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1714. Ere so n two e sixth cought
om any -as the ade to
alter2 came at men an the entury, -, when
Latin brated 1, and met on isbull 5 Asia ascript many
he has marked and the number of chief public acts of the reign of Auletters wanting always correspond with gustus. Of such it was a most ample minute precision, as is capable of being It recites the honours he resatisfactorily proved. His general cor ceived from the senate, the colonies he rectness has received unexpected cor founded, the temples he built or reroboration in modern times by the paired, the public games he gave, the Greek translation before mentioned, battles he gained, the provinces he brought forward by Mr. Hamilton. added to the empire, the military en
From the time of Chishull down to signs he recovered, the submissions the date of Mr. Hamilton's discovery, he received from foreign powers, the very little notice seems to have been kingdoms he conferred on various taken of this inscription. It was in potentates, the foreign alliances he 1842 that he gave to the world, in his formed, the largesses he gave to the Researches in Asia Minor, 2 vols. 8vo., soldiers, the shows of gladiators he published in that year, a great part of exhibited ; in short, many numerous the original Greek duplicate, copied and very minute particulars, forming an from the outside of the temple. extensive and very interesting general
Very much was thus supplied, and view of the transactions of his reign. this ancient relic, in its augmented The whole inscription extends, as form, furnishes quite a chapter in might be expected, to a very great Roman history, communicating various length; indeed, in its original state it new materials since the time of Nie could not have been so very greatly buhr. Some portions still remain to shorter than some of the books of Virgil's be copied, as before stated. It happens Æneid. What we have now to attend rather strangely that the part relating to is the part which relates to Britain, to Britain, very imperfect in the Latin, which we may give in the Latin oriis also so in the Greek. Nevertheless, ginal according to Mr. Chishull, and by the remnants of sentences and of in the Greek original according to Mr. words we are able entirely to restore Hamilton, together with the proposed both.
restoration of both, adding some few It has been before noted that the explanatory remarks. inscription was
& summary of the
End of Column V.
reges . Parthorum . Tirida
Begin Column VI.
. Damno . Bella . et , Tim ... orum .
in . Italiam . non. bello . superatus . sed . amicitiam . nostram . per .... suorum . pignora . petens. etc.
none to his
named which itness,
on d as rnebeen ig efrface made re, t est les à ulets pl. ü. ored
End of Column V.
Begin Column VI.
ntire with itions as to true, paces
* Tacitus in speaking of Artavasdes states that he was appointed king of Armenia. Nevertheless, the inscription appears to style him king of Media.
Translation of the Latin. To me the kings of Parthia fled, Suedo among those of the Marseeking my protection : Tiridates, and comani, made their submission to Phrates, the son of Phrates the king; To me, Phrates, king of the also Artavasdes the Median, whom I Parthians, son of Orodes, sent his appointed to govern the province. sons and all his grandsons into Italy, Likewise the kings of the Britons, not overcome in war, but seeking Damno, Bellaunos, and Timan, Maelo our friendship by these pledges of his among those of the Sicambri, and offspring, &c. From Researches in Asia Minor. By W. J. IIamilton, 2 vols. 8vo. 1842, vol.
i. p. 420, and vol. ii. No. 102.
End of Column V. (his first column).
Begin Column VI. (his second column).
η αδ... χων
νωνδομι* .. ο λλαυνος.
βρων .. αιλωνμαρκο
End of Column V.
Begin Column VI.
κνων ενεχυροις . etc. Of the facts alluded to, we are told a king of Augustus. (See Strabo, that Tiridates, King of Parthia, fled to Tacitus, Suetonius, and Dion Cassius.) Augustus in Spain, bringing with him Artavasdes, we are informed by Tacithe youngest son of King Phraates, tus, (Annals 11. 3,) was appointed by his rival, whom he hal kidnapped, the same emperor King of the Arme(Justin, XLII. 5,) whence some restore nians, and on the Romans suffering a "Tiridates obsidem ferens regis Phra- defeat was afterwards dethroned. The tis filium ;" but the Greek does not wars of the Romans with German appear to bear this ont. Again, we nations in the reign of Augustus are are told that the Parthians requested well known, as also that they were
* Supposed half of y.
§ you might possibly be an error in the inscription itself, or in the transcription, for χον. | ΡΑΣ .. ΕΙΣ in uncials, probably miscopied for BΑΣ .. ΕΥΣ, i. e. βασιλευς.
more or less completely subdued ; much more it seems is capable of
The title of the Latin inscription
In the en
orbem terrarum imperio populi Romani deavour to restore the original words subjecit, et impensarum quas in remthe Latin should suggest the Greek, publicam populumque Romanum fecit; and the Greek the Latin ; also the incisum in duabus aheneis pilis (obenumber of letters in each line is to lisks) quæ sunt Romæ positæ exbe attended to. In the Latin the emplar subjectum." The Greek title number of letters and points, for is in one line on the east side of the there is a point at the end of each exterior of the temple. word, averages from 69 to 60. In the It does not appear from Strabo, who Greek there are no points, and the mentions in his 4th book the treaty of number of letters averages from 39 Augustus with the Britons, and the to 30.
final adjustment of all differences, Some few particulars of the general that the British kings themselves came state of preservation of this ancient to Rome on that occasion. We may inscription may not be uninteresting collect from him that it was their amTo make these intelligible it may be bassadors who came there, accompanied necessary to state that the temple is by some of the sons of the kings of described as lying north and south, the island, with whom also might be being about 90 feet long by 50 broad. various of the nobles. It was entered from the south; and at But who were the three British either end the antze, i. e. vestibules kings who entered into treaty with or porticoes, occupied 20 feet of the Augustus ? To a solution of this length, so that the interior of the question we are enabled somewhat to temple or cell, the thickness of the approximate. Damno or Domno must partition walls being deducted, was be the Dumno whose name occurs on about 44 feet long. The inscription, the coin of the Brigantes; and, as there the letters of which were gilt on a appears to have been no Bellaunos or ground of vermillion, is in the vesti- Belinos in the royal line of Cunobeline bule as the temple is entered, the three at this time, we may therefore confirst columns on the left hand, the clude him king of the Iceni, predecessor, three following ones on the right. and perhaps father, of Prasutagus, Each column bad originally between the husband of the noted Boadicea. 50 and 60 lines. The statistics of Tim, which we presume stands for their preservation are thus :-the first Timau, we may consider the Themancolumn, beginning with “ Annos unde tius of the Chronicles, the father of viginti natus," retains 28 whole lines Cunobeline.
The three kings may and portions of lines. The second, be. thus have been enumerated according ginning “Patriciorum numerum auxi," to the position of their territories, 45 ditto. The third, “ Honoris mei from the north to the south, and causâ,” 41 ditto. The fourth,
Cu we find from subsequent accounts of riam et continens,” 53 ditto. The Roman transactions, 60 or 70 years fifth, “ Mare pacavi a prædonibus," 53 afterwards, that these were the most ditto. The sixth, " Regis Phratis, powerful states of the island, and the etc." 41. The Greek translation, if sole ones of it that we authentically the account is rightly apprehended, is know possessed a coinage. The Belgæ, in 20 columns or upwards; but whether it is probable, were represented by the the whole is on the east exterior wall other tribes in the negociations, or of the cell, or part on the western possibly, being uncivilised and barexterior wall also, is not clearly ex barous, took no part in them. Some pressed. Mr. Hamilton copied five traces of a pre-existing alliance can whole columns, and portions of three be found in the Iceni abstaining others. The Greek columns he copied from hostilities on the arrival of the are much better preserved than the Romans, and from the circumstance
By removing a wall that Germanicus's soldiers, shipwrecked Gent. MAG, VOL. XXVII.
ated by Arme. ring a
on the coast of Britain, were sent communications* stated (except in a back safe, which is supposed to have few instances) my authorities. The taken place on their shores. (Tacitus, articles in the recent numbers of the Annals, ii. 24).
Review being for the most part conWe have thus, as the reader is, tributed by writers now living, the without doubt, by this tine sufficiently authorship generally can only be asapprised, some considerable degree of certained from private sources, from information conveyed to us relating similarity of style,-or from references to Britain from the Angora inscription, made by the authors themselves. I which singularly enough for 150 years have mentioned no name, however, after it was first discovered was not without having I believe good authorecorded to contain a word relating rity for it; the list might have been to the island. What is also satis much extended had I been guided by factory, this inscription, as well as mere rumour. Dion, somewhat corroborates the ac. It has been a source of great graticounts given by the British Chronicles fication to me to know that the papers of Cunobeline's father. Wherefore we you have previously published in your are not without some reason for expect- valuable Magazine, have directed ating that several preceding descents tention to many of the early articles from Manogan through Beli Mawr of the Quarterly, and that some of the and Llud which they give may pos- most beautiful essays have been sought sibly also be correct. The inscription for and again read, from a knowledge places us in a much better position of the author, or the celebrity of his than if it had shewn the Chronicles to name. The information which they have been altogether forgeries. Their have elicited also, from others has been reputation is rising as far as the in the means of correcting errors in the seription and Dion are concerned, but appropriation of some articles. Lord still" we want more complete eluci- Brougham, for instance, in the recent dations respecting them.
edition of his Historical Sketches of In illustration of the coins of Cuno- Statesmen, has taken advantage of the beline it is easily seen that the in correction of one of your correspondscription is of importance. In pointing ents, and has justly awarded to the out Timan, Timantius, or Themantius late Sir Robert Grant the honour of as the father of Cunobeline it leads writing the celebrated article on the us to a more correct reading of the life of Pitt, which in the previous legends of his coins. We may ac- edition was attributed to Mr. J. H. quiesce that the words TASC, TASCIO, Frere. Another gratifying result of TASCIOVA, and TASCIOVANUS which are these humble notices is, that they have found on them are of a titular nature, called forth your Ruddington correimplying sovereign or ruler, and need spondent in the same field, whose more no longer look for the name of a copious illustrations of the Edinburgh person in those words, or suppose that Review will I hope soon be continued, person was Cunobeline's father. The and to whom I am indebted for much inscription furnishes us with every information respecting the writers of reason to repute that the correct form the Quarterly. At a future occasion of the name of his parent was Timan, I may furnish you with some additions and all interpretations must conse- to my former lists, the authorship of quently be dropped which suggest several articles having transpired since another person in that capacity. they were published. BEALE Post.
Yours, &c. T. P. Maidstone, 11th June, 1847.
Art. 1, p. 1. Versailles. By Mr. list of writers in the Quarterly Review Croker. has been delayed longer than I in- Art. 6, p. 42. Secret History of 'tended, principally from a wish to the Court of England. By do. render it as complete and accurate as I could. I lave not as in my former
See our vols. xxiii. and xxiy,
articles e of the
as been in the
Lord recent -tches of me of the espond to the
Art. 6, p. 150. Diary of the Times Art. 5, p. 370. Æschylus. By Rev.
By Mr. Lockhart.
Rev. J. J. Blupt.
Sir F. Head.
Art. 10, p. 249. Canada. By Sir Art. 1, p. 1. Printer's Devil. By
Sir F. Head.
nisters. By Mr. Croker.
Poems. By do.
Art. 8, p. 234. Travellers in Austria,
&c. By Rev. H. H. Milman.
Art. 7, p. 194. Voyages, &c. By
Art. 9, p. 581. The Privilege Ques-
Art. 8, p. 537. Chinese Affairs. By
Art. 7, p. 475. New South Wales.
Art. 3, p. 64. Alexandria. By Rev.
Art. 7, p. 190. Lord Chatham. By
Art. 8, p. 564. Sir Samuel Romilly.
Art. 4, p. 418. Wrangell's Expe-
Art. 3, p. 374. Modern English
. By Rev. H. M. Milman. written by the late Henry N. Cole-
Art. 4, p. 88. Papal Conspiracy.
Art. 1, p. 1. American Orators. By
Art. 2, p. 53. Medical Reforın. By
Art. 3, p. 79. Lord Dudley. By
Art. 7, p. 481. French Revolution.
urgh sued, much ers of
171. Infant Labour. By Ministry. By Mr. Croker.
By Dr. James Browne.