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A. D. Bache, Superintendent of U.S. Coast Survey.
David M. BALFOUR, Merchant, of Massachusetts.
G. F. Secchi DE CASALI, Esq., late of Italy, now of New York.
Francis B. CLARK, Esq., Merchant, of Georgia.
Hon. H. A. S. DEARBURX, Mayor of Roxbury, Mass.
J. F. Extz, Esq., Accountant, of New York.
R. B. Forbes, Esq., Merchant, of Massachusetts.
JAMES William GILBART, F. R. S., of London, England.
Charles H. Glover, Esq., of the New York Bar.
David R. JACQUES, Esq., of the New York Bar.
Joseph Johnson, M. D., of South Carolina.
Thomas PRENTICE KETTELL, Esq., of New York.
James H. LANMAN, Author of the History of Michigan.
JAMES A. Lawson, Esq., of Dublin, Ireland.
C. F. M'Cay, Esq., Professor in the University of Georgia.
E. MERIAM, Esq., of New York.
Alanson Nash, Esq., of the New York Bar.
Hon. BENJAMIN F. PORTER, of Georgia.

GEORGE W. SAVAGE, President of the Eagle Life and Health Insurance Company.

J. W. Scott, Esq., of the Ohio Bar.
Henry GRATTAN SMITH, Esq., of the Memphis (Tenn.) Bar.

Hon. GEORGE TUCKER, Author of “ The Progress of the United States in Wealth and Population.”

GEORGE A. WARD, A. M., Merchant, of New York. A. WHITNEY, Esq., of New York. Hon. J. R. WILLIAMS, of Michigan. Freeman Hunt, the Editor and Proprietor. o To find the exports, imports, trade, &c., of different places in the Index, see the name of the country, State, city, or ports; and for particulars relating to the commerce, &c., &c., of the United Kingdom, see “Great Britain," “ England," “ British,” « Eng. lish," &c.

DO The names of the contributors are appended to the titles of the several articles, in the table of contents on the first page of each number, except such as bave been prepared or adopted by the Editor.

INDEX TO VOL. XIX.,

Τ .

FROM JULY TO DECEMBER, INCLUSIVE, 1848.

MIGIA:

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of the United States...

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.... 313

Bamford's improved stocking frame..

.. 664
ACQUISITIVENESS, mercantile.

345 Bank of France, condition of.... 219, 104
Act of United States to provide for ventilation

England, rates of interest....

318
condition of...

406
of passenger vessels.... 99

discounts of....

407
extending privileges to

319
American vess'ls eng'd
notes invented by the Chinese...

309
in certain trade........

charters of Pennsylvania....

102
Act in relation to navigation of East River by

dividends, etc., in New York.......... 542
steamboats....

213 Banks of Rhode Island in 1845, 1846, 1848..... 107
* of U. 8. concerning Spanish steam vessels... 218

Vermont in 1847........

109
regulating Yacht navigation.........

331

the State of N. Y., cond'n of, in 1847-8 108
* to prevent imp. of adulternted medicines, etc. 326

Baltimore, dividends of, in 1847-8..... 108
* concerning Mutual Insurance Companies... 330

New York, laws relating to.......... 220
* to regulate the weight of salt........

Charleston, condition of.............. 294
5 to provide for incorporation, etc., of telegraph

Ohio, condition of................... 124
companies.......

415

Maine, condition of.................. 316
Action to recover excess of duties............. 533

condition of South-western........... 410
Admiralty, case in ........

80

condition of, Western in 1847-8...... 409
Agricultare, exp'ts from U. 8. of prod'ts of, 1847 88

condition of New York.....
influence of, on commerce ......... 468

circulation of New York, from 1837-48 194
477

New York State, list of the........... 310
products of, in 1847...

......478, 494 and banking in Ireland....
Agricultural productions of U. S. in 1847...... 121

and finance of Ohio....

441
Algesiras, regulations of the port of...
213 Bankruptcy in Massachusetts....

232
Amber trade, influence of the....

346 Barley, product of, in United States..... 482
America, N. and S., geographical division of... 625 Belgian commercial regulations.

331
productions of...
625 Belfast, condition of bank of....

315
445 Bills of exchange, law of...................... 403
Factory Girls...
453 Biography, mercantile........

396
manufactory, first.

659 Black River (Mich.) imp'ts and exp'ts of, in 1847 27

456 Blacking, origin of Day & Martin's.. ....... 662
ocean steam navigation
567 Blackstone coal mines......

452
617 Boat, invention of life.....

554, 647
Commerce of........

617 Book trade..... 122, 235, 347, 457, 571, 679
manufactures, etc.,
of.. ..., 617 Book publishing house, a model..

456
189 Bones, commercial value of...
302' Bonnets, American, in England...

131 Boston, annual rep't of Merc. Library Ass'ion of 118
history and principles of..... 243 dividends of banks of................. 106
history of....

467 exp'ts of p'ckage goods com Liverpool to 204
Ancram or Copake iron works.....

450 and Maine R. R., reá'pts and expenses of 566
617 action brought to recover money paid to 298
61

Mercantile Library Association........ 673
Associations, savings fands among charitable... 173

value of property of......
298

customs revenue of.....
246

541
bapk dividends, etc.......
385 Boot and shoe manufactory..

562
Tennessee............ 387 * crimps, improvement in.................. 453
110 Boots, revolving heels to........

453
Averages, marine, Spanish law of...............

59 Brazil, regulations at Rio Grande du Sul....... 212
finances of.........

309
B.
principal imports into....

321

321
109 exports of, from 1843 to 1845....
exports of domestic produce.........

196) statistical view of commerce of......... 322
vessels built in, in 1847........... 95
shoals in the......... ............ 432 Contracts made on Sunday void............... 300
Chinese currency.........

Ameriean Continental money

Insurer

bonnets in England..

Amiens, France, description of...

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Brazil, coins and currency of..
438|Christmas Island, description of.......

554
Breadstuffs, import into Great Britain of....... 405 Chronology cotton goods from 1252 to 1846, 171-173
exports of, from Cronstadt........ 203 Cinnabar mines......

453
export from U. S. of, in 1847-8.... 423 Cincinnati, population of..

384
process for preserving...
664 Cities, Atlantic and interior...

385
Bremen, price of bills on.......... 189, 302 Clapp, life of the Hon. Asa........

396
British coin and bullion ........
565 Clasp coupling joint, a new....

340
born subjects, rights of children and grand- Clerks, merchants, comfort of London......... 120
child'a of, to inh'tance of land in Great Clock, improvement in the........

..... 342
Britain......

76 Coal, production of anthracite, from 1820 to 1847 293
N. American Colon's, Baltimore exp'ts to 197 “ region, Lackawanna and Wyoming...... 290
duty on magnesia

649
“ mines, the Blackstone.....

452
regulations of ship-bres....

649

fields in England and Wales......... 561
emigration....

677
Taylor's work on, statistics of....

122
railroad statistics....

555 Coals exported from England from 1842 to 1847 548
sales of copper ore ........
665 Coast Survey, discoveries of....

430
iron and steel trade........
666 Cochineals, value of different....

234
cotton trade, statistics and history of.... 275 Coin, copper, of the U. States ....

109
produce and manufacture, exports of.... 546 and bullion, statistics of, England........ 564
Broadcloth factories in America.............. 341 Coinage of the British mints in 1847........... 565
Brooklyn, morocco dressing in................ 341

of the Dutch mint.....

320
Brooms manufactured from white ash......... 341 Coins and currency of Norway..

563
Buckwheat, product of, in the U. States....... 484

Brazil....

433
Brunswick, collection district of......
331 Collection district of Brunswick....

331
Brushes manufactured from quills... ........ 451 Collision of vessels, (law case)..

186
Business, true man of........

steamer's lights, to prevent..

337
punctuality in....
570 Commerce of the West, internal.

19
Buttermilk channel....

651

ancient Greece.............. 243
Zollverein......

85
C.

U. States with all nat's in 1847 00
CALAIS, new light-house at........

431
of Tyre and Carthage..

355
Calicoes, British export of.....

170
literature and statistics of..

669
California, mines of Cinnabar, in....

453

hist. and prin. of ancient 131, 243, 355, 467
regulation of mails of....

648
of ancient Egypt....

131
quicksilver mines in....

666

prejudices against it............... 392
navigation of, from 1847 to 1848.... 5:20

of Honolulu in 1817....

543
exports and imports of............. 521

influence of war upon.............. 470
tariff regulations of...

556

extended empire beneficial to....... 474
commercial advantages of..

518

promoted by the markets and fairs... 250
Cambrics, British export of....

167

security of private prop. 245
Canada, construction of tariff of.....

102

impartialadm. of justice 246
export trade of, from 1838 to 1847...., 422

extended by means of maritime power 357
imports into, from 1838 to 1847........ 203

promoted by establ'ment of manuf'res 357
export of timber from.......

423

planting colonies....... 364
Canal, tolls on Illinois and Michigan.......

the acc'lation of capital. 364
Indiana, Wabash, and Erie...

437 Commercial cities and towns of the U. States
shin, from Atlantic to Pacific....... 676

51, 287, 385, 503
Canals, opening and closing of New York...... 657

code of Spain ......... 59, 178, 619
Cape Cod branch railroad ........

116

Chronicle and Review 81, 188, 301,
San Lucas, tir Pacific from Monterey to. 214

405, 536, 632
Carbonic acid as a motre power.....

228

facilities of the two Americas..... 625
Cardiff grounds, Bristol Clannel...

213

statistics.... 87, 196, 321, 417, 543, 640
Carthage, commerce of Tyre aad.....

355

regulations.. 99, 205, 326, 411, 549, 647
Carthagenians, commercial character of..... 371

cities of Europe... .614, 375, 265, 161
Cattle, importation of, in England.....

650
panic makers....

234
Census of the U. States in 1850.....

5:23
education

346
Ceylon, revenue of the island of...

panics, cause of....
Channel, Buttermilk............

...... 631

character of the Carthagenians.... 371
Charleston, (S. C.,) condition of banks of... ... 224

value of bones.......

570
Charter party, case of...............

78

advantages of California.......... 518
Chilian ports, Baltimore exports of produce to.. 199 Connecticut, condition of banks of............ 195
China Sea, newly discovered reef in the....... 429

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319 Copako or Ancram iron works................. 450

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Copper mines on Lake Superior.....

4501 Deal Island, Kent's Group....

........ 431
coin of the United States..............

109 Debt of the United States in 1848............. 226
ore, British sales of........

665 " of the Spanish government to England.... 564
mine, process of workig a Lake Superior 559 Decision to owners and lessees of wharves..... 80

region, singular discovery in........... 340 Delaware, vessels built in, in 1847............. 95
Cords, British export of...........

170 Detroit, vessels ent, and cleared port of, in 1847. 24
Corinth, its situation favorable to commerce.... 249 Dictionaries, commercial........

669
Corn, product of, in U. States.......
484 Dimities, British export of.......

170
Corporations, moral and religious duties of..... 75 District of Columbia, vessels built in, in 1847... 95
Cotton planters and factors, a suit of........... 78 Discoveries of U. S. coast survey..............

430
consumed in the German Zollverein..... 86 Discount tables, Aiken's.....

........440
duck, manufacture of.......

114 Dividends of Philadelphia Banks in 1847-48.... 106
trade, statistics and history of the British 167

of Boston Banks in 1845-1848........ 106
goods, British manufacture of.......... 167

of New York Banks in 1847-48..... 107
export of.....
167, 171

of the Baltimore Banks in 1847-48... 108
receipts and exports of, at New Orleans. 645 Docks, St. Catharine, London ......... 423
cultivation of, in India.....

666 Doings of the U. S. Patent Office in 1847....... J10
goods, chronology of...
171 Dollars and cents.......

678
exports of English manufactures of..... 599 Drafts and bills, days of grace on.........

223
American exports, value and price of... 599 Drafts at sight......

399
Crived States crop of........
599 Drawback on foreign sugar....

650
English exports from East India of....., 599 Drugs and medicines, importation of adulterated 326
stocks of, on hand........
000 Dutch, coinage of the, mint

3:20
consumption in Great Britain of........ 600 Duties, reduction of in Mexican ports.......... 212
British exports of, to the U. S.......... 600 Duty on magnesia in England....

649
American consumption of.............. 600
continental consumption of............ 600
value of export of, from 1803 to 1848.... 191 E. and West India, English imp'ts of cotton from 599
factory, cost of the machinery of a...... 227 Eckle's Steam Gauge.

113
production of, in Texas......
233 Education, commercial..

346
culture and trade, effects of............ 344 Egypt, commerce of ancient....

131
wool, first bro ght to Liverpool........ 314

the cradle of Grecian Arts....

261
crops of, in South western States....... 308 English imports of collon from......... 599
wool, Great Britain export and import of 200 Electric decomposition of metals.............. 665
mnaoufactures and yarn exported from G. Elba, new light at Fort Focardo, Isle of........ 431
Britain from 1697 to 1830..

279 Emigration, British......
trade, statistics and history of British... 275

English law of...

668
goods, British, manufacture of.......... 275 English railroad calls.....

218
exp'ed from G. Britain 1832 to 1846 277 railroad statistics.....

432
prices of British, from 1831 to 1846 277 exports of cotton manufactures........ 599
crop of the U. States, 1847-8.. ........ 417

imports of cotton from East India..... 599
export to foreign ports iu 1847-8........ 417 England, loans contracted by, since 1793....... 225
growth of, in U. S. from 1828 to 1848... 417

American provisions in.............. 345
consumption of, from 1828 to 1848...... 418

price of wheat in.....

306, 405
wool, imp. into England and Scotland of 425

notes of interest of the bank of........ 318
price of, in England and Scotland from

voyages of vessels from Honolulu to.., 430
1835-18....

425

new duties on spirits in.............. 416
export: from N. Orleans of.....

trade of N. American colonies with... 421
produci of, in U. Suates......

490

exports to North American colonies.. 421
and the cotton trade, review of......... 594

import of breadstuffs into............ 405
supply and demand of, from 1847 to 1849 598

condition of the banks of............ 406
Counterpanes, British export of......

170
coal fields in.........

......., 561
Cuba, exports of sugar and molasses from...... 548 coals, cinders, etc., exported from..... 548
Current chart, Maury's.....

103
specie in Bank of..

539
Custom of merchants at New York............

403
landing of goods in.....

649
Customs regulations of India.....

........... 102
importation of cattle in...

650
Creditor, unfortunate and criminal............ 569

removal of goods in bond.......... 650
Cronstadt, export of breadstuffs from.......... 203

railroad dividends in......

556
Croton acqueduct, finances of.....

668 Erie Railroad, progress of New York and...... 436

" Canal, tolls collected on the... .......... 638
D.
Espichel, lantern on cape.........

337
DAULONEGA, OT Georgia gold region.......

....... 112) Europe, commercial cities of......614, 375, 205, 161
Damasks, British exports of........
170 Everglades, draining of the Florida....

401
Days of grace on drafts and bills............... 223 Exchange, bills of.........

404

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Great Britain, export and imp. of cotton wool.. 280
FABRICS, deception in...

455

consumption of cotton in........ 600

revenue of........
Factors, decision in relation to.......
79

668
Factory girls, American......

Greece, the commerce of ancient.
453

943
Finances of the United States in 1848...

226
early history of.....

243
of the U. S. from 1791 to 1848

563
Grecian arts, Egypt cradle of....

261
Greeks, commercial character of the....

255
of Pennsylvania.......

443
Great Western (Canada) Railroad...

217
Fisheries, exports of the products of the........ 88
of France....

Gull Stream, bunt head in the....
201

.... 214
Fishery, the Salmon.....

145

H.
extent of the north-west.....

645
Flax, product of, in United States.....

489
HAMBURGH, rate of bills on........

302, 189
Floating lights in Prince's Channel.... 441 Hanover, Baltimore exports to............ 196
Florida, vessels built in, in 1847.......

95

treaty of U. S. with kingdom of...... 411
draining the everglades of............

Harwich harbor lights........
401

429
vessels wrecked on coast and reef of 427 Hartlepool,, port of.....

103
Flour exp. from Philadelphia from 1790 to 1847. 200 Hay, product of, in United States ............. 483

Health insurance and benefit societies.......... 601
exports from New Orleans of........ 516
inspections in Richmond of.............. 546 Hemp, export of Manilla to U. S. 1833 to 1847. 424
prices of, in New York for last 25 years.. 547

product of, in United States....
import of, into Great Britnin............ 636

ropes, experiment with .......

665
import and export of, at Liverpool....... 640 Henry, A. & S., description of the house of.... 63, 67
France, condition of Bank of.... .219, 104 Heugh, light on........

............ 103
fisheries of, from 1842 to 1846.......... 201 Hides, process of hardening...

562
imports into, in 1847-8...

Hist, and prin. of ancient commerce.. 131, 355, 447

......... 301
specie in Bank of........

Holland, Baltimore export of produce to........ 196

.......... 539
lights on the coast of..................

652

new monetary organization of... 312
revenue of, in 1847-8.................. 667 Follesley bay, wreck in...............

554
Francs, value of, in New York.

302
Honduras mahogany trade...

121
Frauds, statutes of. in Tennessee............. 390

Honolulu, voyages of vessels from U. 8. to..... 430
Fraudulent trust, (law case,)....

294
commerce of, in 1847...

543
Fraud, case in the U.S. Distriet Court......... 183

Hosiery, British
export of.....

171
French railroad traffic....

568

I.
Freight, general average.....

535
India, customs regulations of............

102
Funds, Savings, among charitable associations.. 173

cultivation of cotton in................. 666

rubber door-springs....
G.

658

Indiana, Wabash and Erie Canal............. 437
Genoa and its commerce.....

375

establishment of cotton mill in........ 558
exports of.
381 insolvent assignment, (law case,).....

294
navigation of....

382 Insurance, caution in wording applications for.. 185
Georgia gold region....

112

mutual, companies of New York.... 330
vessels built in, in 1847..

95

law of sickness applied to health.... 601
German prose writers...

maritime, Spanish law of........... 619
Zollverein duties, increase of......... 648

Spanish form of a contract of....... 620
importance of, language to merchants. 43

marine (law case,)....

630
Gibraltar, Baltimore export of produce lo...... 196 Interest, notes of Bank of England.....

318
regulation for vessels anchoring near. 553 usurious, suits to recover back.... 299
Gilbart, J. W., private character of....

76

and discount tables, Aiken's... 440
biography of.......
68 Ireland, statistics of the railroads of.

332
Ginghams, British export of........

171
of mines in....

338
Glass, manufacture of plate....
230 banks and banking in..

313
new method of silvering..

451
taxation of....

669
Gold region of Georgia.....
112 Iron, wear of cast, rails.

218
" workers, song of the.........

342
" works of Birmingham, Missouri.

223
" produce of, in Russia...........
561 ores and furnaces of Kentucky.

229
Grand Haven (Mich.) imp. and exp. of, in 1847. 26 and steel trade, British....

666
Granada, New, treaty of commerce, etc., be- “ foreign railroad ..........

659
tween U. S. and...........

....... 205
method of welding...

229
Grace on drafts at sight,..

...... 393
works of Wheeling, Virginia.....

230
Grain, prices in England of...
405 " method of refining and puddling..

447
Great Britain, cambrics and muslins exp. from.. 167 works, Copake or Ancran....

450
legacy duties paid in ............ 320 " cheapness of railroad............... 452
exp. avd imp. trade of, with U. S. 325 mines in Texas............

452
cotton manufactures exp. from... 279 " manufactory at Poughkeepsie..... 562

....

66

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