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METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, BY W. CARY, STRAND.

From May 26, to June 26, 1847, both inclusive. Fahrenheit's Therm.

Fabrenbeit's Therm.

Noon.

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26 60
27 65
28 75
29 69
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June 5+ 30, 20 fine

11 61 10 do

12 69 29, 99 do. lightning 13 66 90 do. hvy. shrs. 14 58 30, 36 do.

15 58 47 do.

16 57 37 do.

17 57 30 do.

18
57 30 do. cloudy 19
51 26 do, do.

20
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54

8 cloudy, fair 23 46 29, 79 rn.bl.thunder 24 55 87 fr. cldy. rain 25 52 69 | cloudy, fair 26

55 29, 97 fine, cloudy
56 97 fair, fine
56 77 cly. showers
53 55 shrs. cly. fair
51 53 heavy shrs.
55 60 do. do. cldy.
55 59 fair, cloudy

67 do.cl.slt.sbs.
89 do.do.do.do.

95 do.do.do.co. 5+ 83 cl.fr.slt shrk. 52 69 fr.cl.slt.shrs. 52 66 f.c.hy.s.h.t.l. 55 60 fr.cl.sigt.shs. 54 72 cl.slight shrs. 56 82 c.f.hy.sh.thr.

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4 pm. 4 pm. 1 pm. 1 pm. 4 pm. 4 pm. 6 pm. 3 pm. 6 pm. 6 pm. 6 pm. 6 pm. 7 pm. 9 pm.

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7 ARNULL and ALLENDER, Stock and Share Brokers,

3, Copthall Chambers, Angel Court,

Throgmorton Street, London,

%. N. NIONOLS AND NON, PRINTERS, 25, PARLIAMENT STREET,

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CONTENTS.
Minor CORRESPONDENCE.- Manor of Cantelows, Kentish Town MSS. at

Mount Athos—Water Rats-Dyer the Poet-Col. Pocklington-Original
M$. of Edmund Ludlow's Memoirs-Lord Chancellor Shaftesbury

114
Fortune's Three Years' Wanderings in China-Meadows's Desultory Notes
on the Government and People of China

115
CHARACTERS FROM THE NEW ATALANTIS,Dr. John Freind-The Duke of
Marlborough....

135 Cæsar's Eburonean Canipaign-Cologne, Tongres, and the Chaussée Brunhault 137 Visit to Theobalds Palace in 1592

148 Statue of Her Majesty by Gibson-New Crown Piece by Wyon ...,

151
Tomb of Edward the Confessor, and proposed Alterations, in Westminster Abbey 152
RETROSPECTIVE Review.-Drollery, Songs, and Sonnetts, 1656

155
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Gosse's Birds of Jamaica, 161 ; Speech of the Earl of Arundel and Surrey, 164 ;

Chronique de la Traïson et Mort de Richard 11., 169; Radelyffe's "Me-
morials of Charter House," and Chronicles of Charter House," 170 ;
Miscellaneous Reviews

172
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.-Installation of Prince

Albert at Cambridge, 177; British Association for the Advancement of
Science, 179; Roxburghe Club, 182; Monument to Caxton

182
FINE ARTS.-- Royal Commission of Fine Arts, 182; Baptists' Prize Painting-

Gibson's Statue of the Queen-Lord Ward's Gallery- Panorama of the
Himalayas ..

183
ARCHITECTURE.-Royal Institute of British Architects, 184 ; St. Alban's
Architectural Society

185
ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.--Archæological Congress at Tours, 185;
Sussex Archæological Society-Ancient Church Paintings

187
HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.- Proceedings in Parliament, 189; Foreign
News, 193; Domestic Occurrences.....

194
Promotions and Preferments, 196; Births and Marriages

198
OBITUARY : with Memoirs of the Archduke Charles of Austria ; Adm. Sir

Davidge Gould, G.C.B.; Adm. Sir Robert Stopford, G.C.B.; Hon. John
Rodney; Sir Walter Scott, Bart; Sir John Eardley Wilmot. Bart.; Sir
William Fitzgerald, Bart. ; Lieut.-Gen. Sir Colin Campbell; Lieut. Gen.
Sir Edw. Gibbs; Major-Gen. Sir John May; Lieut. Col. Sir Charles
Chichester ; Major W. Grenville ; Lady Mary Shepherd; H. J. Adeane.
Esq. ; Charles Owen Cambridge, Esq. ; Rev. Archdeacon Pott; Rev. John
Sleath, D.D.; Charles Holtzapffell, Esq.; George Allen, Esq.; Charles
Hatchett, Esq. F.R.S. ; Mr. Frederick Lingard...

201-216 CLERGY DECEASED......

216 DEATHS, arranged in Counties..

217 Registrar-General's Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis-Markets, 223 ; Meteorological Diary-Stocks ....

224 Embellished with an EYE-SKETCH of the GROUND at Tongres ; Positions occupied

by Cæsar's ARMY previous to the Revolt of the EBURONES; and CEILING of a Room in THEOBALDS PALACE.

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MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

tumulus.

GWILIM asks for the situation of the Roding, states that Mr. W. MORGAN, of manor house of Cantelows, or Kentish Bradford, Yorkshire (in p. 2), has given Town. Also for the probable origin of wrong information respecting the family the name of Parliament Hill, which is of Dyer the poet. “He had three brothers, situate between Hampstead and Highgate. Robert, of Aberglasney, co. Carmarthen, In tbe Ordnance map it is described as a who died in 1752, and the Rev. Thomas

Dyer, M.A. (my grandfather) who was [It appears by Lysons (Environs, p. student of Christ Church, Oxford, and 614), that the demesne lands of the pre. some time perpetual curate of Paddingbendal manor of CANTELOWs consist of ton. He died in June 1780, at Maryleabout 210 acres, according to the survey bone, where he is buried. He left a son, taken by Parliament in 1649. About Rev. W. C. Dyer, M.A. (my father), 1670 the lease came into the possession of whom many of your readers must re. John Jeffreys, esq. uncle of Sir Jeffrey member as a correspondent in your MagaJeffreys, of Roehampton, alderman of zine. He died in March 1828. The London. By the marriage of the first clergyman of that name who Mr. M. Earl Camden with Elizabeth, one of the thinks was the brother of the poet was daughters and coheirs of Nicholas Jeffreys, no relation." esq. grandson of Sir John, it became w. is anxious to learn whether the vested in bim in right of his wife, and is original MS. of Edmund Ludlow's Menow the property of the present Marquis moirs is in existence, and would be glad Camden.--Edit.]

of any hint which might help him to In the letters from Professor Carlyle ascertain where it may be. to the Bishop of Durham in 1801, pripted A. C. would be obliged by any inin Walpole's “ Memoirs relating to Eu. formation relative to the Lord Chancellor ropean and Asiatic Turkey,'' 4to. 1817, Shaftesbury, or to the political history of it is asserted that complete catalogues were his times. made by himself and his fellow traveller, ERRATA.-In our June number, p. Dr. Hunt, of the whole of the Greek 678, we announced the death of Lieut.. manuscripts existing in the monasteries at Colonel Pocklington, aged 72; but con. Mount Athos. Any information relative fused bis description with that of one of to these catalogues, and where they exist at his sods. The late Roger Pocklington, present, would be very acceptable to F.M. esq. of Carlton House, Notts, late Lieut.

RUSTICUS is residing in the country, Colonel of the Nottinghamshire Militia, and has several fish ponds very near to was the only son of Roger Pocklington, his house, and he is so much infested by of Winthorpe Hall, co. Notts, esq. by those disgusting and noxious animals, Mary, eldest daughter and coheir of Wil. water rats, that he shall feel greatly in- liam Roe, esq. of Sudbrooke Hall, co. debted to any of our correspondents who Linc. He married, in 1802, Jane, daughter will, in reply to this, suggest to him of Sir James Campbell, of loverneil, co. the best mode of destroying them ; the Argyll, Knight, and had issue three sons banks of his ponds are so perforated by and two daughters, viz. the Rev. Roger those noisome creatures that they are be- Pocklington, M.A. Vicar of Walesby, coming hollow and unsafe to tread upon. Notts, who married, in 1831, Mary, If recourse is had to poison, your dogs second daughter of George Hutton, esq. are poisoned, and are in equal danger of Carlton upon Trent, and has a nu. from steel traps. Ferrets are of no avail. merous family : Joseph Pocklington-SenIt is true tbat you may shoot them, but house, of Netherball and Barrow house, you must first see them, which seldom co. Cumberland, esq. who assumed the happens, as they are remarkably quick. latter name in 1842 in consequence of his sighted. RUSTICUS, within the last month, marriage with Elizabeth, eldest daughter saw in a newspaper (he thinks the Times) and coheir of the late Humphrey Senan account of a simple process by which house, esq. and has issue; Evelyn-Henry. some boys had destroyed a very large Frederick, Captain in the 52nd regt. ; number of them ; but he has forgotten Mary-Elizabeth-Agnes; and Jane-Augusta, both the process and the name of the who was married in 1832 to James-Archipaper, and should be glad to be reminded bald Campbell, esq. of Inverawe, co. of either.

Argyll, and died in 1842, The Rev. Thomas Dyer, of Abbess July 1847, p. 24, for Jus read Tus.

THE

GAN, of

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

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Three Years' Wanderings in Northern China, 8c. By R. Fortune.
Desultory Notes on the Government and People of China. By

T. T. Meadows.
IT is said that a passage of the historian Ctesias,* as preserved by
Ælian, may be considered as presenting the earliest traces to be found of
any connection between China and the western world. “ The Indians,"
says he, “who live near the Bactrians, make expeditions into the Gold
Desert in armed companies of a thousand or two thousand men ; but,
according to report, they do not return for three or four years." Now,
the Gold Desert is presumed to be the great desert of Cobi, and the
Indians mentioned, to be the northernmost inhabitants of the country, or
those who bordered on the Paropa misus. Though, however, in this
passage gold is alone mentioned as the object of their early and distant
commerce, yet a learned and philosophical modern writert observes, “ It
were superfluous to prove that silk might have been used as a medium of
exchange for gold, and that the most valuable production of China would
surely not have been suffered to remain an useless commodity in the hands
of the merchant. The individuals, he goes on to say, then in question
were the North Indians, that is, inhabitants of Cabul and Badakstan, who
travelled in numerous caravans for the productions of China, which they
either exported themselves, or transmitted for that purpose to their
neighbours the Bactrians, in whose country the first principal mart of the
carrying tradle for Media, as well as India Proper, was probably situated."
The author of the Periplus | also says---Hodís pegóyelos, peyioth
λεγομένη θινα, αφ ής το τε έριον, και το οθόνιον το Σηρικόν εις την
βαρύγαζαν δια Βακτρων πεζή φέρεται ; και εις την Λυρικήν πάλιν δια
rūv Táyyou nota uoû. Here, northward of a country, which is the modern
Æva, Pegu, and Malacca, lay a country, in the interior of which we found
the large city of Thina, from whence raw and spun silk, and silk stuffs,
were conveyed by land, through the country of the Bactrians, to Bary-
gaza, and also by the Ganges to Limyrica.” From these last words it is
evident that silk was imported into India by two different routes, one
towards the west, altogether by land, through Bactria, and the other
toward the east, by the Ganges. That the Thina of the Periplus must be
looked for in the north, that is, in Sinca or China, is quite evident.
Whether it be Pekin, --- Paquin of Sinæan Kings" $ -as some think, or the
present Se-Chuen, or whether identified with the “ Senim Metropolis" of

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* See Ælian, Hist. Anim. iv. c. 27.
+ See Heerens' History of Asiatic Nations.

See Periplus, p. 35, and Vincent, ii. p. 523.
Supposing that the modern Pekin is the place alluded to as the ancient metropolis
of Sinca, the latitude given by Ptolemy is said to be nearly correct.-Rev.

Ptolemy, or some other large town in western China, it was in either case the great emporium of silk merchandize in these parts. Silk, however, was not the only article of commerce which India, in ages long past away, received from China. The Periplus mentions another, under the name of skins from Sinca (dépuara Enpirà), and also betel (betre) tetpós ; * while the extreme antiquity both of Chinese trade and manufactures is made evident by a small vase of porcelain of the manufacture of the country having been not long since discovered among the tombs of Thebes. Now, when we reflect that these marks of high civilization were stamped in authentic characters on a country in those distant ages,

when Ægypt with Assyria strove

In wealth and luxury, and that, no doubt, it has steadily proceeded in the same course through all intermediate ages, it becomes a matter of astonishment that all this has passed under its primeval obscurity ; that no one has been able to lift up the veil that covered this mysterious people ; and that till a comparatively few years since we were scarcely better acquainted with the most ancient people of the globe, who, having survived all the changes which have destroyed all other of the earliest races of mankind, which have long since swept away Babylon, and Nineveh, and Thebes, still appear immovably fixed and rooted in their old hereditary domain, unchangeable in character, immovable in government, impenetrable in society, and unalterable by all the causes which are for ever acting on the other races of mankind. Whether this prolonged age, this continued prosperity, and this unusual duration of what among all other people it is so difficult even for a few centuries to preserve, has arisen from any peculiar excellence of their institutions, or from an hereditary character in the constitution of the people, or from their remoteness from all the influence of European action, or from whatever other principles, internal or external,-it would seem rash to determine. It is only, says a late intelligent inquirer, during the last twelve years, since the cessation of the East India Company's monopoly, that any number of the English people have had an interest or inclination to examine into the state of the nation ; while, during these twelve years, there have been only two or three persons in China whose knowledge of the written or spoken language enabled them to get anything like accurate information on many interesting points ;t while the Chinese, on their part, feel no interest whatever in anything relating to transactions with the West. They neither comprehend, nor wish to comprehend, the designs, and purposes, and objects of foreigners, and look on them much as the ministers of the Grecian empire did on their forced dealings with the northern barbarians. Whether the strong arm of war will forcibly burst open those iron barriers which have been so long closed against milder powers and influences it is also difficult to say. The moral tempest, like the natural, is generally the herald as well as the companion of change; and “sorrow and solitude” are not always, though so described by the poet, the only followers in the train of war. In the meantime some sounder knowledge seems to be acquiring, some little bye-patlıs and desul

* See Vincent ; Periplus, ii, p. 735; elsewhere in the Periplus the term to denote betel is palá Badpov, of which three kinds are noticed.- Rev.

+ See Meadows's Desultory Notes on China, p. 2.

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