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Think not, by rigorous judgment seized,

A pair no faithful could expire ;
Victims so pure Heaven saw well pleased,

[Description of an Ancient English Country Seat.] And snatched them in celestial fire.

To LADY MARY WORTLEY MONTAGU. Live well, and fear no sudden fate :

Dear Madam-It is not possible to express the When God calls virtue to the grave,

least part of the joy your return gives me; time only Alike 'tis justice, soon or late,

and experience will convince you how very sincere it Mercy alike to kill or save.

is. 1 excessively long to meet you, to say so much, Virtue unmoved can hear the call,

so very much to you, that I believe I shall say DoAnd face the flash that melts the ball.

thing. I have given orders to be sent for, the first

minute of your arrival (which I beg you will let them Upon the whole, I cannot think these people un- know at Mr Jervas's).' I am fourscore miles from happy. The greatest happiness, next to living as London, a short journey compared to that I so often they would have done, was to die as they did. The thought at least of undertaking, rather than die withgreatest honour people of this low degree could have, out seeing you ayain. Though the place I am in was to be remembered on a little monument; unless is such as I would not quit for the town, if I did not you will give them another—that of being honoured value you more than any, nay, everybody else there; with a tear from the finest eyes in the world. I and you will be convinced how little the town has know you have tenderness; you must hare it; it is engaged my affections in your absence from it, when the very emanation of good sense and virtue: the you know what a place this is which I prefer to it; I finest minds, like the finest metals, dissolve the shall therefore describe it to you at large, as the true easiest.

picture of a genuine ancient country-seat.

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Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire. You must expect nothing regular in my description balcony, which time has turned to a very convenient of a house that seems to be built before rules were in penthouse. The top is crowned with a very venerable fashion : the whole is so disjointed, and the parts so tower, so like that of the church just by, that the detached from each other, and yet so joining again, jackdaws build in it as if it were the true steeple. one cannot tell how, that (in a poetical fit) you would The great hall is high and spacious, flanked with imagine it had been a village in Amphion's time, long tables, images of ancient hospitality; ornawhere twenty cottages had taken a dance together, mented with monstrous horns, about twenty broken were all out, and stood still in amazement ever since. pikes, and a matchlock musket or two, which they A stranger would be grierously disappointed who say were used in the civil wars. Here is one Fast should ever think to get into this house the right arched window, beautifully darkened with divers way. One would expect, after entering through the scutcheons of painted glass. There seems to be great porch, to be let into the hall; alas ! nothing less, propriety in this old manner of blazoning upon glass, you find yourself in a brewhouse. From the parlour ancient families being like ancient windows, in the you think to step into the drawing-room; but, upon course of generations seldom free from cracks. One opening the iron-nailed door, you are convinced by a shining pane bears date 1286. The youthful face of flight of birds about your ears, and a cloud of dust in Dame Elinor owes more to this single piece than to all your eyes, that it is the pigeon-house. On each side the glasses she ever consulted in her life. Who can our porch are two chimneys, that wear their greens on say after this that glass is frail, when it is not half so the outside, which would do as well within, for when- perishable as human beauty or glory? For in another ever we make a fire, we let the smoke out of the pane you see the memory of a knight preserved, whose windows. Over the parlour-window hangs a sloping marble nose is mouldered from his monument in the

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church adjoining. And yet, must not one sigh to re- the occasion of it. It seems the course of this noble flect that the most authentic record of so ancient a blood was a little interrupted about two centuries family should lie at the mercy of every boy that ago by a freak of the Lady Frances, who was here throws a stone? In this hall, in former days, have taken with a neighbouring prior; ever since which, dined gartered knights and courtly dames, with the room has been made up. The ghost of Lady ushers, sewers, and seneschals; and yet it was but Frances is supposed to walk here ; some prying maids the other night that an owl flew in hither, and mis- of the family formerly reported that they saw a lady took it for a barn.

in a fardingale through the key-hole; but this matter This hall lets you up (and down) over a very high was hushed up, and the servants forbid to talk of it. threshold, into the parlour. It is furnished with I must needs have tired you with this long letter; historical tapestry, whose marginal fringes do confess but what engaged me in the description was, a genethe moisture of the air. The other contents of this rous principle to preserve the memory of a thing that room are a broken-bellied virginal, a couple of crip- must itself soon fall to ruin ; nay, perhaps, some part pled velvet chairs, with two or three mildewed pics of it before this reaches your hands. Indeed, I owe tures of mouldy ancestors, who look as dismally as if this old house the same gratitude that we do to an they came fresh from hell with all their brimstone old friend that harbours us in his declining condition, about them. These are carefully set at the further nay, even in his last extremities. I have found this corner; for the windows being everywhere broken, an excellent place for retirement and study, where no make it so convenient a place to dry poppies and one who passes by can dream there is an inhabitant, mustard-seed in, that the room is appropriated to and even anybody that would visit me dares not that use.

venture under my roof. You will not wonder I have Next this parlour lies (as I said before) the pigeon- translated a great deal of Homer in this retreat; any house, by the side of which runs an entry that leads, one that sees it will own I could not have chosen a on one hand and the other, into a bed-chamber, a fitter or more likely place to converse with the dond. buttery, and a small hole called the chaplain's study. As soon as I return to the living, it shall be to conThen follow a brewhouse, a little green and gilt par- verse with the best of them. I hope, therefore, very lour, and the great stairs, under which is the dairy: speedily to tell you in person how sincerely and unA little further on the right, the servants' hall; and alterably I am, madam, your, &c. by the side of it, up six steps, the old lady's closet, I beg Mr Wortley to believe me his most humble which has a lattice into the said hall, that, while she servant. said her prayers, she might cast an eye on the men and maids. There are upon this ground-floor in all

[Pope to Gay-On his Recovery.] twenty-four apartments, hard to be distinguished by

1722. particular names; among which I must not forget a

I faithfully assure you, in the midst of that melanchamber that has in it a large antiquity of timber, choly with which I have been so long encompassed, which seems to have been either a bedstead or a in an hourly expectation almost of my mother's cider-press.

death, there was no circumstance that rendered it Our best room above is very long and low, of the more unsupportable to me than that I could not leave exact proportion of a band-box: it has hangings of her to see you. Your own present escape from so the finest work in the world ; those, I mean, which imminent danger I pray God may prore less precaArachne spins out of her own bowels: indeed the roof rious than my poor mother's can be, whose life at is so decayed, that after a favourable shower of rain, best can be but a short reprieve, or a longer dying. we may (with God's blessing) expect crop of mush- But I fear even that is more than God will please to 'ooms between the chinks of the floors.

grant me; for these two days past, her most dangerous All this upper storey has for many years had no symptoms are returned upon her; and unless there other inhabitants than certain rats, whose very age be a sudden change, I must in a few days, if not in a renders them worthy of this venerable mansion, for few hours, be deprived of her. In the afflicting prothe very rats of this ancient seat are gray. Since spect before me, I know nothing that can so much these had not quitted it, we hope at least this house alleviate it as the view now given me (Heaven grant may stand during the small remainder of days these it may increase !) of your recovery. In the sincerity poor animals have to live, who are now too infirm to of my heart, I am excessively concerned not to be remove to another : they have still a small subsistence able to pay you, dear Gay, any part of the debt, I left them in the few remaining books of the library. very gratefully remember, I owe you on a like sad

I had never seen half what I have described, but occasion, when you was here comforting me in her for an old starched gray-headed steward, who is as last great illness. May your health augment as fast much an antiquity as any in the place, and looks as, I fear, hers must decline! I believe that would like an old family picture walked out of its frame. be very fast. May the life that is added to you be He failed not, as we passed from room to room, to passed in good fortune and tranquillity, rather of relate several memoirs of the family; but bis obser- your own giving to yourself, than from any expectavations were particularly curious in the cellar: he tions or trust in others ! May you and í live toshowed where stood the triple rows of butts of sack, gether, without wishing more felicity or acquisitions and where were ranged the bottles of tent for toasts than friendship can give and receive without obligain the morning: he pointed to the stands that suptions to greatness! God keep you, and three or four ported the iron-hooped hogsheads of strong beer; then more of those I have known as long, that I may have stepping to a corner, he lugged out the tattered frag: something worth the surviving my mother! Adieu, ment of an unframed picture: "This,' says he, with dear Gay, and believe me (while you live and while I tears in his eyes, 'was poor Sir Thomas, once master live), your, &c. of the drink' I told you of: he had two sons (poor young masters !) that never arrived to the age of this

[Sketch of Autumn Scenery.] beer; they both fell ill in this very cellar, and never

To MR DIGBY.-October 10, 1723. went out upon their own legs.' He could not pass by a broken bottle without taking it up to show us the Do not talk of the decay of the year; the season is arms of the family on it. He then led me up the pod when the people are so.

It is the best time in tower, by dark winding stone steps, which landed us the year for a painter; there is more variety of colours into several little rooms, one above another; one of in the leaves; the prospects begin to open, through these was nailed up, and my guide whispered to me the thinner woods over the valleys, and through the

high canopies of trees to the higher arch of heaven ; Pope was one of the authors of the Memoirs of the dews of the morning impearl every thorn, and Martinus Scriblerus, where he has lavished much scatter diamonds on the verdant mantle of the earth; wit on subjects which are now mostly of little intethe forests are fresh and wholesome. What would rest. He has ridiculed “Burnet's History of his you have? The moon shines too, though not for Own Times' with infinite humour in Memoirs of lovers, these cold nights, but for astronomers. P. P., Clerk of this Parish; and he 'contributed

several papers to the Guardian.' His prose works [Pope to Bishop Atterbury, in the Tower.] contain also a collection of Thoughts on Various

Subjects, a few of which are here subjoined :

May 17, 1723. Once more I write to you, as I promised, and this

[Party Zeal.] once, I fear, will be the last! The curtain will soon

There never was any party, faction, sect, or cabal be drawn between my friend and me, and nothing whatsoever, in which the most ignorant were not the left but to wish you a long good-night. May you most violent; for a bee is not a busier animal than a enjoy a state of repose in this life not unlike that blockhead. However, such instruments are necessary sleep of the soul which some have believed is to suc

to politicians; and perhaps it may be with states as ceed it, where we lie utterly forgetful of that world with clocks, which must have some dead weight hangfrom which we are gone, and ripening for that to ing at them, to help and regulate the motion of the which we are to go. If you retain any memory of finer and more useful parts. the past, let it only image to you what has pleased you best; sometimes present a dream of an absent

[Acknowledgment of Error.] friend, or bring you back an agreeable conversation. But, upon the whole, I hope you will think less of the A man should never be ashamed to own he has time past than of the future, as the former has been been in the wrong, which is but saying, in other less kind to you than the latter infallibly will be. Do words, that he is wiser to day than he was yesternot envy the world your studies ; they will tend to the day. benefit of men against whom you can hare no complaint; I mean of all posterity : and, perhaps, at

[Disputation.] your time of life, nothing else is worth your care. What Tully says of war may be applied to disputWhat is every year of a wise man's life but a censure ing; it should be always so managed, as to remember or critic on the past ! Those whose date is the that the only true end of it is peace ; but generally shortest, live long enough to laugh at one half of it; true disputants are like true sportsmen, their whole the boy despises the infant, the man the boy, the phi- delight is in the pursuit; and a disputant no more losopher both, and the Christian all. You may now cares for the truth than the sportsman for the hare. begin to think your manhood was too much a puerility, and you will never suffer your age to be but a

[Censorious People.] second infancy. The toys and baubles of your childnand are hardly now more below you, than those toys those who are always abroad at other men's houses,

Such as are still observing upon others, are like of our riper and our declining years, the drums and reforming everything there, while their own runs to rattles of ambition, and the dirt and bubbles of ava

ruin. rice. At this time, when you are cut off from a little society, and made a citizen of the world at large, you

{Growing Virtuous in Old Age.] should bend your talents, not to serve a party or a few, but all mankind. Your genius should mount When men grow virtuous in their old age, they only above that mist in which its participation and neigh- make a sacrifice to God of the devil's leavings. bourhood with earth long involved it; to shine abroad, and to heaven, ought to be the business and the glory

[Lying.) of your present situation. Remember it was at such

He who tells a lie is not sensible how great a task a time that the greatest lights of antiquity dazzled he undertakes; for he must be forced to invent twenty and blazed the most, in their retreat, in their exile,

more to maintain one. or in their death. But why do I talk of dazzling or blazing ?-it was then that they did good, that they

[Hostile Critics.] gave light, and that they became guides to mankind.

Those aims alone are worthy of spirits truly great, Get your enemies to read your works, in order to and such I therefore hope will be yours. Resentment, mend them; for your friend is so much your secondindeed, may remain, perhaps cannot be quite extin- self, that he will judge, too, like you. guished in the noblest minds; but revenge never will harbour there. Higher principles than those of the

[Sectarian Differences.] first, and better principles than those of the latter, will infallibly influence men whose thoughts and whose disinterested people in the world of one religion, but

There is nothing wanting to make all rational and hearts are enlarged, and cause them to prefer the whole to any part of mankind, especially to so small that they should talk together every day. a part as one's single self. Believe me, my lord, I look upon you as a spirit

[How to be Reputed a Wise Man.] entered into another life, as one just upon the edge of A short and certain way to obtain the character of immortality, where the passions and affections must be a reasonable and wise man is, whenever any one tells much more exalted, and where you ought to despise you his opinion, to comply with him. all little views and all mean retrospects. Nothing is worth your looking back; and, therefore, look for

[Avarice.] ward, and make (as you can) the world look after you.' But take care that it be not with pity, but with rally acquires more through some niggardliness or ill

The character of covetousness is what a man geno esteem and admiration.

I am, with the greatest sincerity and passion for grace in little and inconsiderable things, than in your fame as well as happiness, your, &c.

expenses of any consequence. A very few pounds

a-year would ease that man of the scandal of avam 1 The bishop went into exile the following month. rice.

(Minister Acquiring and Losing Office.]

are familiarly acquainted with them at first sight;

and as it is sufficient for a good general to have A man coming to the water-side, is surrounded by surveyed the ground he is to conquer, so it is all the crew; every one is officious, every one making enough for a good poet to have seen the author he is applications, every one offering his services; the whole to be master of. But to proceed to the purpose of this bustle of the place seems to be only for him. The paper. sanie man going froin the water-side, no noise made For the Fable.—' Take out of any old poem, hisabout him, no creature takes notice of him, all let tory-book, romance, or legend (for instance, Geoffrey him pass with utter neglect ! The picture of a of Monmouth, or Don Belianis of Greece), those parts minister when he comes into power, and when he of story which afford most scope for long descriptions : gocs out.

put these pieces together, and throw all the adren

tures you fancy into one tale. Then take a hero whom [Receipt to make an Epic Poem.]

you may choose for the sound of his name, and put him

into the midst of these adventures : there let him [From The Guardian. ]

work for twelve hours ; at the end of which, you may It is no small pleasure to me, who am zealous in take him out ready prepared to conquer or to marry ; the interests of learning, to think I may have the hon- it being necessary that the conclusion of an Epic our of leading the town into a very new and uncommon Poem be fortunate.' road of criticism. As that kind of literature is at To make an Episode. 'Take any remaining adpresent carried on, it consists only in a knowledge of venture of our former collection, in which you could mechanic rules, which contribute to the structure of no way involve your hero; or any unfortunate accidifferent sorts of poetry; as the receipts of good house- dent that was too good to be thrown away ; and it wives do to the making puddings of four, oranges, will be of use, applied to any other person who may be plums, or any other ingredients. It would, methinks, lost and evaporate in the course of the work, without make these my instructions more easily intelligible to the least damage to the composition.' ordinary readers, if I discourse of these matters in For the Moral and Allegory. • These you may exthe style in which ladies, learned in economics, dic-tract out of the Fable afterwards at your leisure. Be tate to their pupils for the improvement of the kitchen sure you strain them sufficiently.' and larder.

For the Manners.-- For those of the hero, take all I shall begin with Epic Poetry, because the critics the best qualities you can find in all the celebrated agree it is the greatest work human nature is capable heroes of antiquity ; if they will not be reduced to a of. I know the French have already laid down many consistency, lay them all on a heap upon him. But mechanical rules for compositions of this sort, but at the be sure they are qualities which your patron would be same time they cut off almost all undertakers from the thought to have ; and to prevent any mistake which possibility of ever performing them ; for the first qua- the world may be subject to, select from the alphabet lification they unanimously require in a poet is a those capital letters that compose his name, and set genius. I shall here endeavour (for the benefit of my them at the head of a dedication before your poem. countrymen) to make it manifest that Epic Poems However, do not absolutely observe the exact quantity may be made without a genius;' nay, without learn- of these virtues, it not being determined whether or ing or much reading. This must necessarily be of great no it be necessary for the hero of a poem to be an use to all those poets who confess they never read, and honest man. For the under characters, gather of whom the world is convinced they never learn. them from Homer and Virgil, and change the name What Moliere observes of making a dinner, that any as occasion serves.' man can do it with money ; and, if a professed cook For the Machines.—' Take of deities, male and fecannot without, he has his art for nothing : the same male, as many as you can use ; separate them into may be said of making a poem ; it is easily brought two equal parts, and keep Jupiter in the middle. about by him that has a genius; but the skill lies in Let Juno put him in a ferment, and Venus mollify doing it without one. In pursuance of this end, I him. Remember on all occasions to make use of voshall present the reader with a plain and certain re- latile Mercury. If you have need of devils, draw cipe, by which even sonneteers and ladies may be them out of Milton's Paradise, and extract your spirits qualified for this grand performance.

from Tasso. The use of these machines is evident ; I know it will be objected, that one of the chief for since no Epic Poem can possibly subsist without qualifications of an Epic Poet, is to be knowing in all them, the wisest way is to reserve them for your greatest arts and sciences. But this ought not to discourage necessities. When you cannot extricate your hero by those that have no learning, as long as indexes and any human means, or yourself by your own wits, seek dictionaries may be had, which are the compendium relief from Heaven, and the gods will do your busiof all knowledge. Besides, since it is an established ness very readily. This is according to the direct rule, that none of the terms of those arts and sciences prescription of Horace in his Art of Poetry, are to be made use of, one may venture to affirm, our

Nec deus intersit, nisi dignus vindice nodus poet cannot impertinently offend on this point. Inciderit The learning which will be more particularly necessary to him, is the ancient geography of towns, mountains,

Never presume to make a god appear, and rivers. For this let him take Cluverius, value

But for a business worthy of a god.-ROSCOMMON. four-pence.

That is to say, a poet should never call upon the Another quality required, is a complete skill in gods for their assistance, but when he is in great perlanguages. To this I answer, that it is notorious per- plexity.' sons of no genius have been oftentimes great linguists. For the Descriptions.--For a Tempest. “Take Eurus, To instance in the Greek, of which there are two sorts ; Zephyr, Auster, and Boreas, and cast them together the original Greek, and that from which our modern into one verse : add to these, of rain, lightning, and authors translate. I should be unwilling to promise of thunder (the loudest you can), quantum sufficit. impossibilities ; but, modestly speaking, this may be Mix your clouds and billows well together until they learned in about an hour's time with ease. I have foam, and thicken your description here and there known one who became a sudden professor of Greek with a quicksand. Brew your tempest well in your immediately upon application of the left-hand page head before you set it a-blowing.' of the Cambridge Homer to his eye. It is, in these For a Battle. Pick a large quantity of images days, with authors as with other men, the well-bred and descriptions from Homer's Iliads, with a spice or


two of Virgil ; and if there remain any overplus, you with an African feather, Holland shirts and Flanders may lay them by for a skirmish. Season it well with lace, English cloth lined with Indian silk; his gloves similes, and it will make an excellent battle.'

were Italian, and his shoes were Spanish. He was For Burning a Town. • If such a description be made to observe this, and daily catechised thereupon, necessary, because it is certain there is one in Virgil, which his father was wont to call “travelling at Old Troy is ready burnt to your hands. But if you home.” He never gave him a fig or an orange, but he fear that would be thought borrowed, a chapter or two obliged him to give an account from what country it of the Theory of the Conflagration, well circumstanced, came.' and done into verse, will be a good succedaneum.' A more complete and durable monument of the

As for Similes and Metaphors, they may be found wit and humour of Arbuthnot is his History of John all over the creation ; the most ignorant may gather Bull, published in 1712, and designed to ridicule the them; but the danger is in applying them. For this Duke of Marlborough, and render the nation disconadvise with your bookseller.

tented with the war. The allegory in this piece is For the Language.-(I mean the diction.) 'Here well sustained, and the satirical allusions poignant it will do well to be an imitator of Milton, for you and happy. Of the same description is Arbuthnot's will find it easier to imitate him in this than any: Treatise concerning the Altercation or Scolding of the thing else. Hebraisms and Grecisms are to be found Ancients, and his Art of Political Lying. His wit is in him, without the trouble of learning the languages. always pointed, and rich in classical allusion, without I knew a painter, who (like our poet) had no genius, being acrimonious or personally offensive. Of the make his daubings to be thought originals by setting serious performances of Arbuthnot, the most valuable them in the smoke. You may, in the same manner, is a series of dissertations on ancient coins, weights, give the venerable air of antiquity to your piece, by and measures. He published also some medical works. darkening it up and down with old English. With After the death of Queen Anne, when, both as a this you may be easily furnished upon any occasion physician and a politician, Arbuthnot suffered a by the dictionary commonly printed at the end of heavy loss, he applied himself closely to his profesChaucer.

sion, and continued his unaffected cheerfulness and I must not conclude without cautioning all writers good nature. In his latter years he suffered much without genius in one material point ; which is, never from ill health: he died in 1735. The most severe to be afraid of having too much fire in their works. I and dignified of the occasional productions of Dr should advise rather to take their warmest thoughts, Arbuthnot is his epitaph on Colonel Chartres, a and spread them abroad upon paper, for they are ob- notorious gambler and money-lender of the day, served to cool before they are read.

tried and condemned for attempting to commit a


*Here continueth to rot the body of Francis Char

tres, who, with an inflexible constancy, and inimitDR JOHN ARBUTANOT, the friend of Pope, Swift, able uniformity of life, persisted, in spite of age and Gay, and Prior, was associated with his brother wits infirmities, in the practice of every human vice, exin some of the humorous productions of the day, cepting prodigality and hypocrisy; his insatiable called forth chiefly by political events. They were avarice exempted him from the first, his matchless all Jacobites, and keenly interested in the success of impudence from the second. Nor was he more sintheir party. Arbuthnot was born at a place of the gular in the undeviating pravity of his manners than same name in Kincardineshire, and having studied successful in accumulating wealth ; for, without trade medicine, repaired to London, where he became or profession, without trust of public money, and known as an author and a wit. He wrote an Ec- without bribe-worthy service, he acquired, or more amination of Dr Woodward's Account of the Deluge, properly created, a ministerial estate He was the and an Essay on the Usefulness of Mathematical only person of his time who could cheat with the Learning. In 1709 Arbuthnot was appointed physi- mask of honesty, retain his primeval meanness when cian in ordinary to the queen. The satirical Memoirs possessed of ten thousand a-year, and having daily of the Extraordinary Life, Works, and Discoveries of deserved the gibbet for what he did, was at last conMartinus Scriblerus, published in Pope's works, was demned to it for what he could not do. Oh, indignant chiefly, if not wholly, written by Arbuthnot. The reader! think not his life useless to mankind. Prodesign of this work, as stated by Pope, is to ridicule vidence connived at his execrable designs, to give to all the false tastes in learning, under the character after ages a conspicuous proof and example of how of a man of capacity, that had dipped into every small estimation is exorbitant wealth in the sight of art and science, but injudiciously in each. Cer-God, by his bestowing it on the most unworthy of vantes was the model of the witty authors; but all mortals.' though they may have copied his grave irony with success, the fine humanity and imagination of the Spanish novelist are wholly wanting in Scriblerus,

The History of John Bull. It is highly probable, however, that the character of CHAP. I.-The Occasion of the Law-Suit.— I need Cornelius Scriblerus suggested to Sterne the idea not tell you of the great quarrels that happened in of Walter Shandy. His oddities and absurdities our neighbourhood since the death of the late Lord about the education of his son (in describing which Strutt;' how the parson? and a cunning attorney3 got Arbuthnot evinces his extensive and curious learn- him to settle his estate upon his cousin Philip Baboon, 4 ing), are fully equal to Sterne. Useful hints are to the great disappointment of his cousin Esquire thrown out amidst the ridicule and pedantry of Scrib- South.5 Some stick not to say, that the parson and lerus; and what are now termed object lessons in the attorney forged a will, for which they were well some schools, may have been derived from such ludi- paid by the family of the Baboons. Let that be as crous passages as the following :- The old gentle

1 Charles II. of Spain died without issue, and 2 Cardinal man so contrived it, to make everything contribute

3 Marshal of Harcourt, employed, to the improvement of his knowledge, even to his Portocareru, and the

as is supposed, by the house of Bourbon, prevailed upon him very dress. He invented for him a geographical suit of clothes, which might give him some hints of that Spanish monarchy upon

to make a will, by which he settled the succession of the

4 Philip Bourbon, Duke of Anjou, science, and likewise some knowledge of the com- though his right had by the most solemn renunciations been merce of different nations. He had a French hat barred in favour of 5 the Archduke, Charles of Austria

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