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What was the state and progress of Mary's Hospital, Chichester, which he sculpture in the 15th and 16th centuries subsequently finished on the spot. in Anjou, Touraine, Le Maine, and their Mr. Blaauw produced the will, made in vicinity; and what is the history of the 1253, of Richard, Bishop of Chichester, schools of art there?
who was afterwards canonized, and the What influence had Abraham Bosse, of subject of whose interment and monuTours, on the art of engraving?
ment have been discussed in some recent What was the process employed for numbers of our Magazine. The bishop decorative painting in wax besides that directed that his body should be buried in of dissolving it by various saline sub the nave of the church, near the altar of stances, and by oils ?
St. Edmund, which was situated in the What are the comparative advantages north part of the church; there doubt. of the arts of painting in distemper, in less he was then interred, but his tomb fresco, and in wax?
was now found in the south part. The (Other scientific questions to be dis. bishop distributed his library to different cussed at this meeting, will relate-1. to parts of Sussex. The gospels of St. Luke Natural Science ; 2. Agriculture, Indus and St. John he gave to the Franciscan try, and Commerce ; 3. the Medical Sci Friars of Lewes ; St. Matthew and St. ences ; 4. Literature and the Fine Arts; Mark he gave to the Franciscan Friars at and 5. Physical and Mathematical Science. Winchelsea; other books he bequeathed And meetings of the French Archäologi. to the Dominican Friars. He left, among cal Society will take place at Angoulême, a variety of bequests, 50 marks to his on Sept. 15th, 16th, and 17th, and at Lis brother-in-law to go to the holy land in moges on the 20th, 21st, 22nd, and 23rd, his place, &c. &c. One passage of the to all which English travellers are speci- will is very extraordinary with respect to ally invited, on the contribution of 10 the king, who had deprived him for two franes, which will also entitle them to the years of his benefice, and received the "Compte. Renda" of the Session.] amount derived from it. This the bishop Atheneum. W. BROMET, M.D. could never get returned to him, and he
declared that, if his executors were not
The Rev. P. Freeman, Principal of the cathedral, the palace chapel, and St.
down to dinner at the Wheatsheaf Inn,
being drank, expressed his hope to see The Rev. L. V. Harcourt read a long the time when the Cross of Chichester paper on Celtic antiquities, which dis would be restored. If they would only played great research, and many just and give him money enough to restore one reasonable conclusions.
octagon, he was satisfied the money for Mr. Dixon produced a large British urn, the other seven would pour in. found at Storrington in the year 1826. It was discovered, as such relics gene ANCIENT CHURCH PAINTINGS, rally are, in an inverted position, and con The Chapel of Eton College has been tained a quantity of bones, which had recently wholly dismantled, in order to doubtless, as was the custom of the period, receive a complete internal renovation. On been placed in the usual coarse cloth, for removing the stalls, the organ-screen, and the brass pin, or wire, used to fasten the the wainscoting of what has recently cloth together, was found in the urn. The been part of the ante-chapel, some very urn, which is 21 inches high, was shown remarkable paintings have been discovered, to the late Sir R.C. Hoare, and pronounced both on the north and south walls, and by him to be one of the finest he had seen. extending about half way down the cha. It is engraved in Horsfield's History of pel from the west end. There were ori. Sussex, ii. 160.
ginally on either side two rows of eight The Rev. G. Shiffner commenced the paintings each, separated by painted reading of an interesting paper on St. niches, in which female saints are figured,
very elegantly designed : each picture ments of painting, which had become rehaving an inscription in black letter below vealed in the process of removing many it, describing the subject represented. coatings of whitewash. The most perfect Those compartments which were in the is situated immediately over the arch of centre on each side have been wholly de the chancel, in a space about 9 feet high faced, from the walls having been painted by 15 in width. In the centre is placed over where the stairs the organ-loft the Saviour seated on a rainbow exhibit. were situated. The other paintings re ing his wounds ; above him, are attendant main in various states of completeness or angels playing the trumpet and lute, with imperfection, having suffered in places the sun and moon over their heads. On from the removal or chiselling of the ma the right a group of six crowned female sonry, from wanton injury, or the erection figures, the foremost of which is regally of modern monumental tablets. The sub- attired, and has a nimbus round the head. jects of the pictures are taken either from This group is in a fair state of preservathe Legenda Sanctorum or from Vincent- tion, but that on the other side is not ; it ius, the author of a popular cyclopædia of consists of the same number of male the fifteenth century, whose books and figures in attitudes of adoration, and their chapters are quoted in the inscriptions costume, and the general style of the drawin Arabic numerals. These inscriptions ing, appears to fix the date of the picture are, on the whole
more perfect than the to the middle of the 15th century. It is paintings themselves, and have been care painted in distemper, in flat tints, with fully decyphered : and very accurate draw. bold black outlines, and is situated immeings of the paintings have been taken by diately over the place where the roodloft Mr. R. H. Essex, at the expense of the formerly stood, a stair in the wall leading College, on the scale of one inch to a to it still existing in the wall. Fragments foot. From the superiority of these of other figures are visible in various other paintings as works of art,-in the contour parts of the church, as well as symbols of of the figures, the expression of the coun the Evangelists and inscriptions. Where tenances, and in the management of the these do not occur the walls have been drapery,--they have been attributed to painted with a deep chocolate tint, upon Florentine artists. From the costume which flowers and stars have been stenthere can be no doubt that they were cilled. executed in the reign of Edward the The St. hristopher has been found at Fourth, shortly after the erection of the Shawell, in the Isle of Wight. It reprechapel. Some painting imitating various sented his gigantic figure, with a staff, marbles has been made over the ends of bearing on his shoulder, across an arm of them towards the east, and in another the sea, the infant Saviour. On the right place appear the futed lines of Corin. side of this group were two figures on thian columns, the latter possibly dating horseback ; one with a crown on his head with the repairs made under the superin- and crossing a dyke or brook, with tendance of Sir Christopher Wren. We another figure in the foreground, appaunderstand Mr. Essex's drawings will be rently warning them of the danger of a submitted to the Society of Antiquaries precipice immediately before them. On on their re-assembling in November. In the other side appeared a man tied to a the mean time Mr. Essex will publish tree, and supposed to represent St. Se. lithographic prints of some of the most bastian, his body being pierced with arinteresting heads, which he has traced in
From this figure issued a double their original size, and which will convey stream of arrows, one of which enters the an excellent idea of the art displayed by eye of another figure. The characters inthe designer.
troduced were in the costume of the time Two other discoveries of a similar na. of Richard II., with the long-pointed ture have been recently brought under the shoe of that period. Other figures were notice of the British Archæological Asso. represented variously employed, in the ciation. They are the more ordinary several sports of which St. Christopher subjects of the Last Judgment and st. was the patron. In one part was a figure Christopher, each found in its accustomed with shoes of enormous length, sitting on spot, the former over the chancel arch the bank engaged in fishing. A fac. and the latter over the south door. The simile copy of this painting, which has Judgment scene has occurred in Great been defaced, has been communicated to Waltham church, Essex. Mr. Fairholt, the Archæological Association, by Mr. on visiting the church, found the entire Dennet. surface of the walls covered with frag
PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
the board of guardians ought to have a June 21. The Archbishop of Dublin discretionary power. The clause, after a moved the second reading of a Bill he had short discussion, was expunged from tho introduced to remove the restriction placed Bill. The remaining clauses were then by the Irish Church Temporalities Act agreed to. on the prerogative of the Crown, relative July 15. The Marquess of Lansdowne to the appointment of Bishops to any of moved the third reading of the Poor Law the suppressed laisa Seeg. The Bill was ADMINISTRATION Bill.-Lord Brougham supported by the Bishop of Exeter, and moved an amendment that it should be opposed by the Marquess of Lansdowne, read that day six months. The House who objected that it would disturb a set divided, for the third reading, 32 s against tlement made fourteen years ago, and it, 10; and the Bill was passed. which was intended to proportion the epis. copal establishment in Ireland to the wants
HOUSE OF COMMONS. of the Protestant population ; and, seeing that that population did not exceed in June 21. Mr. Strutt announced that, amount that of two English sees, he saw in consequence of the great length of the no necessity for any augmentation in the Railways Bill, which stood for a senumber of Bishops.-The Archbishop of cond reading that evening, and the intenDublin withdrew his Bill, as he saw no tion of hon, members connected with the use in pressing it against the opposition of great railway companies to offer it a the Government.
strenuous and protracted opposition, the June 22. In Committee on the Bi. Government could not hope to carry it at SHOPRIC OF MANCHESTER Bill Lord this late period of the session. Redesdale moved the omission of clause 2, June 22. A repeal of the COPPER providing that the pumber of Spiritual Duties was proposed by Mr. Muntz, and Peers should not be increased; which he seconded by Mr. Ewart.
The Chancellor did to protect both the prerogative of of the Exchequer said the finances of the the crown and the privileges of the peer- country were not in a condition to perage. - The Lord Chancellor remarked mit bim to sacrifice any duties producing there was a precedent for the succession
The House divided-For the of the new prelates to seats in that House motion, 19 ; against it, 59. by rotation, in the case of the Irish June 23. Mr. Spooner's Bill for the Bishops.-- The Bishop of London thought SUPPRESSION OF SEDUCTION AND PROSthe course taken by the Government was TITUTION passed through committee, and the one least open to objection or incon. on a division, on the question whether venience; as, by it, the want so generally the measure should be proceeded with, felt of an increased number of Bishops the numbers were,-For proceeding with would be supplied, without increasing the the Bill, 81 ; against it, 26 : majority for number of Spiritual Peers in that House. the Bill, 55. - The Committee divided, and the num A Bill introduced by Mr. Bankes for bers were, for the original clause, 44 ; the repeal of a great part of the POOR for the amendment, 14. The remaining REMOVAL Act of last session, was reclauses of the Bill were then agreed to. jected on a division. The numbers were
July 2. In Committee on the POOR - For the Bill, 102 ; against it, 105. LAW ADMINISTRATION Bill Lord Redes. June 24. Sir G. Grey moved the third dale moved the omission of clause 10, as reading of the Poor LAW ADMINISTRAit threw a large amount of patronage into TION Bill; and Mr. Wakley moved as the hands of Government, at a time which an amendment that it should be read a was most objectionable, the eve of a gene
third time on that day three months. A ral election. After a short conversation more unconstitutional measure, he said, the House divided, and the numbers were, or one more injurious to the interests of for the clause, 16; for the amendment, the poor, could not be conceived. It was 34.-On clause 23, prohibiting the sepa. a desperate effort to maintain the obnox. ration of married couples over sixty years ious, tyrannical, and cruel Poor Law of age, being read, Lord Stradbroke said Amendment Ast, by rubstituting . com,
mission composed of members of the Go. instead of the central commissioners provernment for the present commissioners, posed by the Bill. The amendment was who had been universally condemned. opposed by Sir G. Grey. The committee After some debate the House divided- divided, and the numbers were-For the For the third reading, 105 ; against it, amendment, 50; against it, 48 : majority 35 : majority in favour of the Bill, 70.- in favour of the amendment and against Mr. Spooner moved additional clauses, the Government, 2.—Sir G. Grey then prohibiting the commissioners from issu. withdrew the Bill. ing any rules or orders against granting On the order of the day for the re-comout-door relief to the able-bodied poor; mitment of the THAMES CONSERVANCY and a second division took place, --For Bill, Mr. Hume objected to the present the clauses, 37; against them, 109.- system under which the river was maMr. P. Borthwick proposed a clause to naged. The City had neglected its duty, enact that husband and wife above sixty and therefore was not entitled to have the years of age should not be compelled to conservancy. He consequently moved an live separate and apart from each other address to her Majesty, praying that imin a workhouse. After some discussion, mediate steps be taken for the improveLord J. Russell moved, as an amendment, ment of the river Thames. After a short the addition of words giving a discretion discussion, the House divided :--For the to guardians. On this the House divided, motion, 92; for the amendment, 24 : and the numbers were-For Lord J. Rus- majority, 68. The Bill was then re-com. sell's amendment, 55 ; against it, 70: ma. mitted to the former Committee. jority in favour of the clause, and against June 28. The Chancellor of the ErMinisters, 15. The clause was read a third chequer moved the second reading of time, and added to the Bill. Mr. Etwall the RAILWAYS (IRELAND) (No. 2) Bill, moved the following clause :-" That all sanctioning an advance of 620,0001. by meetings of boards of guardians be opened way of loan, in aid of the construction of to the ratepayers of their respective unions." the Great Southern and Western Railway -Sir G. Grey assented to the proposal, in Ireland.--Sir W. Molesworth moved, and the clause was agreedto.-Mr. Bankes as an amendment, that the Bill should be proposed a clause to the effect that six read a second time on that day three months after the paesing of the act all the months. The House then divided,-For existing laws and regulations of the poor the second reading, 175 ; against it, 62.law commissioners should cease and de- The Bill was then read a second time. termine. His object was that every law July 1. The order of the day for and regulation should be the act of the going into committee on The Health Or new officers.--Sir G. Grey thought the Towns Bill was opposed by Mr. Palmer. clause unnecessary, on the ground that The House divided, -For the committee, the commissioners would be responsible 117; against, 26.-- In committee on clause for any regulations which should con- l, for appointing commissioners, Lord tinue in force. The House divided,- For Morpeth said it was his intention to rethe clause, 35 ; against it, 71.-Mr. T. duce the number of commissioners from Duncombe moved the insertion of words five, as originally intended, to four, one of requiring the secretaries to the new com. whom only was to receive a salary. The mission to vacate their seats in Parlia. committee divided,-For the clause, 100; ment on their appointment.-Sir G. Grey against it, 28. The clause was then agreed opposed the motion, as a departure from to. the usual practice.-The House divided, July 2. Lord J, Russell moved the -For the motion, 32; against it, 71: second reading of a Bill to suspend the majority against the clause, 39.-Mr. NAVIGATION Laws, until March, 1848. Wakley proposed to limit the operation of --Lord G. Bentinck said the Bill would the act to one instead of five years, that be most injurious to the shipping interest, the next Parliament might decide whether and also to the navy; he therefore moved the measure ought to be renewed.- Sir as an amendment, that the Bill be read a G. Grey opposed the motion, observing second time that day three months. After that the House had already affirmed “ five" a short discussion, Lord G. Bentinck against an amendment for “ three'' years, withdrew his amendment, and the Bill avowedly proposed with the view of de was then read a second time. feating the Bill. The House again di In committee on the Health OF vided-For the motion, 26 ; againt it, Towns Bill, Lord Morpeth pledged him71. The Bill then passed.
self, if be had the opportunity next sesJune 25. In Committee on the HIGH- sion, to introduce a Bill for the sanitary WAYS Bill, Mr. Buck moved an amend improvement of the city of London.-On ment for placing the highways under the the 13th clause, excluding London from control of the justices at quarter sessions the operation of the Bill, Mr. Dugdal
moved the omission of the clause. The works of utility, and 4,380,0001. grants. committee divided, and the numbers were He maintained that the operations were -For the clause, 112; for the amend eminently successful, and that the condiment, 70. The clause was then agreed to. tion of Ireland was very materially im
The DRAINAGE OF LAND (IRELAND) proved. The resolution was agreed to.Bill, and the New ZEALAND Bill, went The Chancellor of the Exchequer then through committee. The HOLYHEAD proposed a resolution to exonerate certain HARBOUR Bill was read a third time and counties in Ireland, liable for the cost of passed, as was also the SEDUCTION AND public works and drainage, from the payPROSTITUTION SUPPRESS10x Bill. ment of one-half the amount.--Agreed to.
July 5. The case of the Ex-RAJAH July 9. In Committee of supply, the OF SATTARAH was brought forward by Chancellor of the Exchequer moved that Mr. Hume, who stated that in 1818, after a vote of 182,2001. be granted to defray the Mahratta war, the rajah was placed the expenses incident to the ADMINISTRAon the throne, and an independent sore. TION OF THE POOR-LAW. The salary of reignty was secured by treaty to him and the paid commissioner was to be 2,0001. his successors for ever. The rajah had a year, and the secretaries were to be paid afterwards been deposed and exiled to 1,5001. a year each. The effect of this Benares on charges of having attempted arrangement would be a saving of 4,0001. to seduce some officers of the 23d Native
a year.--Agreed to. Regiment from their allegiance, and of July 12. Lord John Russell announced having traitorously corresponded with the that, in consequence of a communication Portuguese at Goa. Mr. Hume main from the Duke of Wellington, the Governtained that these charges were founded ment did not intend to remove the EQUESon forgery and subornation; and com TRIAN STATUE of his Grace from the arch plained that the East India Company had in Piccadilly. constantly refused a trial to the rajah, who Mr. Hawes moved the second reading was in a position to establish his inno- of the New ZEALAND Bill. There was cence. In conclusion, he moved for a in future to be a special commissioner for committee to inquire into the case. -Mr. the affairs of the New Zealand Company ; Ewart seconded the motion, and the de. Her Majesty's Treasury was empowered bate was adjourned to the next day, when to advance 136,0001. in three years; and Sir J. C. Hobhouse justified the conduct the company was empowered to dispose of the British Government. He said the of their lands for repayment of the loan. EX-rajah had never been an independent The Bill enabled the company to relinprince, but a prince created by British quish their undertaking in 1850, in case power, and subjected to certain conditions of their failure, in which case the State He had violated the conditions, and had would have the security of one million been convicted of treachery. He had been acres of land for the money advanced.-therefore deposed, but he was allowed The Bill was read a second time without upwards of 12,0001. a year by the East a division. India Company, and had no cause what The Attorney-General moved the comever for complaint. On a division the mittal of the BANKRUPTCY AND INSOLnumbers were, -For Mr. Hume's motion VENCY Bill. This Bill, which had passed for inquiry, 23 ; against it, 44.
the Lords, had two objects in view : the first July 7. Mr. Walpole's Bill for sim was the abolition of the Court of Review, plifying the REGISTRATION of Parliamen- and the second was the transfer of the tary electors was postponed.- A Bill in. powers of the Commissioners of Bank. troduced by Sir De L. Evans, for altering ruptcy in insolvency to the Commissioners the RATE-PAYING clauses of the Reform of the Insolvent Court and the Judges of the Act, was lost on a division. The num new County Courts.-Sir James Graham, bers were-For the Bill, 67 ; against it, though he concurred in the latter portion 72: majority against the Bill, 5.
of this Bill, must object to the former porJuly 8. The HEALTH OF Towns Bill tion of it, which undid everything that had was withdrawn by Lord J. Russell. been already done to separate Bankruptcy
In Committee on the IRISH RELIEF from the Great Seal. On his motion for measures the Chancellor of the Exchequer the erasure of the first clause, it was car gave a detailed account of the relief af- ried by 44 to 37; another division took forded. He said that the whole amount place on the second clause, which was expended and to be expended up to the carried by 47 to 40. close of the proposed operations would July 13. Lord John Russell inoved the amount to 9,350,0001. being 650,0001. second reading of the BishOPRIC OF under what he had originally calculated. MANCHESTER Bill, which he said had Of this sum 3,700,0001. was on loan, been introduced on the recommendation 1,270,0001, on the security of lands and of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, Great