Constitutional Amendment Reserving State Control Over Public Schools: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Eighty-sixth Congress, First Session, on S. J. Res. 32, Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution of the United States Reserving to the States Exclusive Control Over Public Schools...
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary, United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1959 - 282 páginas
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14th amendment action administrative adopted American apply argument Attorney authority believe Board Brown Chairman Chief Justice citizens civil colored committee Congress constitutional amendment course decided decision denied determine District doctrine effect equal established facilities fact Federal Government FENSTERWALD follows give Governor granted hearings held individual intent interest interpretation Joint Resolution 32 judge judicial Justice land legislation legislature matter mean ment MORROW Negro never Office operated opinion passed person Plessy political position present President principle problem proposed protection public education public schools question race ratified reason record referred respect responsibility rule school system segregation Senate Joint Resolution Senator Dodd Senator KEFAUVER Senator TALMADGE separate Society South statement statute subcommittee Supreme Court Thank thing tion United Virginia Washington
Página 247 - We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.
Página 81 - If, in the opinion of the people, the distribution or modification of the constitutional powers be in any particular wrong, let it be corrected by an amendment in the way which the constitution designates. But let there be no change by usurpation : for though this, in one instance, may be the instrument of good, it is the customary weapon by which free governments are destroyed.
Página 64 - I am not nor ever have been in favor of making voters or jurors of negroes, nor of qualifying them to hold office, nor to intermarry with white people...
Página 71 - I will say then that I am not, nor ever have been in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races...
Página 101 - In questions of power, then, let no more be heard of confidence in man, but bind him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution...
Página 250 - ... to achieve a system of determining admission to the public schools on a non-racial basis, and revision of local laws and regulations •which may be necessary in solving the foregoing problems.
Página 245 - We must consider public education in the light of its full development and its present place in American life throughout the Nation. Only in this way can it be determined if segregation in public schools deprives these plaintiffs of the equal protection of the laws. Today, education is perhaps the most important function of state and local governments.
Página 226 - What is this but declaring that the law in the States shall be the same for the black as for the white ; that all persons, whether colored or white, shall stand equal before the laws of the States, and, in regard to the colored race, for whose protection the amendment was primarily designed, that no discrimination shall be made against them by law because of their color?
Página 31 - The interpretation of the laws is the proper and peculiar province of the courts. A constitution is in fact, and must be, regarded by the judges as a fundamental law. It therefore belongs to them to ascertain its meaning as well as the meaning of any particular act proceeding from the legislative body.