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blish a GENERAL JUDICIAL Court in each State, the Judges whereof shall hold their commissions during good behavior, and without any other limitation whatsoever, and shall be appointed and commissioned by the State, and shall receive their compensations from the United States only; and the compensations shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.

The number of Judges of the General Judicial Court in a State, unless the same should be altered by the consent of the Congress and the Legislature of the State, shall be in the proportion of one Judge for every persons in the State, according to the enumeration for apportioning the Representatives among the several States; but there shall always be at least three Judges in each State. The General Judicial Court shall

, in all cases to which the judicial power of the United States doth extend, have original jurisdiction, either exclusively or concurrently with other Courts in the respective States, and otherwise regulated as the Congress shall prescribe ; and in cases where the judicial power is reserved to the several States, as the Legislature of each State shall prescribe: but shall have, and exclusively, immediate appellate jurisdiction, in all cases, from every other Court within the State, under such limitations, exceptions, and regulations, however, as shall be made with the consent of the Congress, and the Legislature of the State: there may, notwithstanding, be in each State a Court of Appeals or Errors in the last resort, under the authority of the State, from the General Judicial Court, in cases and on questions only, where the Supreme Court of the United States hath not appellate jurisdiction from the General Judicial Court.

The Congress may provide that the Judges of the General Judicial Court shall hold Circuit Courts within the State ; and the Legislature of the State may, in addition to the times and places to be assigned by the Congress for holding the General Judicial Court or the Circuit Courts, assign other times and places.

The Congress may determine the number of Judges which shall be a quorum to hold a General Judicial Court, or a Circuit Court, in each respective State.

The Congress may, in the cases to which the judicial power of the United States doth extend, and the Legislature of the State may, in the other cases, regulate the fees and proceedings in the several courts, and the jurisdiction of the Circuit Courts, within the State.

The Ministerial Officers of the General Juclicial Court shall be appointed and com. missioned in such manner as the Legislature of the State shall prescribe.

All writs issuing out of the General Judicial Court, shall be in the name of the Judges thereof.

The Judges of the General Judicial Court may be impeached by the House of Representatives of the United States, and also by the most numerous branch of the State Legislature.

The impeachment shall not be tried by the Senate of the United States, or by any judicature under the authority of the State, but the Congress shall, by law, establish a Court to be held in each State, for the trial of such impeachments, to consist only of Senators of the United States, Judges of the Supreme Court of the United States, and Judges of General Judicial Courts. The trial shall be in the State where the person impeached shall reside; and every law, designating the Judges of a Court for the trial of impeachments, shall be passed previous to the impeachment; and the designation shall be, not by naming the persons, but by describing the offices, the persons in which offices for the time being, and elected or appointed previous to the impeachment, shall be the Judges; and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the Judges present.

Judgments by the courts so to be established for the trial of impeachments, shall not extend further than is provided by the Constitution of the United States, in cases of impeachments, and the party, nevertheless, to be liable, and subject to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law.

In every State where the Congress shall declare the Superior or Supreme Common Law Court to be the General Judicial Court, the Judges shall, by force of their appointments as Judges of the Superior or Supreme Common Law Court, become Judges of the General Judicial Court: and all the powers and duties of the Judges of the Superior or Supreme Common Law Court, either by the Constitution or the Laws of the State, shall devolve on the Judges of the General Judicial Court.

If on the establishment of the General Judicial Courts, the Congress shall deem proper to discontinue any of the District Courts of the United States, the Judges of the Courts so discontinued shall, thereupon, by force of their appointments as District Judges, become Judges of the General Judicial Courts in the respective States, and shall continue to receive their compensations as theretofore established.

The Judges of the Supreme or Superior Common Law Courts, and the District Judges, may, on the first establishment of the General Judicial Courts, become Judges thereof, notwithstanding the limitation of the number of Judges of the General Judicial Courts in the respective States, but as vacancies happen they shall not afterwards be filled up beyond the number limited.

For avoiding of doubts, it is declared that all officers, as well Ministerial as Judicial, in the administration of justice under the authority of a State, shall also be held to execute their respective offioes, for carrying into effect the laws of the United States; and, in addition to the duties assigned to them by the laws of the State, the Congress may assign to them such farther duties as they shall deem proper for that purpose."

Resolved, That the consideration of the said amendments be deferred until the next session of Congress ; and that one hundred copies thereof be printed for the use of the members of both Houses.

On a motion made and seconded, that the House do come to the following resolution:

Whereas, Congress did, by a resolution of the twenty-third of September, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, recommend to the several States to pass laws, making it expressly the duty of the keepers of their jails to receive, and safekeep therein, all prisoners committed under the authority of the United States:

In order, therefore, to insure the administration of justice,

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, in case any State shall not have complied with the said recommendation, the Marshal, in such state, under the direction of the Judge of the District, be authorized to hire a convenient place to serve as a temporary jail, and to make the necessary provision for the safe-keeping of prisoners committed under the author ity of the United States, until permanent provision shall be made by law for that purpose; and the said Marshal shall be allowed his reasonable expenses incurred for the above purposes, to be paid out of the Treasury of the United States:

It was resolved in the affirmative.

Ordered, That the Clerk of this House do carry the said resolution to the Senate, and desire their concurrence.

Ordered, That leave be given to bring in a bill or bills for carrying into effect a con sular convention between His Most Christian Majesty and the United States; and that Mr. Smith, of South Carolina, Mr. Madison, and Mr. Vining, do prepare and bring in the same.

The bill sent from the Senate, entitled “ An act to continue in force the acts there. in mentioned, and to make farther provision for the payment of pensions to invalids, and for the support of light houses, beacons, buoys and public piers,” was read the third time; and, on the question that the said bill do pass,

It was resolved in the affirmative.
Ordered, That the Clerk of this House do acquaint the Senate therewith.
Mr. Smith,

of South Carolina, from the committee appointed, presented, according to order, a bill for carrying into effect the consular convention between flis Most Chris tian Majesty and the United States; which was received, and read the first time.

On motion, The said bill was read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed, and read the third time to-day.

A bill for the relief of David Cook, was read the second time, and ordered to be er grossed, and read the third time to-day.

An engrossed bill for carrying into effect the consular convention between His Most Christian Majesty and the United States, was read the third time. Resolved, "That the said bill do pass, and that the title

be, “An act for carrying into effect the consular convention between His Most Christian Majesty and the United States."

Ordered, That the Clerk of this House do carry the said bill to the Senate, and de*sire their concurrence.

An engrossed bill for the relief of David Cook was read the third time.

Resolved, that the said bill do pass, and that the title be, “ An act for the relief of David Cook."

Ordered, That the Clerk of this House do carry the said bill to the Senate, and desire their concurrence,

A message from the Senate, by Mr. Otis, their Secretary:

Mr. Speaker: The Senate have agreed to the resolution respecting the safe-keeping of prisoners committed under the authority of the United States. The Senate have also deferred, until the next session of Congress, the consideration of two bills sent from this House; one entitled “ An act for carrying into effect the consular convention between His Most Christian Majesty and the United States;" the other entitled “An act for the relief of David Cook." And then he withdrew.

Mr. Floyd, from the Joint Committee for Enrolled Bills, reported that the committee had examined the following enrolled bills and resolves, to wit:

An act, entitled “An act making compensations to the Commissioners of Loans, for extraordinary expenses;”

An act, entitled "An act, in addition to an act, entitled "An act for establishing the salaries of the Executive Officers of Government, with their Assistants and Clerks;"

An act, entitled “An act to continue in force, for a limited time, an act, entitled 'An act for the temporary establishment of the Post Office;"

An act, entitled “ An act relative to the rix-dollar of Denmark;"

An act, entitled “An act supplementary to the act making provision for the reduction of the public debt;"

An act, entitled “An act providing compensations for the Officers of the Judicial Courts of the United States, and for Jurors and Witnesses, and for other purposes;"

An act, entitled “Anact making farther provision for the collection of the duties by law imposed upon teas, and to prolong the term of payment of the duties on wines;"

An act, entitled “ An act to continue in force the act therein mentioned, and to make farther provision for the payment of pensions to invalids, and for the support of lighthouses, beacons, buoys, and public piers;"

An act, entitled "An act for granting lands to the inhabitants and settlers at Vincennes and the Ilinois Country, in the Territory Northwest of the Ohio, and for confirming them in their titles;" and

An act, entitled “Anact for making an appropriation for the purpose therein mentioned;"

A resolve respecting the establishment of a Mint;

A resolve respecting the ungranted lands within the 'Territory of the United States; and,

A resolve respecting the safe-keeping of prisoners committed under the authority of the United States;

And had found the same to be truly enrolled: Whereupon,
Mr. Speaker signed the said enrolled bills and resolves.

A petition of sundry Officers and Soldiers of the Old Flying Camp, was presented to the House and read, praying compensation for military services rendered during the late war.

Ordered, That the said petition do lie on the table.

Mr. Floyd, from the Joint Committee for Enrolled Bills, reported that the committee did, this day, wait on the President of the United States, and present, for his approbation, the following enrolled bills and resolves, to wit:

An act, entitled “ An act making compensation to the Commissioners of Loans, for extraordinary expenses;”

An act, entitled “An act, in addition to the act, entitled "An act for establishing the salaries of the Executive Officers of Government, with their Assistants and Clerks;"

An act, entitled “ An act to continue in force, for a limited time, an act, entitled * An act for the temporary establishment of the Post Office;"

An act, entitled “ An act relative to the rix-dollar of Denmark;"

An act, entitled "An act supplementary to the act making provision for the reduction of the public debt;"

An act, entitled “ An act providing compensations to the Officers of the Judicial Courts of the United States, and for Jurors and witnesses, and for other purposes;"

An act, entitled “An act making farther provision for the collection of the duties by law imposed on teas, and to prolong the term for the payment of the duties on wines;”

An act, entitled "An act to continue in force the act therein mentioned, and to make farther provisions for the payment of pensions to invalids, and for the support of light houses, beacons, buoys, and public piers;"

An act, entitled "An act for granting lands to the inhabitants and settlers at Vincennes and the Illinois Country, in the Territory Northwest of the Ohio, and for confrming them in their titles;” An act, entitled “ An act making an appropriation therein mentioned;" A resolve respecting the establishment of a Mint;

A resolve respecting the ungranted lands within the Territories of the United States; and

A resolve respecting the safe-keeping of prisoners committed under the authority of the United States.

On a motion made and seconded, Resolved, unanimously, That the Speaker communicate the thanks of the House of Representatives to the Mayor and Corporation of this City, and the Commissioners of the County of Philadelphia, for the elegant and convenient accommodations provided for their present session.

A message was received from the President of the United States, by Mr. Lear, his Secretary, notifying that the President did, this day, approve and sign the following acts and resolve, to wit:

“ An act repealing, after the last day of June next, the duties heretofore laid upon distilled spirits imported from abroad, and laying others in their stead; and also, upon spirits distilled within the United States, and for appropriating the same;"

“An act supplemental to the act establishing the Treasury Department, and for a farther compensation to certain officers.”

“ An act relative to the rix dollar of Denmark.”

“ An act in addition to an act, entitled “An act for establishing the salaries of the Executive Officers of the Government, with their Assistants and Clerks"

“An act making compensations to the Commissioners of Loans, for extraordinary expenses."

“ An act providing compensations for the officers of the judicial courts of the United States, and for jurors and witnesses, and for other purposes."

“An act to continue in force, for a limited time, an act, entitled “ An act for the temporary establishment of the Post Office.”

“ An act supplementary to the act making provision for the reduction of the public debt."

“ An act making further provision for the collection of the duties by law imposed on teas, and to prolong the term for the payment of the duties on wines.” And

A resolve respecting the safe-keeping of prisoners committed under the authority of the United States.

A message from the Senate, by Mr. Otis, their Secretary :

Mr. Speaker: I am directed to inform this House that the President of the United States did, this day, approve and sign the following enrolled bills and resolves, which originated in the Senate, to wit :

"An act making an appropriation for the purpose therein memtioned.”

“An act to amend an act for establishing the temporary and permanent Seat of the Government of the United States."

“ An act to continue in force the act therein mentioned, and to make further provision for the payment of pensions to invalids, and for the support of light houses, beacons, buoys, and public piers.”

“ An act for granting lands to the inhabitants and settlers at Vincennes and the Illinois country, in the Territory Northwest of the Ohio, and for confirming them in their possessions."

“ A resolve respecting the ungranted lands within the Territories of the United States. '* And “ A resolve respecting the establishment of a mint.” And then he withdrew.

On a motion made and seconded, “That the thanks of the House of Representatives of the United States, be present. ed to Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, in testimony of their approbation of his corr duct in the chair, and in the execution of the difficult and important trust reposed in him, as Speaker of the said House:”

It was resolved unanimously: Whereupon,

Mr. Speaker made his acknowledgments to the House, in manner following: Gentlemen of the House of Representatives:

This unexpected mark of your approbation of my conduct, has made so deep an impression on my mind, that I cannot find words to express the high sense of gratitude I entertain on this occasion.

I have not vanity sufficient to suppose that my feeble, though well-meant endeavors merit so great a reward; for it was your kind indulgence and support alone, which enabled me to go through the duties of the station which you were pleased to assign me; but I shall ever consider this distinguished and honorable testimony as the most fortunate circumstance of my life.

Gentlemen, I most sincerely thank you. May every possible happiness attend you and every individual of this body; and may your zealous endeavors to promote the welfare of our beloved country, which I have so long and so often been a witness to, be crowned with unbounded success.

Ordered, That a message be sent to the Senate, to inform them that this House, hav. ing completed the business before them, are now about to adjourn without day, and that the Clerk of this House do go with the said message.

The Clerk accordingly went with the said message; and being returned,

A message was received from the Senate, by Mr. Otis, their Secretary, notifying that the Senate, having completed the Legislative business before them, are now about to adjourn: Whereupon,

Mr. Speaker adjourned the House sine die.

VOL. I.

.-52

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