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Black pigment, blue, 98.
- reviver, 16.
- solder, 366.

stain for wood, 418.
- to dye silk, 30.
Blacking for harness, 328.

liquid, 16.
- paste, 16.
Blanched copper, 10.
Blackboard, black for, 409.
Bleaching-house, arrangement of, wax, 354.
Bleaching ivory, 15, 370.
- palm-oil, 372.
-paper, 14, 429.

powder, 15.

prints, and printed books, 15.
- silk, 14.
- sponge, 16.

wax, 342, 354.

wool, 14.
Blister removing from veneer, 412.
Blisters in photography, 280.
Blue, azure, 96.
Blue-black, 16.
L ink, 343.
- - pigment, 98.
- calx, 52.
- cobalt, 97.

enamels, 48.
house paint, 105.

ink, 345.
-- lake, pigment, 92.

to dye cotton, 37.
- - silk, 31.

- woollen, 34.
pictures, 291.
pigments, 96.
Prussian, 97.
royal, to dye silk, 31.
woollen, 34.

Saxon, 97.
- soluble, 16.

royal, 38.
- vat, 39.

woollen spirit, 40.
Boller incrustation, 16.
Boiling soap, 377.
Bone fat, 373.

- polishing, 89.
Bones, glue from, 341.
Bookbinders' paste, 41.

varnish, 71.
Bookbinding, 394-401.
- without tools, 398.
Book-edges, burnishing, 409.

marbling, 399-401.
Books, gilding and finishing, 309.
Boot and shoe making, 329.
Boot-top liquid, 328.
Boots, varnish for, 28.
Botany Bay wood, to imitate, 418.
Bottle corks, cement for, 22.
Bougies, parlour, 359.

- transparent, 358.
Bouquet soap, 384.
Brass articles, to bronze, 18.
- bath, arrangement of, 186.

correcting, 185.
- - for steel, iron, and tin, 185.

Brass, bath for zinc, 185.

- solutions for, 184.
- brightening and colouring, 1€.
- common, for castingy, 10.
deposits, 183.

- colour of, 185.
for turning, 10.
hard, for casting, 10.
lacquer for, 75.
melting, ic.
plating, 186.
polishing, 402.
red, 10.
rolled, 10.
silvering, 317.
solder for, 366.
solder for iron, 366.
to clean, 28.
to prepare for lacquering, 74.

to tin, 336.
- wires, tinning, 337.

yellow, 10.
Brass-work for instruments, black, 13

re-lacquering, 74.
Brassing lead or pewter, 186.
Brazil-wood lake, pigment, 92.
Brazing saws, 366.
Bremen green, 94.
Brightening and colouring brass, 16.

- tarnished jewellery, 319.
Britannia metal, 10.

for casting, 10.
- for registers, 10.
--for spinning, 10.

bardening for, 10.
- silver plating, 214.
Britannia ware, solder for, 364,
Bronze, antique, 235.
- black, 235.

- for brass, black, 19.
- for cutting instruments, 17.

for medals, 17.
for ornaments, 17.
for statuary, 17.
gold, 51.
green, 19.
liquid, 17.
metal, 11.
powders, 17

silver, 18.
Bronzing copper utensils, 19.
- electrotypes, 20.

gas fittings, 18.
- gold powder for, 18.
gold size, 306.
inlaid work, 418.
iron, 19.
paper, 18. .
plaster, 18.
small brass articles, 18.

wood, 18.
Brown, cinnamon, to dye woollen, 36
- dark, to dye woollen, 34,

cotton, to dye, 36.
enamel, 49,
French, to dye woollen, 34.
hard spirit varnish, 70.
house paint, 105.
olive, to dye woollen, 34.

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Brown, stain for wood, 418.
— to dye cotton, 36.

to dye cotton madder, 36.
Browning gun barrels, 21.
Brunswick black, 67.
- green, 94.
Brushes, hair for, 411.

varnish, 73.
Buff-colour house paint, 108.
Buff leather, cleaning, 329.

to dye cotton, 38.

silk, 32.

- woollen, 35.
Bullet metal, 13.
Bullocks' horns, polishing, 407.
Burning lead, 361.
Burnish gold, 49.
Burnishing, 216, 407-409.
Burnishers, 407.
Burnished gilding, 298.
-

on glass, 300.
gilt frames, 304.

CABINET PORTRAITS, 295.

varnish, 64.
- work, polish for, 87.
Calculating length of camera, 288.
Calf-skins, to tan, 322.
Calx, blue, 52.
Camera, copying, 287.

solar, 288.
- stereoscopic views, 287.

twin lens, 286.
Cameos, to carve, 21.
Camphor savonette, 386.
Candles, 350.
Cauls, veneering, 411.
Carbon prints, colouring, 279.

oil-colours, 280.
- retouching, 280.
- water-colours on, 280.
Cardboard, transferring photographs to, 277
Cardwork, to varnish, 68.
Carminated lake, 92.
Carmine, 91.
Carriage graining, 83.
- bird's-eye maple, 83.
- curled maple, 84.

- pollard oak, 83.
Carriage japan, 79, 83.

painting, 79.
- colouring, 80.

green colours, 82.
ironwork, 80.
lake colours, 82.
priming, 80.
rough-stuffing, 80.
rubbing down, 80.,
second coat, 80.
- to prepare raw oil for, 81.

varnishing and striping, 80.
- yellow colours, 81.
Carriages, repainting, 82.
Carriage varnish, 64, 65.
Curved cabinet work, polish for, 87.
Carving, polishing wood, 85.
Cart coverings, waterproofing, 368.
Casing books, 396.
Casting, Britannia metal for, 10.

Castings, softening, 26.
Cast iron, cleaning, 176.

silvering, 319.
- softening, 26.
- soldering to brass, 366.
Casts, paper, 430.
Cast steel, tempering, 26.
Catgut, to make, 21.
Caustic, lunar, 239.

soda, 374.
Cement, acid proof, 22.
- aquariums, 22.
- architectural, 25.

Armenian, 22.
- bottle corks, 22.
- builders' waterproof mastic, 123.

Chinese, 24.
cracks in wood, 24.
cutlers', 22.
elastic, 23.
engineers', 25.
for iron pots and pans, 25.
Indianite, 23.
iron, 25.
for ivory or mother-of-pearl, 23.
for jet, 23.

jewellers', 22.
- for joining metals, glass, 24.

for joints, 25.
for leather, 24.
London, 25.
for marble, 24, 389.
for meerschaum, 23.

for mounting photographs, 23.
- plumbers', 23.

turners', 23.

for water-tight wood vessels, 21.
Cements, 22-25.
- how to use, 22.
Chairs, red stain for, 418
Chalks, 348.
Chamois leather, 325.

- to dye silk, 32.
Cheap bronze, 17.

- india-rubber cement, 23.
Chemical cement, 25.

- soldering, 365.
Chinese cement, 24.
- lacquer-work, 75.
- silver, 13.

- white, 94.
Chisels, tempering, 26.
Chloride of gold, 240.

of lime, 15.
- opalotype, by collodio, 294.

- of silver, 240.
- of silver from washing of prints, 292.

of zinc, 241.
Chocolate-colour house paint, 108.
Choosing gums and spirits, 73.
Chrome green, 95.

- yellow, 95.
Cinnamon brown, to dye silk, 30.
Cinnamon soap, 385.
Claret, to dye cotton, 36.

to dye silk, 31.
- to dye woollen, 34.
Clarifying oil for varnish, 62.
tallow, 353.

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Clays, silicious and argillaceous, 44.
Cleaning alabaster, 27.

buff leather, 329.

copper, 170.
- in old aquafortis, 171.

- in aquafortis and soot, 171.
- by fire or alkalies, 170.
plates, 349.
galvanized vessels, 335.
gilt frames, 304.
glass, 59.
harness, 328.
and polishing mahogany, 87.
marble, 392.

oil paint-brushes, 100,
- the bands, 27.
tin ware, 338.
pictures, 27.
the speculum, 317.
steel articles, 28.
- varnished negatives, 291.
Clearcole, 108.
Clock-dials, silvering, 319.
Cloth, waterproofing, 368, 369.
Coachmaker's varnish, 64.

black, 66.
Cobalt blue, 53, 97.
Cochineal lake, pigment, 92.
Cock metal, 12.
Cocoanut oil soap, 381.
Cold tinning, 337.
Collodio-albumen process, 282.

developing, 284,
Collodio-chloride, opalotype by, 291.
Collodion process, 250.

dry, 281.
Coloured drawings, varnish for, 68.
- inks, 345.
Colouring carbon prints, 279.

marble, 391.

soaps, 383.
Colourless varnish, 71.
Colours, cake, 98.

for working drawings, 6.
- glass, 54,

barmony of, 103.
- marbling paper, 399.
- pigments, 89.

under glaze, 46.
- vats for various, 38.

- vehicle for, 115.
Common brass, 10.

glue, 341.

varnish, 66, 71.
Composite candles, 358.
Composition for moulding picture frames, 304.
- ornaments, 430.
Concretes, 123.
Copal polish 87.
- spirit varnish, 71.
- varnish, 64, 65.
Copper bars for sheets, to gild, 306.

black enamel, 48.
- blanched, 10.
- gilding, by amalgam, 311.

- cleansing, 170.
- coloured bronze, 17.

deposits, 181.
by battery, 181.

Copper deposits by dipping, 181.

iron or steel, bath for, 182.
- to copper silver, 183.

- tin, cast iron, or zinc, 182.
- ingots, to silver, 336.
plate, 169.
cleaning, 349.
printing inks, 348.
transfer ink, 348.
salts, extraction of, 222.
powder for silvering, 318,
soft, soldering, 365.
- solder for, 366.
- to clean, 28.

to tin, 336.

utensils, to bronze, 19.
Copying camera, 287.
- ink, 343.
- machine, substitute for, 344.
Copperas, green, 245.
Cornelian red enamel, 49.
Cornish flux, 349.
Cotton, dying, 36-38.
- to waterproof, 368.

spirits, 40.
Cracked or scaling painting, to preserve, 119
Crayons, method of making, 28, 29, .

for drawing on glass, 30,
Cream-colour house paint, 108,

to dye silk, 32.
Cream of tartar, 239.
Cream soap, 386.
Crimson marking ink, 346.
- to dye cotton, 37.
- silk, 33.
- woollen, 36.
- vat, 39.
- spirit, 39.
- woollen spirit, 40.
Crocus, 404.
Crown glass, 54.
Crude flux, 350.
Crystallized tin-plate, 337.
Curled maple carriage graining, 84.
Curved glass, silvering, 315.
Cutler's cement, 22.
Cutlery burnishing, 409.
Cutting glass, 57.

pebbles, 405.
- pencils, 1.

books, 394, 395.
Cyanide of calcium, 241.

- copper, 241.
gold, 241.

potassium, 242.
- potassium, ordinary, 242.
silver, 241.

zinc, 243.
Cyanotype process, 291.
Cymbals and gongs, alloy for, 12.

[blocks in formation]

Desilvering, 319.

Emery, fastening on leather, 329.
Dense negatives, to produce, 293.

Enamelled paper, 428.
Developer, varieties of iron, 294.

Enamelling slate, 393.
Developing bath for magic-lantern slides, 288. Enamels for glass, 56.
- collodio-albumen process, 284.

for porcelain, 48.
- tannin process, 285.

- for porcelain painting, 48.
Development of magic picture, 291.

Engineers' cements, 25.
Diaphanie, varnish for, 69.

Engravers' lamp, 146.
Dips, 356.

- shade, 155.
Dissolved gold, gilding with, 307.

Engraving, aqua-tint, 164.
Dissolving gold, 307.

copper-plate, 168, 169.
Distemper for photographic backgrounds, 115.

Hammerton's brush process, 164.
Distem per, pollard oak, in, 423.

negative process, 165.
Dove marble on wood, 425.

positive process, 166.
Drab-colour house paint, 108.

resin-ground, 164.
Drab, to dye cotton, 37.

on silver or gold, 169.
- silk, 32.

on steel, 152.
- woollen, 35.

steel cylinders, 154.
Draughtsmen, receipts for, 1-8.

on stone, 152.
Drawing board, 1, 2.

on wood, 146.
- instruments, 2.

chisels for, 148.
paper, 1.

Engravings, mounting, 8.
Drawing on stone, 152.

- to clean, 28.
- on glass, 58.

- to transfer on glass, 57.
crayons for, 30.

Enlargement of negatives, 285.
Drayton's process, silvering glass, 315.

Enlarging woodcuts, 411.
Driers, 105.

Essence, shaving, 386.
Drilling glass, 59.

Etching, 154-168.
Drop-leke, pigment,'91.

- aquafortis, 156.
Dry collodion process, 281.

- aqua-tinta, engraving, 162.
Dry process, opalotypes by, 294.

dry-point, 159.
Drying oils, 114,

glass, 168.
- oil, resinous, 115.

in, for printing on stone, 152.
photographs, 280.

on cast iron, 168.
Dyeing, black liquor for, 40.

on steel, 167, 168.
- cotton, 36.

- re, 160.
ivory, 370.

stippling, 167.
- leather, 325.

process, avoiding stopping-out, 160.
silk, 30.

test for spirits, 162.
wood for veneers, 412.

- touching stuff, 163.
woollens, 33.

- transferring, 157.
Dynamite, 143.

varnishes, 71, 155.

Exposure under the negative, 274.
EARTHENWARE BODY FOR POTTERY, 43.

Extract of indigo, 40.
Ebonite, 360.
Ebony stain, 418.

FAILURES IN COLLODIO-ALBUMEN PROCESS, 231
Edges of paper, gilding, 310.

Fat lute, 359.
Emuvia from tallow-pans, 351.

- oil gold size, 305.
Elaidic acid, 374.

Fats, 373.
Elastic glue, 41.

Fawn-colour house paint, 108.
cement, 23.

- to dye cotton, 37.
Electric cement, 25.

- - silk, 32.
Electro-chromic rings, coloured, 221.

--- woollen, 35.
deposits, platinum, 219.

Ferrocyanide of potassium, 242.
- metallurgy, 170.

Files, renovating, 25,
- aquafortis for bright lustre, 172. - softening, 26.
- bright lustre for small articles, 175. Film splitting, preventing, 234.
- compound acids, dead lustre, 173. Filter, cheap, 40.
- dipping in compound acids, 172. Finishing books, 397.

dipping in nitrate of binoxide of mer- | Fire-balloons, 138.
cury, 173.

- lute, 359.
- lathe for scratchbrush, 175.

- showers of, 139.
- scratchbrushing, 174.

- coloured, 139, 140.
- whitening bath, 172.

Firework making, 123–140.
Electro-plating, silver, 211.

Fireworks, brilliant fire, 133.
- to prevent silver turning yellow, 214.

blue stars, 129.
tinning, 186.

catherine wheels, 139.
Electrotypes, to bronze, 20.

Chertier's copper, 129.
Emerald green, 95.

Chinese fire, 132.

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Furniture, oll for darkening, 87.
- paste, 86.
-polish, 87.

reviver, 87.
- to varnish, 69.

- Varnishes, 69.
Furs and skins, dressing, 326.

- reviving, 321.
Fusible alloy, 12.
- metal, 12.

Fireworks, coloured lights, 135.

coloured stars, 128.
- crackers, 139, 144.

crimson stars, 129.
drawing-room, 137.

golden stars, 129.
- golden rain, 130.

green lights, 135.
green stars, 129.
Japanese matches, 137
lances, 133, 134.
- lightening paper, 137.

nitrate of strontia, 129.
- portfires, 130.
- purple lights, 135.

quickmatch, 131, 138.
red lights, 135.
rockets, 124-127.
roman candles, 130.
rose-coloured stars, 129.
silver rain, 130.
squibs, 138.
tailed stars, 128.
touchpaper, 131.
tourbillons, 135.
violet stars, 129.

white lights, 135.
- white stars, 129.

- yellow lights, 135.
- yellow stars, 129.
Fireproof cement, 24.
Fireproofing shingle roofs, 117.
Fishing lines, waterproofing, 369.
Fish oil, 373.
Fixing magic-lantern prints, 288
Flatling, 108.
Flexible ivory, 371.
Flint glass, 63.
Flock gold size, 306.
Floor-cloth, manufacture of, 369.
Fluxes, 349.
Flux, for arsenical compounds, 350.
- enamel, 48.

gold, 47.
Flowers of Erin soap, 385.
Frames, burnished gilt, 304.

cleaning gilt, 304.
- ornaments for, 430.
- regildirg, 304,
Freezing, 362.

mixtures, 363.
French brown, to dye silk, 31.

grey, house paint, 108.
polish, 86.
- polish reviver, 86.

polishing, 84.
- stopping for, 85.
Fresco painting, 109.
Fretwork, polishing and varnishing, 84.
Friction polish for iron, 402.
Frosted silver, 319.
Frosting glass, 59.
Fulminates, 143.
- mercury, 143.

silver, 144.
- gold, 144.

platinum, 144.
Furniture cream, 86, 87.

olls, 87.

GAS BALLOONS, VARNISH FOR, 73.

fittings, to bronze, 18.
Galvanic batteries, Bunsen's, 178.
- Callaud's, 181.

charge of the, 179.
Daniell's, 177.
Grenet's, 180.
Grove's, 180.
keeping in order, 179.
Marie-Davy, 180.
metallic deposits, 181.
porous cells, 181.
Smee's, 180.

Watt's, 181.
Galvanic etching, 233.
Galvanizing Iron, 335.
Galvanoplasm, 223.
- acid baths, 225.

adhesive deposits, 226.
amalgamating salt, 225.
apparatus for amateurs, 221,

baths, 223, 233.
- batteries, 225.

dead-lustre gilding, 226.
- deposits without adhesion, 226.
- filling with brass solder, 232.

finishing up the articles, 232.
- high relief, gutta-percha moulds, 231.
imitation mosaic work, 234.
large apparatus, 224.
metallization by wet way, 228.
metallization of ceramic articles, 227.
moulds and mouldings, 227, 232.
rendering baths impervious, 234.
non-metallic substances, 227.
operations with gold or silver, 232.
phosphorous in bisulphide of carbon, 228.
plumbago, 227.

porous cells, 225.
- separate batteries, 224.
- thick deposits, 223.

- undercut patterns, deposits on, 231.
Gelatine, 243, 342.

- solution in tannin process, 285.
Gellart's green, 95.
German silver, 11.
--Frick's, 13.
- soldering, 364.

- to polish, 403.
gilding, 188, 199, 296.

burnished or water, 298.
by amalgamation, 307.

diluted bath, 191.
- dipping, 188.

fire, 202.
mercury, 202.
stirring and gold amalgam, 191.
colouring proces, 189.

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large ap.ation by ceramic, 37, 232.

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