" Pericles Moriens."

April 29. At the anniversary meeting
Latin Ode.-D. J. Vaughan, Trinity; of this Society, the President, Henry
Subject Collegium S.S. Trinitatis apud Hallam, esq. took the chair, and delivered
Cantabrigienses jam trecentissimum annum an address, in which, after commemorating
agens."

the deceased members, Mr. Sharon TurEpigrama.-D. J. Vaughan, Trinity. ner, Dr. Bostock, and the Rev. James Subjects-reek, Abouuevos te kai úl@v; Parsons, B.D. he made the following reLatin, “Sui lepa Natura,"

marks on the proceedings of the Society during the past year :

“ The inquisitive spirit of Europe has

turned of late years with a continually At the recent anniversary of this Society increasing ardour towards the ancient it was announced that the books which history of nations long regarded with an will be next issued to the subscribers are indefinite or mysterious veneration, but the remaining volumes of the Works of surrendered in general to the domain of Bishops Jewel and Hooper-Bullinger's uncertain tradition or speculative hypoDecades—Queen Elizabeth's Liturgies and thesis. The great discoveries to which Occasional Services-some valuable un Young led the way, which Champollion published Letters and Archbishop Par- brought to light, and which have been ker's Correspondence. These will pro successfully followed up by later inquiries, bably be followed by the Reformatio Le- have set out, as it were, by metes or gum Ecclesiasticarum, drawn up under bounds, the waste lands of primeval bisArchbishop Cranmer's authority-Dr. tory, and established not only determinate Olde's Acquittal of the Church of Eng. truth, but even chronological exactness, land reformed, from the charge of heresy over many centuries of Egyptian civiliza-the conference of Rainoldes with Hart tion. Nor are there wanting the strong-the important works of Archbishop est reasons to believe that a monarchy Whitgift, Dean Nowell, and Bishop hardly less renowned than the Egyptian, Cooper-with Rogers on the Thirty-nine and, if possible, still less within the Articles--and various sermons and trea limits of certain knowledge, that of tises of the Bishops and Divines by whose Assyria, will be brought before our eyes authority the present formularies of the in a far more definite outline than the Church were first put forth and sanctioned. dim shadows which have hitherto enve. The report shewed that the income and loped it permit us yet to perceive. It has

NCE.

THE PARKER SOCIETY

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been of late a favourite object with our nations recorded to have yielded to the own contributors to illustrate Egyptian Egyptian monarch ; and Mr. Birch finds antiquity. In comparison with the reve- the name of the Oxus on this tablet. lations of those primitive ages which the This, as is well known, is one of the monuments of Egypt have made under great problems in primæval history which the hands of acute and laborious men, are yet to be resolved. Several of the petty illustrations of Greek archæology, our decipherers of Egyptian monuments which remain as the gleanings of a vast confine the successes of the eminent sove. harvest, valuable as we may justly think reigns who carried their arms into Asia, them in themselves, sink into relative in to Mesopotamia and the adjacent counsignificance. We cannot therefore, in my tries. Nineveh is read by Mr. Birch on judgment, regret in the slightest degree, this tablet ; but Nineveh lies on the that Hellas has, for the time at least, Tigris, and though its temporary subjugiven way to the parent, as some would gation, if so it were, would be a remarksay, of its civilization, its arts, and its able circumstance, it would not necessarily philosophy,--to a land at least in which involve that of the eastern provinces of these flourished at a much earlier era than the Assyrian monarchy. It is therefore in Greece.

rather at first a startling hypothesis that “A zealous investigator of Egyptian the Bactrians, and even the natives of antiquity, whom we have this year had Turkestan, who are generally meant by the pleasure to enrol among our Fellows, Scythians, were at any time reduced into Mr. Birch, has communicated several subjection by armies proceeding from the Papers, which we may with confidence Nile ; and some, as I have intimated, are expect to be the forerunners of a series, disposed to reject this interpretation. It not less creditable to the Society, than is, however, supported not only by the important to that department of literature. authority of many persons conversant with One of these discusses the early relations the Egyptian characters, but by the pasof Ethiopia, that is, Nubia, with the sage in Tacitus above mentioned ; and Egyptian monarchy. The conquest of still more forcibly by the appearance of the former country has been traced to the animals among the tributes of the van. twelfth dynasty by Dr. Lepsius, the inde- quished nations unknown to Western fatigable traveller, who has well repaid Asia, the elephant and the zebu. As no the liberality of an enlightened Govern- facts can be more important in Egyptian ment by the successful result of his local history than those which relate to these investigations. But it seems to have early expeditions, in as much as they bear been under the eighteenth dynasty, with not only on that, but upon Asiatic antiwhich we are better acquainted, that the quity, it is greatly to be desired that the repeated victories over the black races of great question, whether at any time the Ethiopia are recorded in monuments. armies of the Pharaohs were engaged in And these, under Sethos I., the second war on the borders of the Oxus, should king of the nineteenth dynasty, appear to be finally decided. This hope is now perhave extended very far to the southward, baps more likely to be realised than when even into the heart of Abyssinia.

the difficulty first arose. Though we "A still more interesting inquiry with have not, in this Society, any direct conrespect to the palmy age of the Pharaohs nection with those who have explored the is the extent of their Asiatic conquests. ruins of Nineveh, and compelled a lan. Mr. Birch has communicated to us a guage as unknown as that of Egypt, and translation of the statistical Tablet of characters not less difficult, to render up Karnak, now in the Louvre. This in their secrets, we must not only regard scription was published in the Hierogly- them with sympathising interest, but phics of Dr. Young, by this Society, and from them may venture to hope for some has been re-published by Dr. Lepsius. It additional illustrations of the annals of records the victories of Thothmes I. and the Nile. This indeed must depend upon II. ; in particular the tributes of the con- what has been thought a disputable quesquered nations. The learned contributor tion,-whether the Assyrian records, of this Paper entertains scarcely a doubt lately discovered and partially deciphered, that this is either the actual inscription, extend back to a very remote antiquity, or which, as Tacitus informs us, was read by are confined to that later and more notothe Egyptian priests to Germanicus, or a rious period, co-incident with the Jewish copy of a similar nature. But this well. history, under the victorious dynasty of known passage refers the conquests to Sennacherib and Esar-haddon. But it is Ramses. Mr. Birch has endeavoured to certainly known that Major Rawlinson obviate this objection. It is an import and Mr. Layard, to whose enterprise and ant circumstance, that Tacitus mentions ingenuity we are mainly indebted, conceive the Bactrians and Scythians among the themselves to have retrieved at Nimroud

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1847.] Literary and Scientific Intelligence.

65 the succession of a long series of mo Vice-Chancellor of England on the 11th Darchs, not less than twelve in regular Feb. it is feared that the value of the beorder, belonging to the earlier race of quest of 50001, made to the Society by Assyria, who must have been co-existent the late Rev. Dr. Richards will be reduced with the eighteenth dynasty of Egypt. one-half. The city of Nineveh, as has been above mentioned, appears on the Karnak tablet, so that some mention of these wars may

ROYAL GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY reasonably be expected, possible as it may

May 24.

This was the Anniversary be that they will be commemorated with

Meeting, the President, Lord Colchester, less regard to the glory of Egypt.

in the chair. The report stated that the "I do not enter upon shorter or less

Society at present consists of 672 memimportant communications, during the

bers ; besides 39 foreign and 22 correpast year, on Egyptian antiquity. That

sponding members. The accessions to of Greece, though less prominent, has not

the library during the past year consist of passed without regard. We are indebted

344 books and pamphlets; besides maps, again to Mr. Colquhoun for the transla.

charts, atlases, &c. The gold medals tion of a Paper by the late Dr. Ulrichs,

were presented to Capt. Charles Sturt, whose investigation of the Homeric llium

and Dr. Ludwig Leichardt: to the former was last year communicated to the Society,

for bis expedition from Adelaide, by Hardthrough the same channel.

A far less ley's Ponds southwards, into the interior; uncertain topography, as it might seem,

to the latter for his overland expedition is the subject of his later inquiry. It

from Darling Downs to Port Essington. relates to the harbours of Athens, in ascer.

Lord Colchester, in retiring from the Pretaining which, we have the assistance of

sident's chair, announced that the election ancient writers to guide our observations

of President for the next two years had of the locality. Dr. Ulrichs has adopted

fallen unanimously on W. Hamilton, esq. an hypothesis not conformable, as he admits, to that which high authorities have laid down. It principally consists in placing the Phalerum, the most ancient ROYAL COLLEGE OF CHEMISTRY. sea-port of Athens, at Hagios Georgios,

June 7. The first appual meeting was where Cape Colias has hitherto been sup held at the College, Hanover-square, B. posed to have been situated, and conse B. Cabbell, esq. M.P. in the chair. The quently at a considerable distance from report of the Council announced the comthe Piræus.

pletion of the laboratories, and the success “Mr. Bonomi, in a short note on the of the Institution. The number of stu. Budrøm Marbles, expresses his confident dents at present in the college was stated opinion, concurring in this with Mr. at 38,-making 147 from its establish. Hamilton, that we possess in them some ment. A member of the college, it was of the figures executed for the tomb of said, had expressed his intention, as soon Mausolus ; the vigour of movement and as the institution was free from debt, to excellence of workmanship being such as

invest the sum of 10001. as a premium for indicates the most eminent sculptors.

discoveries in cher ry effected therein. "Mr. Burgon has directed his attention Two offers had also been made of dona. to some curious fragments of vases ; and tions to the amount of 1001. respectively, has come to the conclusion that they be. for the purpose of raising in each case long to a very remote age, even that of 10001. as soon as other persons would the heroic times,--from 1200 to 1000 come forward to complete the sums. Dr. A.C. Such an inference he draws from Hoffman's report announced that the their being found in connection with mo total receipts of the Institution last year, numents of Cyclopean architecture, and including the previous balance, amounted from the improbability that fictile utensils, to 6,8461. 78. ;-out of which a present when once buried in the earth, should be balance remained of 6221. 188. 78. Some wholly destroyed, considering their inde. conversation took place on the subject of structibility by natural agents. This hy.

the 10001. which it was proposed to in. pothesis would lead us to think more

vest as a prize for chemical discoveries ; highly of the early ages of Greece, than

during which Mr. Blakemore, M.P. (who many at present might be inclined to do." was understood to be the donor) explained

Notwithstanding the reduction of the that the premium was to be offered in terms of subscription, this Society has not particular for the discovery of any means materially increased in numbers. Ten which should render iron, when applied members have been elected during the to all ordinary purposes, as little liable to past year, whilst four have been lost by rust or corrode as copper. death. From a judgment given by the GENT. MAG. VOL. XXVIII.

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ARCHITECTURE.

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1

ARCHITECTURE AT THE ROYAL ACADEMY. can be seen. The present may rank

The present exhibition we are pleased among the best churches recently built,
to see distinguished by the number as well and it owes much of its merit to the atten.
as the general excellence of the ecclesi. tion which has been paid to ecclesiastical
astical subjects. The confined space, and propriety in the design and arrangement.
the intrusion of portraits and anomalous The tower is situated at the west end of
subjects, are still grounds of complaint; the south aisle, and is surmounted by a
but, if the exhibition continues to improve spire of excellent proportions. It, how.
in the pumber and excellence of this de. ever, appears somewhat too early for the
partment, we may contidently hope to see style of the main structure, which may
an amendment in the mode of exhibiting perhaps be occasioned by the absence of
them. The following subjects appeared crockets (omitted, we apprehend, on the
to us most worthy of attention.

score of economy). On the whole, this
1088. The Chancel of the Near Church is a striking church, and holds a high
at Honiton. C. Fowler.---This design is far rank among the productions of the day.
behind the present age; it is a polygonal 119. Pennant Church, Montgomery.
apse, in the usual style of modern imitations shire. G. P. Lamb.-A church of early-
of Norman architecture. The pulpit of English architecture, with a nave large
stone, placed exactly in the front of the in proportion to the chancel, and having
altar, appears tore like a huge font; and an exaggerated bell-gable erected over the
certainly as this position, once so com south porch. The simplicity of the de-
mon, is now so invariably avoided, it is a sign is injured by an attempt to give a
matter of surprise that any architect greater degree of effect to a structure of
should place himself so far in the rear of small dimensions than is warranted by the
the present improved state of church size of the editice.
building. Twenty years ago he might 1120. Church of the Holy Trinity,
have pleaded precedent for this unsightly Ryde, Isle of Wight. T. Hellyer. The
arrangement; it will not avail now, church consists of a nave and aisles, with

1102. South-east view of Poriswood separate roofs of good pitch, the nave
Church, near Southampton, as erected a small degree raised in elevation ; at the
from the desiru v R. and J.A. Brundon.- west end is a tower with spire, the latter
The design shews a plain and unassuming too much crowded with spire lights. The
example of a country church, consisting drawing does not shew whether there is
of a uave, aisles, and chancel, a tower at the a chancel or not. We should judge the
east end of the south aisle, crowned with arrangement of the plan has been adopted
a shiugled spire. The roofs are of high from the choir of the Temple church.
pitch; the wave has a clerestory of cus. The architecture is plain, and the entire
pated circular windows. The peculiar desiga, if it had been executed some
position of the tower, we apprehend, was years back, would have been deemed a
induced by some local peculiarity in the very superior structure. The church

architecture of the present day is much 1107. NortA-east view of West Wicks in advance of this design. Aan (hurch, as rebuilt troin the design 1140. Nete Church to be erected at of Whichead and Son. We could scarecly Rossendale, Lancashire. J. Clarke.--A recognise an edince long familiar to us in cruciform Norman structure, with central this view, which is seen from the north tower, having an octangular staircase turret east. To this side of the church has attached to it; the chancel terminates with been added a transept and sacristy, which, an apse, and the tower is capped with a as they keep up the general style of the low pyramidal roof, always a good finish architecture of the building, and, we ap. for a tower. The drawing does not shew prchend, were errited to meet the wants of detail, but the windows, especially in the the parish, are not to be ensured. Great transept, appear to be well introduced ; and part of the old structure des been pre- the rinish of the tower, equally with the size Neived, and in the additions the original of the chancel, are good features of the design is but litilo iutertered with. We peculiar style which has been adopted, a have heard that the beautiful glass has style admirably suited for the smaller class been parcully preserved.

of churches in rural districts, as this apulo. St. Andrew's Chrnt, wis pears to be. street, Qurun-street. J. R. Hamilton, 11:0. Interior of the Church of the Thin is * view of the West front of a newly Holy Trinity, Bembridge, Isle of Wight. erreted church, of great merit. It is the J. Hellyer. - This church is in the style polo point of view idd which the exterior of early-English architecture ; it consists

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